UltimateDefence No 1 | August 2021

Ultimate Defence AIR | SEA | LAND | SPACE Issue 1 - August 2021

Astute-class submarine Royal Navy’s most advanced submarine

UKRSPECSYSTEMS exhibits PD-2 modular vertical take-off UAV

Pop-up Air Display Day at Koksijde Airbase

DEFEA

Defence Exhibition Athens

Russia’s new SU-75 Checkmate The witches of 28th Group New MiG planned for Russian Navy

Rosoboronexport attracts eyeballs at DEFEA Nexter’s VBCI Philoctetes unveiled at DEFEA Konstrukta defence unveils its UNIKAR.01

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Industry News Report into cyber attacks during the second quarter of 2021

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Russian built Mi-8NE proving to be imminently suitable as the helicopter of choice for many countries

People behind the scenes and what they are working on for the future.

Damen Launched first Multi-Mission Vessel for SA Navy

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Multi-billion pound investment in Typhoon advances combat air capability

Saab receives order to modernise German Navy’s F123 frigates

Rosoboronexport to unveil latest products at IDEF

welcome to UltimateDefence

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Technodinamika JSC and Rosoboronexport JSC, both are subsidiaries of the Rostec State Corporation, signed programs to jointly promote airdrop equipment and research and development activities in external markets. The signing ceremony was attended by Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov and Rostec CEO Sergey Chemezov - Pic: Rostec

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CYBER THREATS

What is malware as a service and what was new in the quarter? These are real platforms and software libraries found on the dark web used by cyber criminals to conduct very complex attacks. Typically, those who develop these libraries have two sources of funding: the direct sale of the malware, or a percentage of the proceeds of the malicious activity. The past quarter was characterised by the discovery of newmalware and the identification of newmodified versions of already known platforms: • Snip3, a crypter that performs attacks in stages and can carry other malware; • Zeppelin (or Burn), a ransomware which encrypts data on infected machines, demands ransom from victims, and can detect the geographic area of the system under attack by terminating the execution when this occurs in specific regions; • Matanbuchus Loader, delivered via Excel files and able to execute files, add or modify scheduled activities, or launch customised commands. Banking trojans and backdoors There was also a massive use of backdoors, through which Trojans and other types of malware have infiltrated banking systems during the quarter. A backdoor is a component used to bypass system defences allowing malicious codes

or software such as Trojans to attempt to steal online bank account credentials. One of these is SolarMarks which, once installed, allows the execution of a series of commands to start downloading additional malware such as banking Trojans. Some of the banking trojans detected in the reporting period are: • RM3, an update of Ursnif, a malware already known but which has changed its tactics, techniques and procedures; • Bizarro, used on customers of 70 different South American and European banks and its new variant GootKit, capable of stealing data from the browser, conducting man- in-the-browser attacks, or keylogging, which secretly records everything typed on the keyboard. Data breach taking advantage of home working Finally, this three- month period witnessed the publication of data from data breach activities, which mainly targeted large companies that manage very significant amounts of personal data. A data breach was published on a well- known underground forum that contained details from 1200 websites. The trend towards using data breach techniques has been growing steadily since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has seen a significant number of companies using agile work, thus exposing them to greater cyber risk. •

LEONARDO

Analysis of the cyber threats registered between April and June 2021, contained in the latest Cyber Threats Snapshot, produced by Leonardo's Global Security Operation Centre, highlights some macro-trends: the increasingly pervasive use of malware as a service, and the spread of backdoor and Trojans with an impact on the banking sector. Together, this indicates an intense and constant data breach activity. Cyber threats snapshot Report into cyber attacks during the second quarter of 2021

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UltimateDefence 5

British Aerospace News

Astute-class submarine Royal Navy’s most advanced submarine

The Astute Class nuclear-powered attack submarine will replace the five Swiftsure Class submarines that were launched between 1973 and 1977 and approaching

Three were originally ordered, but the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) ordered an additional four, meaning seven submarines will be built as part of the Astute Class. The Trafalgar batch 1 submarines are to be decommissioned by 2022, beginning with

HMS Trafalgar, which was decommissioned in December 2009. The Astute Class submarines will be based at Faslane in Scotland. In 2012, they proved their ability to prepare and launch Tomahawk missiles, successfully firing 2 missiles from the Gulf of Mexico and accurately hitting the targets on the test range

the end of their operational life.

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reported in 2012 that this speed could not be reached in trials due to a mismatch between the reactor and the turbine. However, in January 2015, the National Audit Office confirmed that the demonstration of the top speed requirement (or Key Performance Measure (KPM)) for the Astute class was successful. Missiles and torpedoes Astute is equipped with the Tomahawk Block IV (tactical tomahawk) cruise missile from Raytheon fired from the 533mm torpedo tubes. Tomahawk is equipped with the TERCOM terrain contour mapping-assisted inertial navigation system. The terrain contour mapping for use over land combines onboard radar altimeter measurements with terrain mapping data installed in the missile. Block II added digital scene matching area correlation (DSMAC) guidance. Block III improvements include an improved propulsion system and Navstar global positioning system (GPS) guidance capability. The GPS provides the location and velocity data of the missile for precision targeting.
Astute has six 533mm torpedo tubes and is equipped with Spearfish torpedoes and mines. There is a capacity for a total of 36 torpedoes and missiles. The Spearfish torpedo from BAE Systems is wire- guided with an active/passive homing head. The range is 65km at 60k. Spearfish is fitted with a directed-energy warhead. •

in Northern Florida. HMS Astute, HMS

The PWR 2 second- generation nuclear reactor was developed for the Vanguard Class Trident submarines. Countermeasure technology and sensors The countermeasures suite includes decoys and electronic support measures (ESM). The ESM system is the Thales Sensors Outfit UAP(4). Outfit UAP(4) has two multifunction antenna arrays, which are mounted on the two non- hull penetrating optronics masts from Thales (formerly Pilkington) Optronics and McTaggart Scott.
Astute Class submarines are fitted with the Royal Navy’s new Eddystone Communications band Electronic Support Measures (CESM) system, also fitted to the Trafalgar Class submarines. The Eddystone systemwas developed by DML of Devonport UK with Argon ST of the US. Atlas Hydrographic provided the DESO 25 high- precision echosounder, which is fitted on the Astute. DESO 25 is capable of precise depth measurements down to 10 000m. Astute has two non-hull- penetrating CM010 optronic masts developed by Thales Optronics. McTaggart Scott supplied the masts. The CM010 mast includes thermal imaging, low-light TV and colour CCD TV sensors. Top speed issue The Astute class are designed to achieve a top speed of 29–30 knots (54–56 km/h), but it was

Ambush, HMS Artful are already in service and were joined in April 2020 by HMS Audacious and operate from HMNB Faslane. A further three boats - named Anson, Agamemnon and Agincourt - currently under construction at BAE Systems in Barrow will complete the class. The Astute is the latest in a long line of achievements at the Barrow shipyard.
The main sonar suite is the Thales 2076 integrated passive/ active search and attack sonar with bow, intercept, flank and towed capabilities, while Raytheon was contracted to provide its Successor IFF friend or foe naval transponder system. All of the Astute-class submarines will be fitted with the advanced ‘Common Combat System‘, the system acts as the submarine’s brain – controlling its ‘eyes’, ‘ears’ and ‘nervous system’. The Astute class is “designed and engineered to be the with the latest and most powerful sonar suite and secure communications facilities while exhibiting a low noise signature and optimum detection avoidance characteristics”. The boats of the Astute class are powered by a Rolls- Royce PWR2 and fitted with a pump-jet propulsor. As a result, the new submarines are about 30 per cent larger than previous British fleet submarines, which were powered by smaller-diameter reactors. control of submarine depth following emergency reactor shutdown. stealthiest submarine of her type, equipped

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British Aerospace News

RFA Tidespring carries out a replenishment at sea with HMS Queen Elizabeth and HNLMS Evertsen - Picture: POPHot Jay Allen

The next phase of a busy programme at sea has begun for the UK’s Carrier Strike Group. The task group led by Portsmouth-based carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth has passed through the Strait of Malacca (between Malaysia and northern Indonesia), rendezvousing with a number of navies along the way. Over the course of a few days, ships on the CSG deployment practised manoeuvring with the Royal Malaysian Navy and

(ASEAN) co-operation. “The Indo-Pacific is critical to the UK’s economy and security, and HMS Richmond is proud to be playing our part in building regional partnerships, particularly as the UK seeks to become an ASEAN dialogue partner in the future. “During our time in the vicinity of Phuket we completed an exercise with Royal Thai Navy frigate HTMS Kraburi and their S-76B helicopter. Though any direct engagement was curtailed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we enjoyed this brief

vessels from Singapore. HMS Richmond also carried out training with a frigate from Thailand and their S-76B helicopter. Meanwhile, Royal Fleet Auxiliary tanker RFA Tidespring went alongside in Singapore to take on supplies. Cdr Hugh Botterill, Commanding Officer of HMS Richmond, said: “HMS Richmond’s interaction with Thailand is an important part of the Carrier Strike Group 21 deployment, demonstrating the UK’s commitment to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

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HMS Queen Elizabeth sails through the Strait of Malacca with the Malaysian Navy. Picture: POPhot Jay Allen

professional collaboration with our Thai colleagues.” HMS Queen Elizabeth passed through the Strait of Malacca with Malaysian frigate KD Lekiu before meeting up with Singapore frigate RSS Intrepid, corvette Unity and landing platform dock Resolution. Commodore Steve Moorhouse, Commander UK Carrier Strike Group, said: “The Royal Navy has huge affection for Singapore based on our history together, but Singapore is also a beacon of enterprise in a region that is growing

marks the 50th Anniversary of the Five Power Defence Arrangements between the UK, Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore.” HMS Defender sailed ahead of the Carrier Strike Group to conduct defence engagement with Brunei. She has now re-joined the task group as it heads north. The arrival of the Carrier Strike Group in Southeast Asia is a clear sign that the UK is ready to work with friends and partners, new and old, to strengthen the security and freedoms upon which we mutually depend. •

in strategic importance. “The arrival of the Carrier Strike Group in Southeast Asia is a clear sign that the UK is ready to work with friends and partners, new and old, to strengthen the security and freedoms upon which we mutually depend. “We are grateful to Singapore for supporting an important logistics stop for RFA Tidespring as the Carrier Strike Group continues our programme at sea. “We look forward to working with Singapore again in the autumn for Exercise Bersama Gold, which

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British Aerospace News

Damen Launched first Multi-Mission Vessel for SA Navy

On 25 March 2021, Damen Shipyards Cape Town (DSCT) launched the first of three Multi Mission Inshore Patrol Vessels (MMIPV) procured by ARMSCOR for the South African Navy (SAN).

First mmipv launch in dsct (hall) The vessels will aug- ment South Africa’s mari- time security by enhancing the country’s capability to respond effectively, rap- idly and cost-effectively

to threats such as illegal trafficking and fishing. DSCT Project Manager, Ian Stewart says the launch is an important milestone for the shipyard. “This is the culmination of three years of hard work by a

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from the DSCT shipyard on the evening of 23 March 2021 to the Transnet Nation- al Ports Authority (TNPA) synchrolift at the Victoria & Alfred (V&A) Waterfront Basin. The move was con- ducted by Mammoet South

Africa, using 48 axle lines of Self Propelled Mobile Transporters (SPMTs) to provide precision move- ment. Mammoet Project Manager, Uzayr Karim- ulla, says while moving the vessel at night meant

dedicated team of people. Ultimately, more than one million man-hours of work will be invested in the construction of the three MMIPVs.” The more than 600-ton vessel was transported

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PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN

less impact on traffic, the reduction in light came with its own challenges. “Through careful planning, close collaboration, and the teamwork between DSCT and Mammoet South Af- rica, our team made this move a success. We are very happy to have been part of the project, contributing to the advancement of safer waters in Southern Africa.” Once the vessel was raised onto the synchrolift, the team waited for high tide to come in before mov- ing it out of the V&A Basin via TNPA tugs towards the Elliot Bason. The testing of the ship systems will now commence before the vessel will officially be delivered to ARMSCOR/SAN, before the end of the year. The MMIPVs are built according to the patented Damen Axe Bow design, which ensures low resist- ance, high sustained speed in waves and superior sea keeping characteristics in the toughest conditions. As vertical accelerations are reduced significantly and bow slamming almost eliminated, the safety of the vessel and crew increas- es considerably, reducing operational risks. The multi mission deck is used for supporting diving, search and rescue and anti-piracy operations. DSCT HR & Transfor- mation Manager, Eva Moloi, says DSCT is particularly proud of the many years it has invested in local South African skills transfer, training, and entrepre- neurship development and collaboration, which have resulted in a strong South

African pool of scarce trade skills and supplier partnerships. “Our local skills trans- fer and Enterprise and Supplier Development (ESD) initiatives mean that we are not only contributing to the South African economy but ensuring that our local South African maritime market is less reliant on imports from internation- al suppliers. DSCT fully supports the transfer of technology, inclusion of local com- panies in the execution projects, and stimulation of export transactions un- der the Defence Industrial Participation (DIP) pro- gramme, which particu- larly focuses on benefiting SMMEs, Military Veteran (MV) Owned Entities and Broad-Based Black Eco- nomic Empowerment (BB- BEE) Compliant Entities. The partnerships formed during this project have led to the successful launch of the MMIPV. One can truly state that the MMIPVs have been built in South Africa, by South Africans for South Africa,” she adds. The engineering of the vessel commenced in 2018 and the keel was laid in February 2019. “Despite the COVID lockdown period, our local skills and partnerships, resil- ient production schedule and advanced planning capabilities of our Cape Town team, allowed the different subcontractors and teams to work on the vessel in a safe manner,” notes Moloi. •

Saab receives order to modernise German Navy’s F123 frigates Saab has signed a contract with the German Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw), and has received an order to deliver and integrate new naval radars and fire control directors for and in the German Navy’s Frigates of the Brandenburg-Class (F123).

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The contract includes a new combat management system in order to completely overhaul the system currently in use on the F123, allowing a low risk integration of the new naval radars and fire control capabilities. The order value is approximately 4,6 billion SEK. Deliveries and other services will take place between 2021 and 2030. Saab will be the prime contractor and will contract the German shipyard Abeking & Rasmussen for the shipbuilding

work while the German company ESG will carry out logistical support. "We are proud that Germany has selected Saab as the combat system provider and integrator for the frigates to be overhauled. We look forward to contributing to strengthening Germany’s domestic combat systems integration capability, creating a high proportion of value and service provision in Germany. This contract will further strengthen our relationship with Germany for many years to come,"

says Micael Johansson, Saab’s President and CEO. The contract includes delivery and integration of Saab's 9LV Combat Management System, Sea Giraffe 4A and Sea Giraffe 1X radars, Ceros 200 fire control director as well as third party systems, including IFF capability. It also includes a comprehensive, performance-based logistics package supporting the frigates’ operational capabilities. Saab will carry out the work in Germany, Sweden and Australia. •

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LATEST PRODUCTS OUT OF RUSSSIA

Rosoboronexport to unveil latest products at IDEF

phoon K-63969 MRAP vehi- cle, Orion-E reconnaissance/ strike UAV system, BK-16E high-speed craft for special operations, as well as the Ms- ta-S self-propelled howitzer modified to fire NATO-stand- ard 155 mm ammunition. Rosoboronexport’s Stand 232 will be located in Hall No. 2 at the Istanbul TÜYAP Fair Convention and Con-

national defence industry exhibitions and is one of the most important venues to showcase armaments in Europe. Rosoboronexport will unveil the latest Russian mil- itary products in Istanbul for the first time in Turkey," said Alexander Mikheev, Director General of Rosoboronexport. “Among them are the Su-57E fifth-generation fighter, Ty-

Rosoboronexport JSC is the organizer of a joint Russian exhibit at the International Defence Industry Fair (IDEF) 2021, to be held from 17 to 20 August, 2021 in Istanbul, Turkey. "The IDEF exhibition is among the ten largest inter-

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Kupol portable counter-drone system, while KBIS LLC will present Lobaev Arms sniper rifles that are well known among professionals: tactical TSVL-8 Stalingrad, long-range DXL-3 Vozmezdie and ultra-long-range DXL-4 Sevastopol. Special Technology Cen- tre, manufacturer of the popular Russian Orlan-10E UAV, and the Ural Instru- ment-Making Plant, which produces aviation and airfield equipment, will present pro- motional materials on their products. Almaz-Antey and Kal- ashnikov will also take part in the joint Russian exhibit. They will showcase their popular in-demand products marketed by Rosoboronex- port, including the S-400 Triumf long-range air defence missile system, the Viking and Buk-M2E medium-range SAM systems and various versions of the Tor-M2E short- range SAM system. Kalashnikov Concern, will exhibit mock-ups of Kalashnikov modern assault rifles - AK-101, AK-102, AK- 103, AK-104, AK-201, AK-202, AK-203, AK-204 and AK-15), SVD, SVDS sniper rifles and the Vityaz submachine gun. As part of the IDEF 2021 business programme, Rosob- oronexport will hold meet- ings and negotiations with representatives of the Turkish armed forces and other law enforcement agencies, as well as with partners from other countries in the region. Rosoboronexport plans to discuss the implementation of ongoing contractual obli- gations and promising mil- itary-technical cooperation projects. •

gress Centre and will feature products from Russia’s lead- ing defence manufacturers: Kalashnikov Concern, Ural- VagonZavod (UVZ) Concern, United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) and Russian Helicop- ters, which are Rostec’s sub- sidiaries, Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defence Corpora- tion and a number of other companies will also showcase products. In particular, scale mod- els of the Su-57E fifth-gener- ation fighter, Su-35 multi-role super manoeuverable fighter, Ka-52 scout/attack helicopter, T-90S MBT and the BMPT tank support fighting vehicle will be on display. In total, the company will present information on 400+ Russian military, dual-use and civil- ian products at the exhibition. Also on the stand will be Naberezhnye Chelny-based Remdiesel’s scale models of the Typhoon K-63968, Ty- phoon K-53949 MRAP vehi- cles and a protected tactical ambulance vehicle. Automa- tika Concern will exhibit the

Su-57E

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RUSSIA HELICOPTERS

and weapons needed to search and destroy enemy armoured and un-armoured vehicles, manpower and low-speed air targets as well as provide cover and fire support for the troops at any time of day or night. Armary carried by this export version of the Mi-28 includes up to 16 Ataka-type guided anti- tank missiles, up to 4 Igla air-to-air guided missiles and an integral flexible mount with 30mm 2A42 gun (with 250 rounds) mounted under the nose; 23mm gun pods; 80mm and 122mm unguided rockets. In combat situations this makes it ideal for deployment against tanks, self propelled artillery, armoured infantry vehicles, APCs, and vehicles; and individual weapons (launchers), field artillery batteries. Major Evgeny Seelev, Russian Aerospace Forces flight commander, in an interview with The Red Star in August 2018 described the night vision of the helicopter as very effective, “You can see a car at a distance of 15 km. Thermal imagers, special glasses - all of this is used to detect targets in the dark and gives good results. The characteristics of the Mi-28’s weapons also allow a lot, this helicopter sees and shoots further. The ergonomics of the cockpit are better thought out, that is, the crew is comfortable here, and this is also important”. Flight capabilities Mi-28NE “Night Hunter helicopters boast advanced flight capabilities, and can execute aerobatic manoeuvres. The renowned Berkuty (Golden Eagles)

Russian built Mi-28NE proving to be imminently suitable as the helicopter of choice for many countries

and climatic conditions, day and night, and in adverse weather conditions, all the while having extraordinary combat survivability systems for helicopter and crew. These include a self-defence system against heat seeker missiles, heavily-armoured cockpit, vital systems and components. The fuel tanks have special protection, and at the same time provide for a long flight with significant weapons load, while the latest dust protection devices are installed. Airborne equipment and armament Officially in service with the Russian Ministry of Defence, the “Night Hunter” has been equipped with an integrated avionics suite providing round-the-clock deployment of the helicopter

Africa is a continent that has a great variation in temperatures and terrain – from tremendous heat to hot tropical climates, mountainous regions and desert areas, however the Russian built Mi- 28NE is proving to be imminently suitable as the helicopter of choice for many countries. Russian Helicopter’s day/night attack helicopter is designed to search and destroy enemy armoured and unarmoured vehicles, manpower and low-speed air targets as well as provide cover and fire support for the troops at any time of day. The Mi-28NE was built to endure extremely hot temperatures and remain operable in any geographical

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coming years as good. The global market isn’t saturated yet; quite the opposite, this niche is expanding, mainly due to the versatility of helicopters, which can be used by law enforcement and civil structures everywhere, primarily in emergencies,” - said Alexander Mikheev, Director General of Rosoboronexport. Over the years Russian Helicopters has sold its products to more than 100 countries around the world and occupies leading positions in the fast-growing markets of India and China and is rapidly expanding its presence in South and Central America, the Middle East and Africa. In the helicopter segment, Rosoboronexport’s partners are represented by more than 70 countries in the Middle East, Asia-Pacific region, Latin America, Africa, CIS and Europe, where Russian rotorcraft are in service with army, counter-terrorism and special forces units, law enforcement agencies and emergency services. According to Mikheev, over 1 000 Russian helicopters of different versions have been delivered abroad under Rosoboronexport contracts for almost 20 years. Rosoboronexport and Russian industrial enterprises are implementing helicopter repair, modernisation and after- sales service projects, including on the premises of the established helicopter service centres. • Research and development

of advanced aerobatics. helicopter. New armaments installed on the machine will increase its firepower, and the fact that the aircraft can be used in more fields mean greater demand on the market,” said Anatoly Serdyukov, Industrial Director, Aviation Cluster of Rostec State Corporation. In addition, the Mi-28NE helicopter can interact with drones and operate them remotely, as it has special means of communication. The helicopter is also resistant to battle damage due to the use of the most modern materials and design solutions. The blades of the Mi-28NE main rotor are made of composite materials, which means that a flight can still be completed safely if they are hit by shells of 20 to 30 mm. The fuel system is designed in such a way that fuel can neither explode nor burn. The Mi- 28NE helicopter is one of the first Russian helicopters to be fitted with modern means of communication and digital avionics. Rosoboronexport Mi-28NE is promoted on the global market by Rosoboronexport, the state intermediary for military and dual-use exports and imports, that marks its 21st anniversary on 4 November after being established in 2000 by Russian President Vladimir Putin. “Despite the current global difficulties, we assess the rate of contracting and replenishing the order book for Russian rotary-wing aircraft projected for the

flight display team have operated the Mi-28N “Night Hunter” since 2012. Russian Helicopters has not rested on its laurels – it is continuously engaged in ongoing work to advance and improve the flight capabilities of the “Night Hunter”. A special Mi-28NE model was developed for pilot training, boasting a dual control system for use training Mi-28NE pilots while retaining Its basic range relying on internal fuel tanks is 450 kilometers but fitted with external fuel tanks this may be extended to 1 100 kilometers. It also features a low altitude collision avoidance system, state-of-the-art avionics and a sophisticated weapon control system. The aircraft is powered by two VK-2500 turboshafts developing 2 400-shp each. The armoured cockpit protects the crew from small arms fire and absorbs the impact energy during emergency landings providing thus outstanding survivability. In addition to the crew of two (pilot and weapon system operator), Mi-28NE can transport 2-3 men in a rear compartment. the helicopter’s full attack capabilities. “Modernisation involved engine power and blades, which improved aircraft performance in highland regions and in hot climates, increased the cruising speed of the machine and its capabilities in terms The service ceiling is 5 700 metres and only 3 600 metres out of ground effect.

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WORLD NEWS

NEOS Capable, resilient, secure

Huntington Ingalls Industries has announced the appointment of Kimberly Lebak of its Technical Solutions division as president and general manager of HII Nuclear-led joint venture Newport News Nuclear BWXT- Los Alamos (N3B). As president and general manager of N3B, Lebak is responsible for managing the 10-year, Huntington Ingalls Industries Announces Kimberly Lebak as New President and General Manager of N3B Joint Venture

With “NEOS” – Network Enabled Operations Support – ESG and IAI enable joint all-domain operations including airborne, naval and ground platforms. provide the German Armed Forces a proven, agile and robust cross-platform Network Centric Warfare (NCW) solution to meet the challenges of the future. NEOS is based on IAI´s combat proven OPAL solution that has a long history of and cross-domain network-centric warfare solution that meets the challenges of the future German based company ESG Elektroniksystem- und Logistik-GmbH and Israel Aerospace Industry (IAI) have signed a cooperation agreement to operational use in the Israel Defence Forces catering to real-time interoperability

$1.4 billion Los Alamos legacy cleanup contract for the U.S. Department of Energy Environmental Management’s Los Alamos Field Office. “Kim is well known from her numerous senior executive contributions in government, as well as her superior performance as an integral member of HII’s Nuclear and Environmental Services leadership team and as N3B’s environmental remediation programme manager,” said Michael Lempke, president of HII’s Nuclear and Environmental Services business group and chairman of N3B’s board of managers. “I have every confidence that Kimwill skillfully fill the role of N3B president and general manager.” Lebak joined HII in

2018 after serving nearly 30 years in the DOE. From 2014 to 2017 as manager of the National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Field Office, Lebak directly oversaw federal operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. She is the recipient of the Distinguished Presidential Rank Award, which recognizes high-performing senior career employees for sustained extraordinary accomplishment, of which only 1% of the senior executive service workforce is selected. Lebak earned a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering fromWest Virginia University and a master’s degree in environmental engineering and science from Clemson University. •

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Sergei Shalnev, Deputy Managing Director, Director of Experimental Design Bureau named after A.I. Mikoyan of “MiG” Corporation was awarded the State Prize in Science and Technologies of 2020 He was born in 28 December, 1953 in the city of Kaliningrad. He graduated from Ordzhonikidze Aviation Institute, Moscow. He has been working at the Experimental Design Bureau since 1978. In the frames of implementation of State Defence Order Shalnev is realising direct supervision and taking personal participation in design and development works promoting defensive potential of the country. He was awarded the “Order of Honor”(2017), the Order of “Friendship” (1996), the Medal “ For Labor Valor” (1988), the Medal “ In Commemoration of the Anniversary of Moscow”( 1997), the Order “ Ivan Kalita” (2009), and the title of “Honorable Mechanical Engineer” (2005) as well as the highest corporate award - “Medal of Academician A.I. Mikoyan” (2013). • Sergei Shalnev, director of Experimental Design Bureau named after A.I. Mikoyan is the State Prize Winner

(Right to Left): Yosef Melamed and Christoph Otten; source ESG

across a diverse range of combat platforms. Together, ESG and IAI will provide a developed cross-domain, cross-platform connectivity, combining the deep technological understanding and extensive experience of both companies. The NEOS solution will enable the German Armed Forces to achieve independence by integrating a variety of German systems and sensors, while introducing unique German-based operational capabilities. Christoph Otten, ESG´s CEO underlined the strategic significance of the cooperation on NEOS: "For us, as the national technology and innovation partner of the Bundeswehr, it is part of our philosophy to develop and to provide solutions and products that meet the needs and expectations of those who protect us every day in any domain. We must enable them to fulfil their challenging task with robust, reliable and high-

performing technology. Thus, we are very happy to cooperate with IAI on NEOS, bringing in especially, our proven capabilities in the field of systems integration, software development and in-service support.” Yosef (Yossi) Melamed, IAI´s Executive Vice President and General Manager of Aviation Group, added: “IAI's OPAL system is an open architecture platform and a significant force multiplier for the challenges on the modern battlefield. OPAL has been in operation for many years, participating in every operational activity, and boasts a major contribution to success in that it enables completely adaptable communication and operational capabilities across aerial, naval and ground forces. The current cooperation with ESG will take this unique solution to a higher level of performance and flexibility that will benefit the customer and both companies." •

UltimateDefence 19

PEOPLE IN THE KNOW

Brian Cuccias, the retired president of Huntington Ingalls Industries' Ingalls Shipbuilding division, accepted the Navy League of the United States' Fleet Admiral Chester W Nimitz Award. Retired President of Ingalls Shipbuilding Honoured With Navy League’s Nimitz Award Northrop Grumman Corporation announced that it has elected Graham Robinson to its board of directors. Robinson is the senior vice president and president of STANLEY Industrial, a business segment of Stanley Black & Decker, a position he has held since April 2020. “Graham’s range of global business and technical experience, including his current role leading a business for a publicly traded industrials company, will be a valuable asset as a member of our board,” said Kathy Warden, chairman, chief executive officer and president, Northrop Grumman. Prior to joining Stanley Black & Decker, Robinson served as an executive with

Graham Robinson joins Northrop Grumman board of directors

Sensing and IoT, and chief marketing officer of the company’s Automation and Controls Solution division.

Honeywell for seven years, including roles as president of Honeywell Industrial Safety, president of Honeywell

Cuccias, who retired from HII in April 2021, was nominated by HII President and CEO Mike Petters. Brian for nearly half of his over 40 years in shipbuilding, I know the depth and breadth of his lasting contributions to our nation’s maritime strength,” Petters said. “Brian’s “Having worked with shipbuilding expertise has immeasurable value, and his contributions positioned Ingalls and its customers for lasting success.” Cuccias was recommended by

The Navy League presented the award at the annual Sea-Air-Space exposition in National Harbor, Maryland. The Nimitz award honours an industry leader who has made a major contribution to the nation's maritime strength or enhanced national security. The national president of the Navy League, selects a nominated candidate who best exemplifies the leadership, statesmanship and dedication to the nation that was exhibited by the award's namesake. award committee, appointed by the

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He also held leadership roles at Micron Technology, Samsung Electronics, AT&T Bell Laboratories and Motorola. Robinson earned a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering, a master’s in electrical engineering from Cornell University and a master’s of business administration from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. Northrop Grumman solves the toughest problems in space, aeronautics, defense and cyberspace to meet the ever evolving needs of our customers worldwide. Our 90 000 employees define possible every day using science, technology and engineering to create and deliver advanced systems, products and services. •

New commander at Space Systems Command

government and industry leaders including U.S. Navy Vice Adm. William “Bill” Galinis, commander of the Naval Sea Systems Command. “I have had the opportunity to work with Brian often over the course of my career, witnessing firsthand his service in support our Navy’s shipbuilding programmes and our country's national defence,” Galinis said. “Few in modern industry have had the span of influence and leadership on our nation's maritime combat capability like Brian Cuccias.” Thompson, who retired in July after a 36-year career in the military. Guetlein previously served as the deputy director of the Na- tional Reconnaissance Of- fice, the agency in charge of America’s spy satellites, where he assisted the Maj. Gen. Michael Guetlein was named commander of Space Systems Command and promoted to a three-star lieutenant general. He will effectively replace Space and Missile Systems Centre Com- mander Lt. Gen. John

director in managing op- erations while overseeing the Space Force guardians assigned to the agency. “A critical task of the SSC commander and of the Space Force is unifying effort across the entire na- tional security landscape. Lt. Gen. Guetlein has the network and the record of accomplishment to get that done,” said Chief of Space Operations Gen. Jay Ray- mond during the Aug. 13 redesignation ceremony. The U.S. Space Force of- ficially stood up the second of its three field commands on 13 August, replacing the Space and Missile system Centre it inherited. •

Named Ingalls Shipbuilding president in 2014, Cuccias was

responsible for all programmes and operations at the

shipyard in Pascagoula, Mississippi. His career began in 1979 when he joined Litton Data Systems as a financial analyst on several Navy programmes. Prior to becoming president of Ingalls, Cuccias held various positions of increasing responsibility at the division including vice president, amphibious ship programmes and vice president, programme management. •

Brian Cuccias, retired president of Ingalls Shipbuilding.

UltimateDefence 21

British Aerospace News

Russia’s new SU-75

Checkmate

It is a new design that Moscow hopes will create a niche for its combat aircraft industry in the export market. Their intent is to upend sales by competitor aircraft built by other nations — the Swedish JAS- 39E/F Gripen, the Lockheed Martin F-35. and even the Shenyang J-35, a Chinese plane in development even longer than the Su-75 — by offering a cheaper, Russian- made alternative. The Su-57 has been

tactical tools for the warfighter are encryptors that extend classified, secure communications from the tactical edge to the enterprise. The aircraft is not going to be available any time soon, however. First flight of the new prototype is at least two years away. A series- manufactured version is at least five to seven years in the future. Nations that are seen as the best prospects for a foreign sale may not be in a situation to wait that long. The project has moved beyond the paper design

Russia’s Unified Aircraft-Building

Corporation (OAK) and the Sukhoi Aircraft Company used the opening day of the Moscow Aviation and Space Expo (MAKS) to take the wraps off a new single-engine stealth fighter. The roll-out of the Su-75 Checkmate Light Tactical Aircraft, was made the centrepiece of the traditional Day One visit to the show by Russian President Vladimir Putin .

produced thus far in small numbers. One of the most important

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and mock-up stage, with the aircraft shown at MAKS being an actual prototype demonstrator. Its design utilises lessons learned from the Su-57 and is powered by one of the larger aircraft’s two 5th-generation Izdeliye 30 engines. The Russian design team has employed a full-complement of high- end digital resources, with the platform of the aircraft developed using supercomputer-based Computational Fluid Dynamics and Radar Cross Section (RCS) configuration tools. The single engine produces 24 000 lbs of dry thrust and 39 000 lbs in afterburner. This should produce a thrust-to-weight ratio of better than 1.00, but questions remain about the empty weight of the aircraft. The range of the aircraft on internal fuel with no external tanks is 1 800 miles. The design team also claims that there is a high wing lift efficiency associated with the design. One of the more interesting features of the Checkmate is its extraordinary wing size— possibly an indication that Sukhoi, the manufacturer, intends to market the plane primarily to the Russian Navy for use on the Admiral Kuznetsov, Russia’s aging aircraft carrier. Another likely possibility is that the Checkmate will be sold abroad to nations operating existing Sukhoi fighters. Design

Large wings are indicative of planes that fly at higher altitudes or take off from shorter runways, like those on an aircraft carrier. For example, the U.S. Navy’s F-35 variant, the F-35C, has a larger wing than the standard F-35, giving it a greater margin of error on the decks of Navy aircraft carriers. The downside of larger wings, though, is that they tend to produce more drag, slowing the plane down. At first glance, Checkmate has obvious low-observable qualities, including a chiseled nose and fuselage, V-shape tail control surfaces and internal weapons bays—all of which help to scatter, rather than directly reflect, radar energy. Programme Priorities The two officials making the presentation stated that one of the chief priorities for the Su-75 was “today there is no single-engine, fifth generation fighter available at a reasonable price. The customers we have been talking to want an inexpensive aircraft in which they can shape their own requirements.” Russia already has fourth-generation fighter jets - the heavy-class Sukhoi Su-27 and light-class Mikoyan MiG-29. It has one heavy-class fifth generation fighter jet, the Su-57, but no light-class equivalent, Panteleyev said. "Light-class fighter jets are more in demand in the world than heavy-class ones - they are cheaper

and more suitable for states that don't have large territories," he told Reuters. In 2011, Russia used the MAKS air show to unveil the Sukhoi Su-57 stealth fighter. Slyusar stated that the hope of OAK and Sukhoi is that they will be able to “romance” the VKS in ordering the Su-75. A carrier variant of the Su-75 would almost certainly be proposed for the Indian Navy as a replacement for the MiG-29K carrier- capable fighter the force currently operates. There is uncertainty as to whether the non-ferrous/ composite materials used in its construction will prove suitable. Those materials are key to the aircraft’s low RCS. Russia’s approach to stealth in the past has been the opposite — a heavy reliance on coatings and appliques that are labour-intensive and require top-to- bottom refurbishing after every flight. Russia plans to produce 300 of the aircraft over 15 years once serial production begins. he said. Rostec, Russia's state aerospace and defence conglomerate, said the plane was hard to detect and would have low operating costs. Boasting a price tag of $25 million to $30 million, the first Checkmate is expected to take flight in 2023, and the actual deliveries of combat-ready planes could start as early as 2026. •

UltimateDefence 23

BRITISH AEROSPACE NEWS

contract marks another significant milestone in the continued development of Typhoon’s capability as we apply our breadth of expertise to further advance its combat air capability, ensuring it has the technologies required for the future battlespace. “The contract will sustain 100 highly-skilled engineering roles in the North West and is just one example of a number of technology-led innovations being developed on the Typhoon, which will help to keep the UK skill base at the forefront of the global combat air sector and sustainable skills required to deliver the next generation future combat air system.” The Eurofighter Typhoon is the most advanced multi-role combat aircraft in operation, supporting European security and defence objectives and highly successful in the export market. It will remain in operation with nations well into the middle of the century. The contract was awarded to BAE Systems by Eurofighter, the consortium which represents the core nations’ industrial partners comprising Airbus, BAE Systems and Leonardo. Eurofighter Typhoon underpins the UK’s strategically important international relationships and is in operational service with seven nations – Germany, Italy, Spain, the UK, Austria, Oman and Saudi Arabia – with production orders underway for Germany, Kuwait and Qatar. •

Multi-million pound investment in Typhoon advances combat air capability

BAE Systems has been awarded a contract valued at approximately £135m, to drive forward the next phase of capability enhancements for Typhoon; one of the world’s most advanced combat aircraft. The investment will improve weapons capability, increasing the variety of precision guided munitions, and further enhance Typhoon’s defensive systems and datalinks, improving high-speed secure sharing of data. The contract forms part of an ongoing commitment by the Eurofighter consortium and UK, Spain, Italy and Germany to continue

to develop Typhoon’s technology-led capability, increase interoperability with coalition forces and mature technologies for the nations’ future combat air systems. Current development work on Typhoon includes the design and exploitation of new large touchscreen cockpit displays, funded by BAE Systems, enabling pilots to assess and respond to increasing volumes of data from the aircraft's sensors and datalinks. The Typhoon programme directly employs more than 5 000 at BAE Systems, supporting a further 10 000 jobs across the UK economy. Richard Hamilton, Typhoon Programme Director, Europe – BAE Systems Air, said: “This

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