SaskEnergy Second Quarter Report - September 30, 2019

SASKENERGY INCORPORATED

SECOND QUARTER REPORT September 30, 2019

VISION, MISSION AND VALUES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

As a Crown corporation, SaskEnergy is committed to ensuring that all corporate activities align with the Government of Saskatchewan’s Crown Sector Strategic Priorities and the Saskatchewan Plan for Growth. Providing safe, reliable, high quality service to its customers is critically important to the Corporation – as is the provision of infrastructure necessary for the Province to grow and prosper. MISSION Deliver natural gas in a safe, reliable, affordable way.

VISION Create customer value through safe, innovative energy solutions.

VALUES Safety

Accountability Collaboration

Spirit

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Financial and Operating Highlights

2

Management’s Discussion and Analysis

3

Introduction

3 3 4 9

Industry Overview

Consolidated Financial Results Liquidity and Capital Resources

Capital Expenditures

10 11

Outlook

Consolidated Financial Statements

14

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

14 15 17 18 19

FINANCIAL AND OPERATING HIGHLIGHTS

Three months ended September 30

Six months ended September 30

2019

2018

2019

2018

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS ($ millions)

Total revenue

169 157

348 324

139 156

308 325

Total expenses

Consolidated net income

12

24

(17)

(17)

Market value adjustments

(11)

(17)

15

27

Income before unrealized market value adjustments

1

7

(2)

10

Dividends

-

-

-

-

Cash provided by operating activities

32 81

91

48

109 157

Capital expenditures

119

101

Total assets

2,706 1,322 57.1%

3,045 1,447 56.7%

Total net debt

Debt ratio

OPERATING HIGHLIGHTS

Distribution Volumes distributed (petajoules) Residential/Farm

3 3

8 8

2 3

7 8

Commercial

Industrial

38 44

76 92

31 36

69 84

Total

Weather (compared to last 30 years)

50% colder

15% colder

12% colder

5% colder

Transmission Volumes transported (petajoules) Domestic

72

141

75 20 95

149

Export

7

15

34

Total

79

156

183

Capital expenditures $ Millions

Cash from operations $ Millions

Income before MVA $ Millions

157

112

10

109

91

119

7

102

-3

2019

2018

2017

2019

2018

2017

2019

2018

2017

2

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION & ANALYSIS

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report INTRODUCTION

March 31, 2011

The Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) highlights the primary factors that affected SaskEnergy’s consolidated financial condition and performance for the six months ending September 30, 2019. Using financial and operating results as its basis, the MD&A describes the Corporation’s past performance and future prospects, enabling readers to view SaskEnergy from the perspective of management. The MD&A is presented as at November 25, 2019, and should be read in conjunction with the Corporation’s condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standard (IAS) 34 Interim Financial Reporting using accounting policies consistent with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). For additional information related to the Corporation, refer to SaskEnergy’s 2018-19 Annual Report. The MD&A contains certain forward-looking statements that are subject to inherent uncertainties and risks. Many of these risks are described in the Risk Management and Disclosure section of SaskEnergy’s 2018-19 Annual Report. All forward-looking statements reflect the Corporation’s best estimates and assumptions based on information available at the time the statements were made. However, actual results and events may vary significantly from those included in, contemplated by, or implied by such statements. The volume of natural gas delivered to customers is sensitive to variations in weather, particularly through the prime heating season of November to March. Additionally, changes in market value adjustments may cause significant fluctuations in net income due to the volatility of natural gas prices. Therefore, the condensed consolidated financial results for the first six months of 2019-20 should not be taken as indicative of the performance to be expected for the full year. In order to compare financial performance from period to period, the Corporation uses the following measures: income before unrealized market value adjustments, realized margin on commodity sales, and realized margin on asset optimization sales. Each measure removes the impact of fair value adjustments on financial and derivative instruments and the revaluation of natural gas in storage to the lower of cost and net realizable value. Unrealized market value adjustments vary considerably with market prices of natural gas, drive significant changes in the Corporation’s consolidated net income and may obscure other business factors that are also important to understanding the Corporation’s financial results. The measures referred to above are non-IFRS measures, in that there is no standardized definition, and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other entities. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

SaskEnergy monitors a number of important factors that could influence financial performance.

Natural Gas Prices

The price of natural gas is set in the open market and influenced by a number of factors including production, demand, storage levels, takeaway capacity, and general economic conditions. Given the high demand for natural gas to heat homes and businesses during the cold winter months, and the demand for natural gas to produce electricity for air conditioning during the summer months, weather typically has a large impact on price in the near term. Due to the high degree of uncertainty associated with weather and Alberta gas line maintenance/infrastructure issues, natural gas prices in both Alberta (AECO) and Saskatchewan (TEP) have been volatile in recent years. Natural gas fundamentals remain in a strong supply position relative to demand. AECO weighted average 5A index (daily settlement) price was $0.93 per gigajoule (GJ) through the six months ending September 30, 2019 compared to $1.13 for the same six months in 2018. Alberta natural gas prices saw volatility with spikes upward and downward due to maintenance that limited supply, and gas line maintenance that limited takeaway capacity. Negative spot prices occurred a number of times during the six months ended September 30, 2019 and an Alberta infrastructure deficit continues to be an issue. TC Energy (formally TransCanada) did change curtailment policies with the backing of the Alberta Government which has added temporary stability to the market at higher prices. Despite the positive effect this policy has had on storage injections, Alberta natural gas inventories are currently well below five year average levels, which could cause bullish spot pricing in the event of below normal winter weather.

3

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report

The following chart shows AECO natural gas prices:

March 31, 2011

Constraints of Existing Infrastructure

Despite the shift to horizontal drilling methods improving gas supply economics, getting western Canadian gas to market has remained a major concern. Gas well drilling west of Saskatchewan has tended to move farther into northwestern Alberta and northeastern British Columbia. This has resulted in delivery infrastructure that is constrained due to undersized facilities. NOVA Gas Transmission Ltd. (NGTL) currently has a project before the Canada Energy Regulator which is intended to relieve this constraint by adding additional gas line and compressor facilities. SaskEnergy will continue to monitor this situation and take an active role in the process to ensure access to a reliable source of natural gas. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL RESULTS

Consolidated Net Income (Loss)

Three months ended September 30

September 30 Six months ended

(millions)

2019

2018 Change

2019

2018 Change

Impact of fair value adjustments Revaluation of natural gas in storage Income before unrealized market value adjustments

$

1 7 4

$

(3)

$

7 1

$

3

$

(2)

$

10

(24)

(28) (16) (41)

(17)

(27)

(2)

16 24

2

-

Consolidated net income

$

12

$

(29)

$

$

$

(17)

$

(17)

Excluding market value adjustments, financial results for the six months ending September 30, 2019 are $3 million higher than the same period in 2018. The increase in net income is due to increased transportation revenue and higher customer contributions relating to both transmission and distribution customers, which was partially offset by a lower commodity margin in 2019-20.

4

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report A major transmission project went into service in the first quarter of 2019-20, which increased transmission customer contributions compared to the same period in the prior year and accounts for the majority of the increase in customer contributions year-over-year. The incre se in customer load growth contributed to additional transportation revenue relative to 2018-19. Much of the load growth is the result of continued economic growth in the province, driven by expansion in the major industrial sectors of enhanced oil recovery and power generation. As natural gas production continues to decline, Saskatchewan increasingly relies on gas production in Alberta to meet its delivery requirements. This results in increased transportation utilization on the TC Energy Mainline system to import natural gas from Alberta. These increasing requirements have resulted in higher overall operating costs compared to prior year. While the increase in load requires higher spending in some areas, the continued focus on efficiency and cost management have helped to mitigate increases in both operating costs and employee benefits.

March 31, 2011

The commodity margin is lower in 2019-20 compared to the same period in 2018-19, which is resulting from the commodity rate decreasing from $2.95 per GJ to $2.57 per GJ effective April 1, 2019.

Market value adjustments reduced SaskEnergy’s consolidated net income by $27 million. The differential between the contract price and market prices decreasing from $0.46 per GJ at the end of 2018-19 to $0.24 per GJ in 2019-20 are resulting in an unfavourable market value adjustment of $30 million on outstanding asset optimization purchase contracts. This was partially offset by the price differential on asset optimization sales contracts increasing, resulting in a favourable market value adjustment of $3 million on outstanding asset optimization sales contracts. The value of natural gas in storage is sensitive to natural gas prices. At September 30, 2019, the value of gas in storage was $46 million, or $14 million below cost. At the end of March 2019, the value of natural gas in storage was $26 million, or $14 million below cost. A decrease in near term natural gas market prices is the primary driver of the increase in the unfavourable revaluation of natural gas in storage. This is equally offset by a decrease in the volume of natural gas in storage. The $14 million unfavourable adjustment at the end of the previous fiscal year is equal to the current $14 million unfavourable adjustment to the cost of gas in storage, resulting in a nil market value adjustment at September 30, 2019.

Natural Gas Sales and Purchases

Included within natural gas sales and purchases are rate-regulated commodity sales to distribution customers and non-regulated asset optimization activities. IFRS requires these activities to be presented together within the consolidated financial statements; however, the Corporation manages these activities as distinct and separate businesses and, as such, the MD&A addresses these natural gas sales and purchases separately. With the exception of those contracts entered into for an entity’s own usage, IFRS requires derivative instruments such as natural gas purchase and sales contracts to be recorded at fair value until their settlement date. Changes in the fair value of the derivative instruments, driven by changes in future natural gas prices, are recorded in net income through natural gas sales or natural gas purchases depending on the specific contract. Upon settlement of the natural gas contract, the amount paid or received by SaskEnergy becomes realized and is recorded in natural gas sales or purchases.

Commodity Margin

SaskEnergy sells natural gas to its distribution customers at a commodity rate approved by Provincial Cabinet based on the recommendations of the Saskatchewan Rate Review Panel (SRRP). The commodity rate, which is reviewed April 1 and November 1 of each year, is determined based on rate-setting principles and is designed to recover the realized costs associated with the sale of natural gas to distribution customers. Regulatory principles require that utilities do not earn a profit or realize losses on the sale of natural gas to customers over the long term. Consequently, SaskEnergy accumulates differences between the commodity revenue earned and the cost of natural gas sold in a Gas Cost Variance Account (GCVA). The balance in the GCVA, which is not included in SaskEnergy’s financial statements, is either recovered from, or refunded to, customers as part of future commodity rates. Consequently, higher commodity margins in one year are often followed by lower commodity margins in the subsequent year. For financial reporting purposes, the Corporation prepares its financial statements on a consolidated basis while applying IFRS. Consequently, the amounts determined for rate-setting purposes are different than those reported within its consolidated financial statements. The most notable differences are the elimination of intercompany transportation costs in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements and how derivative instrument settlements are recognized in the cost of gas. A gain or loss reported in the Corporation's consolidated financial statements may not be reflected in the GCVA.

5

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report SaskEnergy’s natural gas price risk management program has two objectives: to reduce the impact of natural gas price volatility on the cost of gas and to support rates that are competitive with other utilities. The two objectives direct activities that naturally oppose each other. Reducing the impact of price volatility requires establishing certainty in the cost of gas, while supporting competitive rates often means allowing purchase prices to follow market prices. As a result, the balance between the two objectives may change depending on current market conditions. In order to ensure a secure supply of natural gas, SaskEnergy contracts for the physical delivery of natural gas using non-financial derivatives, referred to as forward or physical natural gas contracts. The purchase price contained in these forward contracts may be fixed, or it may be based on a variable index price. While fixed price contracts reduce the impact of natural gas price volatility, variable or market prices can assist in offering competitive rates depending on the pricing environment. SaskEnergy may use financial derivatives and physical swaps to manage the future purchase price of natural gas.

March 31, 2011

The commodity margin on sales to customers, as reported in the consolidated financial statements, was as follows:

Three months ended September 30

Six months ended September 30

(millions)

2019

2018 Change

2019

2018 Change

Commodity sales

$

26 21

$

(16)

$

59 47 12 25 37

$

(29)

$

10

$

30 27

Commodity purchases

12

20

9 1 1 2

Realized margin on commodity sales Impact of fair value adjustments

5

(4) (9)

(9)

3

10 15

(25) (34)

-

Margin on commodity sales

$

$

(13)

$

$

$

$

3

The realized margin on commodity sales excludes the impact of unrealized fair value adjustments on derivative instruments, as these adjustments can fluctuate significantly from one period to the next and do not necessarily represent the amount that will be paid upon settlement of the related natural gas contract. The Corporation realized a $3 million margin on commodity sales for the six months ending September 30, 2019 compared to a $12 million margin for the same period in 2018-19. Average revenue was $2.56 per GJ and average cost of gas sold was $2.33 per GJ, resulting in a margin of $0.23 per GJ. This margin is lower than the average commodity margin of $0.50 per GJ through the same six month period in 2018-19. The effect of 11 PJs fewer of gas sold in 2019-20 and the effect of a decreased commodity rate also contributed to the lower margin in 2019-20. Commodity rates were reduced from $2.95 per GJ to $2.57 per GJ effective April 1, 2019. Meanwhile the GCVA balance has increased to $19 million owing to customers, up $2 million from the balance owing to customers at March 31, 2019. The realized margin on commodity sales of $1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was $4 million lower than the same period in 2018-19. This is also due to a higher cost of gas sold combined with a lower commodity rate.

Commodity Fair Value Adjustments

Fair value adjustments at September 30, 2019 had a nil impact on the margin on commodity sales. The differential between the contract price and market prices increased during the six months ending September 30, 2019, from $0.03 per GJ to $0.05 per GJ, which was offset by a lower volume of contracts outstanding. SaskEnergy segregates a portion of its natural gas purchase contracts for gas that will ultimately be sold to commodity customers. Under IFRS, such contracts are not required to be reported at market value. The volume of contracts identified and segregated for the purpose of expected commodity sales was 275 PJs at September 30, 2019, compared to 154 PJs at March 31, 2019. The increase is a result of the Corporation’s ability to enter into more purchase contracts at lower natural gas prices and for a longer period of time. The Corporation received approval from the Ministry of Finance during 2018-19 to enter into sale and purchase transactions with commitments 10 years forward with counterparties whose credit rating is AA or higher. In the current low natural gas price environment, this will allow the Corporation to commit to long term contracts at low natural gas prices.

Asset Optimization Margin

SaskEnergy uses its access to natural gas markets to execute purchases and sales of natural gas to generate margins. By utilizing off peak transportation and storage capacity and to help mitigate third party transportation expenses, SaskEnergy is able to find opportunities in the market to take advantage of pricing differentials between transportation hubs, delivery points and time periods while minimizing its exposure to price risk. In most cases the purchases and sales are executed at the same time, thereby mitigating much of the price risk that would normally be associated with such transactions.

6

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

The asset optimization margin, as reported in the consolidated financial statements, was as follows:

Three months ended

Six months ended September 30

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report

September 30

March 31, 2011

(millions)

2019

2019 Change

2019

2018 Change

Asset optimization sales

$

31 28

$

61 59

$

(30) (31)

$

66 59

$

116 115

$

(50) (56)

Asset optimization purchases

Realized margin on asset optimization sales Impact of fair value adjustments Revaluation of natural gas in storage

3

2

1

7

1

6

(19)

(3)

(16)

(27)

(24)

(3)

2

4

(2)

-

16

(16)

Margin on asset optimization sales

$

3

$

(17)

$

(7)

$

(13)

$

(14)

$

(20)

The realized margin on asset optimization sales at September, 2019, which removes fair value adjustments on derivative instruments and the revaluation of natural gas in storage, was $7 million. This is $6 million higher than the $1 million margin for the same period in 2018-19. The Corporation increased its asset optimization margin by selling higher volumes of natural gas at lower margins compared to the same period in 2018-19. This was accomplished when near term natural gas prices decreased through the six months ending September 30, 2019. Some transportation capacity within Alberta was also secured through asset optimization transportation contracts to meet customer obligations. These transportation contracts had an unfavourable effect on the 2019-20 asset optimization margin.

Asset Optimization Fair Value Adjustments

The Corporation enters into various natural gas contracts (swaps and forwards) in its asset optimization strategies, which are subject to volatility of natural gas market prices. The fair value adjustment at September 30, 2019 on asset optimization derivative instruments decreased the asset optimization margin by $27 million compared to a decrease of $24 million for the same period in 2018-19. Between April 1, 2019 and September 30, 2019, near term natural gas market prices declined, allowing the Corporation to enter into lower priced natural gas purchase and sale transactions simultaneously. The purchase contracts outstanding at September 30, 2019 were $0.01 per GJ less than market price, while purchase contracts outstanding at the end of March 31, 2019 were $0.46 per GJ less than market price. This decrease in the favourable price differential in 2019-20 is responsible for an unfavourable fair value adjustment, which was slightly offset by the favourable variance related to the increase in price differentials on outstanding sale contracts.

Revaluation of Natural Gas in Storage

At each reporting period, the Corporation measures the net realizable value of natural gas in storage held for asset optimization transactions based on forward market prices and anticipated delivery dates. The carrying amount of natural gas in storage is adjusted to reflect the lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value. Through the first six months of 2019-20, the Corporation was able to purchase lower priced natural gas and inject it into storage, reducing the average cost of natural gas in storage; however, lower near term forward market prices adversely affected net realizable value. Consequently, the net realizable value of asset optimization natural gas in storage was $14 million below cost at September 30, 2019, which is equal to the $14 million unfavourable revaluation adjustment at March 31, 2019, resulting in no change in the revaluation of natural gas in storage at September 30, 2019.

Revenue

Delivery revenue, transportation and storage revenue, customer capital contributions and other revenue, as reported in the consolidated financial statements, were as follows:

Three months ended September 30

Six months ended September 30

(millions)

2019

2018 Change

2019

2018 Change

Delivery revenue

$

43 36

$

(2)

$

95 73

$

-

$

41 48 11

$

95 94 20

Transportation and storage revenue Customer capital contributions

12

21 13

4 2

7

7 4

Other revenue

(2)

(4)

-

-

Revenue

$

85

$

15

$

179

$

30

$

100

$

209

7

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

Delivery Revenue

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report Delivery revenue is driven by the number of customers and the amount of natural gas they consume. As residential and commercial customers consume natural gas primarily as heating fuel, weather is the external factor that most affects delivery revenue. The weather for the six months ending September 30, 2019 was 5 per cent colder than normal, compared to 15 percent colder than normal for the same period in 2018-19. Delivery revenue of $95 million for the six months ending September 30, 2019, equaled the prior year. A 3.4 per cent rate increase effective April 1, 2019 contributed to higher delivery revenue, which was offset by warmer weather for the six month period year over year. Delivery rate increases are implemented to address growing capital and operating costs incurred to continue providing high quality, safe and reliable service to customers. In alignment with the Crown Sector Strategic Priorities, the Corporation continues to focus on providing the province’s growing population with efficient and timely access to natural gas service while keeping rates competitive. Delivery revenue of $41 million for the three months ending September 30, 2019 was $2 million lower than the same period in 2018-19. This is due to the weather being 38 per cent warmer for the three months of 2019-20 compared to 2018-19.

March 31, 2011

Transportation and Storage Revenue

The Corporation generates transportation revenue by receiving gas from customers at various receipt points in Saskatchewan and Alberta, and delivering natural gas to customers at various delivery points in the province. The transportation toll structure consists of a receipt service charge that customers pay when they put gas on to the natural gas transportation system, and a delivery service charge, which customers pay when they take delivery off the natural gas transportation system. Gas delivered to the system by customers is considered to be part of the TransGas Energy Pool (a notional point where producers, marketers and end users can match supplies to demand) until it is delivered to the end-use customer. For receipt and delivery services, the Corporation offers both firm and interruptible transportation. Under a firm service contract, the customer has a right to deliver or receive a specified quantity of gas on each day of the contract. With a firm contract, customers pay for the amount of capacity they have contracted for whether they use it or not. Under an interruptible contract, customers may deliver or receive gas only when there is available capacity on the system and pay receipt and delivery tolls when they deliver or receive gas.

Integral to the Corporation’s transmission system are several strategically located natural gas storage sites, which have the capacity to provide operational flexibility along with a reliable and competitive natural gas storage service.

Transportation and storage revenue was $94 million for the six months ending September 30, 2019, $21 million higher than in 2018-19. Industrial customer and power generation related load growth continues to increase demand for natural gas within the province and is driving higher transportation revenue. Storage revenue is comparable with the previous year as the decline in contracted demand for storage services has stabilized. The apparent abundance of natural gas, coupled with small or even negative differentials between current and forward gas prices, limits the demand for natural gas storage to those customers with relatively low load factors who use the service to mitigate receipt transportation charges. Transportation revenue for the three months ending September 30, 2019 was $12 million higher than the same period in 2018-19. This is also due to increasing load growth, resulting from increasing demand for natural gas within the province.

Customer Capital Contributions

The Corporation receives capital contributions from customers to partially offset the cost of constructing facilities to connect them to the transmission and distribution systems. Generally, contributions related to transmission system projects tend to be larger but less frequent than contributions related to the distribution system. The volume and magnitude of customer contribution revenue can vary significantly period-over-period as various factors influence their receipt and recognition as revenue. The contributions received, less potential refunds, are recognized as revenue once the related property, plant and equipment is available for use. The Corporation may refund a customer for some or all of the contributions they make depending on how much gas the customer consumes or transports through the system. Many of the customer contributions are received in advance of construction and are initially recorded as a contract liability in the statement of financial position. The amount of contributions expected to be refunded is estimated and recorded as a refund liability until the eligible refund period expires or a refund is earned by the customer. Customer capital contribution revenue for the six months and three months ending September 30, 2019 was $13 million and $7 million above 2018-19 due to higher transmission customer connections.

8

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

Other Revenue

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report In the previous year, other revenue primarily consisted of gas processing fees and natural gas liquid sales from two natural gas liquid extraction plants. Compression and gathering service revenue relating to these plants comprised the remaining balance of other revenue. The Corporation sold the two natural gas liquid extraction plants effective October 1, 2018.

March 31, 2011

Other Expenses

SaskEnergy’s expenses are driven to a large degree by its investment in its transmission, distribution and storage systems. Depreciation expense, net finance expense and Saskatchewan taxes are directly tied to the investment in facilities. As the level of investment in these facilities increase, these expenses also increase. Employee benefit costs and operating and maintenance costs are also driven by the investment in assets, although less directly. As the number of customers increases, and infrastructure to serve those customers grows, the costs to operate and maintain the system increases. These expenses increase primarily because the amount of work to service and maintain the natural gas system increases as the kilometres of gas line, number of service connections, and amount of compression equipment increases. Increased regulatory requirements and changing public perceptions have resulted in accelerated prevention, detection and mitigation initiatives, adding pressure to transmission, distribution and storage rates.

Other expenses, net finance expenses and other gains (losses), as reported in the consolidated financial statements, were as follows:

Three months ended

Six months ended September 30

September 30

(millions)

2019

2018 Change

2019

2018 Change

Employee benefits

$

19 40 27

$

20 38 28

$

1

$

43 77 53

$

42 70 53

$

(1) (7)

Operating and maintenance Depreciation and amortization

(2)

1

-

Saskatchewan taxes

6

5

(1) (1)

9

8

(1) (9)

$

92

$

91

$

$

182

$

173

$

Net finance expense

$

14

$

13

$

(1)

$

27

$

25

$

(2)

Other gains (losses)

$

-

$

13

$

(13)

$

-

$

13

$

(13)

Employee Benefits

Operational and business reviews have identified moderate full time equivalent increases in key strategic areas as part of the Corporation’s success in meeting current and future business needs. Ongoing efficiency efforts and management of planned overtime and vacancies resulted in a reduction of full time equivalents in other areas, however employee benefit costs of $43 million were $1 million higher than 2018-19. This is due to contractor positions being transitioned into full-time equivalent positions in the later part of 2018-19.

Employee benefits costs of $19 million for the three months ending September 30, 2019 approximated the same period in 2018-19.

Operating and Maintenance

Higher transportation on the TC Energy mainline transportation system increased operating and maintenance expenses to $77 million in 2019-20, $7 million higher than in 2018-19. With the growing demand for natural gas, the Corporation’s increase reliance on gas receipts from Alberta is resulting in more natural gas being transported and over greater distances. Rate increases on these third party transportation systems are also increasing transportation expenditures. SaskEnergy continues to mitigate the impact of higher transportation and safety and integrity expenditures through continued efficiency efforts and cost saving measures. Operating and maintenance expenses of $40 million for the three months ending September 30, 2019 were $2 million higher than the same period in 2018-19. This is also due to increasing third party transportation expenditures.

9

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

Depreciation and Amortization

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report Balancing safety and system integrity with the growing demand for service continues through 2019-20. Strategic capital investments required to ensure the necessary infrastructure is in place to meet increasing load growth, has increased the capital asset base, resulting in increasing depreciation and amortization. The Corporation implemented an external depreciation study, decreasing depreciation and offsetting increased depreciation resulting from an increasing asset base. In 2019-20, depreciation and amortization was $53 million, equaling the same period in 2018-19. Depreciation and amortization expenses of $27 million for the three months ending September 30, 2019 were $1 million lower than the same period in 2018-19. This is due to the implementation of the third party depreciation study.

March 31, 2011

Net Finance Expense

Net finance expenses of $27 million and $14 million for the six and three months ending September 30, 2019 were $2 million and $1 million higher than the same periods in 2018-19. The increase in finance expenses that resulted from increased investment was partly offset by lower interest rates. The low interest rate environment has allowed the Corporation to replace maturing long-term debt with lower cost debt.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

As a Crown corporation, SaskEnergy’s primary sources of capital are cash from operations, debt — which is borrowed through the province’s General Revenue Fund — and equity advances from CIC, the Province’s Crown corporation holding company. Equity advances are rarely used to finance Crown corporations as CIC prefers to use its Subsidiary Crown Dividend Policy to manage its equity interests in its commercial enterprises. Cash from operations is SaskEnergy’s most important source of capital. As a utility, cash from operations is relatively stable and the Corporation relies upon it to fund its investment in natural gas facilities, including new construction to support provincial growth and integrity spending on existing infrastructure. Long and short-term debt can be borrowed through the Province of Saskatchewan to meet any long or short-term incremental capital requirements, and to repay debt as it matures. Sources of liquidity include Order in Council authority to borrow up to $500 million in short-term loans, and a $35 million uncommitted line of credit with the Toronto-Dominion Bank. By borrowing through the Province, SaskEnergy has access to the Province’s borrowing capacity and North American capital markets. The SaskEnergy Act allows the Corporation to borrow up to $2,500 million.

Three months ended

Six months ended September 30

September 30

(millions)

2019

2018 Change

2019

2018 Change

Cash provided by operating activities Cash used in investing activities Cash provided by financing activities (Decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents

$

48

$

32

$

16

$

109

$

91

$

18

(104)

(81)

(23) (15)

(161)

(119)

(42)

35

50

47

32

15

$

(21)

$

1

$

(22)

$

(5)

$

4

$

(9)

Operating Activities

Cash provided by operating activities was $109 million for the six months ending September 30, 2019, an increase of $18 million from 2018-19. Cash flows from operations are up due to the impact of a higher transportation revenue.

Investing Activities

Cash used in investing activities totaled $161 million for the six months ending September 30, 2019, $42 million more than the same period in 2018-19. Capital investment levels increased in 2019-20 due to higher system growth combined with higher system integrity spending compared to 2018-19. The majority of capital investment to the end of September 2019 focused on $93 million of customer growth and system expansion projects, which were a result of Saskatchewan residential and industrial growth, as well as safety and system integrity programming of $55 million - a sign of the Corporation’s ongoing commitment to a safe, reliable system.

10

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

Financing Activities

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report Cash provided by financing activities was $47 million through the six months ending September 30, 2019, compared to $32 million provided by financing activities in 2018-19. The Corporation used $27 million for interest payments, $43 million for dividends, and $34 million to pay short-term debt. The Corporation borrowed an additional $161 million in long-term debt to support its capital investment requirements and repay short-term debt. SaskEnergy’s debt ratio at the end of September 30, 2019 of 57 per cent debt and 43 per cent equity is slightly higher than the debt ratio of 55 per cent debt and 45 per cent equity at the end of 2018-19 and is slightly better than the Corporation’s long-term target range of 58 to 63 per cent debt.

Debt Ratio - September

March 31, 2011

62.2%

60.0% 59.2%

57.1% 56.7%

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES

Capital expenditures, as reported in the consolidated financial statements, were as follows:

Three months ended September 30

Six months ended September 30

(millions)

2019

2018 Change

2019

2018 Change

Customer growth and system expansion

$

43 31

$

13

$

65 44

$

28 11

$

56 40

$

93 55

Safety and system integrity

9

Information systems

4 3

-

6 4

-

4 1

6 3

Vehicle & equipment, buildings, furniture

(2)

(1)

$

81

$

20

$

119

$

38

$

101

$

157

Capital expenditures during 2019-20 of $157 million were higher than in the prior year to meet the increasing load growth in the province and to move natural gas lines away from highly populated areas. Capital expenditures of $93 million for customer growth and system expansion are $28 million higher than the prior year. Safety and system integrity spending of $55 million are $11 million higher than the prior year primarily driven by increasing regulatory requirements. The increasing demand and lower Saskatchewan production requires additional Alberta supply to be brought onto SaskEnergy’s transmission system. TransGas is currently increasing the supply from NGTL with its Cold Lake Alberta receipt expansion project. It is a cost effective capacity investment that increases the Corporation’s ability to meet customer’s firm contracted Alberta supply requirements. The expansion also provides supply directly into a delivery growth area and helps leverage existing mainline transmission and compression infrastructure to other key areas of the system with potential future capacity improvements. This project incurred $11 million in costs through the six months ending September 30, 2019. Growth in and around the City of Saskatoon has resulted in a multi-year initiative that will address increased natural gas capacity and move high pressure transmission lines further away from populated areas. This accounted for the majority of the increased spending in 2019-20 compared to the same period in the prior year. The capital expenditure increases in 2019-20 on these projects were partially offset by installing compression at the Rush Lake interconnect in the prior year at a cost of $11 million to help mitigate the requirement for additional Alberta supply. It was cost effective for the Corporation to receive additional supply on the Loomis to Herbert gas line, which is owned by the Many Islands Pipe Lines (Canada) Limited subsidiary, with the gas being sourced from the TC Energy Mainline or Foothills Pipelines. This project was completed in 2018-19. OUTLOOK With the Corporation’s fiscal period beginning April 1, peak winter heating loads begin to have a positive impact on the financial results in the third and fourth quarters. Without revenue from heating loads it is not uncommon for SaskEnergy to experience minimal net income and even losses through the first two quarters. Factors that are expected to affect SaskEnergy in the near future include the continued growth of the provincial economy, resulting in increased reliance on imported natural gas, and higher customer expectations for safe, reliable natural gas services.

11

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report Assuming normal weather conditions through 2019-20, net income before market value adjustments is expected to be approximately $72 million, a decrease of $62 million over the 2018-19 actual result. The decrease is primarily due to the return to normal weather, as 2018-19 was ten per cent colder than normal, and a commodity rate decrease effective April 1, 2019. While SaskEnergy continues to effectively manage expenses, increased transportation costs to move natural gas into and throughout the province will continue to create cost pressure. While SaskEnergy’s customer base expands every year, the growth of the industrial sector is contributing the most to this increased usage, driven by higher demand for natural gas from the enhanced oil recovery and power generation sectors. SaskEnergy plans years in advance where natural gas infrastructure will be needed to secure supply and increase gas line capacity. SaskEnergy plans to invest more than $1.123 billion over the next three years. This investment will be primarily funded through long term debt, with an additional $633 million planned over the next three years. The additional load growth will generate more revenue for the Corporation; however, the investment in infrastructure will also increase operating costs and put pressure on delivery and transportation rates. The Corporation continues to work with other Crown corporations, and other business enterprises, to implement technological and process solutions to more efficiently serve customers and maintain facilities. Since 2009, SaskEnergy has achieved $52 million of operating efficiency savings and another $4 million has been targeted for 2019-20.

March 31, 2011

Operating Expenses

As the number of customers increase, the gas line infrastructure required to serve those customers grows, and the cost of operating the system rises. Generally, the addition of new customers and load reduces the average cost to serve customers, so costs do not rise at the same rate as the expansion of the system. Expenditures to address safety and system integrity do not increase revenues and therefore add pressure to utility rates. Consequently, the average cost of serving customers is expected to rise. Depreciation expense and finance expense are expected to rise by $11 million as a direct result of capital expenditures, while operating expenses (employee benefits and operating and maintenance) are expected to rise by $23 million even with projected efficiency savings of $4 million in 2019-20. The cost increases are primarily due to rising third-party transportation costs related to importing natural gas to meet growing load requirements.

Revenue

An approved delivery rate increase of 3.4 per cent effective April 1, 2019 will provide additional delivery revenue to offset increasing cost pressures resulting from customer growth and integrity investments experienced in recent years. Customer connections, which are closely related to the strength of the provincial economy, are expected to increase modestly to 2,300 new customers through 2019-20. Industrial and commercial demand for service is expected to continue to grow. SaskEnergy currently expects delivery and transportation and storage revenue to increase by $21 million in 2019-20. Transportation rates increased effective May 1, 2018 but will remain unchanged in 2019-20.

Commodity and Asset Optimization Margins

Short-term natural gas prices decreased during the six months ending September 30, 2019. Prices further into the future have remained relatively constant compared to prices at March 31, 2019. This suggests that the market believes the likelihood of higher prices in the future is small. Currently, the differential between current and forward prices, a driver for much of SaskEnergy’s asset optimization activity, is relatively flat. Other asset optimization activities, which leverage off-peak transportation and storage capacity in the distribution utility, are expected to continue to generate margins; however, the potential for asset optimization margins is expected to be lower than it has been in the past. Forecasted results are based on normal weather as defined by the 30-year average. To the extent that weather is colder than normal, delivery revenue will increase, and to the extent that weather is warmer than normal, delivery revenue will be lower. Transportation, storage, and other revenue items are typically not influenced by weather, as is the case with operating expenses. Commodity revenue and gas purchases are both affected by weather but typically offset each other.

Summary

SaskEnergy’s financial performance is expected to remain strong. Capital expenditure requirements and rising costs will remain a challenge throughout the forecast period as SaskEnergy adjusts to continued customer load growth, infrastructure renewal requirements, shifting natural gas supply dynamics and regulatory compliance. A low natural gas price environment will continue to create challenges from an asset optimization perspective.

12

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

SaskEnergy Incorporated First Quarter Report Delivery and transportation revenue will continue to grow along with increasing operating costs. The outcome will be moderate rate pressure assuming regular rate increases. SaskEnergy will continue to focus on providing safe and reliable service to its customers and investing in safety and growth initiatives while actively seeking operating and capital deployment efficiencies through collaboration and technology initiatives. Weather will be a key factor affecting 2019-20 financial results. Forecasted results are based on normal weather as defined by the 30-year average. To the extent that weather is colder than normal, delivery revenue will increase, and to the extent that weather is warmer than normal, deliver revenue will be lower. Assuming weather is not extremely cold, transportation and storage revenue are typically not impacted by weather, as is the case with operating expenses. Commodity revenue and gas purchases are both affected by weather but typically offset each other. Accounting Changes In 2018-19, the Company adopted IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers . Refer to the consolidated financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2019 for more information. (IFRS 9, Financial Instruments was early adopted in 2017-18).

March 31, 2011

In 2019-20, the Company adopted IFRS 16 Leases (Refer to the unaudited condensed interim financial statements for the three-months ended June 30, 2019 for more information).

13

2019-20 SECOND QUARTER REPORT

Page i Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15-16 Page 17-18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31

Made with FlippingBook Ebook Creator