GA September 2021

SEPTEMBER 2021 -Vol 13/No 9


Hybrid-electric LMS-901 replacement for An-2

unveiled as

MAKS 2021

New MiG concept aimed at Russian Navy SAMAD Aerospace Completes hover tests for eStarling Women in engineering keeping our world moving | |



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GENERAL NEWS 6 Russia showcases the Orion E UAV for the internationally market 20  AMREF Flying Doctors adds pre-owned Cessna Citation Sovereign to their medical fleet 22  Hybrid-electric LMS-901 unveiled as replacement for An-2 36  SAMAD Aerospace completes hover tests for eStarling 40  Pipistrel unveils Cool Electric VTOL Aircraft Concept for Uber Elevate 42  Paragon VTOL Aerospace adopts solutions from Siemens to streamline next-generation design 44 AHSKOSH 2021 60  CALTEX service stations in South Africa to be rebranded “ASTRON ENERGY”

FEATURES 10 MAKS 2021 18  New MiG concept for Russian Navy 24  Thales partners with DAS in fully supporting Hong Kong International Airport's three- runway system expansion project 26  Bell unveils new high-speed vertical take-off and landing design concepts for military application 28  Budapest - Paris of the east 48  Women in engineering keeping our world moving 50 Fire on Board! 54  ROTAX FLY-IN 2021 56 Savoia-Marchetti S.55 unique flying boat BOOK OF THE MONTH 52  THE PATH FINDERS - The elite RAF force that turned the tide of WWII IN CLOSING 62 Ready to travel but who will have us? Pic: Courtesy of MAKS 2021

4 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021

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Russia showcases the Orion E UAV for the internationally market By Charmaine de Villiers

6 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 Dhabi in February 2021, consultations with foreign customers on potential deliveries of Orion-E Since its debut at the IDEX exhibition held in Abu The Russian Federation firmly stamped its presence as a manufacturer of an unmanned aerial vehicle at the MAKS airshow in Moscow at the end of July, when the Kronshtadt company unveiled the Orion-E medium- altitude long-endurance (MALE) reconnaissance/ strike UAV with satellite data link.

drones have been held according to a statement by Alexander Mikheev, General Director of the Russian state weapon export agency. "The market at present demonstrates enormous interest in strike and reconnaissance drones. Rosoboronexport is already offering Orion-E aircraft of this class to foreign

customers and is holding a range of consultations on their supplies," Mikheev said at the time. According to the official report of the company, talks on the Orion-E’s delivery have been conducted with a number of potential customers, including those from Africa, the Middle East and South-East Asia.

Range and operations The Orion-E is intended for operations in a wide range of climate zones. It is a medium-altitude long-range drone, with a maximal take-off weight of 1 about 1.2 tonne and a payload cap of 250 kg. Its ceiling is 7.5 km. The maximum duration of flight with the standard load is 30 hours and the cruising speed is up to 200 km per hour. The Orion has reportedly fired guided missiles before - during combat trials in Syria in 2018 - the launch of a powered weapon is a new development. The Tactical Missile Corporation (KTRV), which produces a wide variety of ordnance for manned combat aircraft, is reportedly developing both 110-pound and 220-pound missiles for the unmanned aerial vehicles. According to the official Rosoboronexport’s presentation of the Orion-E UCAV, it has the capability to conduct reconnaissance round-the-clock in optical, IR and radio bands, high- level automation of data processing and transmission, selfsustainability, versatile flight modes (autonomous or under operator's radio control). From one ground control point up to 4 UAVs can be simultaneously controlled. The Orion-E is equipped with replaceable payloads based on modular principles. There are three hardpoints for aerial weapons. Earlier in 2021 the Russian Minister of Defense Sergey Shoygu payed the official visit to the Kronshtadt production site in Moscow

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 7 Eastern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces, located in Sakhalin, Russia. The UAV is also operational with the Eastern Military District in Chukotka, as well as the Black Sea Fleet. Design and features The Orlan-10 comprises of the unmanned aerial vehicles, launch and recovery systems, ground control segment, and interchangeable payloads. It has a modular design with a high-wing configuration, while its tail section comprises a tailplane and a vertical stabiliser. It has a wingspan of 3.1m and its aerodynamic fuselage is 2m-long. The empty weight and maximum take-off weights of the UAV are 12.5kg and 16.5kg respectively. The Olan is equipped with a day-light camera, thermal imaging camera, video camera and a radio transmitter in a gyro- LLC in St Petersburg. The UAV is in service with the Russian Federation Ministry of Defence and is intended for a variety of missions including aerial reconnaissance, observation, monitoring, search and rescue, combat training, jamming, detection of radio signals, and target tracking. The export variant, designated Orlan-10E, was originally exhibited at the 19th International Air and Space Fair (FIDAE) held in March 2016 and Rosoboronexport announced its plan to promote the Orlan-10E UAV to foreign countries in June 2016. The first five Orlan-10 unmanned aerial vehicles were delivered to The

and checked the progress of the state defense order for the creation of drones.

MAKS 2021 At this year’s show, the Orion-E was showcased along with the Vikhr air- launched guided missile. As the missile’s producer Kalashnikov Group reported during the airshow, it is continuing work on adapting the Vikhr air- launched guided missiles for use on various platforms. The missile is developed by the KBP company, which also created the Pantsir air defence system and Kornet ATGM. "At the moment the Kalashnikov specialists are considering the possibility of adapting the Vikhr for use on the latest Mi-28NE, Mi-35P helicopters, as well as on the Orion-E unmanned aerial vehicles", said a Kalashnikov statement. According to the manufacturer, the Vikhr is capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 10 kilometres, its speed is more than 600 metres per second. In May the Kalashnikov Group announced that Russia successful flight trials of the Vikhr missiles had been conducted with a series of missile launches performed by a Ka-52 Alligator reconnaissance/ attack helicopter.

Orlan-10 already in service

This is a medium- range, multi-purpose UAV developed by Russian firm Special Technology Centre


Companies) has unveiled at MAKS-2021 ZALA 421- 16E5G - the first Russian drone with a hybrid power plant. The UAV is designed for aerial monitoring on long routes, which makes it indispensable for use in the oil and gas sector. It is already in operation at the facilities of the fuel and energy sector. ZALA 421-16E5G can stay in the air for more than 12 hours, cover distances of over 1200 kilometers, and conduct aerial monitoring at a distance of over 100 kilometers. Every year ZALA AERO's UAVs survey more than 5 million kilometers of oil and gas infrastructure performing more than 30,000 flights. According to the company, more than 2000 of ZALA drones operate within Russia. ZALA now also has a combat portfolio which encompasses the unmanned combat aerial systems (UCAS), the loitering munitions as well as the anti-drone systems. The KYB UCAS is designed to hit the ground targets, delivering specific payload to target coordinates, which are specified manually or acquired from payload targeting image. The LANCET loitering munition is equipped with several aiming systems: coordinate, electro-optical and combined systems. ZALA's REX is a weapon against drones that suppresses the control channel between the operator and the UAV, as well as its satellite signal. •

Orion E UAV

8 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 the nose and can fly at a maximum altitude of 5km in all weather conditions control up to four aerial vehicles simultaneously. The Orlan-10 is powered by an internal combustion engine, driving a two-blade propeller mounted in stabilised camera pod that is fitted under the fuselage. The cameras provide real- time intelligence, 3D maps, surveillance, and aerial reconnaissance of ground- based targets. The imagery, video and other sensor data collected by the payloads are transmitted to the ground control station in real-time, through a data link. Missions can be completed in both autonomous and remote control modes. An autopilot aboard the drone enables it to operate autonomously based on pre-defined waypoints. In this mode, the flight path can be modified by the operator during the flight. It can also be remotely operated by its associated ground control station, installed on MP32M1 command and control vehicle. Developed by Russian state-owned Roselectronika, the ground segment can Command and control modes

and in difficult terrains. It can withstand wind speeds of 10m/s and operate in temperatures ranging from -30°C to 40°C. It can transmit telemetry data to a range between 120km and 600km from the launch station and endure for approximately 18 hours. Its cruising and maximum speeds are 110km/h and 150km/h respectively. New development Russia is developing a helicopter drone to assist anti-aircraft weapon systems in their counter- UAV mission. The project, accelerated shortly after the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan began in mid-2020, will

fill a gap in Russia's military capabilities.

Kalashnikov drones Russian Zala Aero company (part of the Kalashnikov Group of

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 9


MAKS2021 Once again does not dissappoint

By Charmaine de Villiers - Pics: MAKS Salon 2021 unless otherwise indicated

10 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 shows vividly that Russian aviation has an impressive development potential, and that the national aircraft with Russia in the field of aviation and astronautics, including the assembly of Mi family of helicopters and a joint project, Baiterek on launch services from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. “Everything that we can see in Zhukovsky The 15th International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS 2021 saw more than 135 000 participants and guests visit the air show held in the Russian Federation from 20 to 25 July, with contracts and letters of intent reaching RUB 265 bn. The show was opened by Russian President, Vladimir Putin who was pleased to announce that MAKS had once again proved its international status despite the pandemic. Russia’s partner country was the Republic of Kazakhstan, which takes part in the implementation of mutually beneficial projects

that garnered attention was a modified version of the newMC-21-310 medium- haul airliner scheduled to start flying in the near future, featured a Russian- made PD-14 engine for the first time. This aircraft will be followed by Il-114–300 regional airliner, the LMS-901 Baikal light-engine multi- purpose aircraft and the long-awaited new helicopters, Ka-62, a specialised helicopter for offshore oil operations, Mi-171A3 with an upgraded aircraft propulsion system,

industry continues to create new competitive aviation products,” he said.


The exhibits represented 538 Russian companies and 91 foreign participants from 20 countries. A real feat for MAKS was its hybrid format that allowed attracting 202 foreign companies from 53 countries. Thus, the exhibition was attended by 831 exhibitors from 56 countries. Amongst the exhibits

Vladimir Putin, President of the Russian Federation (left) arriving at the show.

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 11 Technodinamika JSC and Rosoboronexport JSC, both are subsidiaries of the Rostec State Corporation, signed programs to jointly promote airdrop equipment and research and development activities in external markets. The signing ceremony was attended by Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov and Rostec CEO Sergey Chemezov - Pic: Rostec


The stand of the state corporation Roscosmos - pic: MAKS 2021

Irkut Corporation showcase two MC-21s, prototype 002 and 005. The MC-21-300 version should get its Russian type certificate before the end of the year.

new avionic equipment and SP-32 firefighting system, an Ansat-Mwith an extended flight range, the upgraded helicopters Ansat-M, Ka- 32A11M, and unmanned VRT300 helicopter. The state- of-the-art Checkmate light tactical aircraft (featured separately) has attracted a great deal of interest. Foreign aircraft manufacturers exhibited their products, including those never demonstrated in Russia before. The show premiers included the wide- body long-haul Airbus A350- 1000, medium-haul Airbus A220-300, turboprop Pilatus

is considering both the direct combustion of hydrogen in modified gas turbine engines and its use in fuel cells to

PC-12NGX and for the first time ever, Cirrus took part in MAKS with a presentation of two aircraft. New projects United Engine Corpora- tion presented two new projects – the VK-650V and VK-1600V shaft-turbine engines, and a demo version of PD-8 engine core, designed for use in the SSJ-New aircraft propulsion system. The company has also begun investigating the potential of hydrogen as a power source for aviation applications. Announcing the project at the MAKS air show, UEC says it

generate electricity. Boeing, Airbus and more

Boeing presented its new 737, 787 and 777 passenger aircraft while Airbus demonstrated the A350- 10000XWB and A220-300 long- and medium-range aircraft, respectively, aimed at Russian airlines, which will have to compete with the new Russian Irkut MC-21-300, 310 and Sukhoi Superjet SSJ. Airbus Company signed

The IAF aerobatic team Sarang (Peacock), participated in MAKS-2021.

The virtual reality Su-35 and Su-57E pilot station simulators, presented by Sukhoi (a Rostec subsidiary)

12 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021

Mi-28NM Night Hunter - pic: Rosoboronexport

ThePantsir-S1 air defence missile and gun system. It is versatile, self-sufficient and offers protection against all aerial assaults.

The prototype of the Mi-171A3 which is the first Russian helicopter designed primarily for off-shore operations.

the first contract with Air Manas in the CIS to provide pooling and component repair services for the A220 aircraft. The hourly service contract includes access to the Airbus pool of spare parts and repair services. One of the companies that left their virtual mark on MAKS 2021 is Anotec Engineering which certifies the volume of noise emitted by piloted and unmanned aircraft, carrying out flight tests to determine acoustic impacts and developing

helicopters. The carrier signed a contract for the delivery of three of these units, as well as one Mi- 8MTV-1, with Russian Helicopters at MAKS. The equipment to be used for the development of helicopter passenger travel and logistical support for fuel and energy companies will be delivered starting from 2022. Drones Nitrofirex, another Spanish company that took part in the air show, has developed an innovative technology based on aerial drones capable of

Air Tractor Europe, the world's largest distributor for US-based aircraft manufacturer Air Tractor Inc. of Texas. Based in Spain, the company specialises in the worldwide marketing and support of the wide range of Air Tractor AT-400, AT-500, AT-600 and AT-800 single-engine aircraft for fire- fighting and the application of fungicides, fertilisers and oil stain dispersants. Seen as a possible replacement for the Antonov An-2, the biplane will have to compete with the new Russian Baikal project. Helix Airlines will be the next operator of Ansat

increasingly efficient sound measurement systems at airports.

The IL-76MD-90A was present at the show.

Mi-171SH-HV Military Transport Helicopter.

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 13


The IL-76MD-90AE This is a best seller of the heavy transport aviation market


14 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 according to requirement and the electric propulsion system can keep the aircraft in the air for up to 4 hours. extinguishing forest fires in areas that are difficult to access or at night. Zala Aero, a Russian UAV manufacturer, presented its vertical take off and landing drone – the ZALA VTOL. A company statement says the drone combines the properties of an aircraft type drone and a tilt-rotor aircraft. The flight configuration changes

tons. The Mi-171A3 meets the strict requirements for safe flight over bodies of water. It will be fitted with, inter alia, a crash-proof fuel system and an automatically activated ditching systemwith externally mounted floats. In order to be operated in the most challenging of weather conditions, the helicopter will be provided with an integrated flight and navigation system in a glass cockpit with a digital avionics suite. The first of two versions will be able to carry up to 24 passengers and up to five

A prototype of the Mi-171A3 was presented at the exhibition where Gazprom and Russian Helicopters signed an agreement to cooperate on supplies of the first Russian helicopter designed primarily for offshore operations and which was developed in accordance with the standards of the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP). The maximum take- off weight of the type is 13

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 15 Sukhoi Su-30 fighter jet, Mi- 35M and Mi-17B5 helicopters, Contracts worth over $3.59 billion signed Included are 13 export contracts worth $1.2 billion signed by Rosoboronexport to supply Russian defence products including the the twinjet family quietly secured certification from the federal aviation regulator Rosaviatsia. The aircraft will be introduced from 2022, joining the airline’s Sukhoi Superjet 100s.

capabilities: it is able to fly up to 750 kilometres with a crew and three rescuers, evacuate people in distress and fly back to the base. Using a special purpose equipment Mi-38PS will be able to extinguish fires and eliminate consequences of accidental oil spills. They are supposed to be delivered by 2024. Azimuth takes A220's Russian carrier Azimuth’s agreement to take Airbus A220s is the first from one of the country’s airlines since

tons of cargo while the second version, which will be used for search and rescue operations, will be additionally fitted with special medical equipment. In case of need, the operator will be able to refit a cargo and passenger helicopter into a search and rescue one. Russian Helicopters also signed a contract for the supply of nine Mi-38PS helicopters for the Russian Emergency Ministry. The Arctic version of helicopter features unprecedented


16 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 machines have hingeless rotors and are equipped with state-of-the-art avionics, airplanes and helicopters were demonstrated both on aircraft apron and in flying display, there were totally 202 aircraft demonstrated during the show. On each of the six days the aerobatics teams from Russian Aerospace Forces - Russian Knights, Swifts, Russian Falcons and Berkuts - demonstrated their airmanship. Appearing for the first time on the flight programme was the Indian Air Force’s Sarang aerobatic team performing with its ‘Made in India’ ‘Dhruv’ Protivnik-GE radars, Verba, a Russian fourth-generation man-portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile, and a variety of modern air defence weapons and armoured vehicles. The company demonstrated its most advanced aircraft models, helicopters, anti-aircraft, and electronic warfare equipment to more than 30 delegations from 20 countries, mainly from the Asia-Pacific region, the Middle East, Africa, and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). As expected the flight programme at the 2021 MAKS air show drew great interest and the programme saw 80 aircraft take part in, including 39 aircraft with eight aerobatic teams. 133 aircraft were displayed on the aircraft aprons of MAKS 2021. Given that some Flight programme Advanced Light Helicopters. These HAL manufactured

which makes them extremely suitable for military aviation. Apart from the IAF, the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard also operate this helicopter. The Sarang Teamwas formed in 2003 at Bangalore and its first international display was at the Asian Aerospace Airshow at Singapore in 2004. The various demonstration flights, unified

on the public days to include 15 performances, consisting of amongst others, formation flying with domestically manufactured helicopters, aerobatics performed by the Berkuts, Russian Knights and Sarang groups. Domestic passenger aircraft such as the MC-21, Sukhoi Superjet 100 and Il-114-300, as well as the European Airbus A350- 1000. Su-57s, Su-30SMs and MiG-35s were displayed with other combat aircraft. •

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 17


NewMiG Concept aimed at Russian Navy

18 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 reduced radar signature. It is expected to be a verticle take- off or landing (VTOL) aircraft so that it can be deployed on aircraft carriers. Its size will Leading Russian fighter aircraft manufacturer MiG said the company has started the design process for its new fifth-generation carrier-based fighter jet with “stealth technology." They plan to offer the prototype of the aircraft within a couple of years.
The fighter jet is designed with a twin engine and has a

be around that of the current MiG-35 fighter.
According to RIA Novosti, which cited Russian defence sources, the fighter jet will be produced in conjunction with a drone weighing more than 10 tons. The unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) will be made according to the "flying wing" scheme and will be used in the "faithful wingman" concept. It will be used for refuelling or joint strikes, according to a source in the military-industrial complex cited by the Russian news agency. The largest of the designs shares similarities with MiG’s ill-fated Article 1.42/1.44 Multifunctional Fighter, or

MFI. Like the earlier concept, its configuration features canards, outward-canted tail fins and two closely-set engines. Unlike the model first flown in 2000 but subsequently cancelled, the new fighter has its engine intakes positioned on the sides of the fuselage side, rather than below. The Russian navy has been seeking ways to replace its ageing aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov between 2030 and 2035, with a need for new embarked combat aircraft. MiG’s shipborne fighter model could potentially draw on research and development investment made in Article 1.42/1.44.

A Light Multifunctional Aircraft concept – marked “92” – features a classic layout with moderately swept wings and side air intakes. It bears a close resemblance to the Yakovlev Yak-130 jet trainer, but has a single-engine with side intakes, unlike the Irkut-built type’s two Ivchenko-Progress AI-222-2.5s. Aimed at lead-in fighter training applications, the design could potentially also be adapted for airborne interception or close air support missions. This would place the type in the same category as the Korea Aerospace Industries T/FA-50 Golden Eagle. MiG also showed an

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 19 single-engined aircraft design is being offered to potential international customers. • to meet Perspective Complex of Deck Aviation needs. The UCAV shown was carrying an in-flight refuelling pod beneath its fuselage. United Aircraft (UAC) used the show to unveil its Sukhoi-led Su-75 “Checkmate” lightweight fighter, which company officials say could enter operational use from 2026. Having a unit acquisition cost below $30 million, this

unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) concept designated the Perspective Multifunctional Shipborne UAV. It appears to be further evolution and refinement of the Skat design unveiled at MAKS in 2007. Using an inverted V-shape tail intends to improve stability and controllability, resulting in a greater centre of gravity for operations from an aircraft carrier. MiG says the shipborne concepts could be combined


20 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 airframe systems and avionics parts required for line, scheduled and unscheduled maintenance. “The Cessna Sovereign was an easy choice for medical staff. The Citation Sovereign’s range increases the AMREF Flying Doctor’s nonstop reach throughout Africa, Europe and Asia.” To enhance the aircraft’s low fixed costs of operation, accurately budget for maintenance costs and save with long-term aircraft value protection, AMREF Flying Doctors selected Textron Aviation’s ProParts programme to cover the Textron Aviation has announced that AMREF Flying Doctors has added a pre-owned Cessna Citation Sovereign to its existing Cessna Citation aeromedical aircraft fleet. The aircraft is expected to arrive in Nairobi, Kenya and start lifesaving operations in September 2021. The Cessna Citation Sovereign was designed and manufactured by Textron Aviation Inc. “Continuing to be the supplier of choice for air ambulance emergency services in Africa is testament to the Cessna Citation’s performance, especially when each minute matters,” said Bob Gibbs, vice president, Special Mission Sales for Textron Aviation. “The spacious cabin of the Sovereign comfortably accommodates a multiple stretcher system and the necessary additional on-board

AMREF Flying Doctors adds pre-owned Cessna Citation Sovereign to their medical fleet

did everything to assist with reconfiguring the aircraft for its dedicated air ambulance role at their Orlando, Florida Service Centre as quickly and professionally as possible.” AMREF Flying Doctors is a leading provider in fixed wing air ambulance operations in Africa, Europe and Asia. Serving the aeromedical transport industry for more than 60 years, AMREF Flying Doctors have been a long time operator of Beechcraft and Cessna fixed-wing aircraft. AMREF Flying Doctors have a worldwide reach and are based at and operate fromWilson Airport in Nairobi, Kenya. •

AMREF Flying Doctors when looking to expand our aviation capability and capacity, so as to support our international, long distance air ambulance operations,” said Mike Black, Chief Operating Officer for AMREF Flying Doctors. He further explained, “patient care and comfort is key to maintaining AMREF Flying Doctors’ internationally recognized aeromedical service levels, which are perfectly addressed by the Cessna Sovereign’s cabin and its operating capabilities. In addition to acquiring the right aircraft, Textron Aviation


ROE.RU/ENG/ more info at

Rosoboronexport is the sole state company in Russia authorized to export the full range of defense and dual-use products, technologies and services. Rosoboronexport accounts for over 85% of Russia's annual arms sales and maintains military-technical cooperation with over 100 countries worldwide.

27 Stromynka str.,107076, Moscow, Russian Federation Phone: +7 (495) 534 61 83 Fax: +7 (495) 534 61 53


Safety, availability, versatility Hybrid-electric LMS-901 unveiled as replacement for An-2

22 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021

By 2017, 90% of small aviation needs in Russia were fulfilled by Antonov An-2 Colt, a single- engine biplane from the 40s. Hundreds of them remain in active service despite the production being mostly stopped in 1971. It was the perfect Siberian bush plane: with practically non-existent stall speed and extreme ruggedness, it often was the only available means to transport passengers single-turboprop LMS-901 Baikal light utility aircraft, from the Urals Civil Aviation Plant (UZGA), was among the exhibits presented to President Vladimir Putin when he toured the show on 20 July. A rather futuristic- looking aircraft retained the size and overall shape of the An-2, while significantly improving on predecessor’s characteristics with smaller empty weight, larger maximum take-off weight and higher speed. Russian authorities limit single-engine aircraft to nine passengers, but and cargo to remote locations with short, unpaved runways. A mock-up of the

Manturov hints that a later variant could be developed that seats 14, a similar capacity to the Cessna Grand Caravan. Two hybrid electric- powered versions of established light aircraft platforms are also displayed at MAKS. Design Smaller and almost two times lighter than the An-2, it should cost less than 120 million rubles ($1.6 million). It should reach 300 km/h from a 95 km/h landing speed and cover 3,000 km. Optional electric motors could offer redundancy. Russian aircraft manufacturer Baikal- Engineering chose GE Aviation’s H80 engine with Electronic Engine and Propeller Control (EEPC) to power its brand-new single engine multi-purpose utility aircraft. “We are extremely proud to power the LMS-901,” says Milan Slapak, CEO and General Manager of GE Aviation Czech. “H-Series engines are optimized for utility missions and can benefit from an advanced EEPC to assist piloting. These engines thrive in rugged conditions that require mission readiness, short take- offs, weight variability, and safe operation: our H-Series are renowned for their reliability and

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 23 met, then "Baikal" should become an inexpensive and widely demanded vehicle in Russia and abroad. • for the car is to comply with the limit of the cost of a flight hour of 30 thous and rubles. If this criterion is are operating in the hottest deserts, over the highest peaks and across the most remote archipelagos.” The improvements were achieved with the help of a new variant of the ubiquitous Honeywell TPE331 engine and the most important innovation – fully composite construction. Both of those features gave the plane impressive characteristics, but they also caused its demise. Maximum take-off weight will be 4.8t and it will have a top speed of 162kt (300km/h), a range of 1 620nm (3 000km), and payload of 2 000kg (4 410lb). The construction of a prototype machine is deployed on the basis of the Branch Special Design Bureau for Experimental Aircraft Building (OSKBES) and the Department of Aircraft Manufacturing Technology of the Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI). LMS-901 in the coming years should replace the legendary An-2, nicknamed "Corn". The LMS-901 project is mainly financed from the funds of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation. The main requirement


Thales partners with DAS in fully supporting Hong Kong International Airport's three-runway system expansion project

24 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021

Thales partners with DAS to provide an advanced Instrument Landing System (ILS) solution in fully supporting the Three- runway System (3RS) expansion project at the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) helping to further improve the capacity and efficiency of aircraft landing while maintaining the highest standard of flight safety. As one of the most trusted partners, Thales has been providing various critical air navigation service equipment to the Civil Aviation Department (CAD) of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government for over 20 years. Thales state-of-the-art ILS solution has already been implemented in various major international airports worldwide. Thales and Dah Chong Hong – Dragonair Airport GSE Service Ltd. (DAS) announced that they have been selected by the Civil Aviation Department (CAD) of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government through global open tender exercise to deploy the new Instrument Landing System (ILS) and to support the Three-runway System (3RS) expansion project at the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA). This leading solution will largely help HKIA further improve the capacity and efficiency

of aircraft landing while maintaining the highest standard of flight safety. The six sets of new ILS to be installed at the HKIA under 3RS will make use of Thales state-of-the-art technologies. The new ultra- wide aperture localizer array with 32-element localizer antenna will provide highly accurate guidance signals to aircraft approaching and landing on the runway in all weather conditions, day and night, allowing the safest and the most efficient aircraft landing at the HKIA while requiring less equipment safeguarding area. The new ILS will also support selected runways with Category III operations including Low Visibility Operations (LVO) under foggy/heavy rain conditions. The whole Thales solution has already been deployed at various major international airports, such as Istanbul New Airport and Ankara Esenboga Airport in Turkey as well as Paris Charles De Gaulle Airport in France. In Hong Kong, Thales has been supporting HKIA with superior products and technologies over the past 20 years as it has In Hong Kong, Thales has been supporting HKIA with superior products and technologies over the past 20 years

grown and become one of the busiest regional and international aviation hub. With HKIA stepping up its capacity to cater for the increasing demand of air traffic growth, Thales, as one of the most trusted partners of CAD, will once again contribute to “one of the largest infrastructure projects in Hong Kong’s history”. “We are proud to have been selected by the Civil Aviation Department under global open tender as the supplier of new ILS for the HKIA, which is one of the key systems with proven international reference and reliability performance to support operations on the runway. This new selection strengthens our position as a proven airspace solutions provider in Asia and makes HKIA a world reference in terms of navigation aids equipped airport. I am sure the knowledge and experience that Thales is bringing to the project will ensure smooth and reliable operations at the HKIA during aircraft landing.” Mr. Kais MNIF, Navigation and Non- radar Surveillance Global Business Director, Thales. “We are also delighted to work together with Thales as the local partner for the ILS solution. This project will leverage the strength and expertise of both companies to jointly deliver a world- class critical air navigation service equipment to CAD at the Hong Kong International Airport.” Angel Cheung, General Manager, Dah Chong Hong – Dragonair Airport GSE Service Ltd. •

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Bell unveils new high-speed vertical take-off and landing design concepts for military application

26 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 could potentially lead to a replacement for the Air Force’s CV-22B Osprey tilt- The company’s initial HSVTOL concepts aim to combine the “hover capability of a helicopter with the speed, range and survivability features of a fighter aircraft,” according to the company. These designs Bell has revealed part of its vision for a future high-speed vertical take-off and landing, or HSVTOL, aircraft, a type of platform that U.S. Special Operations Command has recently been taking a particular interest in.

Based on a released image and a patent applied for by Bell, the new aircraft concepts look similar to a Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey tiltrotor, an invaluable platform that changed the way the U.S. military conducts amphibious assault, long-range infiltration, and exfiltration and resupply with a cruise speed and range twice that of helicopters it replaced. The new aircraft concept switches to jet power in horizontal flight as the rotor blades fold back out of the way into the nacelles. According to the manufacturers, such a systemwould be capable of low-downwash hover and jet-like cruise speeds over 400 kt (460 mph, 740 km/h). Bell says its High-

rotor aircraft, as well as other types. Three different, but similar, HSVTOL concepts were unveiled by Bell today, one of which is unmanned. All of them utilize a propulsion concept in which wingtip rotors are used for vertical lift, then these rotors fold away to reduce drag while turbofans provide thrust for the high- speed, forward flight. In May 2021, the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) contracted Bell to conduct research into developing aircraft with HSVTOL capabilities for better speed, range, and survivability features. No details were revealed at the time. But the company has now shed some light on the project.

• Jet-like cruise speeds over 400 kts. • True runway independence and hover endurance • Scalability to the range of missions from unmanned personnel recovery to tactical mobility • Aircraft gross weights range from 4 000 lbs. to over 100 000 lbs. Bell’s HSVTOL capability is critical to future mission needs offering a range of aircraft systems with enhanced runway independence, aircraft survivability, mission flexibility and enhanced performance over legacy platforms. With the convergence of tiltrotor aircraft capabilities, digital flight control advancements and emerging propulsion technologies, Bell is primed to evolve HSVTOL technology for modern military missions to serve the next generation of warfighters. The first two aircraft in Bell’s concept artwork appear to be manned, with cockpit transparencies and access doors into the main cabin, while the last seems to be unmanned. While they all seem to share the same propulsion concept, the three Bell designs differ in more minor details, including engine intake arrangement and tailfins. Bell says that its HSVTOL aircraft are planned to have gross weights ranging from 4 000 pounds to over 100 000 pounds, which suggests that there are other, similar, designs in the works, in addition to these three. The first

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 27 infiltration and exfiltration and resupply with a cruise speed and range twice that of helicopters it replaced.• and U.S. Air Force. The lessons learned from the XV-3 and XV-15 supported the development of the Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey tiltrotor, an invaluable platform that changed the way the U.S. military conducts amphibious assault, long range design appears larger than the Osprey, while the second looks similar in size. The third unmanned concept looks smaller. While AFWERX wants to explore various concepts so it can better understand what sort of speed, range, survivability, payload, and size might be required for potential future HSVTOL requirements, it seems Bell is already working on options that offer widely varying sizes, at least. In the meantime, AFWERX has identified what it calls “critical mission profiles” for the HSVTOL — infiltration and exfiltration of special forces and equipment, personnel recovery, aeromedical evacuation, and tactical mobility — but applications could well extend beyond these and incorporate a range of missions currently flown by different fixed-wing and rotary- wing platforms. Bell has explored high-speed vertical lift aircraft technology for more than 85 years, pioneering innovative VTOL configurations like the X-14, X-22, XV-3 and XV- 15 for NASA, the U.S Army

Speed Vertical Take-Off and Landing aircraft could be used for a “range of missions from unmanned personnel recovery to tactical mobility.” “Bell’s HSVTOL technology is a step change improvement in rotorcraft capabilities,” said Jason Hurst, vice president, Innovation. “Our technology investments have reduced risk and prepared us for rapid development of HSVTOL in a digital engineering environment, leveraging experience from a robust past of technology exploration and close partnerships with the Department of Defense and Research Laboratories.” Bell’s HSVTOL design concepts include the following features: • Low downwash hover capability.


Text by Charmaine de Villiers - Pics as indicated

28 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 Hungarian Empire, Germany during World War Two and In essence two cities, Budapest sits in stunning natural surrounding with the famed Danube River running through a rich historical heritage. Yet this beautiful city and indeed the country itself, has seen centuries of dominance by Mongols, the Ottomans, Austro-

then the Soviet Union. Divided in two by the Danube, the city is made up of Buda on one side: with thermal baths at the foot of Gellért Hill, the royal palace and Matthias Church, it radiates a calmness and peace with its old buildings, taverns and hospitable citizens. One the other side lies Pest, a vibrant city with its modern architecture, majestic Parliament building, Saint Stephen’s Basilica (the

most important religious building of the city, where the Holy Right Hand of Hungary's first king, Saint Stephen is on display as well. A long time fascination with middle European countries such as Hungary, Bulgary, Romania and Czechoslovakia, when a media tour ended in Vienna I chose to stay on for a few days specifically to take a trip to Budapest. It is not far from the Austrian border but is a

The Hungarian Parliament Building (Hungarian: Országház, which translates to "House of the Country" or "House of the Nation"), also known as the Parliament of Budapest after its location, is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, a notable landmark of Hungary, and a popular tourist destination in Budapest. It is situated on Kossuth Square in the Pest side of the city, on the eastern bank of the Danube. It was designed by Hungarian architect Imre Steindl in neo- Gothic style and opened in 1902 - PIC: TTstudio.

gained its freedomwith the fall of the Berlin Wall. World Heritage site The central area of Budapest along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site with several monuments including the Hungarian Parliament and the Buda Castle. Around 80 geothermal springs, the largest thermal water cave system, second largest active synagogue,

Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021 29 streets and squares. The former Royal Palace is one of the symbols of Hungary – and has been the scene of and third largest Parliament building in the world. WHAT TO SEE Castle Hill and the Castle District There are three churches here, six museums, and a host of interesting buildings,

world apart. The city is full of monuments and museums, the ninth most populous city in Europe and a focal point of revolutions from the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Battle of Budapest in 1945, and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Many of the old buildings are riddled with bullets holes from Soviet forces sent to quash the uprising seeking to gain independence. It was only 33 years later that Hungary


Stairs and statues of the historic Fisherman's Bastion in Budapest city, Hungary Pic by: Jose Maria Ruiz Sanchez in 1905. It owes its name to the corporation that during the Middle Ages was responsible of the defence of this part of ramparts. Statues of the Turul, the mythical guardian bird of Hungary, can be found in both the Castle District and the Twelfth District. The free organ concerts held here on Sunday evenings are well worth attending.

battles and wars ever since the 13th century. The nearby Sándor Palace contains the offices and official residence of the President of Hungary. Matthias Church Also known as The Church of Our Lady (Nagyboldogasszony- templom), this is one sight that must be seen. Seven-

hundred-year-old, the church is one of the jewels of Budapest. It is majestic with elegant pinnacles and is one of those places that make one realise just how small we are in the grand scheme of things. Next to it is an equestrian statue of the first king of Hungary, King Saint Stephen, and behind that is the Fisherman's Bastion, built

Souvenir shops i medieval city Eger, Hungary - By T.W. van Urk

Tables of restaurant on the streets of the city - By smereka

30 Vol.13 / No 9 / September 2021

The Cave Chapel (also known as "Saint Ivan's Cave"), Gellert hill, Buda, Budapest, Hungary Pic by: Heracles Kritikos

Also worth checking out, the Ecclesiastical Art Museum is located on the church's medieval crypt and features a collection of sacred relics, stone carvings, and replicas of the Hungarian crown jewels. House of Terror A museum located at Andrássy út 60 in Budapest, it contains exhibits related to the fascist and communist regimes in 20th-century Hungary and is also a memorial to the victims of these regimes, including those detained, interrogated, tortured or killed in the building. The building is a chilling reminder of the atrocities that were committed for so many years on human beings who sought only to live in freedom. Under the Andrássy Avenue runs continental

Europe's oldest Underground railway, most of whose

a theme park with statues of the Communist era, is located just outside the main city and is accessible by public transport. The Dohány Street Synagogue The largest synagogue in Europe, and the second largest active synagogue in the world. The synagogue is located in the Jewish district taking up several blocks in central Budapest. It was built in moorish revival style in 1859 and has a seating capacity of 3 000. Adjacent to it is a sculpture reproducing a weeping willow tree in steel to commemorate the Hungarian victims of the Holocaust. The city is also home to the largest medicinal bath in Europe (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath) and the

stations retain their original appearance. Heroes' Square is dominated by the

MillenniumMonument, a 36-metre column crowned by a figure of the Archangel Gabriel and unveiled in the late 19th century. Around the plinth can be seen a group of bronze horsemen representing the conquering Magyar Prince Árpád and six of his fellow warriors. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is in front of the monument. To the sides are the Museum of Fine Arts and the Kunsthalle Budapest, and behind City Park opens out with Vajdahunyad Castle. One of the jewels of Andrássy út is the Hungarian State Opera House. Statue Park,

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