Modern history of this nation begins in 1891 when the country, called Northern Rhodesia then, was administered by the British South African Company to exploit mining of copper and emeralds. In 1923, the United Kingdom began governing the country directly.
In l964, Northern Rhodesia became Zambia when the UK granted independence. Since then, there have been several changes of party and leaders, but the country was moving ahead rapidly until the price of copper (its chief export) dropped due to less demand in 2015 & 2016. Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries on the African continent, looking modern and prosperous until you visit the much poorer countryside. But it appears that under the leadership of President Lungu, progress is again being made in this presidential republic. Tourism is a vital part of the growing economy. Greater emphasis is being placed on cobalt exportation, selling hydropower, emerald mining and seeking more foreign investments. In size, Zambia is slightly larger than Texas with 290,587 square miles of territory compared to Texas' 268,597. The country is landlocked, bordered by 8 different countries. The land consists mostly of high plateau, averaging 3,734 ft. In elevation, creating a milder climate than some African countries.
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