great educators and with the major trends of educational theory, together with modern philosophies of education. 305-306. OBSERVATION AND PARTICIPATION. (1-1) Directed observation of public school classroom situations from kindergarten through eighth grade. Approved county field trips to juvenile hall, varied industries, museums, harbor, etc. In second semester, a series of three participative teaching experiences on four grade levels. One morning per week required each semester. Evaluative discussions are h eld with district personnel. 307. GENERAL LANGUAGE AND READING METHODS. (4) Methods and instructional materials for the development of skill in the four facets of the Language Arts: Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. T echniques for developing readiness as well as the attitudes, abilities, and skills necessary for proficiency in each facet. Experience in the preparation and presentation of language activities at the various levels. Practice on paper and blackboard use of manuscript and cursive writing. Special emphasis on approved methods of teaching handwriting and spelling. 308. SOCIAL STUDIES AND SCIENCE METHODS. (4) A course designated to help the teacher initiate and develop units of work in the Social Studies. Starting with the home and moving out into the community, state, country, hemisphere, and world; consideration is given to the subject matter and methodology of a social studies program on the elementary level. Science and Social Studies are correlated with emphasis placed upon experimentation, creative displays, and understanding of the facets in scientific development. 309. TEACHING OF ARITHMETIC. (2) An examination of the aims, principles, and methods of instruction. Procedures developed for the teaching of basic number concepts and an understanding of the fundamental processes with whole numbers, fractions, and decimal fractions. The development of problem solving skill in a functional setting and the provision for individual differences. Materials of instruction examined and constructed. Opportunity for the preparation and presentation of lessons through sociodrama. 310. WRITING METHODS. (1) Drill in manuscript, cursive, and blackboard techniques used m the elementary school. 403. PRACTICE TEACHING. (8) A laboratory experience in a public school classroom situation under the director­ ship of a qualified supervising teacher. Placement obtained through the cooperation of the Garvey School District. Practice teachers are to be certified by the County Office before granted permission to practice teach. Certificates secured through the Director of Student T eaching. Attendance at one P .T.A. and one faculty meeting required. (288 teaching hours) Twenty dollars State-assessed minimum fee payable to school for supervising teacher, and twenty dollars transportation fee for bus service to public schools. 405. KINDERGARTEN SCHOOL METHODS. (2) Study and evaluation of the most effective methods to provide for the normal growth of the kindergarten-primary child as evaluated from the emotional, social, physical, and intellectual standpoints. Special observation scheduled for students taking the course. 406. HYGIENE METHODS. (3) A course designed to teach techniques essential in health education on the elementary school level. 52

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