IL General Not For Profit Corporation Act

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SELECTED SECTIONS FROM ILLINOIS GENERAL NOT FOR PROFIT

CORPORATION ACT OF 1986 (beginning at 805 ILCS 105/101.01)

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SELECTED SECTIONS FROM ILLINOIS GENERAL NOT-FOR-PROFIT CORPORATION ACT OF 1986

INTRODUCTION

The provisions of the Illinois General Not-For-Profit Corporation Act of 1986 generally govern all types of associations, including condominium, homeowner, and townhome associations. A corporation organized under this Act should not be confused with a corporation which has been granted tax exempt status from the IRS. A not for profit association is responsible for payment of taxes. Please consult with your Association accountant for a more detailed explanation of these differences. A close review of the Illinois General Not-For-Profit Corporation Act will reveal many similarities with the other Acts governing associations. However, in the event of a conflict, the more specific Illinois Condominium Property Act and Common Interest Community Association Act generally take precedence over the general provisions of the Illinois General Not-For-Profit Corporation Act. SELECTED SECTIONS (as of January 1, 2021) The full Not-For-Profit Act can be found on our website – www.ksnlaw.com.

ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 101.01. Short title . This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "General Not For Profit Corporation Act of 1986". Section 101.05. Powers of Secretary of State . The Secretary of State shall have the power and authority reasonably necessary to administer this Act efficiently and to perform the duties therein imposed. Section 101.10. Forms, execution, acknowledgment and filing . (a) All reports required by this Act to be filed in the office of the Secretary of State shall be made on forms which shall be prescribed and furnished by the Secretary of State. Forms for all other documents to be filed in the office of the Secretary of State shall be furnished by the Secretary of State on request therefor, but the use thereof, unless otherwise specifically prescribed in this Act, shall not be mandatory. (b) Whenever any provision of this Act specifically requires any document to be executed by the corporation in accordance with this Section, unless otherwise specifically stated in this Act and subject to any additional provisions of this Act, such document shall be executed, in ink, as follows: (1) The articles of incorporation shall be signed by the incorporator or incorporators. (2) All other documents shall be signed:

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(i) By the president, a vice-president, the secretary, an assistant secretary, the treasurer, or other officer duly authorized by the board of directors of the corporation to execute the document and verified by him or her; or (ii) If it shall appear from the document that there are no such officers, then by a majority of the directors or by such directors as may be designated by the board; or (iii) If it shall appear from the document that there are no such officers or directors, then by the members, or such of them as may be designated by the members at a lawful meeting; or (iv) If the corporate assets are in the possession of a receiver, trustee or other court-appointed officer, then by the fiduciary or the majority of them if there are more than one. (c) The name of a person signing the document and the capacity in which he or she signs shall be stated beneath or opposite his or her signature. (d) Whenever any provision of this Act requires any document to be verified, such requirement is satisfied by either: (1) The formal acknowledgment by the person or one of the persons signing the instrument that it is his or her act and deed or the act and deed of the corporation, as the case may be, and that the facts stated therein are true. Such acknowledgment shall be made before a person who is authorized by the law of the place of execution to take acknowledgments of deeds and who, if he or she has a seal of office, shall affix it to the instrument; or (2) The signature, without more, of the person or persons signing the instrument, in which case such signature or signatures shall constitute the affirmation or acknowledgment of the signatory, under penalties of perjury, that the instrument is his or her act and deed or the act and deed of the corporation, as the case may be, and that the facts stated therein are true. (e) Whenever any provision of this Act requires any document to be filed with the Secretary of State or in accordance with this Section, such requirement means that: (1) The original signed document, and if in duplicate as provided by this Act, one true copy, which may be signed, or carbon or photocopy shall be delivered to the office of the Secretary of State. (2) All fees and charges authorized by law to be collected by the Secretary of State in connection with the filing of the document shall be tendered to the Secretary of State. (3) If the Secretary of State finds that the document conforms to law, he or she shall, when all fees and charges have been paid as in this Act prescribed: (i) Endorse on the original and on the true copy, if any, the word "filed" and the month, day and year thereof; (ii) File the original in his or her office; (iii) (Blank); and Presented By Kovitz Shifrin Nesbit - www.ksnlaw.com Page 3

(iv)

If the filing is in duplicate, he or she shall return the

copy to the corporation or its representative. (f) If another Section of this Act specifically prescribes a manner of filing or executing a specified document which differs from the corresponding provisions of this Section, then the provisions of such other Section shall govern. Section 101.11. Electronic filing . Documents or reports submitted for filing electronically must include the name of the person making the submission. The inclusion shall constitute the affirmation or acknowledgement of the person, under penalties of perjury, that the instrument is his or her act and deed or the act and deed of the corporation, as the case may be, and that the facts stated therein are true. Compliance with this Section shall satisfy the signature provisions of Section 101.10 of this Act, which shall otherwise apply. Section 101.50. Administrative Procedure Act . The Illinois Administrative Procedure Act is expressly adopted and incorporated herein as if all of the provisions of that Act were included in this Act, except that the provision of subsection (d) of Section 10-65 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act which provides that at hearing the licensee has the right to show compliance with all lawful requirements for retention, continuation or renewal of the license is specifically excluded. For the purposes of this Act the notice required under Section 10-25 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act is deemed sufficient when mailed to the last known address of a party. Section 101.70. Application of Act . (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of this Act relating to domestic corporations shall apply to: (1) All corporations organized hereunder; (2) All corporations heretofore organized under the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended; (3) All not-for-profit corporations heretofore organized under Sections 29 to 34, inclusive, of an Act entitled "An Act Concerning Corporations" approved April 18, 1872, in force July 1, 1872, as amended; (4) Each not-for-profit corporation, without shares or capital stock, heretofore organized under any general law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act, but not otherwise entitled to the rights, privileges, immunities and franchises provided by this Act, which shall elect to accept this Act as hereinafter provided; and (5) Each corporation having shares or capital stock, heretofore organized under any general law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State prior to the adoption of the Constitution of 1870, for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act, which shall elect to accept this Act as hereinafter provided. (b) Except as otherwise provided by this Act, the provisions of this Act relating to foreign corporations shall apply to:

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(1)

All foreign corporations which procure authority hereunder to

conduct affairs in this State; (2)

All foreign corporations heretofore having authority to conduct affairs in this State under the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended; and (3) All foreign not-for-profit corporations conducting affairs in this State for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation might be organized under this Act. (c) The provisions of subsection (b) of Section 110.05 of this Act relating to revival of the articles of incorporation and extension of the period of corporate duration of a domestic corporation shall apply to all corporations organized under the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended, and whose period of duration has expired. (d) The provisions of Section 112.45 of this Act relating to reinstatement following administrative dissolution of a domestic corporation shall apply to all corporations involuntarily dissolved after June 30, 1974, by the Secretary of State, pursuant to Section 50a of the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended. (e) The provisions of Section 113.60 of this Act relating to reinstatement following revocation of authority of a foreign corporation shall apply to all foreign corporations which had their authority revoked by the Secretary of State pursuant to Section 84 or Section 84a of the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended. (f) Conversions and domestications are governed by the Entity Omnibus Act. Section 101.75. Election to Accept Act . (a) Any not-for-profit corporation without shares or capital stock heretofore organized under any General Law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State, or any corporation having shares or capital stock organized under any General Law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State prior to the adoption of the Constitution of 1870, for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act, or any corporation formed for religious purposes under An Act Concerning Corporations, effective July 1, 1872, as amended, may elect to accept this Act in the following manner: (1) Unless the articles of incorporation or the equivalent or the bylaws provide otherwise, where there are members or shareholders entitled to vote, the board of directors shall adopt a resolution recommending that the corporation accept this Act and directing that the question of such acceptance be submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members or shareholders entitled to vote, which may be either an annual or a special meeting. The members or shareholders entitled to vote may elect that such corporation accept this Act by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the votes present and voted either in person or by proxy. (2) Unless the articles of incorporation or the equivalent or the bylaws provide otherwise, where there are no members or shareholders having

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voting rights, election to accept this Act may be made at a meeting of the board of directors pursuant to a majority vote of the directors present and voting at a meeting at which a quorum is present. (b) Upon complying with Subsection (a), the corporation shall execute and file in duplicate a statement, in accordance with Section 101.10 of this Act, and shall also file a copy of its articles of incorporation, if any, and all amendments thereto. Such statement shall set forth: (1) A corporate name for the corporation that satisfies the requirements of this Act; (2) The specific purpose or purposes for which the corporation is organized, from among the purposes authorized in Section 103.05 of this Act; (3) The address of the corporation's registered office and the name of its registered agent at that office; (4) The names and respective addresses of its officers and directors; (5) A statement that the attached copy, if any, of the articles of incorporation of the corporation is true and correct; (6) A statement by the corporation that it has elected to accept this Act and that all reports have been filed and all fees, taxes and penalties due to the State of Illinois, accruing under any Act to which the corporation has theretofore been subject, have been paid; (7) Where there are members or shareholders having voting rights, a statement setting forth the date of the meeting of the members or shareholders at which the election to accept this Act was made; that a quorum was present at such meeting, and that such acceptance was authorized either by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the votes present and voted either in person or by proxy, or in compliance with any different provision of the articles of incorporation or their equivalent or of the bylaws. (8) Where there are no members or shareholders having voting rights, a statement of such fact, the date of the meeting of the board of directors at which the election to accept this Act was made, that a quorum was present at such meeting, and that such acceptance was authorized by majority vote of the directors present and voting at such meeting; (9) A statement that, in addition, the corporation followed the requirements of its articles of incorporation and bylaws so far as applicable in effecting such acceptance; (10) Where the corporation has issued shares of stock, a statement of such fact, including the number of shares theretofore authorized, the number issued and outstanding; and a statement that all issued and outstanding shares of stock have been delivered to the corporation to be canceled upon the acceptance of this Act by the corporation becoming effective and that from and after the effective date of said acceptance, the authority to issue shares shall be thereby terminated. (c) When the provisions of Subsection (b) have been complied with, the Secretary of State shall file the statement of acceptance. Presented By Kovitz Shifrin Nesbit - www.ksnlaw.com Page 6

(d) Upon the filing of a statement of acceptance, the election of the corporation to accept this Act shall become effective, and such corporation shall have the same powers and privileges, and be subject to the same duties, restrictions, penalties and liabilities as though such corporation had been originally organized hereunder, and shall also be subject to any duty or obligation expressly imposed upon such corporation by its special charter; provided, however, (1) That no amendment to the articles of incorporation adopted after such election to accept this Act shall release or terminate any duty or obligation expressly imposed upon any such corporation under and by virtue of such special charter, or enlarge any right, power, or privilege granted any such corporation under a special charter except to the extent that such right, power or privilege might have been included in the articles of incorporation of a corporation organized under this Act; and (2) That in the case of any corporation with issued shares of stock, the holders of such issued shares who surrender them to the corporation to be canceled upon the acceptance of this Act by the corporation becoming effective, shall have such rights as the election to accept this Act provides. Section 101.80. Definitions . As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and phrases defined in this Section shall have the meanings set forth herein. (a) "Anniversary" means that day each year exactly one or more years after: (1) The date of filing the articles of incorporation prescribed by Section 102.10 of this Act, in the case of a domestic corporation; (2) The date of filing the application for authority prescribed by Section 113.15 of this Act in the case of a foreign corporation; (3) The date of filing the statement of acceptance prescribed by Section 101.75 of this Act, in the case of a corporation electing to accept this Act; or (4) The date of filing the articles of consolidation prescribed by Section 111.25 of this Act in the case of a consolidation. (b) "Anniversary month" means the month in which the anniversary of the corporation occurs. (c) "Articles of incorporation" means the original articles of incorporation including the articles of incorporation of a new corporation set forth in the articles of consolidation or set forth in a statement of election to accept this Act, and all amendments thereto, whether evidenced by articles of amendment, articles of merger or statement of correction affecting articles. Restated articles of incorporation shall supersede the original articles of incorporation and all amendments thereto prior to the effective date of filing the articles of amendment incorporating the restated articles of incorporation. In the case of a corporation created by a Special Act of the Legislature, "Articles of incorporation" means the special charter and any amendments thereto made by Special Act of the Legislature or pursuant to general laws.

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(d) "Board of directors" means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which such group is designated. (e) "Bylaws" means the code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. (f) "Corporation" or "domestic corporation" means a domestic not-for- profit corporation subject to the provisions of this Act, except a foreign corporation. (g) "Delivered," for the purpose of determining if any notice required by this Act is effective, means: (1) Transferred or presented to someone in person; (2) Deposited in the United States mail addressed to the person at his, her or its address as it appears on the records of the corporation, with sufficient first-class postage prepaid thereon; (3) Posted at such place and in such manner or otherwise transmitted to the person's premises as may be authorized and set forth in the articles of incorporation or the bylaws; or (4) Transmitted by electronic means to the e-mail address, facsimile number, or other contact information appearing on the records of the corporation as may be authorized or approved in the articles of incorporation or the bylaws. (h) "Foreign corporation" means a not-for-profit corporation as defined and organized under the laws other than the laws of this State, for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act. (i) "Incorporator" means one of the signers of the original articles of incorporation. (j) "Insolvent" means that a corporation is unable to pay its debts as they become due in the usual course of the conduct of its affairs. (k) "Member" means a person or any organization, whether not for profit or otherwise, having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its articles of incorporation or bylaws. (l) "Net assets," for the purpose of determining the authority of a corporation to make distributions, is equal to the difference between the assets of the corporation and the liabilities of the corporation. (m) "Not-for-profit corporation" means a corporation subject to this Act and organized solely for one or more of the purposes authorized by Section 103.05 of this Act. (n) "Registered office" means that office maintained by the corporation in this State, the address of which is on file in the office of the Secretary of State, at which any process, notice or demand required or permitted by law may be served upon the registered agent of the corporation.

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(o) "Special charter" means the charter granted to a corporation created by special act of the Legislature whether or not the term "charter" or "special charter" is used in such special act. (p) Unless otherwise prohibited by the articles of incorporation or the bylaws of the corporation, actions required to be "written", to be "in writing", to have "written consent", to have "written approval" and the like by or of members, directors, or committee members shall include any communication transmitted or received by electronic means.

ARTICLE 2. FORMATION OF CORPORATIONS

Section 102.05. Incorporators . One or more incorporators may organize a corporation under this Act. Each incorporator shall be either a corporation, domestic or foreign, whether not for profit or otherwise, or a natural person of the age of 18 years or more. Section 102.10. Articles of Incorporation . The articles of incorporation shall be executed and filed in duplicate in accordance with Section 101.10 of this Act. (a) The articles of incorporation must set forth: (1) A corporate name for the corporation that satisfies the requirements of this Act; (2) The specific purpose or purposes for which the corporation is organized, from among the purposes authorized in Section 103.05 of this Act; (3) The address of the corporation's initial registered office and the name of its initial registered agent at that office; (4) The name and address of each incorporator; (5) The number of directors constituting the first board of directors and the names and addresses of each such director; (6) With respect to any organization a purpose of which is to function as a club, as defined in Section 1-3.24 of "The Liquor Control Act of 1934", as now or hereafter amended, a statement that it will comply with the State and local laws and ordinances relating to alcoholic liquors; (7) Whether the corporation is a condominium association as established under the Condominium Property Act, a cooperative housing corporation defined in Section 216 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 or a homeowner association which administers a common-interest community as defined in subsection (c) of Section 9-102 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (b) The articles of incorporation may set forth: (1) Provisions not inconsistent with law with respect to: (i) Managing and regulating the affairs of the corporation, including any provision for distribution of assets on final dissolution; (ii) Providing that the corporation shall have no members, or shall have one or more classes of members;

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(iii)

Limiting, enlarging or denying the right of the

members of any class or classes of members, to vote; (iv)

Defining, limiting, and regulating the rights, powers

and duties of the corporation, its officers, directors and members; or (v) Superseding any provision of this Act that requires for approval of corporation action a two-thirds vote of members or class of members entitled to vote by specifying any smaller or larger vote requirement not less than a majority of the votes which members entitled to vote on a matter shall vote, either in person or by proxy, at a meeting at which there is a quorum. (2) Any provision that under this Act is required or permitted to be set forth in the articles of incorporation or bylaws. (c) The articles of incorporation need not set forth any of the corporate powers enumerated in this Act. (d) The duration of a corporation is perpetual unless otherwise specified in the articles of incorporation. (e) When the provisions of this Section have been complied with, the Secretary of State shall file the articles of incorporation. Section 102.15. Effect of incorporation . Upon the filing of articles of incorporation by the Secretary of State, the corporate existence shall begin, and such filing shall be conclusive evidence, except as against the State, that all conditions precedent required to be performed by the incorporators have been complied with and that the After filing the articles of incorporation, the first meeting of the board of directors shall be held at the call of a majority of the incorporators or of the directors for the purpose of: (1) Adopting bylaws; (2) Electing officers; and (3) Such other purposes as may come before the meeting. In lieu of a meeting, director action may be taken by consent in writing, pursuant to Section 108.45 of this Act. (b) If the corporation has members, a first meeting of the members may be held at the call of an officer or of a majority of the directors, for such purposes as shall be stated in the notice of the meeting. If the corporation has members entitled to vote, then in lieu of a meeting, member action may be taken by consent in writing, pursuant to Section 107.10 of this Act. (c) At least three days' written notice of an organizational meeting shall be given unless the persons entitled to such notice waive the same in writing, either before or after such meeting. An organizational meeting may be held either within or without this State. Presented By Kovitz Shifrin Nesbit - www.ksnlaw.com Page 10 corporation has been incorporated under this Act. Section 102.20. Organization of Corporation . (a)

Section 102.25. Bylaws . The initial bylaws of a corporation shall be adopted by its board of directors. The power to alter, amend or repeal the bylaws or adopt new bylaws shall be vested in the board of directors unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or the bylaws. The bylaws may contain any provisions for the regulation and management of the affairs of a corporation not inconsistent with law or the articles of incorporation. Section 102.35. Incorporation of an association or society . (a) When an unincorporated association or society, organized for any of the purposes for which a corporation could be formed under this Act, authorizes the incorporation of the association or society by the same procedure and affirmative vote of its voting members or delegates as its constitution, bylaws, or other fundamental agreement requires for an amendment to its fundamental agreement or, if no such vote is specified, by a majority vote of the voting members present at a duly convened meeting the purpose of which is stated in the notice of the meeting, then following the filing of articles of incorporation under Section 102.10 setting forth those facts and that the required vote has been obtained and upon the filing of the articles of incorporation, the association or society shall become a corporation and the members of the association or society shall become members of the corporation in accordance with provisions in the articles to that effect. (b) Upon incorporation, all the rights, privileges, immunities, powers, franchise, authority, and property of the unincorporated association or society shall pass to and vest in the corporation, and all obligations of the unincorporated association or society shall become obligations of the corporation.

ARTICLE 3. PURPOSES AND POWERS

Section 103.05. Purposes and authority of corporations; particular purposes; exemptions . (a) Not-for-profit corporations may be organized under this Act for any one or more of the following or similar purposes: (1) Charitable. (2) Benevolent. (3) Eleemosynary. (4) Educational. (5) Civic. (6) Patriotic. (7) Political. (8) Religious. (9) Social.

(10) Literary. (11) Athletic. (12) Scientific. (13) Research.

(14) Agricultural. (15) Horticultural. (16) Soil improvement.

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(17) Crop improvement. (18) Livestock or poultry improvement.

(19) Professional, commercial, industrial, or trade association. (20) Promoting the development, establishment, or expansion of (21) Electrification on a cooperative basis. (22) Telephone service on a mutual or cooperative basis. (23) Ownership and operation of water supply facilities for

industries.

drinking and general domestic use on a mutual or cooperative basis.

(24) Ownership or administration of residential property on a

cooperative basis.

(25) Administration and operation of property owned on a

condominium basis or by a homeowner association.

(26) Administration and operation of an organization on a cooperative basis producing or furnishing goods, services, or facilities primarily for the benefit of its members who are consumers of those goods, services, or facilities. (27) Operation of a community mental health board or center organized pursuant to the Community Mental Health Act for the purpose of providing direct patient services. (28) Provision of debt management services as authorized by the Debt Management Service Act. (29) Promotion, operation, and administration of a ridesharing arrangement as defined in Section 1-176.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code. (30) The administration and operation of an organization for the purpose of assisting low-income consumers in the acquisition of utility and telephone services. (31) Any purpose permitted to be exempt from taxation under Sections 501(c) or 501(d) of the United States Internal Revenue Code, as now in or hereafter amended. (32) Any purpose that would qualify for tax-deductible gifts under the Section 170(c) of the United States Internal Revenue Code, as now or hereafter amended. Any such purpose is deemed to be charitable under subsection (a)(1) of this Section. (33) Furnishing of natural gas on a cooperative basis. (34) Ownership and operation of agriculture-based biogas (anaerobic digester) systems on a cooperative basis including the marketing and sale of products produced from these, including but not limited to methane gas, electricity, and compost. (35) Ownership and operation of a hemophilia program, including comprehensive hemophilia diagnostic treatment centers, under Section 501(a)(2) of the Social Security Act. The hemophilia program may employ physicians, other health care professionals, and staff. The program and the corporate board may not exercise control over, direct, or interfere with a physician's exercise and execution of his or her professional judgment in the provision of care or treatment. (b) A corporation may be organized hereunder to serve in an area that adjoins or borders (except for any intervening natural watercourse) an area located in an adjoining state intended to be similarly served, and the corporation may join any corporation created by the adjoining state having an identical purpose and organized as a not-for-profit corporation. Whenever any corporation organized

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under this Act so joins with a foreign corporation having an identical purpose, the corporation shall be permitted to do business in Illinois as one corporation; provided (1) that the name, bylaw provisions, officers, and directors of each corporation are identical, (2) that the foreign corporation complies with the provisions of this Act relating to the admission of foreign corporation, and (3) that the Illinois corporation files a statement with the Secretary of State indicating that it has joined with a foreign corporation setting forth the name thereof and the state of its incorporation. Section 103.10. General powers . Each corporation shall have power: (a) To have perpetual succession by its corporate name unless a limited period of duration is stated in its articles of incorporation; (b) To sue and be sued, complain and defend, in its corporate name, and shall have standing to sue when one or more of its members would otherwise have standing to sue in his or her own right, providing the interests it seeks to protect are germane to the corporation's purposes, and neither the claim asserted nor the relief requested requires the participation of individual members in the lawsuit; (c) To have a corporate seal which may be altered at pleasure, and to use the same by causing it, or a facsimile thereof, to be impressed or affixed or in any other manner reproduced, provided that the affixing of a corporate seal to an instrument shall not give the instrument additional force or effect, or change the construction thereof, and the use of a corporate seal is not mandatory; (d) To purchase, take, receive, lease as lessee, take by gift, devise, or bequest, or otherwise acquire, and to own, hold, hold as trustee, use, and otherwise deal in and with any real or personal property, or any interest therein, situated in or out of this State; (e) To sell and convey, mortgage, pledge, lease as lessor, and otherwise dispose of all or any part of its property and assets; (f) To lend money to its officers, employees and agents except as limited by Section 108.80 of this Act; (g) To purchase, take, receive, subscribe for, or otherwise acquire, own, hold, vote, use, employ, sell, mortgage, loan, pledge, or otherwise dispose of, and otherwise use and deal in and with, shares or other interests in, or obligations of, other domestic or foreign corporations, whether for profit or not for profit, associations, partnerships or individuals; (h) To incur liabilities, to borrow money for its corporate purposes at such rates of interest as the corporation may determine without regard to the restrictions of any usury law of this State, to issue its notes, bonds and other obligations; to secure any of its obligations by mortgage, pledge, or deed of trust of all or any of its property, franchises, and income; and to make contracts, including contracts of guaranty and suretyship; (i) To invest its funds from time to time and to lend money for its corporate purposes, and to take and hold real and personal property as security for the payment of funds so invested or loaned; (j) To conduct its affairs, carry on its operations, and have offices within and without this State and to exercise in any other state, territory, district, or Presented By Kovitz Shifrin Nesbit - www.ksnlaw.com Page 13

possession of the United States, or in any foreign country, the powers granted by this Act; (k) To elect or appoint officers and agents of the corporation, and define their duties and fix their compensations; (l) To make and alter bylaws, not inconsistent with its articles of incorporation or with the laws of this State, except as provided in Section 102.30 of this Act, for the administration and regulation of the affairs of the corporation; (m) To make donations in furtherance of any of its purposes; to lend money to the State or Federal government; and to conduct any lawful affairs in aid of the United States; (n) To cease its corporate activities and surrender its corporate franchise; (o) To establish deferred compensation plans, pension plans, and other incentive plans for its directors, officers and employees and to make the payments provided for therein; (p) To indemnify its directors, officers, employees or agents in accordance with and to the extent permitted by Section 108.75 of this Act and other applicable provisions of law; (q) To be a promoter, partner, member, associate or manager of any partnership, joint venture or other enterprise; and (r) To have and exercise all powers necessary or convenient to effect any or all of the purposes for which the corporation is formed. Section 103.15. Defense of Ultra Vires . No act of a corporation and no conveyance or transfer of real or personal property to or by a corporation shall be invalid by reason of the fact that the corporation was without capacity or power to do such act or to make or receive such conveyance or transfer, but such lack of capacity or power may be asserted: (a) In a proceeding by a member entitled to vote or by a director against the corporation to enjoin the doing of any act or acts or the transfer of real or personal property by or to the corporation. If the unauthorized acts or transfer sought to be enjoined are being, or are to be, performed or made pursuant to any contract to which the corporation is a party, the court may, if all of the parties to the contract are parties to the proceeding and if it deems the same to be equitable, set aside and enjoin the performance of such contract, and in so doing shall allow to the corporation or the other parties, as the case may be, compensation for the loss or damage sustained by either of them which may result from the action of the court in setting aside and enjoining the performance of such contract, but anticipated profits to be derived from the performance of the contract shall not be awarded by the court as a loss or damage sustained; (b) In a proceeding by the corporation, whether acting directly or through a receiver, trustee, or other legal representative, or, to the extent provided for by Section 107.80 of this Act, through a member in a representative suit, against the officers or directors of the corporation for exceeding their authority; or

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(c) In a proceeding by the State, as provided in this Act, to dissolve the corporation, or in a proceeding by the State to enjoin the corporation from the transaction of unauthorized affairs. Section 103.20. Unauthorized assumption of corporate powers . All persons who assume to exercise corporate powers without authority to so do shall be jointly and severally liable for all debts and liabilities incurred or arising as a result thereof. Section 103.30. Homeowners' association; American flag or military flag . (a) Notwithstanding any provision in the association's declaration, covenants, bylaws, rules, regulations, or other instruments or any construction of any of those instruments by an association's board of directors, a homeowners' association incorporated under this Act may not prohibit the outdoor display of the American flag or a military flag, or both, by a homeowner on that homeowner's property if the American flag is displayed in a manner consistent with Sections 4 through 10 of Chapter 1 of Title 4 of the United States Code and a military flag is displayed in accordance with any reasonable rules and regulations adopted by the association. An association may adopt reasonable rules and regulations, consistent with Sections 4 through 10 of Chapter 1 of Title 4 of the United States Code, regarding the placement and manner of display of the American flag and an association may adopt reasonable rules and regulations regarding the placement and manner of display of a military flag. An association may not prohibit the installation of a flagpole for the display of the American flag or a military flag, or both, but the association may adopt reasonable rules and regulations regarding the location and size of flagpoles. (b) As used in this Section: "American flag" means the flag of the United States (as defined in Section 1 of Chapter 1 of Title 4 of the United States Code and the Executive Orders entered in connection with that Section) made of fabric, cloth, or paper displayed from a staff or flagpole or in a window, but "American flag" does not include a depiction or emblem of the American flag made of lights, paint, roofing, siding, paving materials, flora, or balloons, or any other similar building, landscaping, or decorative component. "Homeowners' association" includes a property owners' association, townhome association, and any similar entity, and "homeowner" includes a townhome owner. "Military flag" means a flag of any branch of the United States armed forces or the Illinois National Guard made of fabric, cloth, or paper displayed from a staff or flagpole or in a window, but "military flag" does not include a depiction or emblem of a military flag made of lights, paint, roofing, siding, paving materials, flora, or balloons, or any other similar building, landscaping, or decorative component. Section 103.35. Unemployment insurance; notice . A not-for-profit corporation that is excluded from the definition of "nonprofit organization" under Section 211.2 of the Unemployment Insurance Act because it does not have in employment 4 or more individuals within each of 20 or more calendar weeks must provide a written notice to each employee, either in each employee's employment contract or in a

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written notice provided to employees who do not have employment contracts, and to each member of the board of directors that the employees of the not-for-profit corporation are not eligible to receive unemployment insurance benefits on the basis of their employment for the not-for-profit corporation.

ARTICLE 4. NAME

Section 104.05. Corporate name of domestic or foreign corporation. (a) corporation organized, existing or subject to the provisions of this Act: (1) May contain, separate and apart from any other word or abbreviation in such name, the word "corporation," "company," "incorporated," or "limited," or an abbreviation of one of such words; (2) Must end with the letters "NFP" if the corporate name contains any word or phrase which indicates or implies that the corporation is organized for any purpose other than a purpose for which corporations may be organized under this Act or a purpose other than a purpose set forth in the corporation's articles of incorporation; (3) Shall be distinguishable upon the records in the office of the The corporate name of a domestic corporation or of a foreign Secretary of State from the name or assumed name of any domestic corporation or limited liability company organized under the Limited Liability Company Act, whether for profit or not for profit, existing under any Act of this State or the name or assumed name of any foreign corporation or foreign limited liability company registered under the Limited Liability Company Act, whether for profit or not for profit, authorized to transact business or conduct affairs in this State, or a name the exclusive right to which is, at the time, reserved or registered in the manner provided in this Act or Section 1-15 of the Limited Liability Company Act, except that, subject to the discretion of the Secretary of State, a foreign corporation that has a name prohibited by this paragraph may be granted authority to conduct its affairs in this State, if the foreign corporation: (i) Elects to adopt an assumed corporation name or names in accordance with Section 104.15 of this Act; and (ii) Agrees in its application for authority to conduct affairs in this State only under such assumed corporate name or names; (4) Shall not contain a word or phrase, or an abbreviation or derivation thereof, the use of which is prohibited or restricted by any other statute of this State unless such restriction has been complied with; (5) Shall consist of letters of the English alphabet, Arabic or Roman numerals, or symbols capable of being readily reproduced by the office of the Secretary of State; (6) Shall not contain the words "regular democrat," "regular democratic," "regular republican," "democrat," "democratic," or "republican," nor the name of any other established political party, unless consent to usage of such words or name is given to the corporation by the State central committee of such established political party; notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, any

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corporation, whose name at the time this amendatory Act takes effect contains any of the words listed in this paragraph shall certify to the Secretary of State no later than January 1, 1989, that consent has been given by the State central committee; consent given to a corporation by the State central committee to use the above listed words may be revoked upon notification to the corporation and the Secretary of State; and (7) Shall be the name under which the corporation shall conduct affairs in this State unless the corporation shall also elect to adopt an assumed corporate name or names as provided in this Act; provided, however, that the corporation may use any divisional designation or trade name without complying with the requirements of this Act, provided the corporation also clearly discloses its corporate name. (8) (Blank). (b) The Secretary of State shall determine whether a name is "distinguishable" from another name for purposes of this Act. Without excluding other names which may not constitute distinguishable names in this State, a name is not considered distinguishable, for purposes of this Act, solely because it contains one or more of the following: (1) The word "corporation," "company," "incorporated," or "limited" or an abbreviation of one of such words; (2) Articles, conjunctions, contractions, abbreviations, different tenses or number of the same word. (c) Nothing in this Section or Sections 104.15 or 104.20 of this Act shall: (1) Require any domestic corporation existing or any foreign corporation having authority to conduct affairs on the effective date of this Act, to modify or otherwise change its corporate name or assumed corporate name, if any; or (2) Abrogate or limit the common law or statutory law of unfair competition or unfair trade practices, nor derogate from the common law or principles of equity or the statutes of this State or of the United States with respect to the right to acquire and protect copyrights, trade names, trade marks, service names, service marks, or any other right to the exclusive use of name or symbols .

ARTICLE 5. OFFICE AND AGENT

Section 105.05. Registered office and registered agent . (a) Each domestic corporation and each foreign corporation having authority to conduct affairs in this State shall have and continuously maintain in this State: (1) A registered office which may be, but need not be, the same as its place of business in this State. (2) A registered agent, which agent may be either an individual, resident in this State, whose business office is identical with such registered office, or a for profit domestic or foreign corporation, limited liability company, limited Presented By Kovitz Shifrin Nesbit - www.ksnlaw.com Page 17

partnership, or limited liability partnership authorized to transact business in this State that is authorized by its statement of purpose to act as such agent, having a business office identical with such registered office. (b) The address, including street and number, if any, of the initial registered office, and the name of the initial registered agent of each corporation organized under this Act shall be stated in its articles of incorporation; and of each foreign corporation shall be stated in its application for authority to conduct affairs in this State. (c) In the event of dissolution of a corporation, either voluntary, administrative, or judicial, the registered agent and the registered office of the corporation on record with the Secretary of State on the date of the issuance of the certificate or judgment of dissolution shall be an agent of the corporation upon whom claims can be served or service of process can be had during the two year post-dissolution period provided in Section 112.80 of this Act, unless such agent resigns or the corporation properly reports a change of registered office or registered agent. (d) In the event of revocation of authority of a foreign corporation, the registered agent and the registered office of the corporation on record with the Secretary of State on the date of the issuance of the certificate of revocation shall be an agent of the corporation upon whom claims can be served or service of process can be had, unless such agent resigns. Section 105.10. Change of registered office or registered agent . (a) A domestic corporation or a foreign corporation may from time to time change the address of its registered office. A domestic corporation or a foreign corporation shall change its registered agent if the office of registered agent shall become vacant for any reason, or if its registered agent becomes disqualified or incapacitated to act, or if the corporation revokes the appointment of its registered agent. (b) A domestic corporation or a foreign corporation may change the address of its registered office or change its registered agent, or both, by executing and filing in duplicate, in accordance with Section 101.10 of this Act, a statement setting forth: (1) the name of the corporation; (2) the address, including street and number, or rural route number, of its then registered office; (3) if the address of its registered office be changed, the address, including street and number, or rural route number, to which the registered office is to be changed; (4) the name of its then registered agent; (5) if its registered agent be changed, the name of its successor registered agent; (6) that the address of its registered office and the address of the business office of its registered agent, as changed, will be identical;

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(7)

that such change was authorized by resolution duly adopted

by the board of directors. (c-d) (Blank). (e)

The change of address of the registered office, or the change of registered agent, or both, as the case may be, shall become effective upon the filing of such statement by the Secretary of State. Section 105.15. Resignation of registered agent . (a) A registered agent may at any time resign by filing in the office of the Secretary of State written notice thereof, and by mailing a copy thereof to the corporation at its principal office as such is known to said resigning agent, such notice to be mailed at least 10 days prior to the date of filing thereof with the Secretary of State. (b) The notice shall set forth: (1) The name of the corporation for which the registered agent is acting; (2) The name of the registered agent; (3) The address, including street and number, or rural route number, of the corporation's then registered office in this State; (4) That the registered agent resigns; (5) The effective date thereof which shall not be less than 30 days after the date of filing; (6) The address of the principal office of the corporation as such is known to the registered agent; (7) A statement that a copy of this notice has been sent to the principal office within the time and in the manner prescribed by this Section. (c) Such notice shall be executed by the registered agent, if an individual, or, if a business entity, in the manner authorized by the governing statute. Section 105.20. Change of Address of Registered Agent . (a) A registered agent may change the address of the registered office of the domestic corporation or of the foreign corporation, for which he or she or it is registered agent, to another address in this State, by filing, in duplicate, in accordance with Section 101.10 of this Act a statement setting forth: (1) the name of the corporation; (2) the address, including street and number, or rural route number, of its then registered office; (3) the address, including street and number, or rural route number, to which the registered office is to be changed; (4) the name of its registered agent; (5) that the address of its registered office and the address of the business office of its registered agent, as changed, will be identical. Presented By Kovitz Shifrin Nesbit - www.ksnlaw.com Page 19

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