Law Office of Robert L. Firth - September 2020 760-770-4066

Helping clients with bankruptcy, estate planning, and tax resolution.


Funding Your Living Trust (Part II) And How Do I Put ThemThere?

Privately Held Ownership in Businesses If you have an interest in a sole proprietorship,

In last month’s cover, we focused on how to fund your living trust, and we went over a lot of the assets that go in there once you’ve created it. This month, I wanted to address how to get some other “tricky” assets into your trust. With the right help, it’s easier than you think! Stock Certificates If you still have actual stock certificates, there is no time like the present to put them in a stock brokerage account or to return them to the company and have them place your name as an owner in the company books. Transferring actual stock certificates can be very complicated. You have to visit a bank or brokerage company that has a “medallion” that can take your stock certificates to the secretary of the corporation and have them reissued into your living trust. Most corporations today don’t like to do that for fear of having stock certificates floating around. Additionally, they charge a lot for the service and would rather have them held in the company records (so they can send you a quarterly statement of ownership) or have the shares held by a brokerage company. Oil, Gas, and Mineral Rights Oil, gas, and mineral rights are often the most troublesome assets to transfer to a trust. The reason for this depends on the location or how the assets came into existence since they may be treated either as an interest in real estate or an interest in personal property. We can only ascertain the method by which such rights should be transferred to the trust by examining the title document. If these rights are treated as real estate, you must prepare a deed (for those assets) to put them in the trust. If it’s an interest in personal property, it’s much easier to transfer the assets; we simply need to contact the company that’s holding those mineral rights and have this transferred in their books.

it’s fairly simple to prepare a relative assignment of business interest. If the

business is a private corporation, we’ll prepare an assignment of stock with a notice to the corporation asking them to reissue the shares to your living trust. However, you should note that if it’s a professional corporation (e.g., private law firms, private health clinics, etc.), you should see me. There are special rules associated with that. A Publicly Traded Partnership Interest This asset is treated the same as a publicly traded share of stock. A nonpublic partnership interest (whether general or limited) is usually accompanied by an assignment that may need the approval of the general partners. The best way to proceed is to contact the general partners for guidance. You’ll need the certificate of trust, which you sign as part of your living trust package, to accomplish this. Limited Liability Companies A trust can be a member of a limited liability company (LLC). The transfer of an LLC interest to a trust may require the approval of the LLC. Typically, such consent will be granted by the LLC after it has reviewed the certificate of trust and the appropriate assignment docs have been executed. Any business interest via stock partnership or LLC should be acquired in the name of your living trust. An LLC wholly owned by you requires a simple assignment that should be part of the original trust documents if you told me about it! Motor Vehicles, RVs, and Boats It’s very simple to transfer these assets upon death through the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) in California; a death certificate and a form provided by the DMV is all that’s required. Accordingly, it’s not recommended to transfer any vehicle to your trust unless the

vehicle has a value higher than $160,000 (and not too many people have those!).

Mobile Homes The transfer of a mobile home can be

problematic. If the mobile home is physically attached to land that you own, it becomes part of the real estate and is transferred by deed. If the mobile home is not physically attached to the real estate (if you rent the space, for example), then the mobile home is considered personal property and you will need a special set of forms, which you can obtain from the California Department of Community Housing and Development’s (HCD) website (look for form HCD476.6B-REV0306). You will also need the original title and current registration card to transfer the mobile home into your trust. If you can’t find the title or registration card, additional fees may be required. (It’s all explained on the HCD website.) These different categories of assets can be some of the “trickier” assets to transfer to a living trust. You should have discussed this with your attorney when you initially set up your living trust, but if you didn’t, now would be a good time to do so. Keep in mind, however, in the event that you don’t get some of these assets into your living trust, we can always use the “pour-over will,” which you signed when you created your living trust.

-Robert L. Firth Helping clients with bankruptcy, estate planning, and tax resolution. | 1

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WHAT IS AGE BUT A NUMBER? A Dutch Man’s Quest to Change His Legal Age

In 2018, Dutch native Emile Ratelband was 69 years old. The thing was that the motivational speaker and founder of the Ratelband Research Institute didn’t want to be 69. So, he went to a Dutch court and petitioned for the right to change his legal age. His intention was to change the year of birth on his birth certificate — bumping it up by 20 years. As a result, all records would show him as 49.

that came with being 69. Ratelband even went as far as to say he would be willing to delay his pension benefits another 20 years if need be.

In an interview with Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad, Ratelband said, “When I’m 69, I am limited. If I’m 49, then I can buy a new house, drive a different car. I can take up more work. When I’m on Tinder and it says I’m 69, I don’t get an answer. When I’m 49, with the face I have, I will be in a luxurious position.” Interestingly enough, Ratelband’s request wasn’t dismissed outright by the court. The judge foundmerit in the argument and said that people desire to change things about themselves all the time, adding that maybe age was one of those things we should consider —“maybe”being the operative word. The court ultimately decided that “Ratelband is at liberty to feel 20 years younger than his real age and to act accordingly.” But the judge added that changing his legal documents would have “undesirable legal and societal implications.”The court added “[T]here are a variety of rights and duties related to age, such as the right to vote and the duty to attend school. If Mr Ratelband’s request was allowed, those age requirements would become meaningless.” Today, Ratelband is 71 and continues his battle to change his age. While he may have lost in his initial quest to legally change his age, according to NPR, he intends to appeal the decision.

Why did Ratelband want to change his age?

He told the court he didn’t feel like a man who was going on 70. He said he felt good — he felt like a man 20 years younger. He even said his doctors agreed and that they’d told him he had the body of someone younger. But there was another major reason Ratelband wanted to change his age. He said doing so would increase his overall happiness and would be helpful on dating apps. He would no longer have to deal with the ageism

Is Stress Harming Your Memory? How to Cope With Daily Triggers

Stress can cause more than just a bad mood and low energy. Over time, mental exhaustion from stress can lead to forgetfulness and reduced cognition. This can hamper your ability to do your job and enjoy life. Though stress is unavoidable, there are steps you can take to mitigate some of the negative effects of mental exhaustion, including forgetfulness. First, consider the source of your stress. These days, a common stressor is social media. If your feeds are full of bad news and negativity, shut them down. Many researchers suggest that spending less time on the internet leads to better health. Several studies have found that constant internet use, including time spent on social media, is negatively impacting our memories. Research from Harvard, Oxford, King’s College London, andWestern Sydney University all confirm this: Too much internet use is a bad thing. Of course, it can be easier to delete a social media app than it is to eliminate other types of stressors. Coping with a stressful coworker, for example, can be difficult. You have to figure out why they’re causing you stress and how the situation can be remedied. Dealing with a work-related confrontation can be hard, but having that difficult conversation and resolving the problem can ultimately lead to less long-term stress and improve your mental health.

overworked. Plus, studies have found that multitasking is not effective. You cannot deliver the same results when your attention is scattered as you can when you are focused on one thing. To make matters worse, multitasking takes a major toll on memory and cognition, according to a study from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. If stress is impairing your memory, judgment, or cognition, take the above steps to reduce it. If you find your memory and cognition aren’t improving, consider speaking with a mental health professional to discuss your best next steps. Mental health and stress management are important, and the more we do to improve these areas of our lives, the healthier and happier we will be.

Another thing you can do to reduce stress is avoid multitasking. Taking on multiple projects or doing too much in too little time can leave you feeling

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For centuries, Europeans used the Julian calendar, created by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. It was based on the solar calendar, so most of Europe thought it was the most accurate calendar. However, over the centuries, dates had “drifted,” and many important days, like Easter and the spring equinox, were no longer falling on the dates they were supposed to. To compensate, the new Gregorian calendar was developed and put to use by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. It helped put things back in order and eliminated the extra day every 128 years. However, not everyone adopted the Gregorian calendar right away, such as the British. That meant that Europeans were using two diverging calendars for over 200 years. Talk about confusing! People realized that as the world started to expand and as countries became more connected, having a single calendar system was critical. Finally, the British chose the year 1752 to make the change. But, in order to make it work, they had to “jump” forward. For instance, 1751 could only be 10 months long — starting with March and ending with Dec. 31, 1751. But even that adjustment didn’t quite bring the English up to speed in time to make the shift. They also had to cut 11 days from 1752. The unlucky dates that were cut were Sept. 2–14, 1752. The people were not happy. English historians found research that British citizens chanted “Give us our 11 days!” in the streets. The phrase became so popular that some politicians even campaigned with that as their slogan. Several other historical accounts state that many people were worried that by cutting the calendar, their own lives would be cut 11 days shorter. There was a lot of confusion and chaos, but over time, dates fell where they were supposed to, and everyone lived their full lives, those 11 days included. 11 DAYS DELETED FROM HISTORY How the British Changed Their Calendar System and Caused Chaos


Inspired by

Want to show your dog that they’re a very good boy or girl? Try this recipe for a tasty treat your dog will go nuts for!


For doughnuts • 1 cup flour • 1 cup oats •

• 2 eggs For topping •

Greek yogurt

1/3 cup coconut oil

• Bacon bits Special equipment • Doughnut pan

1/2 cup xylitol-free peanut butter


1. Preheat the oven to 375 F. Lightly spray doughnut pan with cooking spray and set aside. 2. In a large bowl, combine all doughnut ingredients and mix well. 3. Transfer dough to doughnut pan. Use your hands to tightly pack each mold. 4. Bake doughnuts for 14 minutes. Carefully remove from the oven and allow to cool completely. 5. To decorate your doughnut treats, place Greek yogurt in a small, wide bowl. Dip each doughnut in yogurt and sprinkle with bacon bits. 6. Place decorated doughnuts in the freezer for 10 minutes for the yogurt to harden. Serve straight from the freezer to your hungry dogs. | 3

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68910 Adelina Rd. Cathedral City, CA 92234


Helping clients with bankruptcy, estate planning, and tax resolution.



How to Get Some ‘Tricky’ Assets Into Your Living Trust

Should You Be Able to Change Your Legal Age? Is Stress Making You Forgetful?


When You Give a Dog a Doughnut How 11 Days Were Deleted From History



Did You Know Lucille Ball Saved ‘Star Trek’?

BEAM ME UP, LUCY How Lucille Ball Saved ‘Star Trek’ in the 1960s

Did You know that Lucille Ball — the iconic comedian best known for her 1950s show“I Love Lucy”— is the reason “Star Trek” exists today? Ball was a Hollywood force in the ‘50s and ‘60s, and she produced hit after hit with her production company. In fact, Desilu, co-founded by Ball and her then-husband, Desi Arnaz, was responsible for hits like “The Andy Griffith Show” and “The Dick Van Dyke Show.” The two were partners in the company until their divorce in 1960, and in 1962, Ball took over Arnaz’s share. In that moment, Ball became one of the most powerful women in Hollywood, and Desilu, one of the biggest independent production companies at the time, had a lot of pull in the industry. In 1963, one of Desilu’s biggest hits was coming to an end. “The Untouchables” was a crime drama starring Robert Stack. Ball needed

a replacement, and two potential shows hit Ball’s desk: “Star Trek” and “Mission: Impossible.” In 1965, Ball took the pitches to her longtime network collaborator, CBS. They said no to “Star Trek” (but yes to “Mission: Impossible”), but Ball wasn’t about to give up on this new science fiction show, so she took it to NBC. The network was skeptical at first but ordered a pilot. The pilot starred Jeffrey Hunter as Captain Pike and Leonard Nimoy as Mr. Spock. There was no James T. Kirk to be found — not yet, anyway. The pilot, titled “The Cage,”was a disappointment. NBC executives weren’t about to put it on air, but they decided to order a second pilot after Ball agreed to help finance it.

Leonard Nimoy as Spock. NBC executives liked what they saw. The new pilot, titled “Where No Man Has Gone Before,”was put on NBC’s fall schedule, though it wasn’t the first episode aired on NBC. That honor went to the episode titled “The Man Trap,”which aired on Sept. 8, 1966. While Gene Roddenberry’s original “Star Trek” only lasted three seasons, it went on to become a major TV and film franchise. One of its recent iterations, “Star Trek: Discovery,” is about to enter its third season on the streaming service CBS All Access — all because Lucille Ball saw potential in a little show back in 1965.

The second pilot starredWilliam Shatner as Captain Kirk, and he was joined again by

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