PowerofYouth Student Leader Toolkit

UN D E R A G E D R I N K I NG & MA R I J U A N A F A C T S

Teen alcohol use k i l l s about 4, 300 people each year - that ' s more then al l other i l legal drugs combined. [ 1 ] K ids who star t dr ink ing young are seven t imes more l i kel y to be in an alcohol-related crash. [2] High school students who use alcohol or other substances are f i ve t imes more l i kel y to drop out of school or bel ieve good grades aren ' t impor tant . [3] A rev iew of 48 relevant studies found mar i juana use to be associated wi th reduced educat ional at tainment (i .e. reduced chance of graduat ing). [4] Car crashes are the leading cause of death among young people aged 16-19 years . [5] Mar i juana negat i vel y af fects a number of sk i l l s requi red for safe dr i v ing, such as react ion t ime , coordinat ion , and concent rat ion. [6] Young people who begin dr ink ing at age 15 are s i x t imes more l i kel y to become alcohol dependent or abuse alcohol later in l i fe. [7] About 1 in 10 mar i juana users wi l l become addicted. For people who begin us ing mar i juana before the age of 18, that number r i ses to 1 in 6. [8] The brain i s not ful l y developed unt i l the ear l y 20s , and alcohol can cause long-term damage to a growing brain. [9] Mar i juana use di rect l y af fects the par ts of the brain respons ible for memory , learning at tent ion , deci s ion mak ing, coordinat ion emot ions and react ion t ime , especial l y for those who star t us ing as teenagers . [ 10]

1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Alcohol-Related Disease Impact (ARDI). Atlanta, GA: CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/underage-drinking.htm;2 Hingson, Ralph, et al. “Age of Drinking Onset, Driving After Drinking, and Involvement in Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Crashes.” DOT HS 809 188. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, January 2001.; 3 National Institute on Drug Abuse. “Volume 1: Secondary School Students”, National Survey Results on Drug Use from The Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1997. Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services, 1998.; 4 Macleod J, Oakes R, Copello A, et al. Psychological and social sequelae of cannabis and other illicit drug use by young people: a systematic review of longitudinal, general population studies. Lancet Lond Engl. 2004;363(9421):1579-1588. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16200-4; 5 Teen Drivers: Get the Facts | Motor Vehicle Safety | CDC Injury center. http://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/teen_drivers/teendrivers_factsheet.html. Published October 14, 2015. Accessed April 7, 2016.; 6 Hartman, R.L. and M.A. Huestis, Cannabis effects on driving skills. Clin Chem, 2013. 59(3): p. 478-92. 7 Hingson, Ralph, et al. “Age of First Intoxication, Heavy Drinking, Driving after Drinking and Risk of Unintentional Injury among US College Stu-dents.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64 no 1 (2003), 23+.; 8 Lopez-Quintero, C, et al. (2011). Probability and predictors of transition from first use to dependence on nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine: results of the national Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Drug Alcohol Depend. 115(1-2): p. 120-30; 9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Alcohol and Public Health: Alcohol-Related Disease Impact (ARDI). Atlanta, GA: CDC, 2016. Available at: http://go.usa.gov/xkde2. 2017.; 10 Lenné MG, Dietze PM, Triggs TJ, Walmsley S, Murphy B, Redman JR. The effects of cannabis and alcohol on simulated arterial driving: Influences of driving experience and task demand. Accid Anal Prev. 2010;42(3):859-866. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2009.04.021;

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