Zionsville: Knee Injuries & Preventing Knee Arthritis

ZPT GaZette The Newsletter About Your Health And Caring For Your Body

February, 2019

KNEE TWEAKS, TWISTS AND TWINGES

Did you know that knee pain is the second most commonly reported cause for chronic pain? Approximately one-third of Americans will experience knee pain at some point in their lives, either due to injury or an underlying condition. Knee pain can be debilitating, making it difficult to walk, run, and move. It may hinder your ability to do some of the activities you love. Fortunately, our physical therapy treatments at Zionsville Physical Therapy can get you moving once again by relieving your pain and enhancing your body’s natural healing process. Common knee injuries: Your knee is one of the largest joints in your body, made up of a complex system of bones, tendons, and ligaments. Because of this, the knee can be easily injured due to overexertion or repetitive motions. Some common knee injuries include: • Fracture. A fracture occurs when one of the bones in the knee (including the kneecap, or patella) become damaged. Fractures are typically the result of some type of trauma, such as a harsh fall or collision. • Torn ACL. An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear occurs when one of the ligaments connecting your shinbone to your thighbone becomes torn. This is a common injury for athletes who participate in sports that are physically-demanding on the knees, such as basketball, track and field, or soccer. • Torn meniscus. The job of the meniscus is to act as a shock absorber between the shinbone and thighbone. It is made up of thick cartilage, but it can be torn if your knee twists too suddenly while weight is still being put on it. • Patellar tendinitis. Your tendons are thick connective tissues that attach muscles to bones. Tendinitis occurs when one or multiple tendons become inflamed. The patellar tendon, located in the knee, typically becomes inflamed through repetitive jumping motions common in sports such as skiing, cycling, or hurdling.

• Knee bursitis. Bursae are small fluid sacs that act as cushions outside of your joints. Knee bursitis occurs when the bursae in your knee becomes inflamed, limiting the ability for your tendons and ligaments to move smoothly over the joint. Knee pain from arthritis: There are more than 100 different types of arthritis that exist, but the most common one for knee pain is osteoarthritis. Also referred to as “degenerative arthritis,” osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage surrounding your joints deteriorates from “wear and tear.” This causes uncomfortable friction as the joint no longer has a sufficient cushion between the bone. Rheumatoid arthritis is another common cause of knee pain. This is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes the joints to become swollen and inflamed, with varying levels of severity. Less common forms of arthritis that can occur in the knees include gout, pseudogout, and septic arthritis.

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