Welcome to the MPBA's 2019 first quarter magazine! We have a lot of interesting articles to share with you this quarter, as well as some great events we hope you visit! Don't forget to look for the FFA Speaking Contest and MPBA Scholarship Winners pages, and check out the photo collage for the 2019 MPBA Expo and Conference! Happy reading!

1st Quarter Edition | January•February•March 2024

Carissa Simagna 2023 1st Place FFA Speaking Contest Winner Sponsored by AKC Presented by Senior Field Representative Stacy Mason

Putting Our Best Paw Forward What MPBA is accomplishing with your support T FFA Speaking Contest T Working with FFA, 4H, and JAG kids T Scholarships T Dog Shows T Woof for Vets Program T Kennel Assistance Program

T Elite Kennel Program T Educational Classes T Kennel Inspection Program

T Public Events (Fairs, Expos, etc.) T Member of Missouri Farmers Care T And many other Programs each year!

We thank you for your Sponsorship and Support. You are the Dog-gone Best!


Elite Sponsor Avenue Veterinary Supply

Silver Sponsors ProMed Tuffy’s Pet Foods Brilliant Pad Airbound Pets Revival Animal Health Puppy Travelers Royal Canin Merck Bronze Sponsors Dreammaker Kennels Retriever’s Animal Supply Select Puppies Conrad’s Cuddly Canines

Platinum Sponsors Puppy Spot American Kennel Club Pet Xchange A to Z Vet Supply Gold Sponsors Lambert Vet Supply Shield Cleansers American Canine Association Pawrade

Thank you, Sponsors! You are PAWS-I-TIVELY the best! 1

the Prez Sez

We had another great MPBA Educational Conference in March! I hope everybody made it out to stock up for the year and hear the Speakers. There was a lot to do and see this year. We had the ACA Dog Show and Pet Show on Saturday. Remember to thank all our Sponsors and Vendors. Without them we could not do as much each year. Let’s hope the market picks up this year. This is not the first time the industry has been down, but we have to change and wait till it gets better. But the ones who have been doing this awhile know how to weather the down-times.

Kevin Beauchamp, MPBA President

from your Publicity Director

The MPBA Expo concluded successfully this year. The event was well-attended, with a significant number of vendors participating. We would like to express our gratitude to all the vendors and volunteers who dedicated their time to be with us for the two days.

Mandy Griffiths, MPBA Publicity Director


Basenji History: Behind the “Barkless” Dog of the Congo By Denise Flaim | Aug 30, 2021

The letter arrived in Molesey, outside of London, in June 1942, during the bleakest days of the war. Food and clothing were rationed, and citizens wore metal identification bands, in case they couldn’t get to their air-raid shelter before deadly Nazi bombs started dropping. The mysterious letter from America also appeared to have been strafed, albeit by a government censor whose black slashes were visible throughout. Still, Veronica Tudor-Williams easily made out its contents. “I spent last winter in the Southern part of the United States where I was born, where the Mississippi is more than a mile wide,” wrote James Street of New York City, whom Tudor-Williams had never met. “One day I stepped into a bar run by a friend and he showed me a picture in a magazine of a charming young lady with some dogs.”

in central Africa. “I had never heard of the breed before,” Street admitted, describing himself as a “Bird Dog, Coonhound, and Foxhound man.” But Street was also a writer, and he was intrigued by Tudor-Williams’ clutch of elegant African canines. Inspired, he wrote a series of stories about a Basenji lost in the swamps of Mississippi that were so popular they were to be published as a novel, titled “Good-bye, My Lady.”

“Good luck,” Street wrote from across the ocean, “and thanks for having your picture in an American magazine.”

Basenji in the Spotlight The story, of course, did not end there. “Good-bye, My Lady” – about a teenager raised by his toothless uncle who finds a mysterious yodeling dog wandering outside their cabin – became a best-seller. Hollywood perked up its own ears, and in 1956 planned to release a movie of the same name. It cast 13-year-old Brandon deWilde of “Shane” fame as the youngster who acquires the dog, only to find she has a rightful owner, and character actor Walter Brennan, who stands to get a new pair of choppers and a shotgun with the reward money. The role of the Basenji, however, was still open. So Tudor-Williams received another communication from across the pond – this time, a 2 a.m. phone call from Hollywood. Tudor-Williams had just the Basenji for the title role – a precocious and photogenic 6-month-old female she named My Lady of the Congo. In truth, the Basenji had already made its cinematic debut, however briefly, in 1951’s “The African Queen” with Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn, appearing on the lap of a native in a church scene at the start of the film. But compared to that eyeblink of a cameo, in “Good-bye, My Lady” the Basenji received top billing, and interest in the breed was piqued.

The young lady in the photo was, and the dogs were her Basenjis – erect-eared, curly-tailed dogs from the rainforests of the Congo

Mirrie Cardew and one of her Basenjis. Cardew purchased the dog as a puppy from fancier and breeder Veronica Tudor-Williams. 3

13-year-old Brandon deWilde and “My Lady of the Congo” starring

European visitors were looking to shoot them, a misunderstanding that Tudor-Williams guessed “stemmed from memories of the days when white men shot dogs because of rabies outbreaks.” More Unique Than Most The remote natural range of the Basenji has made it possible for modern breeders to return to Africa themselves for new imports. In 1990, the Basenji Club of America petitioned the AKC to open the studbook, and numerous successful Basenji safaris have ensued. Each import has been evaluated, and many have been approved and incorporated into the gene pool. Every purebred-dog fancier considers his or her chosen breed to be unique, but the Basenji is arguably more unique than most, from its yodel-like vocalizations, which are due to the unusual flattened shape of its larynx, to its lack of a distinctive doggie odor. Unlike most modern breeds, Basenji females only come into heat once a year, similar to wild canids.

in “Good-bye, My Lady.”

While this quick-witted, cat-like creature was new to most American theatergoers, the breed had left the central Congo more than a century before: In 1843, Queen Victoria was gifted with an “African dog” with hooded ears and fine bone from a captain returning from an expedition to Niger. In the 1920s, Lady Helen Nutting acquired a half-dozen Basenjis in South Sudan, only to have them all die after receiving the new distemper vaccine – which, unlike modern vaccines, could become virulent. Still, more British breeders struggled with vaccination losses, until the breed was finally established in the U.K. by the late 1930s. The Land of the Barkless Dogs For her part, Tudor-Williams returned to “the land of the barkless dogs” in an effort to get the native peoples to part with their treasured hunting dogs. Silently hunting birds and other small animals in the thick jungle vegetation, these intelligent, speedy dogs often wore wooden bells with monkey bones as clappers. They flushed game into the waiting nets of hunters, led the way to nests containing eggs, and exterminated rodents and other vermin in the villages. “Owners apparently considered their Basenjis as precious as their children. Their dogs followed them quietly to heel and, if we stopped to observe, were picked up protectively in their arms,” wrote Tudor- Williams, who often drove 100 miles a day over dirt roads in search of the dogs. “I had been told that natives seldom parted with adult dogs — a statement I could hardly credit, but it proved true. Occasionally we saw a young adult that we wished to buy. Through our interpreter, we would offer jewelry, cigarettes, and finally large sums of money” – up to triple the price of a bride’s dowry – “but to no effect, the native owner walking away, a disdainful expression on his or her face.”

DNA studies have found that the Basenji does not cluster with any of other breeds, but rather holds a genetically distinct position of its own that predates not just the evolution of purebred dogdom, but likely agriculture itself: Research in 2021 found that, like wolves and dingoes, the Basenji has lower numbers of the AMY2B gene that produces amylase, an enzyme that helps digest starch. This is a hunter-gatherer’s dog, through and through. If there was one criticism of “Good-bye, My Lady,” it was of the ending. In this coming-of-age story, My Lady’s young owner eventually returns her to her rightful owner. But real life, at least, turned out to be much more satisfying: The contract with Tudor-Williams stipulated that My Lady would belong to young Brandon deWilde once filming was complete.

A Basenji displaying its similarities to an Ancient Egyptian limestone statue from 1080-332 BC entited “A Sitting Dog.” The dog pictured is a descendant of Fula of the Congo, an important brought back in a 1959 Sudanese expedition by longtime fancier and breeder Veronica Tudor-Williams. Undaunted, Tudor-Williams changed tactics, deciding to purchase puppies instead. But she soon found that word preceded their arrival, with the empty-handed villagers explaining the puppies had already been sold. In truth, they had been hidden because of rumors that the

So that’s a real-life happy ending for a boy and his dog – which, Basenji lovers would be quick to add, is not just any dog.

Article reprinted from breeds/basenji-history-barkless-dog-congo/ 4


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FFA Speaking Contest Winners

Carissa Simagna 1st Place FFA 2023 Speaking Contest Winner Sponsored by: AKC 2nd Place FFA 2023 Speech Contest South West District Winner Sponsored by: American Canine Association

Gracie Small 2nd Place FFA 2023 Speaking Contest Winner Sponsored by: Southern Style Puppies 1st Place FFA 2023 Speech Contest North East District Winner Sponsored by: American Canine Association


FFA Speaking Contest Winners

Trenton Black 1st Place FFA 2023 Speech Contest – South Central District Winner Sponsored by: American Canine Association

Elizabeth Guymon 1st Place FFA 2023 Speech Contest – Central District Winner Sponsored by: American Canine Association

Lyndsey King 1st Place FFA 2023 Speech Contest – North West District Winner Sponsored by: American Canine Association

Madyson Richardet -Not Pictured 1st Place FFA 2023 Speech Contest – South East District Winner Sponsored by: American Canine Association


1st Place FFA Speaking Contest Winner’s Speech Topic: Positive and Future Aspects of the Pet Industry Title: Bridging The Gap By Carissa Simagna | Aurora FFA

At the end or each October, Indianapolis is flooded by a sea of blue jackets. High school students from across the country flock to compete and participate in one of the largest student conventions in the world. In 2022, the National FFA Convention & Expo was recognized as one of the top trade shows in the nation. Last year, nearly 73,000 members, advisors, and guests attended the convention with almost 300 exhibitors in the Expo Hall (National FFA Organization, 2022). However, the first two years I attended convention, I was disappointed by the absence of the pet industry. I searched but did not find a single booth or store promoting this vital sector of agriculture. I recognized that the pet industry was missing out on a valuable opportunity lo reach and open gateways for tens of thousands of prospective clients, members, employees, and leaders. In fact, the pet industry employs more people than the pork (Cook & Schulz, 2021), equine (2023), and dairy (2023) industries combined. Economically, the pet industry is on the rise, globally generating an estimated 235.32 billion dollars in 2022 with growth predicted to reach 368.88 billion dollars by 2030 (2023). Experts at Morgan Stanley (2022) estimate “an 8% compound annual growth rate for the industry, which is one of the largest rates of return in any retail segment.’’ With the continual growth in pet popularity, Simeon Gutman, an esteemed equity analyst, predicts that spending in the pet industry will increase by 134% in just over a decade (2022). Being one of the largest industries in agriculture, I am shocked that the pet industry is so extremely underrepresented especially in FFA. According to the National FFA Organization’s mission statement: “FFA makes a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. Members are future farmers, chemists, veterinarians, government officials, entrepreneurs, bankers, international business leaders, teachers, and premier professionals in many career fields.”

However, many people are unaware of the existence, prominence, and extent of the pet industry in agriculture. After my realization, I pondered what I could do to solve this apparent issue. I grew up in the pet industry, so ever since I can remember, I have been attending various breeder conventions with my family. Because of my roots, I have numerous connections within the pet industry across the nation. The person that taught me how to train dogs when I was about six years old just so happens to be the legendary Stacy Mason, the senior breeder field representative at AKC, the oldest and largest breed registry in America. Last spring, I decided to take matters into my own hands and contacted Stacy Mason (personal communication, April, 2023 ), informing her about FFA and what they can offer each other. After a just few weeks of correspondence, my efforts not only reached AKC headquarters, but also the AKC Juniors advisor, the Judges Educational Supervisor, the Oklahoma Sooner Circuit show cluster committee, and members of the Canadian Valley Kennel Club. I am proud to say that because of my passion for the pet industry, AKC participated in the 46th National FFA Convention & Expo in Indianapolis in 2023. I am glad to become an ambassador to bridge the gap between AKC and FFA to further promote the pet industry and the agricultural industry as a whole. As proclaimed in the FFA creed (Tiffany. 1990), I believe in the future of agriculture. I believe in my own ability to work efficiently and think clearly, with such knowledge and skill as I can secure. I believe in the ability of progressive agriculturists to serve our own and the public interest in producing and marketing the product of our toil. I believe that American agriculture can and will hold true to the best traditions of our national life and that I can exert an influence in my home and community which will stand solid for my part in that inspiring task ( 1990). 11


MPBA Scholarship Winners

Ben Greer MPBA Scholarship Winner Sponsored by: Avenue Veterinary Supply

Isabella Grace Hamner MPBA Scholarship Winner Sponsored by: American Canine Association

Paige Potteiger MPBA Scholarship Winner Sponsored by: Pawrade

Lilly Poynter MPBA Scholarship Winner Sponsored by: North MO Pet Professionals

Madison Taylor Callicott MPBA Scholarship Winner Sponsored by: Puppy Travelers 13

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Managing Parvovirus, Coronavirus and Other Diseases in a Litter or Kennel By Marty Greer, DVM | February 1, 2022

Why do we lose puppies to diseases such as coronavirus or parvovirus or what appears to be parvovirus?

in person. Use Zoom, Facetime or other virtual visiting options to prevent visitors from bringing in diseases.

This can be due to a combination of factors that all collide at just the wrong moment in the life of a young puppy: How to Protect Puppy from Parvo and Other Diseases Until puppies are “fully vaccinated” at 16 or more weeks of age, they should be kept isolated from groups of dogs such as congregations at puppy classes and dog parks. The Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPv+Cv 6-way shot for dogs protects against corona, distemper and parvovirus. Meanwhile the Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPvL2+Cv 8-way dog vaccine protects against corona, distemper, parvovirus and Lepto. To assess that an individual dog has developed protective levels of antibodies to distemper and parvovirus, a titer can be done on that individual. Most owners do not opt for this extra step due to cost and low yield of information. Where do Puppies Pick Up Diseases? Parvovirus, coronavirus, distemper virus and other viruses, as well as bacteria such as Leptospirosis, can be brought into the environment in several ways. These viruses and bacteria can be carried into the kennel on the clothing and shoes of visitors or family who have been around sick dogs or dogs shedding virus. They can also be carried into the kennel by rodents who enter the kennel seeking food and water. Do NOT allow employees, visitors, family or workers to bring diseases into your kennel. Visitors need to take off their shoes or walk through a disinfecting bath, remove outerwear, and wash with plenty of soap and water. If they have had a sick dog, been to another kennel, shelter, dog park, and so on – they cannot visit

A little-known source of exposure is wildlife in the environment around the kennel. This includes foxes, coyotes and raccoons. Raccoons travel to a latrine to eliminate stools and urine. These tend to be on the tree line or fence line of rural properties. However, these vermin are prevalent in suburban areas as well. These critters can carry parvovirus, coronavirus, distemper virus and leptospirosis bacteria, all of which can cause serious disease in puppies as well as adult dogs, and in some cases, humans. To locate, destroy, and disinfect these latrines, refer to Raccoon Latrines. Puppy Parvovirus and Coronavirus Parvovirus and coronavirus are both viruses that affect a puppy’s intestinal tract. The intestines are lined with little finger-like projections called villi to increase the surface area over which fluids and nutrients can be absorbed. Parvovirus causes the base of these villi to be lost. Coronavirus causes the tips of the villi to be lost. When a puppy has both viruses at the same time, the bad disease becomes catastrophic. Not only does the puppy lose the ability to absorb essential fluid and food, bacteria can invade the body through the intestinal tract, causing a septic condition to develop. In addition, parvovirus diminishes the ability of rapidly dividing cells to develop. In this case, the intestinal integrity is lost as is the ability to produce enough white blood cells to be present fight this bacterial invasion. This allows intestinal bacteria to invade the body, causing an overwhelming bacterial infection. An in-veterinary office test kit can be used to diagnose parvovirus. This test can show a positive result not only from a parvovirus infection, but also if there has been a recent parvovirus vaccination. Along with the parvo


test, a CBC to assess the white blood cell count is helpful in predicting the severity of the disease.

The fenbendazole suspension for large animals is a 10% solution. This calculates to be 1 cc per 4 pounds of body weight for a dog. The paste should not be substituted. If the dam had parasites as a puppy or at any time prior to the breeding, the stress of pregnancy and lactation will reactivate the encysted worms that are hiding in her muscle tissue, and they will migrate. Roundworms will migrate from the muscles though the placentas and into the pups. Hookworms will migrate from the muscles and into the mammary glands, to be ingested by the pups. By following this protocol, the pups will not be infected with worms. Waiting until the pups have a positive stool sample is too late – then you are playing catch up, treating puppies that are already debilitated. There is no preventive treatment available for giardia and coccidia. Fenbendazole for five days is the safest treatment for giardia. Albon is the safest treatment for coccidia. Pups with worms (roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms) as well as coccidia and giardia are more vulnerable to developing parvovirus, coronavirus, distemper virus, and leptospirosis if they are stressed with worms and if they have these parasites causing the cells in the intestines to be inflamed or altered. Tests are now available at several l Reference

Should you lose one or more puppies to suspected parvovirus, testing at a veterinary referral diagnostic lab is recommended. These labs can run more extensive tests than a veterinary practice. Your local veterinary professionals can help you submit samples to a lab. Determining the reason for lost pups is essential in moving forward with preventing future puppy losses. Can I Change My Puppies Food and Water? Any water or diet change can upset the puppy’s gut and gut bacteria. Any gut upset can lead to increased likelihood of picking up parvovirus and other infectious diseases. To minimize water changes, ask puppy buyers to bring along a clean container for you to send a few days of water along with them. To minimize food changes, send some of your recommended food along or have the puppy buyer pre-purchase the food you are feeding. Puppy Parasites Other conditions in the puppy’s gut that cause the puppy to be more vulnerable to these viruses – usually inadequate parasite control. There are two approaches to parasite control:

1. Prevent puppy parasites by managing the dam The most effective process is to use fenbendazole on the dam from the last three weeks of pregnancy through the first two weeks of lactation. That is five straight weeks. This is NOT what the label says – it says three days. The dose should be 50 mg/kg once a day. The dams won’t like the taste and administration of this drug at this dosage protocol. However, the improved health of the pups will make the time, cost, and effort worth it. For large breed dogs, this may cost about $100 per pregnancy. This medication comes in granules for dogs.


Albon can be used preventively. Albon suspension is a highly palatable liquid that is easy to administer to puppies. Using the label dose, the pups should receive three days of doses the last three days they are at the breeder’s facility, followed by the next three days of doses at their new home. This may need to be continued longer

Laboratories that can not only detect parasites by seeing the eggs under the microscope, but also detects the protein of roundworm, hookworm, and giardia organisms. If your puppies are struggling with parasites, or unrelenting diarrhea, talk to your veterinarian about this more specific testing. It is worth the minimal additional cost. If the dam was not on the pregnancy fenbendazole protocol, it is essential that the pups are dewormed starting at two weeks of age and repeat weekly with pyrantel until six weeks of age. This new protocol replaces the recommendation of deworming every two weeks. At this age you can continue weekly deworming with pyrantel or change to Panacur. By eight weeks of age and at an appropriate weight, puppies can be put on monthly heartworm preventive that also includes intestinal parasite control. Not only do we need to be concerned about parasites affecting the health of our puppies, but also the health of other dogs in the household as well as humans who will be around the puppies. People who are immunocompromised are at particular risk of picking up parasites from dogs – known as zoonotic parasites. 2. Limit stress during rehoming To help prevent stressors and developing parvovirus and other gastrointestinal disorders during rehoming,

if the pups are undergoing a prolonged relocation period. This antibiotic and coccidiostatic drug will help stabilize the bacteria in the gut of the pups, reducing their risk of contracting parvovirus. Adding a quality puppy probiotic such as Breeder’s Edge Nurture Flora or Doc Roy’s GI Synbiotics can improve this gut stability even further. Stressed Out Puppy To help minimize puppy stress, attempt to minimize extended travel, exposure to unfamiliar people and environments, and other animals. The more time and effort you have put into socializing and exposing puppies to new experiences, the better they will adapt and the less likely they are to become ill.

Using the Adaptil or ThunderEase collars and sprays can help pups adapt to new surroundings.

By carefully following these detailed instructions to prevent parasites and infectious diseases and managing vaccination recommendations, you can raise healthy pups. If you have more questions on how to keep puppies healthy, call us at 800.786.4751. 17






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Meet the breeds! This section dedicated to those animals we love! Look for different breeds in each magazine! Information taken from For more information, visit https://

Akita Inu The Akita Inu, a breed originating from regional hunting dogs, was meticulously restored and preserved by dedicated breeders within the Akita Dog Preservation Society (AKIHO). This breed is renowned for its striking appearance, as well as its exceptional physical and mental agility.

Hachiko: A Symbol of Loyalty Hachiko, a real dog who resided in Tokyo during the early 1900s, gained fame for his unwavering loyalty and devotion. Despite the passing of his owner, Hachiko remained steadfast in his daily vigil at

a train station, waiting for his beloved companion’s return.

Cairn Terrier: A Spirited Companion The Cairn Terrier, a breed characterized by its cheerful and energetic nature, was initially bred for the fearless pursuit of foxes and other small prey within the rugged Scottish countryside. These curious and alert dogs thrive in environments that allow them to explore and engage in digging activities. The Cairn Terrier’s distinctive traits, often referred to as “Cairnishness,” include a compact, broad head and a sturdy, short- legged body that exudes strength without appearing cumbersome. Their height typically ranges up to 10 inches, while their length can reach approximately 15 inches. The double coat of the Cairn Terrier consists of a harsh and wiry outer layer with a downy undercoat. The overall appearance of the Cairn Terrier is that of a small, shaggy, and alert dog, with its head, tail, and ears held upright, while its eyes radiate intelligence. A British breed club enthusiastically promotes Cairns as the “best little pal in the world.”

Toto: A Beloved Canine Star The most celebrated Cairn Terrier is undoubtedly Toto, a character that gained immense popularity through the iconic film “The Wizard of Oz.”



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Labrador Retriever ‘Queue’ Wins Uniformed Service K-9 Award for Canine Excellence By Melanie Haid | Dec 11, 2023

they are, from what I’m learning and what I see, different,” he says. “But I didn’t have to change. That was what I was learning and what I was trained for, so there was no difference for me.” Sgt. Rainey started in the unit in 2007 as an Investigator, and was then promoted to Master Deputy before his current role as Sergeant in 2017. He focuses on computer forensic battery recovery and forensic work, but even so, is always impressed by Queue’s work. Queue was donated to the Greenville County Sheriff’s office by Defenders for Children, and she was the first dog to be donated to an ICAC unit to be used in this way. A lot was riding on her performance: these K-9s are donated, so in order to get people to raise money to add more dogs to police units, Queue’s ability to help solve cases mattered.

Photo by Krista Sutherland

Just when you think that you’ve grasped all of the incredible things that dogs can do, you’re met with another incredible story, like “Queue,” the 6-year-old electronic detection K-9 Labrador Retriever. She helps the Greenville County Sheriff’s Office in South Carolina convict child abusers and traffickers as part of the Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) unit — all by sniffing out hidden electronics. She’s part of the Defenders for Children program that aims to prevent child abuse, trafficking, and child pornography. Queue not only plays a crucial role in identifying electronics and hidden cameras, she’s also a huge comfort to the officers that work on heavy, often traumatic cases like these. Queue’s incredible nose and contribution to the force is what earned her the 2023 Award for Canine Excellence in the Uniformed Services K-9 category. Each year, the AKC Humane Fund awards five dogs who do extraordinary things in the service of humankind in different categories: Service Dog, Search and Rescue Dog, Therapy Dogs, Exemplary Companions, and Uniformed Service K-9s, like Queue. Dogs in this category are full-time working K-9s in the realms of city, county, state, or federal law enforcement, including the military, firefighting, customs and border patrol, and emergency services. Introducing K-9s to the ICAC Unit Queue and her handler, Sergeant Michael Rainey, who supervises the Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) division, have been working together since 2018. Even though he’d never worked with a K-9 before, they clicked early on. He admits that he was a little nervous early on, but she received prior training before she got to him. “It all just clicked and fell into place. I didn’t have any other K-9 experience, because

Toni Clark, the Executive Director of Defenders For Children, mentioned that although conversations about catching child pornography perpetrators has increased, the statistics regarding the numbers of abused children weren’t going down. “The stats were not budging. We knew we needed to do something different. We’d never dealt with dogs, but I’ve

Photo by Krista Sutherland

always wanted to connect dogs with the children.” And so began Defenders For Children’s partnership with K-9s and police departments like Greenville’s. When they met with Sgt. Rainey, the department was dealing with close to a thousand child abuse cases a year. But Clark says Sgt. Rainey didn’t bat an eye when it came to trying a new approach. “He volunteered to take on that first dog as pretty much like a guinea pig, and go through all this training on top of his staff, which is huge.”


And it paid off. Queue’s been very successful, and the 11th K-9 is in the process of being placed in a police department because of the bar she’s set. “It just blows my mind some of the stuff that they can actually pick up on, and actually find,” Sgt. Rainey says. “To me, it’s just fascinating.” Finding Hidden Evidence What Queue and Sgt. Rainey do together might seem complicated, but it’s simpler than you might think. A team comes into the space and removes all visible electronics to look for evidence: any computers or cameras that they see, and do a full sweep of the location. But not everything is visible to the naked eye, even the most observant. Micro SD cards, for example, can be so small that they are the size of a fingernail. Hidden cameras can be as tiny as a pinpoint in the wall. The K-9s act as a secondary search team to find evidence. And Queue finds it all — with her nose.

electronics were taken out, and she kept going over to the bookshelf. Officers looked through it, fanned through the books and looked through the bookshelf, but couldn’t find anything. Still, Queue kept going back to the bookshelf. Sgt. Rainey told the officers there was something there, but the officers insisted that they’d thoroughly checked everything. “This went back and forth a couple of times,” Clark says. Way up at the top of the shelf, behind the books, was a black pen. “You could click it, open it, write with it. It ended up being a hidden camera.”

“There have been several cases that she’s found stuff that wouldn’t have been discovered without her being there,” Sgt. Rainey says. “Without her finding what she found in [many] cases, it would have been

Photo by Toni Clark

“A lot of times law enforcement will go out, they know a person is guilty, but they can’t find proof,” Clark says. That’s where dogs like Queue come in. When they’re brought in to an area to look for hidden electronic devices and cameras, they’re essentially doing scent work. Sgt. Rainey says they’re trained to find the scent of tiny traces of a common chemical

super difficult to move forward. But with the evidence and information that was discovered, it helped solidify the case. It’s rewarding to see that she’s done this.” This is just one instance of Queue being able to sniff out evidence that changed the course of an investigation. “People have to realize these things are hidden in items. If I said, go look for devices, if you looked at this pen, you’re going to click it and go, ‘oh, it’s a pen,’” Clark says. She emphasizes that these items are meant to be hidden, and often wouldn’t be found with the naked eye. “You would not think twice about it, but that dog can smell it.” The dogs are trained to find these specific scents, just as they would be trained in scent training. This training is done primarily by a master trainer that works with Defenders for Children and the K-9s. “It’s all scent driven, but it’s that insurance policy. You’re getting that extra validation of, okay, there’s nothing here,” Sgt. Rainey says. “We’re not leaving something behind. It’s really cool to see her work, even though I’m her handler. It’s almost new every time.” “She’s food-driven. We go out, we hunt, we seek, we find it. You give [the dog] praise, let them know they did a great job, and then they get their reward so that they know that they’ve found something,” Sgt. Rainey says. “They know they’ve done it, but at the same token, it’s almost like hide-and-seek.” Their master trainer uses scent work to teach dogs how to find specific scents, and then trains them to look for the specific scent in electronics for the ICAC unit.

Photo by William Donohue

that is within in Read/Write media devices, which refers to storage devices whose data can be read by computers, and also record data. This includes everything from computer towers to hard drives, tablets, cell phones, all the way down to micro SD cards, which could be hidden anywhere. Clark says that in one instance a micro SD card was hidden in a jar of coins – inside a fake coin. “They have these new coins where they’re cut in half. They’ll put micro SD cards inside of them, so you can’t see it with the average eye,” says Clark. “It’s a tiny drop, just a tiny new drop that could be on a micro SD card. You really have to know it’s in there, and the dogs can smell it.” Helping Solve Abuse Cases, One Scent at a Time One of Queue’s biggest finds was also one of the smallest. During one search, Queue was brought in after all of the visible


A Professional, But Still a Beloved Pet Queue and Sgt. Rainey may work together, but she is also his dog. Sgt. Rainey gets the best of both worlds in Queue: a dedicated K-9 partner and a loving pet. She goes where he goes, works when he works, and has off of work when he does.

of days, and she picks up on that.” Even people who don’t really consider themselves dog people quickly warm up to Queue. “Before the end of the day, I’ve actually had a couple of people come up to me and go, ‘I really wasn’t a dog person until her.’ That support, she brings it out. People like it.” “They are so smart and intense,” Sgt. Rainey says of Labrador Retrievers like Queue. “Labs in general want to please, and they want everyone to be happy. It’s really refreshing to have her around, not just for me, but for other officers and the general public.”

Photo by Toni Clark

He says she really is a professional at what she does, but knows when she’s not working. “When she goes home, she’ll go play, and it’s almost like a light switch. She knows when it’s time to go to work, and she knows when we pull back up to the house, she’s off work, and she can go run and play.” “You can tell she knows when she finds something, but her demeanor doesn’t really change a whole lot. There are other K-9s that bounce up and down, and they’re all different, they’ll give you their sign to show you ‘hey, it’s here.’ But for her, she stays even keel no matter what it is. She’s steady all the way across.” A Comfort to Victims and Officers Alike Queue’s duties in the office aren’t limited to searches and finding key evidence to charge criminals. She’s also a certified therapy dog, and it shows in her work. Sgt. Rainey says that other officers will frequently pop into his office to pet Queue or take her for a walk. “When they come into our office, they’re here because they’re not necessarily having the best

Photo by Krista Sutherland

For officers as well as victims and their families, Queue is able to provide comfort. Those directly involved in these abuse cases as well as those working on the cases feel the deep weight of such horrific acts, and Queue acts as a source of relief, even for a moment. “She sits in on other investigator’s interviews, not only with children, but also with adult victims as well. She’s that one that if somebody needs comforting and, for lack of a better term, when somebody needs a shoulder, she’s there,” Sgt. Rainey says. “If you’re sitting there, she’s going to nudge up against you, want you to pet on her, love on her, that reassurance that we’re going to get through this.”

Article gathered from advice/news/ace-winner-uniformed-service-k-9-queue/



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How to Induce Heat in Dogs: 3 Drug-Free Ways By Marty Greer, DVM

2) Breeder’s Edge® B Strong™: Add Breeder’s Edge® B Strong liquid or powder to the female dog’s food ration. B Strong is a comprehensive B-complex vitamin, mineral, and amino acid supplement for dogs and cats. A vitamin B complex is key for successful reproduction, as they play a role in heat and ovulation cycles and conception rates, sperm production and drive, and healthy embryo development. I recommend mixing in the liquid or powder according to label directions. 3) Sunlight: Assure that your girl is getting adequate amounts of daylight or daylight-like artificial light. She needs at least 14 hours of daylight a day. Leave the lights on in the kennel and assure the light bulbs provide full- spectrum light or let her spend more time outside. In the winter, in many

If you find yourself asking, ‘Why isn’t my female dog going into heat?’ there are some simple things to check. Before attempting any of these three options, you want to be certain the female has not recently been silently in heat. The best way to check for silent heat in dogs is to run a progesterone test or use a canine ovulation detector that helps identify silent heats and ovarian cycle disorders. If her progesterone is over 1 ng/dl, you cannot induce a heat cycle. Using a drug at this time will block, not induce a heat cycle. If she has had a witnessed heat cycle, you need to wait at least five months between cycles for the female’s uterus to be receptive to a pregnancy. Once both of these factors have been checked and she still isn’t going into heat consider trying these three drug-free options that could help induce heat and promote healthy breeding management. 1) Diet: Be certain she is on an appropriate diet. We do not recommend grain-free or raw meat diets. Royal Canin’s HT 42d is the only pregnancy diet on the market. Other quality options include Royal Canin, Purina or Hills diets appropriate for puppies, performance, or all life stages.

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House-Healthcare Reform, HR 1 2024-02-13 H - Voted Do Pass

2024-01-29 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 02/01/2024 9:00 AM - House-Agriculture Policy, HR 6 2024-02-20 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 02/22/2024 8:30 AM - House-Agriculture Policy, HR 6 2024-02-20 ** REVISED for TIME CHANGE ** - House-Agriculture Policy - 2/22/24 - 8:30 am or Upon Adjournment - HR 6 HB2006 (Rep. Cody Smith (R)) - APPROPRIATION BILL Actions 2024-02-20 H - Introduced and Read First Time 2024-02-20 H - Read Second Time 2024-02-21 H - Read Second Time 2024-02-22 H - Referred to House committee on Budget 2024-03-12 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 03/14/2024 8:30 AM - House-Budget, HR 3 2024-03-14 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 03/25/2024 10:00 AM - House-Budget, HR 3 2024-03-14 H - Public hearing completed 2024-03-25 H - Voted Do Pass as substituted 2024-03-27 H - Reported Do Pass as substituted 2024-04-02 H - Laid out for consideration 2024-04-02 H - Laid over on perfection 2024-04-02 H - Laid out for consideration 2024-04-02 H - Floor Amendment(s) Adopted - 8 2024-04-02 H - Committee substitute adopted 2024-04-02 H - Perfected 2024-04-04 H - Laid out for consideration 2024-04-04 H - Third Read and Passed - Y-137 N-8 2024-04-04 S - Reported to the Senate and read first time





HB1695 (Rep. Justin Sparks (R)) - Modifies provisions relating to abuse and neglect reporting, including a requirement to report companion animal abuse Actions 2023-12-01 H - Pre-Filed 2024-01-03 H - Read First Time 2024-01-04 H - Read Second Time 2024-02-29 H - Referred to House committee on Crime Prevention and Public Safety HB1719 (Rep. Bill Falkner (R)) - Modifies provisions relating to law enforcement animals Actions 2023-12-04 H - Pre-Filed 2024-01-03 H - Read First Time 2024-01-04 H - Read Second Time HB1787 (Rep. Mitch Boggs (R)) - Establishes protections for landowners taking wildlife on the landowner’s property Actions 2023-12-05 H - Pre-Filed 2024-01-03 H - Read First Time 2024-01-04 H - Read Second Time HB1826 (Rep. Travis Smith (R)) - Modifies provisions relating to the confiscation of animals Actions 2023-12-06 H - Pre-Filed 2024-01-03 H - Read First Time 2024-01-04 H - Read Second Time 2024-01-04 H - Referred to House committee on Agriculture Policy 2024-01-22 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 01/25/2024 8:00 AM - House-Agriculture Policy, HR 6 2024-01-25 H - Public hearing completed

HB1501 (Rep. Gretchen Bangert (D)) - Provides immunity from civil liability for persons who render assistance to animals trapped in motor vehicles Actions 2023-12-01 H - Pre-Filed 2024-01-03 H - Read First Time 2024-01-04 H - Read Second Time HB1559 (Rep. Adam Schwadron (R)) - Establishes provisions governing methods of inducing the death of a dog or a cat Actions 2023-12-01 H - Pre-Filed 2024-01-03 H - Read First Time 2024-01-04 H - Read Second Time 2024-02-29 H - Referred to House Committee on Emerging Issues HB1664 (Rep. Tara Peters (R)) - Modifies provisions relating to the establishment of hospitals Actions 2023-12-01 H - Pre-Filed 2024-01-03 H - Read First Time 2024-01-04 H - Read Second Time 2024-01-25 H - Referred to Committee on Healthcare Reform 2024-01-29 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 01/30/2024 2:00 PM - House-Healthcare Reform, HR 1 2024-01-30 H - Public hearing completed 2024-02-05 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 02/06/2024 4:00 PM - ** CANCELLED ** - House-Healthcare Reform, HR 1 2024-02-06 H - Committee hearing cancelled - House-Healthcare Reform - 2/6/24 - 4:00 pm - HR 1 2024-02-08 Scheduled for Committee Hearing 02/13/2024 2:00 PM -


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