The Despatch Christmas Edition 2023

The despatch CHRISTMAS 2023

territory. This period of rapid expansion began in 1380, when a coalition

defeated the Mongols, until 1547, when Ivan the terrible ascended to the

rank of Tsar. He conquered and settled vast swathes of land, seized parts

of Livonia, taking previously Muslim territory, before descending into

madness that led him to kill his own son, the heir to the throne, before

dying in 1584.

The Rurik Dynasty, that had led Muscovy and Kievan Rus for seven

centuries, was extinguished, and after 10 years of civil war, Micheal

Romanov was elected Tsar of Russia in 1613. Notably, across the span of

three centuries, Russia expanded, adding territory, including modern day

Ukraine. Russia discovered Alaska, settled new land in Siberia, and fought

wars against Sweden, Poland, Lithuania, and the Ottomans. Catherine the

Great of Russia also founded the warm water ports of Odessa and

Sevastopol in Crimea. This would be a major reason for Russian invasion

in the future as Russia needed ports that would not be frozen all year

round. After the defeat of

Napoleon at Waterloo, this

and other factors led to

the Crimean War, where

Russia lost its access to

threaten the Ottomans on

the Black Sea.


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