Cerebrum Spring 2020


Worry, Stress, and Anxiety “WORRY HAPPENS in your mind, stress happens in your body, and anxiety happens in your mind and your body. In small doses, they can be positive forces. But research shows that most of us are too worried, too stressed, and too anxious. The good news, according to Luana Marques, an associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and president of the Anxiety and Depression Association of

MUSIC composed for preterm babies has been shown to strengthen the development of neural networks and may help counteract the neurodevelopment delays experienced by many who are born prematurely, according to an imaging study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . Composer Andreas Vollenweider tested many instruments and found infants most responsive to punji (a flute), harp, and bells. Researchers at the University Hospitals of Geneva then played the music he composed for some premature infants in their care and not for others nor for a control group of full-term infants. The brains of the babies who listened to the music showed patterns of connection that looked more like the full-term babies than the non-music preemies. These children are now six, and are undergoing cognitive and socio-emotional tests to see if this change has translated into reduced developmental delay. l

America, is that there are ways to regulate your symptoms: Get enough sleep; eat regular, nutritious meals, and move your body.” — Smarter Living, from the New York TImes l

BY THE NUMBERS $1.5 billion was raised in 2019 to find new drugs by artificial intelligence drug startups. 2 months is the time it took for multiple sclerosis patients to benefit from intermittent fasting. Popular regimens range from ingesting few, if any, calories all day every other day or several times a week to fasting 16 hours or more every other day.

60 is the number of chemical compounds (known as cannabinoids) found in a cannabis plant. 2,474 was the number of languages used to study cross-cultural emotional expression. 60,000 people in the U.S. suffer from frontotemporal degeneration, the most common form of dementia for those under the age of 60.

6 months of an aerobic training program helps improve brain glucose metabolism and executive function and has shown to help people with a genetic predisposition to Alzheimer’s disease. 300 Alzheimer’s drug trials have failed so far, including two recent trials for solanezumab (from Eli Lilly) and gantenerumab (from Roche).


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