Third Amendment No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The Fourth Amendment protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government.
Credit: National Archives and Records Administration.
Where Is the Right to Privacy in the Bill of Rights? Although the Constitution does not explicitly include the right to privacy, the Supreme Court has found that the Constitution implicitly grants a right to privacy against governmental intrusion from the First Amendment, Third Amendment, Fourth Amendment and Fifth Amendment. For example, the First Amendment allows the privacy of beliefs, the Third Amendment protects privacy of the home against any demands to be used to house soldiers, the Fourth Amendment protects the privacy of a person and his or her possessions from unreasonable searches, and the Fifth Amendment protects privacy of personal information through preventing self-incrimination. Further, the Ninth Amendment says that the enumeration of certain rights as found in the Bill of Rights cannot deny other rights of the people. And the Fourteenth Amendment asserts that no state shall “deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.”
Fourth Amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and noWarrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
FREEDOM FACT In Colonial America, citizens were
forced to allow British soldiers to stay in their private homes — a practice that the colonists strongly objected to and resented. This is why the Third Amendment was included in the Bill of Rights.
In criminal cases, the right to a speedy trial with legal counsel; right to confront witnesses; right to know nature and cause of accusation
In civil cases, right to a trial by jury
Prohibits excessive bail, fines, and cruel and unusual punishment
People have other rights, even if they are not all listed here verbatim
Powers not delegated to the federal government are reserved to the states
AMER I CA’ S LEGACY PRESENTED BY STUDENT GOVERNMENTAL AFFA I RS PROGRAM | 37
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