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EDITOR : email@example.com www.magzter.com | www.globalaviator.co.za Vol 2 | OCTOBER ISSUE 2 | 2020
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Global News MILITARY TRAVEL AVIATION
ACI and IATA call for urgent industry-wide support to underpin recovery
Direct financial assistance and coordinated global action on testing needed. Airports Council International (ACI) World and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) reinforced the urgent call for governments to use testing as a means to safely re-open borders and re-establish global connectivity and to prevent the systemic
collapse of the aviation industry with non-debt generating financial support. The dual measures would protect countries from the importation of COVID-19 cases, avert an employment crisis in the travel and tourism sector, and ensure that the critical aviation structure remains viable and able to support the economic and social benefits on which the world relies.
The Air Transport Action Group (ATAG) estimates that 46 million jobs are at risk because of the loss of connectivity caused by the COVID-19 crisis. The vast majority of these (41.2 million jobs) are in the travel and tourism sector which relies on aviation. The remainder (4.8 million jobs) are spread across Cont. on page 7
PHASA-35 Successfully completes critical endurance trials with sensor payload
China forces ‘on high alert’ after U.S. warship sails near Taiwan
Further to initial flight trials, PHASA-35®, a 35 metre wingspan solar- electric aircraft, has successfully completed critical endurance trials which saw the aircraft operate for 72 hours in a simulated environment that models the harsh stratospheric conditions in which the aircraft is designed to operate. The trials, a collaborative effort by BAE Systems, Prismatic and the UK’s Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), further advances the aircraft’s operational capability. Known as critical ‘soak’ tests, the trials demonstrated the aircraft working
effectively as a fully integrated system together with Dstl’s communications sensor payload; a radio frequency sensing software defined radio that provides a real-time and secure data link. The trials further validated that the aircraft’s systems are capable of enduring the harsh temperature and pressure extremes experienced in the stratospheric environment. Exploiting BAE Systems’ capabilities in digital testing and flight systems has enabled the testing to be completed through a series of highly representative ground-based tests, driving pace and reducing costs in the development phase of the programme. The tests, which were undertaken in a dedicated 40m Cont. on page 4.
The Chinese navy has condemned a U.S. warship for sailing through the Taiwan Strait, accusing Washington, D.C. of “trouble-stirring” amid ongoing tensions regarding the island’s independence from Beijing.
The Arleigh-Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Barry passed through the Taiwan Strait 14 October, in what the U.S. Pacific Fleet said was a “routine” transit “in accordance with international law.” But the Chinese People’s
Liberation Army Eastern Theater Command, responsible for the country’s east coast and the Taiwan Strait, dismissed the American transit as a provocation. The state-backed Global
Cont. on page 8
2 | AIRLINE NEWS
Lufthansa decides on third package within restructuring programme
• Significantly lower air traffic recovery than what was expected in summer • Further reductions in fleet size and personnel • The value of long-term parked aircraft and aircraft scheduled for grounding will be impaired by up to EUR 1.1 billion in the third quarter • Operating cash flow to be reduced by EUR 100 million per month The outlook for international air traffic has significantly worsened in recent weeks. With the summer travel season coming to an end, passenger and booking figures are declining again, after slight signs of recovery were still evident in July and August. In view of these developments, the Executive Board of Deutsche Lufthansa AG approved the third package within the Group- wide "ReNew" restructuring programme today and informed the Supervisory Board accordingly. In detail, the Executive Board adopted the following resolutions: • The capacity outlook for the passenger airlines will be significantly revised; the previous assumption that an average production level of 50 percent of the previous year's value would be reached in the fourth quarter of the year no longer seems realistic. If the current trend continues, the available seat kilometres will probably only be in a range between 20 and 30 percent, compared to the previous year. • The medium term fleet planning will be adjusted and currently foresees a permanent, Group-wide capacity reduction of 150 aircraft by the middle of this decade (starting point is the Group fleet including wet- leased aircraft). • In addition to the fleet changes already communicated, the following decisions have been made: After six Airbus A380s were finally taken out of service in the spring, the remaining eight A380s and ten A340- 600s, which were previously intended for flight service, will be transferred to long- term storage and removed from planning. These aircraft will only be reactivated in the event of an unexpectedly rapid market recovery. In addition, the remaining seven Airbus A340-600s will be permanently decommissioned. • The fleet decisions mentioned above will result in a further impairment of up to EUR 1.1 billion. The amount is expected to be accounted for
in the third quarter of the current year. • The previously announced personnel surplus amounting to 22,000 full-time positions will increase as a result of the decisions taken in regards to the third package within the restructuring programme. The change in permanent staffing levels within flight operations will be further adjusted in regards to market development. The compensation and reduction of personnel surplus will be discussed with the responsible employee representatives • Irrespective of the negotiations on reconciliations of interests and social plans for redundancies within the Lufthansa Group, the Executive Board's objective remains agreeing on crisis packages with the collective bargaining partners that limit the number of necessary redundancies • Despite the worsened outlook, the revised financial planning intends to further reduce cash outflows through strict cost management. The outflow of liquidity is to be reduced from currently around EUR 500 million per month to an average of EUR400 million per month in winter 2020/21. The previously communicated Group target of returning to positive operating cash flows during 2021 is being reinforced. • A streamlined management structure with a 20 percent reduction of management positions is to be implemented in the first quarter of 2021. To simplify and clearly define responsibilities, the functional process organization (matrix) will be focused on core functions of Lufthansa Group Airlines. For all other areas, a new management model with clearly assigned responsibilities (decentralised or centralised, depending on the process) will be introduced. • The administrative office space will be reviewed worldwide and reduced by 30 percent in Germany. In the Executive Board's assessment, the continuing high level of uncertainty in global air traffic makes short-term adjustments to the current market situation unavoidable for the foreseeable future. The Board considers the expansion of corona tests prior to departure an essential prerequisite for the resumption of global mobility. Consistent testing is possible, increases safety for travellers and is a better alternative than changing inconsistent entry and quarantine regulations. •
Emirates resumed scheduled flights to Durban from Thursday, 8 October. The flights will operate three times a week on Thursdays, Saturdays and Sundays. The resumption follows the temporary cancellation of flight EK775 between Durban and Dubai due to issues relating to the new alert level one lockdown travel regulations, which were interpreted to require crew to present a negative PCR test before entering South Africa. These regulations have now been amended. EK775 is scheduled to depart from Dubai at 04h05, arriving at OR Tambo International Airport at 10h15. It will then depart from ORTIA at 11h55, arriving in Durban at 13h05. The return flight is scheduled to depart from Durban at 14h35, arriving in Dubai the next day at 00h55.
Airbus delivers A320 family MSN10 000 to Middle East Airlines
Delivery of the A321neo MSN10 000 for Middle East Airlines ceremoney at the Airbus Delivery Centre in Toulouse - ©Airbus - Master Films - Phillippe Masclet
On 9 October Middle East Airlines (MEA) took delivery of Airbus’ A320 Family aircraft with manufacturer serial number 10 000. MSN10 000 is the third A321neo to join the all Airbus MEA fleet, taking the fleet size to 18 aircraft. MEA received its first A321neo aircraft earlier in 2020 and will be taking another six A321neos over the coming months. The handover of the aircraft took place in Toulouse in the presence of Mohamad El-Hout, Chairman and Director General of MEA. “We are honoured to receive the state of the art A321neo with its distinctive serial number 10 000 coinciding with the 75th anniversary of Middle East Airlines and specially after receiving MSN5 000 back in 2012. Since we first acquired an A320 Family aircraft in 2003, we have not only benefited from the outstanding operational efficiency of the aircraft but were also the first airline to introduce the wide- body cabin product on a
Further to the announcement by President Cyril Ramaphosa that South Africa’s international borders reopened from 1st October 2020, Singapore Airlines is pleased to announce that they are restarting their passenger flights between Singapore and Johannesburg from 14th October 2020. Singapore Airlines will commence with a weekly service between Singapore and Johannesburg as per the schedules shown on the table below. As travel demand picks up, these services will be progressively increased and extended to Cape Town. Flight Schedules between Singapore and Johannesburg effective from 14 October 2020 Flight Number Day of Operation Departure Time Arrival Time SQ 478 Wednesday 01:300 6:10 SQ 479 Thursday 13:45 06:10 +1 The first flight took off from Singapore at 1:30 am on Wednesday, 14th October 2020 and arrive in Johannesburg at 6:10 am on the same day. The return flight departed from Johannesburg at 1.45 pm on Thursday, 15th October and arrive back in Singapore the next day at 6.10 am on Friday, 16 October. Passengers are permitted to transit to other destinations via Singapore Changi Airport. Please note that transfers are only allowed between the Singapore Airlines Group, which includes Singapore Airlines, SilkAir and Scoot. Many countries also have entry requirements and border controls in place to contain the spread of COVID-19. If you plan to travel soon, please check the travel advisories for all countries in your itinerary to ensure that the latest requirements are met. You may view the relevant travel advisories using the link below. • Singapore Airlines restarted services between Singapore and Johannesburg on 14 October
AIRLINE NEWS | 3
Airbus has not delivered one since Dec. 20, 2019 and has nine in the backlog—eight for Emirates Airline and one for All Nippon Airways. Airbus delivered 341 aircraft in the first nine months, led by 175 A320neos, 97 A321neos, and 25 A350-900s. • BOEING Boeing has released its annual forecast for the commercial and defence aerospace market, reflecting the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and Boeing's view of near-, medium- and
long-termmarket dynamics. The 2020 Boeing Market Outlook (BMO) projects that the commercial aviation and services markets will continue to face significant challenges due to the pandemic, while global defence and government services markets remain more stable. The BMO forecasts a total market value of $8.5 trillion over the next decade including demand for aerospace products and services. The forecast is down from $8.7 trillion a year ago due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Airlines globally have begun to recover from a greater
A321neos, while Mexican ULCC Viva Aerobus switched two A320neos to two A321neos. Airbus booked 300 net orders in the first nine months, including 70 cancellations that reduced its gross-order tally. September marked an uptick in A220-family deliveries, with five, or two more than it delivered in the previous three months combined. All five were A220-300s. Airbus handed over 18 A220s in the first nine months — three A220-100s and 15 A220-300s. Once again, a month passed without an A380 delivery.
than 90% decline in passenger traffic and revenue early this year, but a full recovery will take years, according to the outlook. The 2020 Boeing Market Outlook includes projected demand for 18 350 commercial airplanes in the next decade - 11% lower than the comparable 2019 forecast - valued at about $2.9 trillion. In the longer term, with key industry drivers expected to remain stable, the commercial fleet is forecasted to return to its growth trend, generating demand for more than 43 000 new airplanes in the 20-year forecast time period. •
single-aisle aircraft which has become a trend in the airline industry afterwards,” said MEA Chairman and Director General, Mohamad El Hout. “Unfortunately, due to the current situation in Lebanon, this time we will not be able to celebrate the delivery of the MSN10 000 in Beirut, as we did with the MSN5 000, but I am sure that in these challenging circumstances, it is a ray of light, hope and motivation to surpass our nation’s difficulties.” “Airbus is proud to continue building its long- standing partnership with Middle East Airlines which already operates one of the most modern Airbus fleets in the world. As an all Airbus operator, MEA benefits from the Airbus’ unique fleet commonality between aircraft families and is now adding the third highly fuel-efficient A321neo to step up the game. I admire the agility and the resilience of this company in this complex environment,” said Christian Scherer, Airbus Chief Commercial Officer. “Delivering MSN10,000 is a milestone that demonstrates the success of the A320 Family and we thank our customers globally for their confidence in our products.” MEA took on MSN5 000 in 2012, after 23 years of Airbus A320 Family production. The next 5 000 took just another eight years to mark this signifi- cant MSN10000 milestone - again with MEA. This achieve- ment is a testimony of the industrial advancement and capabilities by Airbus and the popularity of the latest, even more efficient NEO version of the aircraft. The airline’s A321neo is powered by Pratt &Whitney’s PurePower PW1100G-JM geared turbofan engines and is configured in a comfortable two- class layout with 28 seats in Business and 132 seats in Economy Class. It is also equipped with the latest generation in-flight entertainment system and high- speed connectivity. Incorporating the latest engines, aerodynamic advances, and cabin innovations, the A321neo offers a reduction in fuel consumption of 20% as well as a 50% noise reduction. • Airbus booked no new orders in September and lost three commitments for A220- 300s fromMacquarie Financial Holdings while delivering 57 aircraft, the manufacturer’s latest figures show. The A220 cancellations, which reduced Macquarie’s A220 commitment to 37, were the most significant unexpected change to the company’s backlog in September, an Aviation Week analysis found. Turkish LCC Pegasus Airlines switched eight A320neos on order to eight
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4 | AIRLINE NEWS
The global aviation industry will take at least two years to recover from the coronavirus pandemic and mass travel to return, Singapore’s Transport Minister Ong Ye Kung said, stressing the importance of developing a widely available and effective vaccine to help countries open their borders. Singapore has to “find ways to try to revive” the aviation sector, the minister said, adding that the city- state’s testing capacity is now around 30 000 a day and may rise to 40 000 by November and probably further after then. A balance needs to be struck between travel and epidemic control, Ong said. Asked about Singapore Airlines Ltd., which posted a record quarterly loss in the three months through June and is reducing its workforce by about 20%, Ong said the carrier faces a “dire situation” because of the pandemic and the fact it has no domestic market to fall back on. Whether Singapore Airlines needs to raise more funds will largely depend on how successful any revival in travel is, Ong said. “The more we can revive, the more cash they can generate, the less their need for recapitalisation.”
Mass air travel at least two years away
next year, AirAsia X envisages operating a much smaller fleet of Airbus A330s in the long term. The medium- and long-haul unit of the AirAsia empire has suspended all of its services since March because of the COVID-19 crisis. AirAsia X has warned that its survival will depend on a significant debt restructuring and a revised business plan based on a streamlined operation. The Malaysian airline is seeking to restructure about MYR63.5 billion ($15.3 billion) of debt into an “acknowledgment of indebtedness” for up to RM200 million, payable annually over five years at an interest rate of 2% per year. It wants any balance above RM200 million after a cut- off date of 30 June 2020 to be waived, and all existing contracts with creditors to be “deemed terminated”. Customers who have purchased flights are to receive travel credits with an extended validity under the plan. AirAsia X has proposed a 90% reduction of its issued share capital and the consolidation of every 10 ordinary shares into one share. The share capital reduction is expected to raise RM1.38 billion, which the company says would be used to offset its losses. AirAsia X’s issued share capital as of 5 October was RM1.53 billion, comprising 4.15 billion shares. • cruises to nowhere later this year. Genting Cruise Lines’ World Dream and Royal Caribbean International’s Quantum of the Seas will begin round-trip journeys from November and December respectively. Genting received more than 6 000 bookings in five days for its voyage, while Royal Caribbean’s bookings are up 500% compared with the past two weeks, the Straits Times said Tuesday. The vessels will sail at a reduced capacity of 50% and the journeys are only open to residents of Singapore. •
AirAsia X says it “will not be able to meet its debt and other financial commitments in full”, and will require “significant payment deferrals and concessions from its suppliers, creditors and financiers”. Malaysia-based AirAsia X said it hopes to begin flying again with two aircraft in selected markets in airlines, has said it doesn’t see passenger traffic recovering until at least 2024. A recent IATA survey of travellers found that 83% said they wouldn’t travel if it involved a 14-day quarantine period. To open borders and encourage people to travel again, quarantine must be replaced by effective COVID-19 testing, Ong said. “We have to
the first quarter of 2021. AirAsia X said in market filings that it will return as a medium-haul carrier with flights up to 5-6 hours, which likely means its previous plans for new long-haul routes have been shelved. After resuming flights with just a handful of aircraft early gradually open up the borders, establish the key links that made us a hub.” Singapore has pledged about 100 billion Singapore dollars in stimulus measures to fight the effects of the pandemic, including wage subsidies that will last until March. In a further bid to revive travel, the city-state will allow
A regulatory filing in August showed the airline had used half of the S$8.8 billion it raised through share sales, highlighting that carriers keep incurring expenses even when planes are left idle. The company is reviewing its fleet and operations. The International Air Transport Association, which represents some 290
Grounded long-haul low-cost carrier AirAsia X has unveiled a restructuring plan under which it aims to get debts waived and cut aircraft from its fleet in the hope that it will be able to avoid liquidation and raise fresh equity. AirAsia X targeting 2021 return with medium-haul routes
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6 | MANUFACTURING NEWS
AIRBUS' Albatross inspired plane has taken another leap forward
The albatross sea bird can soar hundreds of kilometres without flapping its wings. Imitating this flight technique just might help engineers design lighter and more fuel-efficient aircraft. Of all feathered creatures, the albatross enjoys a legendary status. To bird enthusiasts, it is a majestic animal with the largest wingspan of any living bird. To golfers, it is a score of three-under-par on a single hole. To poetry majors, it is a centuries-old metaphor for a curse or burden. And to many engineers, the albatross is synonymous with the next generation of aircraft wings. The AlbatrossONE demonstrator has successfully achieved a new milestone: a “gate-to-gate” demonstration with wing-tips that are 75% longer than those tested in the first phase. This latest flight test campaign proves freely flapping wing-tips can alleviate wing loads and avoid
unlock during flight and to examine the transition. Lessened load and increased fuel-efficiency The freely flapping wingtips can react to and flex according to wind gusts. This means it significantly lessens load, which in turn would lead to a more fuel-efficient aircraft. And for those who do not enjoy being shaken and stirred in the sky, the good news is it also means less impact from turbulence. The AlbatrossOne scale- model was based on the manufacturer’s A321 aircraft. It was made out of carbon- fiber and glass-fiber-reinforces polymers. A few months after the first flight with the model, Airbus said that the next steps would be to conduct further test flights, combining the two flight modes. This would enable the wingtips to unlock during flight, and for engineers to examine and observe that transition. However, since then, things have remained quiet surrounding the new, potentially revolutioni sing technology. •
aircraft to trial in-flight, freely flapping wing-tips—which account for up to a third of the length of the wing. Taking inspiration from the albatross, Airbus engineers in Filton, UK, with the support of Airbus ProtoSpace, had developed AlbatrossOne, a small-scale, remote-controlled aircraft demonstrator that has “semi-aeroelastic” hinged wing-tips. Revolutionising aircraft wing design is one of the objectives of AlbatrossOne—a albatross’ flight techniques. The demonstrator aircraft, which is a small-scale version based on the A321 aircraft, is constructed from carbon-fibre and glass-fibre- reinforced polymers, as well as components from additive manufacturing. The first flight tests were concluded in February after a 20-month development programme. The next step for AlbatrossOne is to conduct further flight tests that combine the two flight modes, enabling the wing-tips to project that draws on inspiration from the
tip stall for improved aircraft performance. Thanks to its uncanny ability to travel over long distances with little fatigue, the albatross seabird has a lot to teach aeronautical engineers about improving aircraft performance. This small scale, remote controlled aircraft demonstrator, which features “semi-aeroelastic” hinged wing-tips, recently completed a successful second flight test campaign. AlbatrossONE chief engineer James Kirk said: "Following a first flight test campaign, we conducted a second to successfully perform a “gate-to-gate” demonstration. "This involves moving the wing-tips from vertical to horizontal position before flight, and back again after flight. "We also enabled the wing- tips to flap just before lift-off to improve roll control and navigate a high load during flight. They were then locked into planar for efficient cruise." "During a separate flight, we also demonstrated how to safely land an aircraft using freely flapping wing-tips
without hitting the ground or stops." Will the semi-aeroelastic hinged wing-tip concept be applied to future aircraft? Tom said: "Now that proof- of-concept has been achieved at small scale, we’ll increase our efforts to mature the technology at a larger scale." James added: There’s still a lot of engineering work required before we can prove it’s a viable product. "But the project team is motivated to achieve this goal and to inspire other engineers to think ambitiously about future aircraft." The secret of the albatross’ flight techniques lies in its capacity to “lock” its wing at the shoulder when travelling over long distances. In fact, the albatross can spend up to half of its time facing the wind and using it to fly upward on long trips, thereby covering long distances with very little effort. On the other hand, when faced with wind gusts, the albatross can quickly unlock its wings to better navigate the sudden, brief increase in wind speed. AlbatrossOne is the first
First ever purpose-guilt regional freighter takes flight onboard performed a number of tests to measure the new aircraft’s flight envelope and flight
The ATR 72-600F will provide cargo operators with advantages of the latest generation market-leading regional turboprop. On 16 September, 2020 – ATR, announces the successful first flight of its new purpose- built regional freighter aircraft. The flight took off at 14:00 from its Saint-Martin site and lasted two hours. During the flight, crew
performance. The first delivery of this aircraft will be to FedEx Express, the world’s largest cargo airline and express transportation company, which placed a firm order for 30 aircraft, plus 20 options, in November 2017. The arrival of this new freighter further cements ATR’s leadership position in the regional freighter market where ATR cargo aircraft already represent a third of the in-service regional freighter fleet.
NEWS | 7
ACI and IATA cont. from front page.
quarantine requirements to be removed. Without this action, it is not an exaggeration that the industry is facing collapse.” Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO, said: “We need action quickly. Large parts of the global air network have been severely ruptured for well over a half year. Job losses—inside and outside the industry—mount with each day that borders are closed. And with each job lost the recovery and impact on the broader economy becomes even more difficult. Momentum is building in support of testing to re-open borders. It’s the top
operational priority. And to make sure that we have a viable aviation sector at the end of this crisis a second round of financial relief is unavoidable.” In accordance with World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Health Regulations, ACI and IATA are united in the belief that costs related to public health measures aimed at mitigating the spread of communicable diseases, including the introduction of a coordinated approach to testing, should be borne by national governments. •
direct employment in aviation, including airports and airlines. The viability of the airline sector to support employment is being challenged by the severe and prolonged fall in business: • ACI estimates the airport industry will suffer a -60% reduction in revenues, reaching an unprecedented -$104.5 billion. • IATA estimates that airline revenues will be down at least 50% ($419 billion compared to $838 billion in 2019). Safely re-opening borders without quarantine by using a coordinated approach to testing would boost the entire economy and be a revenue lifeline for airlines and airports. ACI and IATA have called on the ICAO Council Aviation Recovery Task Force to provide an internationally agreed and recognized approach to testing that can be adopted at a national level. Governments are also urged to address the devastating impact of border closures and other government- imposed travel restrictions by supporting aviation’s viability through direct financial assistance in forms of financial support that: • protects jobs and operations • does not increase debt levels, and • minimizes default on debt and credit losses. “The COVID-19 pandemic remains an existential crisis and airports, airlines and their commercial partners need direct and swift financial assistance to protect essential operations and jobs,” ACI World Director General Luis Felipe de Oliveira said. “But such assistance is only one piece of the puzzle as the industry restarts and prepares to sustain continuing operations focused on the health and welfare of travelers, staff, and the public. ACI and IATA are aligned in calling for urgent government action to introduce widespread and coordinated testing of passengers to enable
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The brand new straight- from-factory cargo aircraft will offer a number of unique advantages to operators. With a large cargo door included as part of the original design and the same wide cross section as allATR aircraft, the freighter will be able to accommodate bulk cargo and industry-standard pallets and containers. The aircraft will also provide operators with the very latest avionics suite, which can be continuously upgraded. This effectively futureproofs the -600F’s state-of-the-art cockpit by allowing cargo airlines to take benefit from future innovations, which will further enhance the aircraft’s efficiency. •
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8 | MANUFACTURING NEWS
“On hight alert” cont. from front page
Times newspaper—often used to air more belligerent sentiments from within the country—said Eastern Theater Command “organized naval and air forces and tracked and monitored the USS Barry destroyer for the entire course when the U.S. warship sailed through the Taiwan Straits.” Although the Taiwan Strait is a public waterway, China is extremely sensitive to all US military moves in its periphery amid heightened tensions over Taiwan, the South China Sea, trade disputes and other issues. The US has been “seriously undermining peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait region. We are asking the United States to stop making trouble through its words and actions in the Taiwan Strait,” Zhang said. Chinese troops in the Eastern Theater “remain on high alert, resolutely safeguard national sovereignty and territorial
integrity, and resolutely safeguard peace and stability around the Taiwan Strait,” he said. In a brief statement, the US Pacific Fleet said the Barry had “conducted a routine Taiwan Strait transit ... in accordance with international law.” “The ship’s transit through the Taiwan Strait demonstrates the US commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific,” the statement said. “The US Navy will continue to fly, sail and operate anywhere international law allows.” While the US has no formal diplomatic ties with Taiwan in deference to Beijing, Washington is legally bound to ensure the island can defends itself against threats and is its biggest provider of military hardware. Recent sales have included tanks, missiles and upgraded F-16 fighter jets, while reports say the US is also preparing to offer drones, rocket systems and other missile systems. •
The A.T.ISOL bio-containment system on board the C-27J
security advantage, which this latest success reinforces.” Ian Muldowney, Chief Operating Officer, BAE Systems Air, added: “PHASA- 35 is a great example of how we’ve brought together the best in British expertise and partnered to drive technological innovation and deliver critical capability. This latest success, only eight months after PHASA- 35’s maiden flight, further demonstrates how UK industry and our partners are accelerating pace to deliver the UK’s vision for innovation, a Future Combat Air System and information advantage.” Paul Brooks, Managing Director, Prismatic, said: “I am extremely proud of the efforts the team have put into making these trials a success and to do this despite the challenges that a global pandemic has brought to us all. By taking the best from the large company experience that BAE Systems offers, together with the agility of a small, innovative company such as Prismatic, we’ve been able to drive the programme forward with continued pace, culminating in the seamless integration of this first payload. This is an important milestone in bringing PHASA- 35 closer to market, working alongside DSTL in the process.” Further flight trials are into an intensive care unit when required. Throughout the Covid-19 pandemic, C-27J Spartans have been carrying out critical support missions in all geographical areas and in the most challenging scenarios. The ability to transport highly infectious patients in special isolation stretchers is becoming increasingly valuable and indispensable during the global emergency, as demonstrated in Europe by the C-27Js of the Romanian Air Force and, more recently, in Latin America by the Spartans in service with the Peruvian Air Force. The C-27J Spartan has already been ordered by the Air Forces of Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, United States, Mexico, Australia, Peru, Kenya, Morocco, Chad, Zambia and by an undisclosed customer for a total of 87 aircraft. •
Payload Adviser, Dstl, said: “BAE Systems and Prismatic have put the integration and operation of the user payload at the heart of the PHASA-35 design and it has been very Leonardo recently conducted a series of tests for the integration of an Aircraft Transit ISOlator (A.T.ISOL) biocontainment system on-board a C-27J Spartan multi-mission tactical transpor aircraft. The system is designed to ensure the safe air transport of patients with highly infectious diseases. A.T.ISOL is the most effective medium/long-range transport and first-aid solution for patients infected with potentially
satisfying to work with the team clearly showing the benefits of this approach. Dstl has a proud tradition of rapid proving of new technologies which provide military and can be installed on board the C-27J, making it possible to carry out special medical transportation missions, while further expanding the versatility of the aircraft. Using this system, the C-27J can be transformed life-threatening infectious diseases (such as Ebola, MERS, SARS and Covid-19) and ensures total protection for the medical personnel and the crew against exposure to pathogens. The isolating structure is kept under negative pressure using High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters, and can be powered electrically, either by the aircraft or by its own rechargeable batteries. Up to two A.T.ISOL units
including the transition from daytime, when the aircraft is powered by the solar array, to night-time, when the aircraft’s batteries are discharged. Paul Mather, Principal
Cont. from front page.
hangar at Prismatic’s facility near Farnborough, also enabled the team to practice the various operations needed in flight,
Rendition by Andrea Kay
New $23 Million International Space Station toilet is finally easier for women to use
AVIATION FACTS • Why are airline travellers encouraged to stay hydrated and to drink lots of liquids during a flight? Because cabin air in an aircraft cabin is exceptionally dry and dehydrating at high altitudes. Humid cabins could also cause corrosionm. • Can an aircraft glide with no engines power? Virtually every plane can glide during a descent. This is called “flight idle” when the engines still on but providing no thrust. If all the engines stop, the glide would be no different. At a height of 30 000 ft, the aircraft could still glide for over 160 kms • Why are pilots and co-pilots not allwed to eat the same food on flight? This is to avoid the possibility of food poisoning and rendering the flight crew incapacited and not able to fly the aircraft. • What is the dirtiest place on an aircraft? The filthiest place on a plane is that tray table you’re eating your meal off . • Take-off and landing are the most dangerous times during a flight. A recent report from Boeing concluded that 13 percent of fatal accidents occured during a take-off and initial climb out, or the first three minutes of a flight. However, the final eight minutes of the flight, are far deadlier, accounting for 48 percent of all fatal accidents. • Which are The safest seats on an aircraft? The fatality rate for seats in the rear of an aircraft during a crash is approximately 32 percent with the middle 39 percent, and the front 38 percent. • Why are aircraft lights dimmed during flight? Dimming the lights aboard a plane helps passengers’ eyes adjust to the dark, essential in helping them survive should it be necessary to evacuate the aircraft during the night. • The world’s oldest airline turned 100 in 2019. Dutch airline KLM has the longest continuously operating record in the world. KLM aircraft have been taking off and landing since 1919. • The fastest commercial plane flew at twice the speed of sound. The Concorde flew from 1976 to 2003, travelling at twice the speed of sound. It could achieve speeds up to 2 179 Km/h, It broke a number of world records for its speed, in one case the record for the fastest transatlantic flight when it transported passengers from JFK in New York to Heathrow Airport in London in just 2 hrs, 52 min, and 59 sec. • Are there temperatures too cold to fly in? The outside temperature of an aircraft can reach -60 degrees Fahrenheit when it’s cruising at 35 000 feet. However, ground temperatures can stop a plane from flying. This happened in 2014, when temperatures hit about -47 degrees Fahrenheit at Igarka Airport in Russia, when a Tupelov-134 jet’s landing gear breaking system froze. Passengers tried their best to help actually getting out to try to push the 27 959 kg aircraft. • Why do people board planes from the left? Due to the fact that the pilot sits on the left, and needs to be able to accurately align the plane door with the terminal for people to exit. Another reason is because the ground crew fuels the aircraft on the right side. Passengers on the left allow them freedom to work. • Are light aircraft safe? Because of the strict regulations with regards to maintenance and if pilots stick to the aircraft, and their own limits, then light aicraft are not dangerous.
The International Space Station is getting its first new toilet in decades, and it promises to be a crap-ton better than the existing one. NASA's $23 million Universal Waste Management System (UWMS) is a lighter, more compact microgravity toilet designed to be used with multiple spacecraft and life support systems. It's also a landmark innovation in space pooping as this is the first space toilet designed to be easier for the women onboard to use. The ISS is the trial-run for the UWMS before another UWMS gets installed onboard the Orion spacecraft. Orion will be used for the Artemis II 10-day mission to send astronauts beyond the moon, which is a test run in itself for longer-duration missions and thus, a good reason to update the onboard toilet. The ISS is a great place to test it out, though, as there's due to take place in the coming months and this latest milestone is another step forward for the aircraft which could enter initial operations with customers within 12 months of completion of its flight trials programme. The PHASA-35 high altitude, long endurance, unmanned aerial vehicle (HALE UAV), successfully completed its first flight in February, less than two years from initial design. The UAV
another toilet onboard that can serve as a backup as the crew tests and improves this new toilet tech. Space toilets use a fan- powered vacuum system to suck your bowel movement away to be stored or recycled. These toilets don't look like a particularly relaxing place to sit, but according to NASA, the pointed shape of the seat provides "ideal body contact" to capture all of the poop. Space toilets have used different inlets for number one (a funnel and hose, where the funnel can be taken off for disinfecting) and number two (the big hole) for decades now, but the UWMS took feedback from astronauts to figure out how to make this awkward process a bit more comfortable. Melissa McKinley, a NASA project manager for the UWMS, explained to The Verge: The shape, length and position of the pee funnel itself were all guided by female astronauts' input. Women in particular found it hard to sit has the potential to maintain flight for up to a year at a time, in the stratosphere, providing military and commercial customers with capabilities not currently available from existing air and space programmes. PHASA-35 has a wide range of potential applications such as the delivery of communications networks, including 5G, as well as support to disaster relief and border protection. Its payload capacity can be
down and take care of both bodily functions at once, too, so the new UWMS has a revised seat design for just that reason. Occupied! Once it’s installed, ISS crewmembers will test it out for several months to see if it’s cut out for future missions to the Moon. The toilet, which is accessible and user-friendly than the existing one, which has also become a notorious hazard for crewmembers. Looking Ahead The original toilet will stay where it is, but it was designed the first one that NASA’s sent to the ISS since 1990, is designed to be more to be best suited for men, leaving women on the ISS with an unfair struggle. That will be crucial if the toilet passes the test and tags along on the upcoming Artemis missions, during which NASA hopes to send the first woman to the surface of the Moon. • adapted to meet the needs of the user to carry sensors such as cameras, thermal imaging and communications equipment. The aircraft’s long-life battery and highly efficient solar technology allow PHASA-35 to potentially maintain flight for up to a year operating in the stratosphere, the upper regions of the Earth’s atmosphere, and will plug the gap between aircraft and satellite technology. •
www.globalaviator.co.za | www.magzter.com | www.linkedIn.com - Mike de Villiers
10 | PEOPLE MOVEMENTS
Eighteen employees from Huntington Ingalls Industries’ three divisions were recognised for their achievements in science, technology, engineering and math during the 25th annual Women of Colour STEM Conference. Both the conference and awards ceremony were hosted virtually for the first time on 8 October. Nine employees received Technology All-Star awards, which recognise accomplished women of colour from mid-level to advanced stages of their careers who have demonstrated excellence in the workplace and in their communities. They are: • April Bilbo, welding general foreman, Ingalls Shipbuilding. • Karen Chan, senior engineer, Technical Solutions. • Margaux Hall, systems engineering manager, Ingalls Shipbuilding. • Temeka Hills, production planning scheduler manager, Ingalls Shipbuilding. • Mena Martin, financial analyst, Ingalls Shipbuilding. • Letitia McDonald, IT software engineer manager, Newport News Shipbuilding. • Heather Ray, programs manager, Newport News Shipbuilding. • Jasmin Wilch, metrology engineer, Newport News Shipbuilding. • Christina Wilson, manager contract administration, Technical Solutions. Eight employees received Technology Rising Star awards, which recognize women who are helping to shape future technology. They are: • Trenita Anderson, supervisor material handling, Ingalls Shipbuilding. • Maya Archer, process improvement analyst, Newport News Shipbuilding. • Paula Barial, cost estimating analyst, Ingalls Shipbuilding. • Andrea Collier, mechanical engineer, Technical Solutions. • Anna Gannon, manager pricing cost estimating, Technical Solutions. • Parisa Ghandehari, naval architect, Ingalls Shipbuilding. • Quineice McGee, IT systems engineer, Newport News Shipbuilding. • Obiajulu Obi, mechanical engineer, Technical Solutions. Latitia McCane, director of education for The Apprentice School at Newport News Shipbuilding, received the Special Recognition Award. The award recognises individuals from the private sector who demonstrate an exemplary commitment to enhancing the opportunities for minorities in technology careers through the promotion of scientific and technical
Eighteen Huntington Ingalls Industries Employees Honored at Women of Colour STEM Conference
NEW APPOINTMENTS | 11
SwRI planetary scientist to fly with NASA-funded research aboard commercial space flight Suborbital flight to support two “human-tended” experiments
A Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) planetary scientist has been chosen to be among the first group to conduct NASA-funded science experiments while flying aboard a commercial spacecraft, the space agency announced today. Dr. Alan Stern, planetary scientist and associate vice president of SwRI’s Space Science and Engineering Division, will fly aboard the Virgin Galactic commercial spacecraft called “SpaceShipTwo” on a yet unscheduled suborbital mission from the Spaceport America launch site in NewMexico. “This is the first selection of a private-sector researcher to fly with NASA funding on commercial vehicles,” Stern said. He called the development a “potential sea change” in NASA-funded space research, opening the door to much more extensive experimentation in space by researchers. The NASA selection made today builds on SwRI’s long history of work and internal research funding to capitalize on the new generation of commercial suborbital vehicles like SpaceShipTwo. “Our commercial suborbital space flight program dates back almost a decade,” said SwRI President and CEO Adam L. Hamilton, P.E. “To see the results of SwRI’s internal research efforts lead to historic SwRI-tended suborbital experiments is very exciting!” In 2020, NASA updated the Flight Opportunities Tech Flights solicitation in part to allow “human-tended” experiments on board commercial spacecraft. “We are proud to be working with NASA and the Southwest Research Institute to fly Dr. Alan Stern on our SpaceShipTwo vehicle from Spaceport America,” said Michael Colglazier, Chief Executive Officer of Virgin Galactic. “It will be Alan’s first time flying to space and we are excited to be involved in such an important milestone. Human-tended research onboard SpaceShipTwo enables scientists to engage actively with their
experiments, responding to developments in real time, which is a vital step towards expanding our understanding of space science. We believe there is significant value in conducting scientific experiments on suborbital flights and we look forward to expanding our capabilities in partnership with NASA’s Flight Opportunities Tech Flights programme.”
One SwRI experiment on the just announced flight will involve Stern operating a former space shuttle and NASA F-18 low light level camera to determine how well space astronomical observations can be conducted. In addition, Stern will be fitted with instrumentation that continuously monitors human vital signs from just before the two-hour flight until after its landing as a biomedical experiment. The results of both experiments will be published. “Going to work in space myself for the first time after having spent so many years sending machines there to do the research for me is going to be a major career highlight, and something I am honored to be selected for,” said Stern, who has previously been involved in 29 space mission science teams but had not flown in space. “But I hope this is just the first of a steady stream of flights by SwRI researchers doing work in space in the years and decades ahead.” •
Elmar Conradie AASA’s new deputy chairperson.
and the economic crisis it has precipitated. Both Wrenelle and Elmar are highly respected and knowledge-able leaders in the Southern African air transport industry and well-placed to provide guidance and support as we continue to advocate for the airline industry and engage on their behalf with governments and regulators throughout the SADC region,” said AASA CEO, Chris Zweigenthal. The 2020 virtual AGM was attended by over 170 delegates representing airlines, airports, air navigation and weather services as well as manufacturers, suppliers and other industry stakeholders. • terribly far from home, studying at University College Cork (UCC). 49-year-old Doyle first joined British Airways around the age of 27, in 1998. According to IAG, the Irishman started off in “various financial, strategy, commercial and alliance roles for the airline.” 18 years of work culminated in his appointment to the airline’s executive management committee in 2016 as director of network, fleet, and alliances. Doyle stepped into his most recent as Aer Lingus chief executive in January 2019. While Doyle comes from the top leadership position at Aer Lingus, much of his career has been spent with British Airways. Announcing the changes in a press release, IAG chief executive, Luis Gallego, said the following of British Airways’ new chief, “Sean Doyle has extensive experience at British Airways having worked there for 20 years before moving to head Aer Lingus nearly two years ago where he has done an excellent job. I am confident that will continue at British Airways.” •
Dr. Alan Stern, planetary scientist and associate vice president of SwRI’s Space Science and Engineering Division
On 12 October, International Airlines Group (IAG) announced changes to its senior management team with immediate effect. The biggest news was the stepping-down of Alex Cruz from his role as chief executive of British Airways. Stepping into the role is Sean Doyle, Aer Lingus chairman, and chief executive. Aer Lingus’ CEO, Sean Doyle, will take the top job in British Airways. According to The Independent, Doyle grew up in the town of Youghal in County Cork, Ireland. The town isn’t too large – having less than 8 000 residents as of 2016. CorkBeo notes that his father came from a famous family of hurlers and played at the inter-county level. Doyle’s studies didn’t take him
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