Delphinium 2022 Tech Guide

SOLUT I ON STARTER

DELPHINIUM

Liner Size: 72-Cell Availability: Spr ing and Fall 2022 Hardiness Zone: 3-9 Growing Temps: 60- 80°F day / 45- 50°F night Exposure: Full Sun Average Finishing Time: 10-16 weeks for 1.5 to 3 gallon when spring planted

2022

DELPHINIUM DELGENIUS™ TECHNICAL GUIDE

SOLUT I ON STARTER

PROGRAM SPOTLIGHT Trade Name: Delphinium Delgenius™ | Scientific Name: Delphinium x hybridus Liner Specs: 72-Cell

VARIETIES

DELGENIUS™ BLUE FABULOSA PPAF

DELGENIUS™ BREEZIN PP# 32,994

DELGENIUS™ GLITZY PP# 32,993

EXPOSURE

Delgenius grow best outdoors in full sun.

TEMPERATURE Optimal growing temperatures are 60-80ºF day/45-50ºF night Although Delgenius are very hardy, liners are produced in greenhouse conditions and cannot stand frost when first planted.Therefore, a later planting in spring is advised. Early planting can be achieved by starting in a greenhouse but as soon as the plants start growing they need to go outside, otherwise they will stretch and become too tall. Liners can also be Fall planted but planting should be done early enough that plants are well rooted before going into the winter, generally betweenAugust to October.

DELGENIUS™ JULIETTE PP# 33,010

DELGENIUS™ SHELBY PP# 33,009

Delphinium Delgenius™ Technical Guide 2022

SOLUT I ON STARTER

PROGRAM SPOTLIGHT Trade Name: Delphinium Delgenius™ | Scientific Name: Delphinium x hybridus Liner Specs: 72-Cell

PROGRAM AT A GLANCE

Var i e ty

Habi t

Recommended Pot Size

Flower Color

Flowering Time

Compact/ Multi-Branched

Indigo Blue with White Bee

1.5 Gallon-3 Gallon

12-14Weeks

BLUE FABULOSA

Compact/ Multi-Branched

Purple Tones onWhite with Green Bee

1.5 Gallon-3 Gallon

10-13Weeks

BREEZ I N

Compact/ Multi-Branched

Royal Purple with White Bee

1.5 Gallon-3 Gallon

12-14Weeks

GL I TZY

Compact/ Multi-Branched

Pastel Pink with Green Bee

1.5 Gallon-3 Gallon

13-15Weeks

JUL I ETTE

Compact/ Multi-Branched

Lilac Purple with White Bee

1.5 Gallon-3 Gallon

14-16Weeks

SHELBY

*Growers should use the information presented here as a guideline only. Flower times can vary depending on climate, time of potting and pot size.

GROWER TIPS

• The Delphinium Delgenius program at PP&L is offered in a 72 cell size from tissue culture. Due to their fast and strong growth, we recommend larger pot sizes between 1.5-gallon and 3-gallon, only 1 liner per pot is needed. • Delgenius need a higher Phosphorus rate compared to most perennials, Phosphorus is important for producing side shoots and more blooms.The best ratio of P to K for growing Delgenius is 1:2 to 1:2.5. • Delgenius should be grown at a pH between 5.4-5.5 and never above 6.0.A high pH will make Phosphorus less available meaning less side shoots and production of a single bloom vs the multiple blooms Delgenius is capable of.

• It takes approximately 10-16 weeks to get a finished plant after spring planting, depending on climate and pot size.The best spring planting time is April-May for summer flowering. Liners can also be planted August-October and overwintered for an early spring flowering crop. • Delgenius are heavy feeders, use a liquid feed on top of a slow release fertilizer. EC levels should be kept at 1.5, it is important to keep a watch on the fertilizer level in the soil when the flower stems and buds start to appear. If levels are lower than 1.5, plants need additional fertilizer at that point.

• Delgenius are fast-growing plants, therefore they need spacing for the best quality finish. Plants can be spaced after planting to their final spacing or wait till buds start to appear but no later. • If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us, preferably with pictures so we can better help you grow the best crop possible.

FERTILIZATION & IRRIGATION GUIDELINES

• Delgenius are strong and fast-growing plants, therefore they require quite a lot of fertilizer.A base start of slow release fertilizer is recommended as well as a continuous liquid feed.The recommended EC level in the soil is around 1.5 EC, measured with a 1.5-1 method. For those using the AM measuring method, we advise an AM between 0.35 and 0.45 in the soil. • The best ratio between P and K is between 1:2 – 1:2.5.This requires a liquid feeding on top of the base slow release fertilizer (which is mostly P:K 1:3 or 1:4) of 20-20-20 or 27-15-12 with microelements. • Like most plants, it is best to water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry before going into the night.This will help to prevent diseases. Delgenius should have deep green foliage.A lighter color means there is an incorrect balance in fertilizer or that it is too low in fertilizer.When the plants are low in fertilizer for a long period of time, they will lose their lower leaves. If fertilizer levels are too high, the edges of the leaves will scorch. • Even when Delgenius flower, the leaves do not disappear or drop off like many other Delphinium on the market, but stay on the plant, making the display extra attractive.

TECHNICAL GROWING INFORMATION

Use a very open peat mix or very good quality bark/peat mix that is well-drained and has a pH of 5.4- 5.5. Pure bark is not recommended because the bark is typically poorly decomposed and will absorb much of the available nitrogen from the soil. Delgenius are sensitive to low nitrogen levels in the soil.To help overcome this, we advise the use of a base slow release fertilizer in the soil to make sure there is always enough fertilizer available. On the side, use liquid fertilizers to top up. Delgenius will be delivered as a rooted 72-cell liner, ready for planting. Make sure pots are filled to the top with soil to prevent shrinking and plant the liner at the same depth as the soil level, not deeper. Place the pots outside in an area with full sun and that is well drained so plants do not sit in standing water.

PLANT I NG

For a 1.5-gallon pot, use 4-inch spacing between the pots, and for a 2- or 3-gallon pot, use 5-inch spacing between the pots.This can be done at time of planting or as soon as first buds appear, but no later.

SPAC I NG

pH is very important for Delgenius.A pH above 6 slows down the uptake of Phosphates and makes the uptake of Potassium easy for the plant. Phosphates are necessary for the initiation of side shoots on a plant and also for creating extra flower stems. Potassium makes the cell structure strong and initiates flowers, but does not help develop side shoots, so high pH can result in plants with just one flower stem.

pH

Delgenius will make side shoots naturally, so pinching is not necessary and not needed after planting. Plants can be pinched once flowering if crop delay is needed. No PGR is needed for Delgenius nor is suggested. Delgenius are naturally bushy and multi- branching and tend to be more compact early in production compared to other varieties on the market.

P I NCH I NG & PGRS

Delgenius are very strong and can survive temperatures till 5ºF/-20ºC, but can have foliage damage in frost and windy conditions. It is advised to overwinter crops in a cold greenhouse or cold hoop house. It is also important to avoid extreme wet conditions, crops can kept dry by opening the greenhouse to vent when there is no frost.

OVERWI NTER I NG

Delgenius are very strong and selected for disease tolerance.While Delgenius are less sensitive to it, when the humidity rises and temperatures warm, there is always a chance of powdery mildew.Aphids and white flies are always possible, keep a close eye on them. When the leaves start to color or get light in color (even sometimes yellow), check the pH, nitrogen and phosphate levels.

DISEASE

Delphinium Delgenius™ Technical Guide 2022

P L A N T H O L O G Y

BROUGHT TO YOU BY

Pacic Plug & Liner

N O . 9

750 Casserly Road / Watsonville, CA 95076 / 831.768.6300 find out more at ppandl.com

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