Information Systems for Business and Beyond (2019)

Flash drives are all examples of systems hardware. How these hardware components function and work together will be covered in Chapter 2.


Software comprises the set of instructions that tell the hardware what to do. Software is not tangible – it cannot be touched. Programmers create software by typing a series of instructions telling the hardware what to do. Two main categories of software are: Operating Systems and Application software. Operating Systems software provides the interface between the hardware and the Application software. Examples of operating systems for a personal computer include Microsoft Windows and Ubuntu Linux. The mobile phone operating system market is dominated by Google Android and Apple iOS. Application software allows the user to perform tasks such as creating documents, recording data in a spreadsheet, or messaging a friend. Software will be explored more thoroughly in Chapter 3.


The third technology component is data. You can think of data as a collection of facts. For example, your address (street, city state, postal code), your phone number, and your social Information Systems for Business and Beyond (2019) pg. 5

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