A STORY OF MANY FIRSTS THE OLDEST LIBRARIES IN AMERICA
What’s the oldest library in America? It’s an easy question to ask, but it has an unexpectedly complicated answer. Before the Industrial Revolution generated greater interest in public services, a library’s function and purpose varied widely. Several libraries in the United States claim to be the country’s “first,” but for different reasons. COLLEGES AND THE CLERGY Some believe Harvard University hosted the first library in the United States. Harvard was the first university in the United States, founded in 1636, and clergyman John Harvard seeded the library with a 400-book collection. Soon after, however, Thomas Bray, another clergyman, began establishing the first free lending libraries throughout the colonies to encourage the spread of the Anglican Church. Not surprisingly, most of the libraries’ holdings were theological.
charter from King George II to operate the business in 1758. The library still operates under that charter today. The Library of Burlington was the first library to operate out of its own building after a prominent resident donated the land in 1789. BY THE PEOPLE, FOR THE PEOPLE In 1833, just as the Industrial Revolution was picking up steam, the Peterborough Town Library was founded in Peterborough, New Hampshire, at a town meeting. It was the first tax-supported free public library in the United States and in the world. Not long after that, the Boston Public Library, known as the “palace for the people,” became the first municipal public library in the country. The Boston Public Library was also the first library to have a space specifically for children. Out of all the “first” libraries in the country, these are the most probable progenitors of most libraries today — even if they weren’t exactly “first.”
A FEW MORE FIRSTS During the 1700s, a few more “first” libraries were
established. In 1731, Ben Franklin and a few others started the first subscription library in the United States. Members of subscription libraries could pay to buy books or borrow them for free. In 1757, 60 men founded the Library Company of Burlington in New Jersey, and Thomas Rodman received a
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GLUTEN-FREE HOMEMADE TACO SEASONING
Recipe from Sandra Horrell, MeLinda Horrell's mother-in-law.
• 1/2 cup of chili powder • 1/4 cup of onion powder • 2 tbsp ground cumin • 2 tbsp garlic powder • 1 tbsp smoked paprika
• 2 tbsp kosher salt or sea salt • 1 tbsp black pepper • 2 tbsp red pepper flakes (optional)
1. In lidded jar, combine all ingredients. 2. Shake until ingredients are combined. 3. Store in refrigerator to preserve freshness.
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