Understanding the Criminal and Civil Justice Systems

Substance Impaired Driving Substance impaired driving can consist of several factors. It is illegal in every state in the U.S. to drive with a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of .08 or greater. It’s also possible to be impaired with a combination of alcohol and other drugs, or drugs by themselves. Illicit drugs, as well as some prescription drugs, can cause impairment, making it dangerous to drive while taking such drugs. Most substance impaired driving offenses are deemed a violation of state laws and, therefore, are considered crimes against the State. The State State’s case against the defendant. He or she is not the victim/survivor’s personal attorney. Victims/survivors typically do not have their own attorneys in criminal cases. In instances where the offense occurs on federal land, a federal court may preside over an impaired driving case and a federal prosecutor may be assigned to pursue the case. When someone violates the law and drives substance impaired, they may hurt or injure someone else if they cause a crash. When that occurs, the prosecutor in the case may determine there is sufficient evidence to charge the person with more than a DUI. Charges may include Vehicular Manslaughter (when someone has been killed) or Vehicular Assault (when someone has been injured). The State has the responsibility of prosecuting the offender for a criminal offense. has a responsibility to prosecute the offender for the commission of a crime and attempt to obtain a conviction. The prosecuting attorney represents the


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