Gamecover Seeds Handbook 2017

Gamecover & Environmental Handbook 2017

INTRODUCTION Welcome to our 2017 Gamecover and Environmental Seed Handbook In keeping with other years we are pleased to offer our usual comprehensive range of seeds, throughout the handbook we have highlighted the suitability of each for either cover, feed or holding and also for environmental stewardship and cross compliance. Every season brings its own challenges and it is extremely important to plan well in advance which types of crop you wish to grow, their particular requirements for nutrition, weed control options and other key factors to ensure the best chance of growing a good crop. Alongside the seed range we continue to offer our full support package from establishment to the finished crop including site planning, soil analysis, full nutrient planning, cultivations, sowing and finishing with weed control and general crop husbandry. We believe this service is second to none in the industry and combined with our years of experience within the seed industry we have a long history of consistent success. The last growing season was probably one of the better ones in recent memory for growing Maize crops with the right amounts of rain and the vitally important sunshine all coming at the right time, in common with other years the later sown Maize crops performed the best with some still standing well even now at the end of the season, brassica crops for the second year in a row were very tricky to get well established but they put in a real growth spurt in the late summer/early autumn to achieve good results with most now well set to do a second year if necessary, mixtures also had a good season. We hope you find this handbook useful and informative and we look forward to hearing from you to discuss your ideas and requirements for the coming season.

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Contents Introduction CAP Reform and Greening Maize Sorghum Millet Quinoa Sunflowers Kale Brassicas Perennial Crops Long Term Perennial Mixtures Seeds for Mixing

1 3 4-7

8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18-25 27 28 29-30 26

Countryside Stewardship Environmental Products Organic Crops Wild Flowers Professional Advisory Services Game Feeds Soil Soil Analysis Fertilizer Bartholomews’ Drilling Guide Seed Guide Weed Control Campaign for the Farmed Environment

31 32 33 34 35 36 37

Key to Symbols :-

= Winter Holding = Feed = CAP Greening

= Environmental Scheme = Campaign for the Farmed Environment






In 2015 the new round of Common Agricultural Policy reforms were implemented, including seeding options for Ecological Focus Areas (EFA). A major part of this legislation is the requirement for an Ecological Focus Area (EFA) equal to 5% of the claimed area. This requirement can be met in a number of ways including the establishment of catch or cover crops, wild bird seed mixtures on fallow land and provision of buffer strips. For all of these, the rules governing choice and mixture are very similar to the existing stewardship schemes. In addition to this guide we have also produced a supplement for greening, catch and green cover crops. This explores these options in more detail and the range of seeds available to comply with them. We have tried to keep what can become an unnecessarily complicated subject as straightforward as possible. If you have difficulty finding what you need or would like to discuss your options further, please do not hesitate to contact us.

3 Gamecover & Environmental 2017


For a number of seasons now maize and sorghum, either as a mix or straight crops, have been the mainstay of most people’s cover crops. The development in varieties within both crops and particularly the ability to choose your height for sorghum has made them very popular. However, there have been some difficulties in previous seasons, particularly with the sorghum crop. In recognition of this, please find listed below a brief summary of the basic guidelines for both maize and sorghum. Should you require some more detailed maize information, we have produced a guide which is available on request. Gamecover Maize Wherever possible always plough for the new crop. Maize eyespot can be a serious problem given the right conditions and ploughing down the old crop residue as soon as possible will help to minimise disease carry over. Maize is very sensitive to pH; if it is below 6 then this needs to be addressed. A soil test should be carried out if unsure. Seedbeds need to be worked to produce 6 inches of tilth and be compaction free. To ensure good seed to soil contact, roll if necessary after drilling. Maize needs a consistent soil temperature of 8 degrees to grow properly. When making the decision to drill, please ensure that the risk of frost is past which usually means from early May onwards. Please ensure to sow at the correct depth. Seed rate is also important as reducing this can have a positive impact upon standing ability. If grown with other crops, it is best to drill the elements separately ensuring that each one is at the correct depth, which may mean drilling twice. Always use seed dressed with Mesurol. Plan your herbicide programmes before you sow your crop, taking into account any known problems or limitations if the maize is to be sown as part of a mixture. Sown as a straight crop, maize presents a good opportunity to use some very strong weed control options.


Sorghum Sorghum shares the same tillage requirements as maize and is equally as sensitive to pH but there are some very important differences. Sorghum requires a consistent soil temperature of 14-15 degrees, which is a lot higher than maize. It is a very common mistake to sow the crop before these temperatures are reached. In a typical year, this probably will not be until early June. Correct drilling depth is also critical, again taking mixture requirements into account. Herbicide programmes within the sorghum crop require some extra thought as grass weed control is not possible. If there are any known grass weed problems and the crop is still to be sown, effective use of a stale seedbed is vital. In some cases choosing a different product may be the best option for controlling weeds.

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Bartholomews Maize Blend (Trigger)

Will achieve a spread of maturity cob ripeness and supply a valuable source of feed-tried and tested A blend combining early, intermediate and late varieties All varieties are selected for good early vigour and standing power Laboratory tested for vigour Mesurol seed treatment One acre unit (45,000 seeds)


Bartholomews Gamecover Maize

Excellent early vigour and superb standing power Suitable variety for the more challenging maize growing areas Can be sown as late as mid-June When sown in June compact growth habit will ensure beating lines are kept straight Mesurol seed treatment One acre unit (45,000 seeds)



Early maturing Good standing with compact growth habit Forage type maize with early feed value Mesurol seed treatment One acre unit (40,000 seeds) Bartholomews Early Maturing Maize


Bartholomews Late Maturing Maize

Extremely late maturity Suitable for areas where deer and badgers are a problem Cobs do not mature past watery ripe stage

in normal growing years Mesurol seed treatment One acre unit (50,000 seeds) Also known as cobless maize


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Adds warmth to maize when sown adjacent Variety - Shorty Ideal for driving and winter cover Can make excellent flushing points within maize Excellent replacement for kale Best sown in June or when soil temp is 14 o c Thiram seed treatment 8 kilo / acre unit Dwarf Sorghum Ideal replacement for maize Variety - DP2 Makes excellent controlled driving cover Herbicide use possible Best sown in June or when soil temp is 14 o c Thiram seed treatment 10 kilo / acre unit Intermediate Sorghum Good vigour and fast growth Variety - Jumbo Star Tall dense cover ideally used for a windbreak around maize Can reach a height of 5-6ft Greater standing power due to thicker stem Crops can screen guns allowing them to get into position without disturbing the birds Thiram seed treatment 10 kilo / acre unit Giant Sorghum WH WH



Mixture ensures a wider window of seed shed A carefully blended mixture of white and red millet Excellent feed value from September to December Ideal for use with maize crops Provides an excellent feed block if sown adjacent to maize Can be cross drilled or broadcast in maize crops to add feed value and reduce draughts Supplied in 10 or 20 kilo units Sowing rate 10 kilos / acre Bartholomews Millet Blend


Bartholomews White Millet

This high yielding type will provide huge seed yields Ideal for use with maize crops Can be used as a feeding block or flushing point

Supplied in 20 kilo units Sowing rate 10 kilos / acre


Bartholomews Red Millet

Good partner to maize or sorghum Earlier maturing than white millet Can be broadcast or drilled

Supplied in 20 kilo units Sowing rate 10 kilos / acre


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Magic Millet Blend

A winter hardy millet blend ideal for all seasons cover Magic Millet can be used as a windbreak Magic Millet includes reed, red and white millet which adds valuable feed potential Drill in wide rows to obtain maximum bird use

5 kilo / acre unit Only sow straight


Sheds large amount of seed Ideal seed source for partridges, pheasants and farmland birds 2 kilo / acre unit Quinoa



Medium Sunflowers

Complement to maize crops Taller growth habit Thick stems Grows to approx. 2 metres 5 kilo / acre unit


Dwarf Sunflowers

Short growth habit Grows to approx. 1.5 metres

High seed yields 5 kilo / acre unit


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Pinfold / Proteor

Good early vigour Large leaved variety Medium height Winter hardy Supplied flea beetle treated 2 kilo / acre unit



The first kale bred with club root resistance Can be continuously sown on brassica sick sites A taller kale allowing for easier bird access Excellent germination and vigour potential Winter hardy Supplied flea beetle treated 2 kilo / acre unit High leaf to stem ratio Winter hardy, providing forage post Christmas A medium to tall variety with good lodging resistance Excellent leaf cover with a bare floor Tried and tested popular variety Winter hardy Supplied flea beetle treated 2 kilo / acre unit Thousand Head Kale WH



Carbon Kale

Very fast establishment Frost tolerant Kale/mustard hybrid Similar to Utopia/Texsel Greens Best sown in June or July Can be sown into cereal stubbles Fungicide treated only Not as winter hardy as other kale 2 kilo / acre unit


Late sowing option Multi-level cover Winter hardy 4 kilo / acre unit Bartholomews Rescue Mix

Rescue Mix contains:- Forage rape Mustard

Tyfon Fodder radish WH


Interval (Rape/Kale Hybrid)

Excellent establishment and early vigour Winter hardy full season cover Fantastic fast growing rape with kale parentage Ideal replacement for kale when sown in June or July Can also be used as a pioneer or rescue crop

5 kilo packs 2 kilo / acre


NB: Due to the EU suspension on Neonicotinoids, only kale and swedes are permitted to be flea beetle treated, dressed seed.

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Perennial Chicory

Drought tolerant Spring sown Deep rooting

Excellent driving cover in second year Ideally mix with other species in first year 2.5 kilo / acre unit


Will grow on poor soils and exposed areas Perennial cover Second year growth can reach 2 metres Takes two years to become fully established Driving or nesting cover 2.5 kilo / acre unit Canary Grass ( Phalaris aquatica )


Reed Canary Grass ( Phalaris arundinacea )

Ideal for sowing on poor wet soils Good driving and nesting cover

Tall perennial cover 2.5 kilo / acre unit




Ideal where annual planting may not be an option Provides long term cover (three years plus) Requires a partner crop in the first year to give it some substance Partner options are kale, medium sorghum or triticale

Superb value for money Sowing rate 5kg per acre

LTP 1 contains:- Canary grass

Red clover Common green fennel

Reed Canary grass Yellow blossom sweet clover

LTP 2 (with Cocksfoot)

Ideal where annual planting may not be an option Long term cover option (three years plus) Requires a partner crop in the first year to give it some substance Partner options are kale, medium sorghum or triticale Provides more tussocky nesting cover

Superb value for money Sowing rate 5kg per acre

LTP 2 contains:-

1.5kg Cocksfoot 0.75kg Red clover 0.25kg Common green fennel

1kg Canary grass 1kg Reed Canary grass 0.5kg Yellow blossom sweet clover

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SEEDS FOR MIXING Sometimes the need arises for a custom-made mixture to meet specific requirements; these may be to meet environmental requirements or purely your own preference and what works best for you. Please find listed below the seeds that are available to choose from: Maize Linseed Millet Sorghum (all varieties) Sunflowers Phacelia Buckwheat Fodder Beet Swede Kale Quinoa Clover (red and white) Forage Rape Yellow Mustard Brown Mustard Fodder Radish Stubble Turnips Vetches Canary Grass (both varieties) Perennial Chicory Triticale Cocksfoot G G G G G G

Wheat (winter and spring) Barley (winter and spring) Oats (winter, spring and black) Triticale (winter and spring) Lucerne Yellow Sweet Blossom Clover

Timothy Ryegrass Wild Flowers Miscanthus Westerwolds






Please allow 3-5 working days for delivery. Due to the varying individual nature of the mixtures, all orders, once placed, cannot be cancelled or returned after delivery.

COUNTRYSIDE STEWARDSHIP Countryside Stewardship is a new scheme which replaces Environmental Stewardship, The English Woodland Grant Scheme and Capital Grants fromtheCatchment Sensitive Farming. It has beendesigned to encourage land managers to protect and enhance the natural environment, in particular wildlife and water quality. Unlike previous schemes applicants will be scored against a criteria and not every applicant will be successful. Countryside Stewardship has 3 main elements. Higher Tier – this will focus on areas of environmental significance which need more complex management through the help of Natural England or The Forestry Commission. Mid Tier – these agreements will look at the wider countryside and its management, through improving the farmed environment for pollinators and farmland birds by choosing appropriate options and reducing water pollution through land management taking into account the wider area and not just individual holdings. Lower Tier – This replaces Capital Grants to improve hedgerows and boundaries, water quality and to look at woodland management, establishment and tree health.

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Bumblebird (Autumn Sown Bird and Pollen Mix)

Designed to benefit insects in the summer and wild birds in autumn

Bumblebird contains:-

Winter Triticale Winter Barley Oilseed Radish Crimson Clover Birdsfoot Trefoil Gold of Pleasure 10 kilo / acre unit

Kale (untreated) Vetch Common Knapweed Rough Hawkbit Ox-eye Dasiy


Turtle Dove Mix (WBS 4)

Provides a succession of feed sources Ideally sown on margins and headlands

Turtle Dove Mix contains:-

Vetch Birdsfoot Trefoil White and Red Clover

Black Medic Fumitory

10 kilo / acre unit



Linnet Mix (WBS 5)

Provides an abundance of small seeds Succession of feed sources from September through to February Ideally sown on margins and headlands

Linnet Mix contains:-

Kale Oilseed Rape Red and White Millet 20 kilo / 2.5 acre unit

Linseed Mustard Oilseed Radish


BSM1 – Bartholomews Special Mix (with Cocksfoot)

BSM1 contains:-

Crested Dogstail Creeping Red Fescue Cocksfoot

Timothy Tall Fescue

8 kilo / acre unit


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BSM4 – Bartholomews Special Mix (with Wildflowers)

BSM4 contains:-

Chewings Fescue Slender Red Fescue Creeping Red Fescue Hard Fescue SSMG Common Bent Grass Crested Dogstail Sainfoin 6.5 kilo / acre unit (N) = Native Seed

Birdsfoot Trefoil Black Medick Red Clover Ox-eye Daisy (N) Wild Carrot (N) Black Knapweed (N) Yarrow Selfheal (N)


WM1 (Wild Bird Seed Mixture)

Provides a succession of feed sources for seed-eating birds Can be sown on field margin strips at least 6 metres wide and the area re-established every other year 20 kilo / acre unit

WM1 contains:-

Spring Triticale Kale (untreated)





Designed to provide a food source for wild birds Sown in August and September Will produce seed the following summer Good pollen and nectar source Ideal soil conditioner Magnet (Autumn Sown Wild Bird Mixture)

Magnet contains:-

Triticale Fodder Radish Linseed

Vetch Phacelia

15 kilo / acre unit



Jack Russell

Excellent feed source with full season cover A popular and established mix Seed shed from early autumn Grain sorghum gives winter hardiness and good structure 20 kilo / acre unit Herbicide Tolerant

Jack Russell contains:-

Spring Triticale Grain Sorghum

Millet Blend Sunflower




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Bartholomews Tree Sparrow Mix (WBS 1)

Bartholomews Tree Sparrow Mix contains:-

Spring Triticale Quinoa Red Millet 16 kilo / acre unit

Spring Wheat White Millet Linseed



Bartholomews Grey Partridge Mix (WBS 2)

Two year potential

Bartholomews Grey Partridge Mix contains:-

Spring Triticale Quinoa Fodder Radish

Spring Barley Kale (untreated) White Millet

16 kilo / acre unit



Bartholomews Finch and Bunting Mix (WBS 3)

Spring Triticale Spring Wheat Red Millet Fodder Radish Spring Barley White Millet Mustard Bartholomews Finch and Bunting Mix contains:-

16 kilo / acre unit




Excellent driving cover with two year potential Prolific source of small seeds Exclusive mix to Bartholomews Specially formulated as a two-year ELS compliant mixture Caledonian kale supplied flea beetle treated Kale must be drilled and not broadcast 10 kilo / acre unit (sunflower and kale supplied in separate packs) Bartholomews Sunset

Bartholomews Sunset contains:-

Phacelia Caledonian Kale Dwarf Sunflower Red & White Millet Blend

Mustard Buckwheat Linseed Canary Seed




Bartholomews Top Brass

Two year potential Exclusive mix to Bartholomews

Specially formulated ELS compliant mixture Caledonian kale supplied flea beetle treated Kale must be drilled and not broadcast 4 kilo / acre unit (kale supplied in separate pack)

Bartholomews Top Brass contains:-

Fodder Radish Forage Rape Red Millet

White Millet Caledonian Kale




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Two-year full season cover and feed Ideal for use in cooler, more exposed areas Triticale cereal helps resist rabbit damage Brood rearing potential Established formulation and ingredients 20 kilo / acre unit Labrador

Labrador contains:-

Spring Triticale Keeper Kale (untreated) Mustard

Quinoa Linseed




Designed for mixing in with grasses WF1

WF1 contains:-

6% Black Knapweed 12% Birdsfoot Trefoil 4% Red Campion 6% Yarrow 11% Black Medick Sowing rate variable VAT applicable

11% Red Clover 6% Ox-eye Daisy 2% White Campion 42% Sainfoin

1 kilo unit




Pollen and nectar mixture ideal for butterflies and bees EF4 (Grass Free)

EF4 contains:-

Alsike Clover Red Clover (max 50%)

Birdsfoot Trefoil Sainfoin

5 kilo / acre unit


Specially formulated to attract bumblebees Bee Mixture

Bee Mixture contains:-

Phacelia Red Clover Sainfoin

Alsike Clover Birdsfoot Trefoil

5 kilo / acre unit


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Ideal mixture for rearing and release pen areas Fast establishment Hard wearing Nitrogen fixing legumes, providing insects for food 13kg/acre unit General Purpose Rearing Pen

Terrier (Organic) Mixture

Season long feed and cover 2-year potential Contains min 70% organically sourced seed

Insect attractant 20 kilo / acre unit

Terrier contains:-

Spring Triticale Organic Phacelia Organic Kale Mustard Organic

BARTHOLOMEWS WILD FLOWER MIXTURES Wild flowers are a very important part of the countryside as they provide a rich, colourful and diverse ecological habitat for many insects and wildlife species. They also offer great aesthetic value to enhance the natural beauty of the British countryside.

Available Mixtures

We have carefully formulated our wild flower mixtures to meet a number of different soil types and habitats.

Barts Flora 1 Barts Flora 2 Barts Flora 3 Barts Flora 4 Barts Flora 5 Barts Flora 6 Barts Flora 7 Barts Flora 8 Barts Flora 9

Mix of cornfield annuals Mix for acidic soils (below pH6)

Mix for damp loamy soils Mix for calcareous soils Mix for wet loamy soils

Mix for dry, free draining loamy soils Mix for hedgerow and light shade Old English Country Meadow Mix Mix for general purpose (non- native) Mix for low maintenance landscaping including 10% Wild Flora Mix for woodland and heavy shade Mix for water margin and pond edges Mix for low maintenance landscaping including 5% Wild Flora

Barts Flora 10

Barts Flora 11 Barts Flora 12

Barts Flora 110

1 kilo for 200m 2 Made up of 80% slow growing grasses and 20% wild flower seed, unless otherwise stated For further information, please speak to a member of the Bartholomews’ team. 27 Gamecover & Environmental 2017


With our combined knowledge and experience, we are able to offer you advice on every aspect of your gamecover crop. These services include: Site selection and suitability Crop choice Soil analysis and fertilizer planning Soil preparation and establishment advice Full agronomy service for the growing crop* *Our agronomy service is offered as three different options: A one-off visit Visit on request during the season Regular crop inspection throughout the growing season All of our advice and suggestions are based on experience gained through active involvement within the shooting industry and agriculture, plus our continued investment in our extensive crop trials and research programmes.

GAME FEEDS Independent surveys show that by using a diet containing fishmeal, not only do you raise healthier birds but you save money! You use a smaller amount to feed your birds Birds mature and develop earlier Birds develop a stronger immune system You achieve better food conversion There is a higher survival rate Healthy birds mean fewer medical bills

Diets include fishmeal Quality raw materials Comprehensive advisory service Timed deliveries using our own fleet of vehicles



Available Lysine

Sunflower meal

Rape meal Soya Bean Meal


Sunflower meal

Rape meal Soya Bean Meal


Sunflower meal

Rape mealSoya Bean meal


The protein in fishmeal is an excellent source of the essential amino acids lysine, methionine and tryptophan The use of fishmeal has been shown to increase the omega- 3-fatty acid content of meat Excellent source of calcium and phosphorus in a highly available form, unlike some of the calcium and phosphorus in plant proteins

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GAME FEEDS The Superior Feed for Pheasants, Partridges and Ducks

Pheasant Breeder Pellets 3.0mm 18% Finely balanced quality feed of high protein combining correct levels of vitamins and minerals. Partridge Mini Breeder Pellets 2.5mm 20% A high-energy feed, formulated specifically for partridges, in a mini- sized pellet. Super Fine Crumbs 29% For day-old partridges and pheasants, high protein, super-fine crumb to encourage consumption. Super Starter Crumbs 29% Ideal for day-old pheasant and partridge chicks with high protein, vitamin and mineral specification. Chick Crumb 26% Follow on from Super Fine and Super Starter, suitable and small enough for day-old pheasants. Chick Micro Pellets 2.0mm 24% Micro-sized pellets, ideal to convert pheasant and partridge chicks from crumbs to pellets. Grower Mini Pellets 2.5mm 21% Follow on from Micro Pellets, high protein and energy for strong, healthy, well-feathered poults. Rearer Pellets 3.0mm 19% Recommended for pheasant poults going to wood, balance of protein, vitamins and minerals. Poult Pellets 3.0mm 16% Follow on from Rearer, incorporating game spice/flavour to help keep

pheasant poults on feed rides. Partridge Finisher Pellets 2.5mm 18% Follow on from Grower pellets, mini- size, high protein pellet which is non- medicated. Maintenance Pellets 3.0mm or Mini- Size Pellets 2.5mm 14% Complete non-medicated diet to maintain birds in peak condition and hold on feed rides for the season. Duck Starter Crumbs 19.5% Non-medicated feed suitable for day-old to three-week-old ducklings. Provides best possible start in life. Duck Rearer Pellets 3.0mm 17.5% High energy pellets provide oils essential for the feathering of young ducks prior to going to water. Duck Maintenance Pellets 3.0mm 14% Complete, non-medicated diet for ducks to maintain the birds in peak condition. Treatment for Gapes Failure to provide adequate protection from worms can result in poor condition and distressed birds. Flubenvet can be added to game feed on request. Supplements Chick flint grit. Oyster shell. Grower/ poult flint grit. Whole maize. Cut maize. Feed wheat.

Bartholomews Ground Feed Mixture Well proven, economical and palatable mixture for use at selected times during the shooting season to entice birds into shooting areas and reduce straying. For further details and information on all our Game Feed range, please contact: Craig Coughtrey

Sales Support Tel: 01243 755640 Email:


Game Feed Manager Mobile: 07970 292 211


• Know your soil conditions. Regular sampling is the best way to keep it in good condition and ensure crop performance. • Wherever practical/available, always use FYM on your cover areas. Not only is it a good nutrient source, it also provides a valuable source of organic matter to help maintain soil structure. • Remove any areas of compaction, whether caused by vehicles, foot traffic or poor drainage. Dig holes to assess the problem in known areas and use appropriate methods to relieve any compaction found. • Ensure thorough mulching of previous crops. This makes residues easier to plough in and helps to speed the decomposition process. • Plough a minimum depth of 6 inches, leaving a clean, level surface to work with. • Please remember to observe all the relevant Cross Compliance guidelines that are now applicable. GAEC, NVZ and SMRs are all still applicable to cover crops.

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Client :


H646 Please quote the above code for all enquiries

Laboratory Reference

Local Rep


Card Number


Telephone : Sample Matrix : Agricultural Soil

Date Received Date Reported

02-Mar-15 03-Mar-15

Samples will be stored until 02-APR-2015



mg/l (Available) PK Mg

Field Details

Laboratory Sample Reference

Soil pH

Name or O.S. Reference with Cropping Details





13900/04 1

6.4 0


4 9.0 98 185

No cropping details given


13901/04 2

6.1 0


3 8.6 65 119

From Grassland


13902/04 3

6.1 0


2 7.0 52 85



13903/04 4

6.4 0


2 6.4 59 93



13904/04 5

6.1 0


2 6.2 79 60


If general fertiliser and lime recommendations have been requested, these are given on the following sheets. The analytical methods used are as described in DEFRA Reference Book 427 The index values are determined from the DEFRA Fertiliser Recommendations RB209 7th Edition (Appendix 4).

V Castle


Released by ...........................................................

On behalf of NRM Ltd Date ...............................


• Based on soil analysis we are able to provide nutrient advice and produce a nutrient plan for you. • Granulated lime is a fast solution where pH is a problem. • We are able to supply a full range of fertilizer products, from straights to blends. • In situations where manures are not available, there are our special blends which will supply all the necessary nutrients for your gamecover crops. • A full range of foliar feeds and micro nutrients are available, should they be required for the growing crop. • As well as straights and blends we are able to offer a full range of fertilizer products to suit your cover crop needs.

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WEED CONTROL DRILLING • Soil conditions are far more important than calendar date. Crops that are drilled into unfavourable conditions, or too early, will always be at a disadvantage. Crops, such as kale, mustard, linseed etc can be at greater risk to flea beetle attack if they do not grow strong early on. Each season is individual and the correct soil temperature and conditions are vital. • Please refer to the chart overleaf for individual crops and their depths and widths. • Wherever possible/practical, the majority of crops benefit from being sown in wider, approximately 15 inch rows. Nearly all modern cereal drills are capable of doing this, by either special adapters or a simple pipe tracing and blocking exercise. Please try to do this if you can. Crops that are too thick can have lodging problems and may present other difficulties later in the season. • Ensure accurate depth. Planting an individual crop is straightforward enough, but when planting a combination of crops, maize, sorghum, millet etc, it is advisable when possible/practical to sow the maize first and then over drill the other elements. • Ensure good seed to soil contact. Try and leave a fine level and firm finish. Consolidate with ring rollers. Try not to use heavy flat rolls as they can contribute to soil erosion by increasing rainwater run-off risks. • If using pre-emergence herbicides, then a level, firm, clod- free surface is very important.








40-45,000 SEEDS


38 - 76 35 - 45 35 - 45 35 - 45 35 - 45 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38



Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg

2 - 3 2 - 3 2 - 3 2 - 3




10 10





KALE* (Br)

2 - 3

1 1 2 1





8 - 18 8 - 18 8 - 18 8 - 38


5 - 7.5



0.5 3-4


50 - 75




18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 8 - 38


10 20 20 20

1 - 3



4 - 6


3 1




Kg 1.5 - 2

Br = Broadcastable option with rate adjustment where necessary.

Chemically dressed seed must be drilled and not broadcast.

*Assuming seeds are all sown as straight crops, rates need to be reduced when in mixture.

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Š Š Good weed control is very important for a successful crop. Š Š If you are unsure of your programme or have any particular problems, please contact us before you drill. Due to the withdrawal of some products and the nature of some of the mixtures, it is very important to have a clear herbicide programme before you start. Š Š Stale seedbeds are a well-established method of weed control and we would recommend that you use them wherever possible, particularly where a mixture is to be sown and other weed control is not possible. Š Š For more specific advice, please call us and we will be happy to advise on each individual situation. Š Š Where pre-emergence weed control is to be used, please ensure an adequate covering of settled soil over the seed. Š Š Crops that are flea beetle treated must be drilled and not broadcast.


This campaign is an industry-led, rather than regulatory approach, to recapturing the environmental benefits that were provided by set-aside. It unites key industry stakeholders - NFU, CLA, LEAF, FWAG, AIC, AICC, CAAV and GWCT - who are working in partnership with DEFRA and its agencies, Natural England and the Environment Agency, as well as the RSPB, in order to deliver advice to farmers and land managers on how they might best retain and increase the environmental benefits provided by their farmland, in a targeted and agronomically sensible way. Ultimately, the campaign is aimed at farmers and growers. Gamecover and Environmental Stewardship crops will play a vital role in helping to deliver the objectives of the campaign and help to keep the threat of compulsory set- aside at bay. At Bartholomews we will be working with our customers to ensure that the campaign is a success. To find out more about the campaign, please visit, or speak to your Bartholomews’ representative.

37 Gamecover & Environmental 2017

For technical advice on all aspects of shoot and cover crop management, please contact either:

John Benfield Seed Manager Tel: 01243 755 620 Email:

Andrew Stilwell Agronomist/Gamecover Specialist Mob: 07920 134 992 Email:

For all your game feed enquiries, please contact

Craig Coughtrey Game Feeds Manager

Tel: 01243 755 640 Mob: 07970 292 211 Email:

Seed Department Tel: 01243 755620 Email:

Visit our new website at

Follow us @bartsagri

Fisherton de la Mere Warminster 01243 755 665

Portfield Chichester 01243 784 171

Golden Cross Nr. Hailsham 01825 872 697

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