Melanoma This is a pigmented black tumour that might appear in the mouth, the toes and the skin. Melanoma can often bleed and be uncomfortable and so surgery helps to improve quality of life. After the mass is removed, immunotherapy is often used to try and slow down cancer spread. This is a special vaccine that uses the body’s own immune system to target and kill cancer cells. Squamous Cell Carcinoma This is a common tumour in cats that can appear in the mouth, on the nose and the ears. It is normally treated in the first instance with surgery to remove the mass and some of the surrounding tissue. Sometimes radiation therapy and chemotherapy are also useful in these patients.
Mast cell tumour This is the most common malignant skin tumour in dogs. These are manifested in many different ways and can appear anywhere, making it very important to identify them quickly and get them checked by your family vet. These tumours often need surgery to be removed. The more aggressive mast cell tumours might also require chemotherapy to slow down or stop spread. Sometimes patients with mast cell tumours are given chemotherapy before surgery to shrink the mass in order to aid a successful outcome. Occasionally radiation therapy is used in addition to surgery to treat a scar or difficult mass.
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