dlr Wildflower Guide

Wildflower

Guide

Explore some of the wildflowers commonly found within Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown.

Can you find them all?

Created by Niamh Moran, Assistant Environmental Awareness Officer

Table of Contents

Daisy

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Dandelion

Bluebell

Buttercup Primrose Fox Glove

Gorse

Hawthorn Groundsel

Elder

Common Poppy

Making your garden bee friendly

Definitions

Find out more

Environmental Awareness, Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council, County Hall, Marine Road, Dún Laoghaire, Co. Dublin, Ireland.

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Daisy Noínín

Colour: White

with specs of

yellow underneath

Leaves: Spoon

shaped with a

leathery texture,

bluntly toothed

Habitat: Short

grasslands

Blooming Time:

Found all year

round

Poisonous: No

2

Dandelion Caisearbhán

Colour: Yellow

Leaves: Long with

a deep tooth

Habitat:

Grasslands,

pathways, sandy

ground, cultivated

grounds

Blooming Time:

March-October

Poisonous: No

3

Blue Bell Coinnle corra

Colour: Blue,

occasionally can be

white. Flowers droop

on one side of the

stalk

Leaves: Glossy,

fleshy and linear

Habitat:

Grasslands,

deciduous

woodlands and

hedge banks

Blooming Time:

April-May

Poisonous: No

4

Buttercup Fearbán reatha

Colour: Golden

yellow with 5

petals.

Leaves: Long

stems with basal

leaves containing 3

segments

Habitat:

Grasslands

Blooming Time:

May-August

Poisonous: No

5

Primrose Sabhaircín

Colour: Pale yellow

(common) , can also

occur as white or pink

with a yellow centre.

Leaves: Hairy stalks

with basal leaves that

are wrinkled and have

a hairy underside.

Habitat: Woodlands,

meadows, roadsides

and hedgebanks.

Blooming Time:

December-May

Poisonous: No

6

Fox Glove Lus Mór

Colour: Pink/purple

bell shaped flowers

with dotted throats.

Flowers can be white

sometimes

Leaves: Basal leaves

with a soft underside.

Tall stalks reaching

heights of 60-180cm.

Habitat: Woodlands,

common in gardens,

roadsides, heaths

Blooming Time: May-

August

Poisonous: Yes, do not

touch a fox glove if you

find one.

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Gorse Ateann gallda

Colour: Bright

yellow, coconut

scented

Leaves: Very spiny

stems

Habitat: Grasslands

and heaths

Blooming Time:

Found all year round

Poisonous: No

8

Hawthorn Sceach gheal

Colour: White 5

petaled flowers,

can sometimes be

blushed pink

Leaves:

Deciduous shrub

or tree

Habitat:

Woodlands,

roadsides, fields

and hedgerows

Blooming Time:

April-May

Poisonous: No

9

Groundsel Grúnlas

Colour: Yellow

flowers. When the

plant is young it will

be flowerless

Leaves: Leaves are

narrow, lobe

toothed, irregularly

pinnate and jagged.

Generally has a

weak stem that

grows as the fruit

ripens.

Habitat: Found in

open disturbed

ground

Blooming Time:

January-December

Poisonous: No

10

Elder Trom

Colour: Creamy white flowers with purple berries. Leaves: Elder contains 5-9 leaves that are toothed. They are part of a deciduous tree or shrub. Habitat: Found in woodlands, hedgerows and scrubs Blooming Time: June- September

Poisonous: No

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Common Poppy

Cailleach

dhearg

Colour: Bright

scarlet with

overlapping petals

Leaves: pinnate

leaves and coarse

toothed. Tall stems

with hairs

Habitat: Roadsides,

gravel pits and

arable land.

Blooming Time:

June-September

Poisonous: No

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Keeping your garden bee friendly

Hanging Baskets and Window Boxes If you don’t have a

garden to plant pollinators, add

some window boxes or hanging baskets with pollinator friendly flowers to your windows.

Slow to Mow Reducing the amount you mow your lawn is the most cost effective way to help

reduce a decline in pollinator species.

Plant some Pollinator Friendly Herbs Plant a herb patch in you garden. The following herbs are pollinator friendly and make a great addition to your kitchen for cooking!

Why not leave a patch of grass in your garden that you no longer cut? Bumble bees love a patch or area of long grass to use as a shelter during nesting periods. These patches will also create a short meadow that soon will be blooming with wild flowers and species that pollinators love.

Rosemary

Chives Fennel

Mint

Oregano

Sage

Thyme

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Mint

Definitions

Wildflowers: A wildflower means a flower that grows naturally in the wild and has not been planted intentionally

Habitat: is the place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows.

Toothed : A toothed leaf refers to a leaf that has an irregularly notched margin

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Definitions

Pinnate : A plant having leaflets arranged in a feather like shape, with leaflets found on either side of the stem in pairs opposite each other.

Basal: Basal leaves are leaves that grow from the lowest part of the stem

Grasslands: These are areas that are dominated by grasses as the main form of vegetation.

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Definitions

Hedgerows : A hedgerow can be defined as a line of closely spaced woody shrubs to form a continuous barrier.

Heath: This is a shrubland habitat. It is often characterised with infertile acidic soils and contains low growing woody vegetation.

Deciduous: This is a tree or shrub that sheds its leaves annually.

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Find out more

National Pollinator Plan Find out more information on how to keep your garden pollinator friendly by accessing the National Pollinator Plan. This plan can be found here and is supported by Dún Laoghaire - Rathdown County Council

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown Biodiversity Learn about biodiversity within dlr by visiting our Biodiversity page. This can be found here: https://www.dlrcoco.ie/en/heritage/bi odiversity

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown Environmental Awareness

Learn about dlr waste prevention and school

awareness programmes here: https://www.dlrcoco.ie/en/environment /environmental-awareness-education

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Contents of this resource may not be reproduced, in whole or

Contact Dún Laoghaire- Rathdown County Council

in part, without the prior written permission of dlr.

Telephone: 01 205 4700 Email: info@dlrcoco.ie Website: www.dlrcoco.ie

April 2020

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