What is GOS? Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are non-digestible carbohydrates produced from lactose, the sugar naturally found in milk. They are considered dietary fibers and/or prebiotics in many countries.
Gut Bacteria and Health Gut bacteria play a key role in human health by exercising several functions, such as contributing to the gut defense system and helping to maintain normal intestinal function . Bifidobacterium species are among the first to colonize the intestine and play an essential role in the maturation of the immune system and use of dietary components in infants . A number of members of the gut microbiota, especially bifidobacteria, are able to ferment GOS resulting in the stimulation of their growth and/or activity .
Bifidogenic Bacteria Infants fed formula enriched with GOS have been shown to have increased bifidobacteria levels compared to those that received formula without GOS . In adults, the consumption of GOS has also been found to have an impact on gut microbiota .
Constipation is a common problem in childhood . In infants, the consumption of infant formula supplemented with GOS has been shown to help with stool frequency and consistency . The positive impact of GOS on bowel movement is primarily attributed to their action as soluble fibers .
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