GWO BSTR v10

GLOBAL WIND ORGANISATION

TRAINING STANDARD

Basic Safety Training Refresher (BSTR)

(Onshore/Offshore)

Version 10

October 2019

Basic Safety Training Refresher V10

1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS.................................................................................................................. 5 2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS................................................................................................................ 6 3 CHANGE LOG ......................................................................................................................................... 7 4 SCOPE ....................................................................................................................................................16 5 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GWO BST REFRESHER.......................................................17 5.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................ 17 5.2 Target group ........................................................................................................................................... 17 5.3 Aims and objectives ................................................................................................................................ 18 5.4 Conformity with other Training Certificates.............................................................................................. 18 5.5 Legal requirements ................................................................................................................................. 18 5.6 Duration of BSTR Modules....................................................................................................................... 18 5.7 Validity period ........................................................................................................................................ 19 5.8 Delegate prerequisites for the BSTR......................................................................................................... 20 5.9 Physical demands.................................................................................................................................... 20

6 GENERAL RESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER BSTR MODULES .....................................21

6.1 Staff ....................................................................................................................................................... 21 6.2 Facilities and equipment ......................................................................................................................... 21 6.3 Theory training facilities.......................................................................................................................... 21 6.4 Practical training facilities........................................................................................................................ 21 6.5 Training equipment................................................................................................................................. 22

7 UNDERSTANDING GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES....................................................................22

7.1 Taxonomy............................................................................................................................................... 22

8 ADMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF BSTR MODULES ...........................................24

8.1 Administrative arrangements .................................................................................................................. 24 8.2 Delegate performance assessment .......................................................................................................... 24 8.3 Requirement to upload training record in WINDA .................................................................................... 24 8.4 Training Providers own Records and Certificates issue .............................................................................. 25 8.5 Delegate performance assessment form .................................................................................................. 25

9 MODULE 1 – FIRST AID REFRESHER...........................................................................................26

9.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR First Aid Module .................................................................................... 26 9.2 Duration of the BSTR First Aid Module ..................................................................................................... 26 9.3 First Aid Instructor to Delegate Ratio ....................................................................................................... 27 9.4 Equipment.............................................................................................................................................. 27 9.5 First Aid Module time table ..................................................................................................................... 27 9.6 Detailed description of the First Aid module............................................................................................. 29 Introduction....................................................................................................................................... 29 Legislation/Risks/Hazards................................................................................................................... 31 Anatomy ............................................................................................................................................ 32 Lifesaving First Aid using Primary and Secondary Survey ...................................................................... 34 Themes .............................................................................................................................................. 38

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Scenario-based training ...................................................................................................................... 44 Evaluation.......................................................................................................................................... 46 9.7 Delegate performance assessment .......................................................................................................... 47 10 MODULE 2 – MANUAL HANDLING REFRESHER...................................................................48 11 MODULE 3 – FIRE AWARENESS REFRESHER........................................................................48 12 MODULE 4 – WORKING AT HEIGHTS REFRESHER .............................................................49 12.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR Working at Heights Module.................................................................... 49 12.2 Duration of the BSTR Working at Heights Module .................................................................................... 49 12.3 Working at Heights Instructor to Delegate Ratio....................................................................................... 50 12.4 Equipment for Working at Heights Module .............................................................................................. 50 12.5 BSTR Working at Heights Module time table ............................................................................................ 52 12.6 Detailed description of the BSTR Working at Heights Module ................................................................... 54 Introduction....................................................................................................................................... 54 Knowledge review.............................................................................................................................. 55 PPE Review Exercises.......................................................................................................................... 56 Theory ............................................................................................................................................... 57 Measures to prevent injury during training.......................................................................................... 60 Individual Practical review exercises ................................................................................................... 61 Practical exercises - group................................................................................................................... 63 Evaluation.......................................................................................................................................... 65 12.7 Delegate performance assessment .......................................................................................................... 66 13.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module ................................. 67 13.2 Duration of the BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module .................................................. 68 13.3 Working at Heights with Manual Handling Trainer/Delegate Ratio............................................................ 68 13.4 Equipment for BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module.................................................... 69 13.5 BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module timetable............................................................ 71 13.6 Detailed description of the BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module ................................. 73 Introduction....................................................................................................................................... 73 Knowledge Review ............................................................................................................................. 74 PPE Review Exercises.......................................................................................................................... 76 Theory ............................................................................................................................................... 77 Measures to prevent injury during training.......................................................................................... 80 Individual Practical Review Exercises................................................................................................... 81 Practical Exercises - Group .................................................................................................................. 83 Evaluation.......................................................................................................................................... 86 13.7 Delegate Performance Assessment .......................................................................................................... 87 14 MODULE 5 - SEA SURVIVAL REFRESHER...............................................................................89 DELEGATE PERFORMACE ASSESSMENT FORM..........................................................90 MEDICAL SELF-ASSESSMENT FORM...............................................................................91 EQUIPMENT LISTS................................................................................................................92 13 MODULE 5 – WORKING AT HEIGHTS WITH MANUAL HANDLING REFRESHER .......67

1. BSTR First aid .......................................................................................................................................... 93

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2. BSTR Manual Handling ............................................................................................................................ 94 3. BSTR Fire awarness ................................................................................................................................. 95 4. BSTR Working at height........................................................................................................................... 96 5. BSTR Sea Survival.................................................................................................................................... 99 GUIDELINE FOR WARM-UP EXERCISES......................................................................101 MANUAL HANDLING RISK ASSESSMENT ...................................................................102

1. Load weight and Reaching distance ....................................................................................................... 102 2. Aggravating factors ............................................................................................................................... 105

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1 L IST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AED

Automatic External Defibrillator

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AS/NZS

Australia and New Zealand Standard

BST

Basic Safety Training

BSTR

Basic Safety Training Refresher

BWH

Basic Working at Height

CO 2

Carbon Dioxide

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

EN

European Standards

EPIRB

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon

ERC

European Resuscitation Council

GWO

Global Wind Organisation

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

H.E.L.P.

Heat Escape Lessening Posture

ILCOR

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation

LSA

Life Saving Appliances

PLB

Personal Locating Beacon

MES

Marine Evacuation Systems

MOB

Man Over Board

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

SAR

Search and Rescue

SART

Search and Rescue Transponder

SRL

Self-Retractable Lifeline

T.I.L.E.

Task Individual Load Environment

MAC

Manual handling Assessment Chart

WTG

Wind Turbine Generator

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2 T ERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Term

Definition

Shall

Verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this training standard and from which no deviation is permitted For clarity where the word must is used in this standard it shall have the same meaning as shall Verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from colliding with the ground, structure or any other obstacle during a free fall. Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from going into a free fall Personal fall protection system which prevents the user from reaching zones where the risk of a fall from height exists Personal fall protection system which enables the user to work in tension or suspension in such a way that free fall is prevented Personal fall protection system which limits the impact force on the body of the user during fall arrest Personal fall protection system by which a person can rescue themselves or others, in such a way that a free fall is prevented

Must

Should

Fall arrest

Fall prevention

Personal fall protection system Assembly of components intended to protect the user against falls from height, including a body holding device and an attachment system, which can be connected to a reliable anchorage point

Restraint system

Work positioning system

Fall arrest system

Rescue system

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3 C HANGE L OG

Amendment Date

Approved by & date

Version

Description of changes

Amendment Date October 2019 Approved by & date GWO TC Sept 2019

Version

10

Description of changes

Minor corrections since launch date

- Minor spelling, grammar and formatting corrections

Document changes

Formatting of document changed and aligned throughout document, includes numbering all sections, lessons, elements, sub-sections and tables for ease of reference.

Header and footer aligned with other GWO training standards.

Inserted section 2 – Terms and definitions

Annex 3 – manual handling risk assessment moved to annex 5

Inserted annex 4 – guideline for warmup exercises

Imperial measurements included throughout

Anchor point height review

Requirement for anchor point height changed to a recommendation. With additional control measures if using a lower height.

Working at Heights & Manual Handling Review

Working group to combine the two modules. Therefore, V10 of BSTR has 6 modules.

Overall Changes

-

Version changed from 9 to 10

- Date changed to reflect most recent date of changes. - Added level and domain to all learning objectives (e.g. L2 – Knowledge) for ease of understanding) - Aims for each lesson updated - Taxonomy action verbs moved to each lesson element - Added: Manual Handling theory is combined into Working at Heights Refresher module creating a Working at Heights with Manual Handling Refresher module. - All references to working at height replaced with working at height with manual

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handling

Section specific changes

Table of contents

- Updated to reflect changes to standard.

2 Terms and definitions

-

Inserted

3 Change log

- Format changed for ease of reading

4 Scope

- Changed number of modules from 5 to 6.

9 BSTR Module 1 – First aid refresher

- Numbered to section 9 and all subsequent subsections now 9.x e.g. 1.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR first aid module becomes sub-section 9.1.

10 BSTR Module 2 – Manual handling refresher

-

Numbered to section 10.

- Format changed for ease of reading.

11 BSTR Module 3 – Fire awareness refresher

-

Numbered to section 11.

- Format changed for ease of reading.

12 BSTR Module 4 – Working at height refresher

- Numbered to section 12 and all subsequent subsections now 12.x e.g. 1.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR working at height with manual handling refresher module becomes sub-section 12.1.

13 BST Module 5 – Working at height & manual handling refresher

- -

Numbered to section 13.

New module.

14 BSTR Module 6 – Sea survival refresher

-

Numbered to section 14.

- Format changed for ease of reading.

ANNEX 3 Equipment list

- Moved manual handling risk assessment to annex 5 and inserted equipment list to align with other standards

ANNEX 4 Guideline for warm-up exercises

-

Inserted

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ANNEX 5 Manual handling risk assessment

-

Moved from Annex 3

Sub-Section specific changes

5.1 Overview

- Added working at heights and manual handling combined module.

5.6 Duration of BSTR Modules

- Text in this section has been reworked to clarify the concepts of contact time and total training day. - Duration given as total contact time for the modules. - Table 5-6 GWO BSTR Module durations inserted. - Table 5-7 Maximum duration for training days inserted.

5.7 Duration of BSTR Modules

- Inserted table 5-7 for validity periods. - Included combined working at height and manual handling module.

6.2 Training Equipment

- 6.2.3 inserted ‘the equipment required for the delivery of each module is listed in annex 3.’

8.6 Delegate performance assessment form

- Renamed from Control measures. - Changed terminology from control measures form to delegate assessment form.

9.2, 12.2 & 13.2 Duration of the xx module

- Reworded to clarify the concepts of contact time and total training day - Inserted table x-2 with maximum allowed contact time per day and total training day

9.3, 12.3 & 13.3 xx module trainer / delegate ratio

- Table format adjusted and standardised

9.4, 12.4 & 13.4 Equipment for xx module

-

Moved to Annex 3

9.5, 12.5 & 13.5 xx module timetables

- Table format adjusted and standardised

9.6, 12.6 & 13.6 Detailed description of the xx module

- Paragraph styles aligned throughout the lessons, elements & notes. - Bullets removed and replaced with numbering throughout.

9.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR First Aid module

- Aims updated to include CPR and AED

9.6 Detailed description of the BSTR First Aid module

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- Minor spelling corrections throughout.

12.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR Working at heights module

- Aims updated inline with work done on combined module

12.3 Working at heights Instructor to delegate ratio

- Practical exercise ratio increased from 1:4 to 1:6. - The ratio remains at 1:4 for onsite training.

12.4 Equipment for Working at heights module

- Equipment list moved to Annex 3. - Inserted explanation of a generic approach to training - Added a requirement for the TP to reduce the possible fall factor - Requirement for an anchor point height of 6.75 m changed to recommendation with additional control measures.

12.5 BSTR Working at heights module timetable

- Updated inline with changes to module based on work done on combined module.

12.6 Detailed description of the BSTR Working at heights module

- Lesson changes inline with the work done on the combined module.

Lesson 1 - Introduction

- Time reduced to 15 minutes in line with other modules.

Lesson 2 – Knowledge Review

-

Aim made more specific.

- Learning objectives made more specific. - Taxonomy action verbs moved to individual sub elements making the elements more specific.

Lesson 3 – PPE Review exercises

- New lesson (was practical review exercises).

Lesson 4 – Theory

-

Aim made more specific.

- Learning objectives made more specific. - Inserted Learning objective 8 – Suspension trauma. - Inserted 4.7.3 for suspension trauma.

Lesson 5 – Measures to prevent injury during training

-

New Lesson.

Lesson 6 – Individual practical review exercises

-

Aim made more specific.

- Learning objectives made more specific.

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- Taxonomy action verbs moved to individual sub elements making the elements more specific. - Element names shortened.

Lesson 7 – Practical exercises - group

- -

Moved form Lesson 5. Aim made more specific.

- Learning objectives made more specific. - Taxonomy action verbs moved to individual sub elements making the elements more specific. - Element names shortened.

12.7 Delegate performance assessment

- Updated inline with work done on combined module.

13 Module 5 – Working at heights with manual handling refresher

-

New module.

- This module combines the elements of the BSTR working at height refresher and BST manual handling initial modules.

GWO TC March 20 2019

Amendment Date

April 1 2019 Approved by & date

Version

9

Description of changes

Content Overall changes Anatomy -

Anatomy section simplified

- Element: Other systems and vital organs of the human body changed to: Blood filled organs - Lesson duration reduced to 60 min. - Changed ‘Personal Hygiene’ to ‘Personal Protective Equipment against infections’ and moved the element to ‘lesson 4’ Lesson 4 Added secondary survey element to “lesson 4” and added 15 min

October 1 2018

GWO SC on September 20, 2018

Amendment Date

Approved by & date

Version

8

Description of changes

Content Overall changes -

Removed: The original Sea Survival refresher module

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Added: A referral to the BST Sea Survival module, as the refresher is now identical to the core Sea Survival module

Amendment Date

May 31 2017 Approved by & date

GWO SC on April 27

Version

7

Description of changes

Content -

New intro “Scope” replaces “Foreword and Editorial” - General section: Target group detailed to “personnel working in a wind turbine environment” - General: new section on “Understanding GWO Learning Objectives” incl. Taxonomy Table - General: new section on Conformity with other training section added - FAR module: including use of AED in CPR lesson, and specified at least one scenario must be based on electrical incident - Manual Handling: may now be delivered as combined MH and MHR course, increased discussion based learning, introduced aggravating factors in theoretical lessons, specified scenario-based training. - FAW module: may now be delivered as combined FAW and FAWR course, increased discussion based learning, specified scenario-based training. - WaH module: tower height specified to minimum 6.75 meters measured from the delegates feet, always ensuring that safe distance is available for fall arrester to work. - PFPE changed to PPE Major layout work: All common administrative elements now only in general sections of standard, and deleted from each of the module descriptions. - Templates for Control Measures and Medical Self-assessment forms supplied as annex 1+2 - Specific requirements to trainer/delegate ratio, equipment and performance criteria remain in modules Module learning outcomes and lesson elements merged into “detailed description”.

Amendment Date

04.10.2016

Approved by & date

Version

5

Description of changes

General Individual module update versions on front page of standard removed. Delegate prerequisites Added prerequisite for Delegate to possess a personal WINDA ID and provide it to the Training Provider prior to completing the course. All sections

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Changed certification requirement from issuing a certificate to instead upload a record of training to WINDA. Changed requirement from handing out certificates to Delegates to instead ensure that Delegates have provided their WINDA ID. Validity Period Changed text to include uploading of records to WINDA Entire document Switched logo to new GWO logo Left the date field in the medical self-check forms blank.

Amendment Date

01.03.2016

Approved by & date

GWO SC 15.03.2016

Version

4

Description of changes

Introduction

• Updated the requirements for renewal of certificate. • First Aid Module • Corrected trainer/delegate ratio in point 2.2 to 1 instead of 2. • Specified validity period in point 3.2 • Corrected numerical error in point 3.3 • Manual handling • Specified validity period in point 3.2 • Fire Awareness • Specified validity period in point 3.2 • Working at Heights • Specified validity period in point 3.2 • Sea Survival Specified validity period in point 3.2

Amendment Date

01.12.2015

Approved by & date

Version

Description of changes

Introduction •

Removed certification requirement 3 “Type of equipment used in the course and maximum training height (BST Working at Heights Module only)” in Working at Heights module. Removed due to RUK alignment. • Consequence of expired certificates added under Validity period. Working at Heights Module • Removed certification requirement 4 from point 3.3 “Type of equipment used in course and maximum training height”. Removed due to RUK alignment. • Removed part of the note in point 3.3 WaH moduel saying “However, a climb to a higher height than the minimum height stated in this Standard can be an indicator of

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the Delegate’s capability and aptitude to work at heights. The maximum height used during the training must be stated on the certificate”. Removed due to RUK alignment. Sea Survival Module • Alignment with updated requirements set by UK Health and Safety Executive for boat transfer o Section 1.5: Objective (3) added o Section 1.6: Lesson 2, Lesson 3, Lesson 4 and Lesson 5 altered o Section 1.9: Element 2.1, Element 3.2, Element 4.1 and Element 4.2 altered • MES (Marine Evacuation system) added to List of abbreviations • Removal of Safe Transfer from Vessel to Vessel exercise due to too high risk while practicing • Validity reduced to 24 months (Section 3.2) • Equipment for easy detachment added (Section 2.6)

Amendment Date

21.11.2013

Approved by & date

Version

2

Description of changes

Entire GWO Basic Safety Training Standard Document (All Modules) • Correction of minor mistakes • Time tables aligned with Learning Outcomes (Section 1.6) Time Tables aligned with Elements (Section 1.9)

Amendment Date

Approved by & date

04.11.2013

Version

1

Description of changes

Entire GWO Basic Safety Training Standard Document (All Modules) • Spelling, grammar corrected (no meanings of sentences have been changed), format corrected • Delegate prerequisites updated for each Module (Section 1.3) • Physical Demands updated for each Module (Section 1.4) • Added Appendix 1A to each Module (GWO’s suggestion for Medical Self-Assessment) Working at Heights Module Information about Certification (EN, ANSI, etc.) has been added for equipment list for module (Section 2.3, p. 134)

Amendment Date

Approved by & date

17.06.2013

Version

Description of changes

Draft of Version 0 finalised

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Amendment Date

Approved by & date

15.04.2013

Version

Description of changes

Draft of Version 0 created

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4 S COPE

The Global Wind Organisation (GWO) is an association of Wind Turbine owners and manufacturers with the aim of supporting an injury-free work environment in the wind industry. An objective of GWO is to develop common industry training and best practice Standards for health and safety as a vital and necessary way forward to reduce risks for personnel in the wind industry working on site and to reducing environmental risks across Europe and the globe. This Standard has been developed in response to the demand for recognizable Basic Safety Training (BST) in the industry, and has been prepared in co-operation between the members of GWO based on risk assessments and factual incident and accident statistics pertaining to the installation, service and maintenance of wind turbine generators and wind power plants. This Standard describes the requirements for Basic Safety Training Refresher courses that are recommended by the members of GWO. The full standard covers 6 modules:

1) First Aid

2) Manual Handling

3) Fire Awareness

4) Working at Height

5) Working at Height & Manual handling combined

6) Sea Survival

The members of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) recognize trained persons as competent within Basic Safety in the wind industry and accept the trained person as possessing the required knowledge to stop an unsafe work situation where they as duty-holders are accountable for safety. Training is verified through the GWO database WINDA. Where national legislation sets higher requirements for the specific training, the Training Provider shall incorporate these requirements into the training program.

Additional training may be required for company or country specific reasons.

This standard has been developed by the GWO Training Committee. Disputes and potential non-conformities should be brought to the attention of the GWO Audit and Compliance Committee.

The standard has been approved by the GWO Steering Committee.

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5 G ENERAL R EQUIREMENTS FOR GWO BST R EFRESHER

Upon completion of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) Basic Safety Training (BST) Delegates will possess an awareness of the hazards encountered when working within the wind industry and how to control and mitigate these hazards. The BST will also equip participants with the knowledge, skills and confidence to appropriately respond in the event of an emergency and to increase their safety through proper use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), emergency equipment and procedures. The approved GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher (BSTR) refreshes, reviews and builds on Delegates existing skills and tools obtained during BST courses, which include Fire Awareness, First Aid, Working at Heights and Manual Handling. To enable Delegates to work in the offshore environment, an additional GWO Sea Survival training shall be completed.

5.1 Overview

The GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher is divided into the following six Modules:

1) First Aid Refresher

2) Manual Handling Refresher

3) Fire Awareness Refresher

4) Working at Heights Refresher

5) Working at Heights and manual handling combined refresher

6) Sea Survival Refresher

Note: Module 5 working at heights & Manual handling combined refresher is a combined module comprising the lessons and elements from both the working at height module and the manual handling module and is intended to be delivered in 1 day. The combined working at height & manual handling module can be delivered instead of the two standalone modules. Where the combined module is delivered then the delegate shall receive two training records one for working at height and one for manual handling.

5.2 Target group

Personnel who will be working in the wind industry or related fields and will have their duties in a wind turbine environment, usually in physical contact with a wind turbine or an offshore wind structure. Personnel that performs job functions that has been risk assessed by their employer or their workplace duty holder as a function, where training according to one or more modules of the BST standard may mitigate of the identified risks.

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5.3 Aims and objectives

The aim of BSTR is to review and build on previously gained knowledge and skills from BST through theoretical and practical training. This BSTR Training shall enable Delegates to support and care for themselves and others working in the industry by possessing the knowledge and skills of First Aid, Working at Heights, Manual Handling, Fire Awareness, Sea Survival and in case of an emergency, to be able to evacuate, rescue and provide appropriate First Aid to casualties.

5.4 Conformity with other Training Certificates

The GWO BST standard sets out minimum requirements.

The modules, learning objectives, lessons and elements may be delivered in the order that fits best for the specific training situation. Provided the minimum requirements of the BST are met the Training Provider may choose to incorporate delivery of other similar certified training.

5.5 Legal requirements

The Training Provider shall identify whether national legislation sets additional requirements for Basic Safety Training or prohibits delivery of certain elements. If so, the Training Provider shall incorporate these identified requirements in the training.

5.6 Duration of BSTR Modules

The total contact time for completing the modules in this basic safety training standard is estimated to be 27 hours and 40 minutes . This is based on the time estimates given in the module timetables and summarised in table 5-6 below.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 5-7 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for delegates with prior experience to share their experiences related to the modules of the basic training standard in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

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Modules

Duration

First Aid Refresher

7 hours 00 minutes

Manual Handling Refresher

3 hours 35 minutes

Fire Awareness Refresher

3 hours 20 minutes

Working at Heights Refresher

8 hours 00 minutes

Working at Heights & Manual handling Refresher

8 hours 00 minutes

Sea Survival Refresher

6 hours 40 minutes

Table 5-6 - GWO BSTR Module durations

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 5-7 - Maximum durations for training days

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

5.7 Validity period

The Basic Safety Training Refresher Modules are valid for the period stated in the table below. Certificates and training records shall be renewed before the end of a given validity period. A certificate or training record can be renewed up to two months prior to expiry and maintain the original certification date by uploading the previous certificate’s valid until date in WINDA. If a certificate or training record is renewed outside of two months of expiry, it must carry the new date of certification. A Delegate is only allowed to attend a refresher course in the specific Training Module prior to the date of expiry on the current certificate or training records. If a certificate or training record is expired, the Delegate must attend the full Basic Safety Training Module(s) to obtain a new training record.

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The validity period is automatically calculated in WINDA by entering the course completion date.

Modules

Certificate Validity Period

First Aid Refresher

24 months

Manual Handling Refresher

24 months

Fire Awareness Refresher

24 months

Working at Heights Refresher

24 months

Working at Heights & Manual handling Refresher

24 months

Sea Survival Refresher

24 months

Table 5-7 - GWO BSTR modules certificate validity periods

5.8 Delegate prerequisites for the BSTR

All personnel participating in Refresher Training shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating. Training providers shall have a procedure that requires Delegates to sign a statement (see Appendix 1A, Suggestion for Medical Statement from GWO) stating that they are medically fit to participate in the safety training and that they do not suffer from any medical illness or are under influence of any narcotic substance or alcohol.

Delegates’ signatures shall be collected prior to the start of the safety training course.

Furthermore, Delegates shall possess valid BST/ BSTR certificates or training records in WINDA for the relevant Modules prior to attending BSTR training. The Delegates shall also have a personal Delegate profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the BST training.

5.9 Physical demands

BSTR Modules may potentially be physically demanding.

If there is any doubt regarding the medical fitness of any Delegate, the Training Provider shall stop training the Delegate and seek a physician’s advice.

Note: Practical exercises shall be designed and delivered solely to meet this Standard and shall not place any physical or mental demands on the Delegates other than those required to meet this Standard.

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6 G ENERAL R ESOURCES R EQUIRED TO D ELIVER BSTR M ODULES

The Training Provider shall ensure that staff, facilities and equipment are in place to support the training of Delegates.

6.1 Staff

Training Staff shall possess appropriate qualifications and experience to ensure that all training and supportive activities are carried out in accordance with current legislation.

Training Staff shall be:

1) Trained in instructional/ lecture techniques and/ or have documented instructional/ teaching experience. 2) Included in an on-going training programme, which includes visits to onshore and/ or offshore WTGs (tower, nacelle, hub) prior to instructing BSTR Modules, to enable them to maintain and update skills related to the BSTR Modules they instruct. Training staff shall physically visit the tower, nacelle and hub of WTGs.

A person with First Aid qualifications shall be present during all practical training.

All staff shall possess the appropriate competencies to conduct/ assist the elements of training they have been assigned to.

6.2 Facilities and equipment

The full range of facilities shall be available during the training. The following facilities criteria shall be adhered to.

6.3 Theory training facilities

Facilities shall be designed to enable each Delegate to see, hear and fully participate in the taught subject matter.

6.4 Practical training facilities

Facilities shall be designed to enable each Delegate to individually and/ or as part of a team, see, hear and practise the taught subject matter. All facilities shall be maintained and where appropriate, inspected and tested in accordance with current national legislation and manufacturers’ recommendations.

Risk assessments shall be conducted and documented for all training facilities.

The Training Provider shall hold the required permits to operate the facilities.

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6.5 Training equipment

The equipment required for the delivery of the BST modules is shown in Annex 3.

The required equipment for training shall be available and shall fulfil national legal requirements. The equipment shall be maintained, inspected and tested in accordance with current national legislation and manufacturers’ recommendations. Risk assessments shall be conducted and documented for all training equipment. The Training Provider shall hold the required permits to operate relevant equipment.

7 U NDERSTANDING GWO L EARNING O BJECTIVES

The described learning objectives (expected learning outcome) are the foundation of the course contents and what the delegate performance assessment must be based upon. Traditionally learning objectives are prepared within three different domains of learning – knowledge, skills and attitude. A learning objective describes the expected learning outcome on completion of a module or a course, within one or more learning domains. If a learning objective is related to more than one domain of learning, e.g. to knowledge and skills, one learning objective per learning domain is often prepared – to enable a better understanding of the learning objective. The GWO Training Provider may apply teaching methods (didactics) that are appropriate to the course participants prior training, education and cultural backgrounds, but should always aim to provide course participants ample possibility to perform hands-on demonstrations and learning reflection.

7.1 Taxonomy

To formulate a measurable learning objective, taxonomy is used to describe the level of expected learning outcome within a learning domain. As an example, belonging to the learning domain of knowledge, to have a delegate name or recognize something, as oppose to have him explain it in his own words, or even apply or demonstrate what he has learned – describes different performance levels, i.e. different taxonomy levels.

Different taxonomies are associated with different learning domains, for instance:

Knowledge : such as Bloom’s “cognitive taxonomy”

• Intellectual knowledge, mental skills and procedures

Skills : such as Simpson’s “psychomotor taxonomy”

• Physical skills, cognitive controlled and observable

Attitude : such as Krathwohl’s “affective taxonomy”

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• Attitude and feelings to the learning

Selecting a suitable taxonomy level, an action verb expresses the expected behavior of the delegate, thus describing the taxonomy level of a learning objective. Learning objectives in this standard are followed by an indication of the taxonomy level and domain in brackets e.g. (L3 – Skill)

Knowledge

Skills

Attitude

3 Application / Applying To use in a new situation.

Guided response Follows instructions to build a model. Using a tool after observing an expert demonstrate how to use it. Be able to demonstrate an activity to other learners. Can complete the steps involved in the procedure as directed. Action verbs: Accomplish, Achieve, Calibrate, Complete, Control, Demonstrate, Perform, Refine, Show. Set Awareness or knowledge of the ability needed to use the skill. Carry out tasks from verbal or written instructions. Showing eagerness to assemble components to complete a task. Knows and acts upon a sequence of steps in a process. Action verbs: Access, Build, Complete, Conduct, Execute, Implement, Operate, Perform, Recreate. Perception Watch instructor and repeat action, process or activity. Recognizing sounds or pictures that indicate certain functionalities. Estimate the event of a certain function and be prepared for it. Action verbs: Attempt, Copy, Duplicate, Follow, Organize, Repeat, Sketch, Replicate, Reproduce.

Value Demonstrates belief in the company described process. Shows the ability to solve problems. Informs management on matters that one feels strongly about. Decide worth and relevance of ideas and tasks. Action verbs: Argue, Challenge, Confront, Complete, Debate, Criticize, Justify, Join, Propose. Respond Completing work assignments with highly respect to the agreement. Participating in team problem solving activities. Questions new ideas and concepts in order to fully understand them. Participate actively and respectful in discussions. Showing enthusiasm. Action verbs: Assist, Contribute, Discuss, Present, Question, Report, Respond, Tell, Write. controversial issues with an open mind. Respecting the rights of others. Listen to others and remember their opinions. Be positive and creative to what is being taught. Action verbs: Ask, Be open to, Concentrate, Discuss, Focus, Follow, Listen, Reply, Take part. Receive Listening to discussions of

Solving problems by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way. Applying a procedure to a familiar or unfamiliar task. Using a manual to calculate and operate. Action verbs: Apply, Change, Choose, Compute, Demonstrate, Modify, Operate, Practice, Prepare, Schedule, Solve, Write. 2 Comprehension / Understanding Construct a meaning from instructional messages, including oral, written and graphic communication. Demonstrating basic understanding of facts and ideas. Explain in your own words the steps of performing a complex task. Action verbs:

Classify, Distinguish, Estimate, Explain, Express, Give, Illustrate,

Indicate, Locate, Predict, Summarize, Translate.

1 Knowledge / Remembering

Memory of facts, terminology, rules, sequences, procedures, etc. Locating knowledge in long-term memory and retrieving relevant knowledge from long-term memory. Action verbs: Arrange, Define, Describe, Find, Identify, List, Name, Outline, Recognize, Relate, Recall, Retrieve.

Table 7-1 - Taxonomy used by GWO

Note:

Higher taxonomy levels exist.

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