N E W S L E T T E R
HOW PHYSICAL THERAPY HELPS TO IMPROVE YOUR
LOWER BACK PAIN Article by: Richard Viskewich, PTA
Mobility: Refers to how tight the lower back is and can be improved by performing stretches like upper/ lower trunk rotation, cat/camel, and prayer stretch. Faulty Posture: Refers to how well the patient can maintain the curve of their lower back (lumbar lordosis) with simple to complex activities of daily living. Any change in this curve can place undue stress on the discs resting between the vertebrae. Faulty posture can be addressed by improving flexibility through stretching tight muscles and strengthening weak core muscles for improved support of the lower back. Most common muscles to strengthen that will improve flexibility include hamstring, hip flexors, gluteus maximus, piriformis, and all lower back muscles. Please note: All mobility exercises and stretches are performed without increased pain.
The ideal treatment for lower back pain starts with a thorough evaluation by a Physical Therapist. The Physical Therapist has extensive education on how the body functions and to establish the cause of pain. Once the Physical Therapist determines the etiology of pain, a plan of care will be generated to best treat a patient. The evaluation takes into consideration the patient’s past and present history of pain, assessment of lower back mobility, strength, flexibility, and faulty posture. Deficits in any of those assessment components can all contribute to lower back pain. Following the evaluation, an adequate exercise program can be generated, taking into consideration not to over stress inflamed tissue associated with pain. The following is a brief description on how to address each component:www.farmingdalephysicaltherapywest.com
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