ArborTimes Winter 2024

ArborTIMES is a digital publication for the tree care industry that delivers tree care business, safety, and equipment news.

Issue 06 | Winter 2024

Tree Care Business, Safety, and Equipment News

Top Pruning Mistakes Cold-Weather Protection Insurance Prep Side Hustles ArboEXPO '24

Miniloaders Buyers' Guide


2 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024

EDITOR'S NOTE On My Way to ArborEXPO ’24

I am looking forward to meeting all of you at ArborEXPO ’24 Mar. 27 and 28. This will be my first time attending, and everyone at ArborTIMES keeps telling me to “get ready.” I have a feeling that when I arrive, I won’t know what to do first. Do I check out the popular competition tree climbing presentation? Do I learn more about complex tree removals? Check out all the gear on the tradeshow floor? Maybe hang around the outdoor showroom in case someone hands me the keys to a miniloader?

On the cover: Nimble and quick, a trusty miniloader can make short work of tedious tasks.

Photo by Richard May ISSUE 6, WINTER 2024

Millicent Skiles, Editor

More than anything, I’m excited to meet all of you. I’ve spent the better part of 2023 mulling over the kind of content that matters to you, and now I can just ask you in person.

PUBLISHER Sachin Mohan: EDITOR Millicent Skiles: TECH DIRECTOR Richard May: SAFETY AND TRAINING ADVISORS Ken Palmer Jared Abrojena SENIOR ADVISORS Dane Buell Mark Garvin PRODUCED BY EDGE AHEAD ASSOCIATES For editorial and advertising inquiries: 1 Store Hill Rd, PO BOX # 334 Old Westbury, NY 11568 Tel. (516) 399-2627 Email: Web: No part of this publication may be reproduced without written consent of the publisher. While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, the publisher cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions that may occur. All uncredited photography is either supplied or sourced from a stock image bank.

From what I’ve learned so far, some of you are gear geeks. You like seeing powerful equipment in action and fig- uring out how they work. Some of you are philosophers. Trees represent the health of our communities and envi- ronment, which requires thoughtful decisions. And some of you just want to stay safe. You have a family to provide for and/or employees depending on you. My goal for ArborTIMES in 2024 is to empower you to make decisions. That’s why we’re doing things a little differently in this issue. We’ve introduced a new Buyers’ Guide series to examine equipment from a pur- chasing perspective. We want to give you everything you need to know before you spend thousands on equipment. Did we miss anything? I want to know about it! (Seriously, email me at .) We’re also launching two new regular series that will focus on personal safety. One will investigate a particular job-site injury, and the other will offer a curated list of gear designed to protect against it. In this issue, for example, we feature cold- weather injuries and high-tech gear to keep you warm. I hope you introduce yourself if you see me at ArborEXPO ’24. I’ll be the one with a reporter’s notebook asking a ton of questions and furiously scribbling notes.

I imagine Sachin, our publisher, will be pulling me into and out of presentations on OSHA 10 safety, helicopter tree care, and cranes in tight spaces. Looking forward to raising a glass with all of you at the welcome reception.

Coming in March The Electric Issue

TO SUBSCRIBE email: or subscribe online:

Is the tree care industry ready to go electric? We examine where advancements in electric technol- ogy are leading and how they can benefit you and your business.

Next stop, New Jersey!

Yours in safety,

Millicent Skiles Editor

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 3

Table of Contents


ArborTIMES is a fully digital publication for the tree care industry. It is produced by Edge Ahead Associates, creator of ArborEXPO, the industry’s first indoor/outdoor trade show and conference for arborists and green industry professionals. We’re connecting with experts, business owners, master trainers, and more to identify top stories and educational opportunities to deliver right to your inbox on a quarterly basis.


BUYERS’ GUIDE: MINILOADERS By Katherine Gustafson Miniloaders are relatively new to the tree care industry, but they are quickly showing their worth. Small but mighty, these nimble machines are light, strong, and maneuverable and come with interchangeable attachments to get the job done.



Cold-weather stress may account for only a small number of injuries among tree care professionals, but they can leave lasting damage if le untreated. Here’s what to look for and how to protect yourself against the winter chill this season.

EDITOR’S NOTE 3 I'm on my way to ArborEXPO. This will be my first time attending, and I am looking forward to meeting all of you. All Access.................................................. 9 Almstead ................................................33 Altec .......................................................17 ArborEXPO ............................................... 61 ArborSystems .......................................... 23 Advertiser Index





Check out the latest products and services offered by the best brands in the tree care industry.

Knowing and understanding chainsaw rotational kickback is crucial, even among the most experienced users.

Morbark .................................................. 25 Quest Products LLC................................... 35 RBG, Inc................................................... 31 Sennebogen .............................................19 SingleOps ................................................57 Tracked Lifts .............................................. 2 Ultra Loaders .............................................11 UP Equipment........................................... 41

Bandit...................................................... 13 BIK ......................................................... 38 Branch Manager ....................................... 52 Doggett ...................................................24 Edge Ahead Associates ............................. 60 Eydent - ArborMAX ................................... 45 Greenworks ............................................. 62 Mat Masters............................................. 53

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20 COLD-WEATHER PROTECTION By Mara Watts Sure, everyone has their favorite beanie and base layer, but

sometimes you need — more. We carefully curated unique solutions with a touch of innovation to give you an edge over cold weather conditions.

28 PRUNING CUTS TO AVOID By Veronica Sparks Hasty decisions and a lack of

knowledge can have drastic long-term consequences on the health of a tree. Before you resort to topping, lion’s tailing, or stub cuts, chances are there’s a better solution.




INSURANCE PREP By Julie Ann Howlett

Insurance in the tree care business can be a moving target, with costs linked to industry trends and practices. Here’s why it’s important to put your best foot forward when shopping for coverage.

Looking to make some extra cash during the slower winter months? Firewood, mulch, and snow removal are just some of the ways tree

care professionals can diversify their income streams.



SAGE ADVICE By Kelly May In this new feature,

GET READY FOR ARBOREXPO ’24 By Diane Morgan Highlights include an

veterans of the tree care industry share the hard- earned wisdom they’ve learned over the years. In this issue, Arborist Enterprises owner Ben Tresselt reflects on 30+ years in tree care.

OSHA 10 safety workshop, plenty of CEUs, 19 class- room sessions (with one in Spanish), live demos, and lots of fun.

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 5

A compact articulated miniloader saves time and money by quickly and efficiently removing debris.

Buyers’ Guide: Miniloaders Everything you need to know about this tree care workhorse Light, strong, and maneuverable, these nimble machines are a worthy addition to your equipment lineup. With interchangeable attachments, versatile miniloaders can save time, money, and effort. By Katherine Gustafson

The small but mighty miniloader is relatively new to the U.S. tree care industry, but it is fast becoming the go-to machinery for arborists. Shorthand for mini articulating wheel loaders, miniloaders are characterized by their relatively small size, their use of wheels instead of tracks, and an articu- lation system that allows them to maneuver in small spaces. These features make it ideal for safely working on turf and lawns, such as residential backyards. “Tree care guys have come to find out that a mini articulating loader is really the ultimate tool, because it doesn’t cause any turf damage while performing the same tasks as other machines,” says Chris Sleurink of . “And on top of that, these machines of- ten have a telescopic boom, which allows you to push, pull, or pick up materials over a fence.” Ready to buy a miniloader? Here’s what you need to know about this tree care workhorse. HISTORY Miniloaders were first widely adopted in Europe in the 1990s. Although several companies sold them in the U.S., they didn’t real- ly take off until 2012, when Finn- ish manufacturer Avant Tecno set up a headquarters in Chicago.

Distributed by DFD Loaders, Schäffer’s line of German-built wheel loaders range from 25 to 204 horsepower.

“The compact articulated load- er is lighter and simultaneously stronger than most comparable horse-powered track machines or skid steers,” says David Font, CEO of DFD Loaders . “Visibility is greater. It’s safer. The noise level is much lower. It’s a much easier, more intuitive machine to operate.” Miniloaders are tree care work- horses because they are small, maneuverable, and wheeled. They tend to have 25 to 75 horsepower and weigh 2,500 to 10,000 pounds — small com- pared to other machines in- volved in tree care. Yet they can typically li up to their own weight without tipping, making

them a powerful option for in- tensive tree care work. “When it comes to the tree care industry, miniloaders can easily handle all of the ‘back-breaking work’ that normally requires several ground personnel,” says

Good to Know

Locomotion: Wheels Action: Articulated

Weight: 2,500 to 10,000 lbs Power: 25 to 75 horsepower Lift capacity: 2,000 to 7,500 lbs

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 7

Giant’s G1200 wheeled loader easily feeds a gnarly tree into an awaiting chipper. It has a tipping load of up to 2,400 pounds and speed of up to 9.5 mph.

Because miniloaders are so useful for arborists, they oen come with a telescoping boom that can hold a multi-purpose (knock-around) grapple. There are two categories of miniload- ers: cab-front and cab-rear. In a cab- front, the operator sits on the front of the machine, ahead of the articulation. In a cab-rear construction, the operator sits on the back on top of the engine,

Kyler Foster, sales representative and equipment manager for Vermeer North Atlantic . Rudolf de Jong, president of Giant Loaders , agrees. “[These] small ma- chines have massive liing capacities as well as the ability to outwork almost anyone. I’m not sure if the term ‘mini- loader’ is really explaining the capabili- ty of compact equipment like this.” A miniloader’s wheels replace the tracks typical of skid steers, which tend to rip up grass and plants and require expensive remediation. The machine’s articulation means it can turn tightly and navigate relatively small spaces to access trees. “These are primarily used for a small application of getting into backyards,” says Logan Yuncker, inside sales coordi- nator of tree care products at Morbark . “A lot of people [in tree care] use full- sized skid steers, but those won’t be able to get through a gate.” These characteristics make miniloaders ideal for residential and commercial job sites, where they can quickly clear away branches, debris, and woodchips and transport them to a waiting chip- per or trailer.

similar to a traditional payloader.

Brands tend to sell either one or the other type. For example, Avant’s ma- chines are exclusively cab-front, while’s are all cab-rear. FINDING ‘THE ONE’ For many tree care companies, adding a miniloader to their fleet is a no brainer

The Intrepid KM130, available through, weighs 4,000 pounds, features a telescopic boom, and has a 2,000-pound operating capacity.

8 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024


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ity. They also appreciate that cab-rear miniloaders tend to be made of solid steel. Cab-front models usually have plastic or thin metal coverings to ac- commodate the operator. Attachments Miniloaders oen come with attachments, such as the standard or telescoping booms that are common- ly used by tree care companies. Consid- er a miniloader with a universal mount that will allow a range of attachments from different manufacturers. Maintenance In general, miniloaders require low-cost, regular maintenance that a competent mechanic can handle. Look for models that are easy to work on yourself and for which parts are readily available. Brands that have a large distributor network will have bet- ter accessibility to resources for main- tenance, repair, and parts. Transport One reason miniloaders are so popular is because of the ongoing shortage of commercial truck drivers. Tree care companies can sidestep the need to find one if their miniloader is small enough to be carried on a truck that does not require a commercial driver’s license.

and 25 horsepower are the most com- mon size and power for miniloaders in tree care work, according to Sleurink. Width While the width of a wheel loader matters, a narrow profile is an advantage for miniloaders by allowing them to navigate through gates and passageways. offers miniloaders with eight wheels, four of which can be temporarily removed to make the ma- chine even narrower. The company’s Intrepid KM85 model is unique in the industry for being able to fit through a 36-inch gate. “That’s big for guys who do a lot of ur- ban tree care,” says Sleurink. Li capacity It’s important to con- sider how much weight a miniloader can he without falling over. The ide- al weight-to-li ratio is 1:1, meaning the miniloader can li its own weight off the ground. But not all miniloaders can reach this standard. Depending on its weight and width, a miniloader can typically li 2,000 to 7,500 pounds. Cab position Proponents of cab-rear miniloaders say this design reduces tail-swing and provides better visibil-

Tree Care Attachments

With miniloaders, it’s all about the ac- cessories. With a universal mount, there are hundreds of attachments available. Here are the ones most popular in the tree care industry. • Boom (telescoping or standard) • Multi-purpose (knock-around) grapple • Buckets of various kinds

• Pallet fork • Tree shear • Log grab • Stump grinder • Root grapple • Side arm • Ripper • Backhoe

when it comes to saving time and open- ing new revenue streams. “These compact articulating loaders will virtually haul out entire tree remov- al jobs without causing any sort of turf damage,” said Dustin Breiwick, owner of TNE Distributing , an equipment supplier in Minnesota. “We believe that tree care businesses are losing money by not having an articulating loader as part of their fleet.” Before you go shopping, make sure you know how you’re going to use it in your operations. “It’s better to consider four things when considering which loader best fits your operation: size, power, machine fea- tures and attachment options,” says Foster. Here are a few things to consider when buying a miniloader. Size There’s a miniloader for every job and location. A smaller size usually works best in tight, urban areas, while suburban or rural areas can handle larger sizes. In general, 3,000 pounds

“I want as small of a machine as possible

TNE Distributing’s Cast Loader 30 series is popular among tree care professionals due to its compact size. At just 96 inches long, it weighs 3,200 pounds and has a lift capacity of 2,300 pounds.

10 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024


ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 11

spread in the U.S. market for much more than a decade. Buying new will give you access to more variety. FINAL THOUGHTS Miniloaders are transforming the tree care industry in the U.S., just as they have in Europe since the 1990s. Their small size, maneuverability, and wheel-based design have made them indispensable for arborists, es- pecially in residential and commer- cial settings where space is limited and turf damage presents a signifi- cant liability. Despite a price tag of up to $100,000, miniloaders are a solid investment for tree care companies, especially con- sidering their long-term durability and high resale value. When considering which miniloader might be the best match for your’ needs, look at a range of factors, from size to maintenance requirements to groundspeed. But most of all, look for a machine that has proven itself powerful, maneuver- able, and customizable enough for suc- cess in the rugged world of tree care.

Vermeer North Atlantic's ATX960 compact articulated loader has a lift capacity of 3,285 pounds when straight and a machine width of 59 inches.

helping you find the right match than in making a quick sale. “It is extremely important to under- stand what size machine fits your company, its mission, and its target for future jobs,” says Harold Fleegel, who handles dealer development for TNE Distributing. “This will allow you to work on jobs efficiently and will help you land jobs in the future.” It is worth considering buying a used miniloader if there are any available in your market. These machines are ex- tremely durable, so used miniloaders are apt to be a solid investment. “The advantage of a subcompact wheel loader is that there is less stress on all the components, so they usually last a little longer than a mini skid steer, for example,” says de Jong. “We have seen customers who have extremely high hours on those machines.” Sleurink agrees. “You can easily put 2,000 to 3,000 hours on a machine like this.” The only problem with buying used is that the market for used miniloaders is not particularly large. This is because these products haven’t been wide-

so I can go down the road without getting a ticket for having the wrong license,” says Font. Groundspeed Speed is important, es- pecially when miniloaders are tasked with taking multiple trips from the worksite to a nearby chipper or trailer. Look for speeds of up to 12.5 miles an hour — the faster, the better. Reputation Before you invest in a miniloader, make sure to ask around to see if the model you have in mind has a solid track record, especially since tree care work can be particularly demand- ing on this equipment. “Make sure you find a company that has machines that are proven to work in tree care, since it’s a business that is rough,” says de Jong. PURCHASING DECISIONS Miniloaders are a big investment. Most models cost between $40,000 and $100,000, and pricing depends on size, power, and attachments. Experts advise getting an in-person demonstration of the miniloader you’re considering before you invest. Look for dealers who are more interested in

These manufacturers make the miniloaders that are most used by tree care professionals. Avant Bobcat DFD Loaders Giant Morbark TNE Distributing Vermeer Miniloaders for Tree Care

12 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024

Bandit offers eight disc-style chippers, ranging from 6” to 18” capacity .

• Chip with reduced vibration • Require less horsepower • Use less fuel • Throw chips at a greater velocity

To see how a disc-style chipper may be a good solution for your operation, give us a call today for more information!

MODEL 255XP 15” Capacity Hand-Fed Chipper

MODEL 250XP 12” Capacity Hand-Fed Chipper

MODEL 90XP 9” Capacity Hand-Fed Chipper

MODEL 65XP 6” Capacity Hand-Fed Chipper


If you haven’t tried a Bandit unit for your operation, please contact a local Bandit dealer , email or visit our website and we will be happy to assist you!

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 13

Cold stress can be compounded by a lack of winter- rated gear, exposed skin, and wet or damp clothing.

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Known as a silent killer, approximately 1,500 people die each year from hypothermia in the U.S.

Baby, It’s Cold Outside Recognizing the symptoms of hypothermia and frostbite Cold-weather stress may account for only a small number of injuries among tree care profes- sionals, but they can leave lasting damage if left untreated. Here’s what to look for and how to protect yourself against the winter chill this season. By Kelly May

Tree care work has the highest rate of work- related fatalities in the U.S and ranks 76th for nonfatal injuries, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics . While most of these deaths and accidents occur from falls, equipment, and falling tree material, frigid weather-related injuries are oen overlooked. Known as a silent killer, approximately 1,500 people die each year from hypothermia in the U.S. Together with frostbite, cold weather illness and injuries can sneak up on workers who may push through uncomfortable condi- tions to get the job done. Here’s how to stay safe in the field and pro- tect yourself from the insidious dangers of hypothermia and frostbite. EFFECTS OF HYPOTHERMIA Northern tree workers are all too familiar with how frosty working conditions can get. But how cold is too cold?

Hypothermia is defined as a drop in body temperature below 95 F, which is below what is required for normal bodily function. When exposed to sub-freezing temperatures and a consistent wind chill, it can be a struggle to retain body heat, giving hypothermia the opportunity to sneak in. Severe cold stress can quickly turn into a case of lasting damage to muscle tissue if not properly treated. Moreover, cold stress can be compounded by a lack of winter- rated gear, exposed skin, and wet or damp clothing. Heat loss occurs when heat radiates away from the body through exposed or unprotected skin. To produce more heat than the body is losing, your thyroid and adrenal glands release large amounts of hormones to boost metabolism, blood pressure, and heart rate. The brain’s hypothalamus sends signals to the blood vessels to constrict, moving the blood further from the skin’s surface where

Cold weather illness and injuries can sneak up on workers who may push through uncomfortable conditions to get the job done.

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 15

when frost crystals begin to form in the skin, causing it to feel warm and start to swell. • Deep Frostbite Third-degree inju- ries can occur when blood flow to blood vessels, nerves, muscles, and bones stops. This can cause perma- nent damage, depending on how deep and how long the tissue was frozen. Amputation may be needed if the frozen tissue dies. As in cases of hypothermia, if a person experiences dangerously cold weather conditions for an extended time, blood flow to the extremities can be reduced, causing frostbite in the fingers, toes, hands, and feet. The constriction of blood vessels redi- rects blood flow to the vital organs, sup- plying them with much needed oxygen and maintaining the body’s core tem- perature. If prolonged, this will cause the skin and nearby tissues to begin to die from the outside in. DRESS FOR PROTECTION Wearing proper winter-rated gear is ex- tremely important in preventing cold stress. Choose wool or synthetic materi- al over cotton, as these materials retain their insulative ability even when wet. To increase insulation, consider wear- ing at least three layers of loose-fitting clothing with wool or a synthetic as your inner and middle layers. Wear a water-resistant outer layer that also allows ventilation to alleviate overheat- ing. Change out of wet clothing oen. Since much heat is released through the head, be sure to wear a hat or hood. Balaclavas are also a good choice to keep the face and neck protected. Keep your extremities warm by wearing wa- terproof, insulated boots and gloves. Moreover, have on hand extra socks, gloves, hats, and changes of clothing.

heat is lost so it can concentrate on keeping the vital organs warm. The hypothalamus also commands your muscles to shiver to produce more heat for the body, kicking the metabo- lism into overdrive at a rate of two to five times what’s normal.

But don’t think you’re in the clear if the shivering stops. The opposite, in fact, has occurred. You’ve now progressed into severe hypothermia. If le in this state, your brain will stop properly functioning. This may make you feel disoriented, dizzy, and even make you want to take all your clothes off. You’ll be in serious trouble if you don’t get to safety soon, as permanent brain damage can occur. Chronic illnesses such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, and hypertension can put tree workers at greater risk of succumbing to the elements. While avoidance is best, catching these types of injuries early and streamlining the reporting process is crucial to protect- ing tree worker crews. EFFECTS OF FROSTBITE Frostbite occurs when the body is ex- posed to low temperatures, resulting in freezing of the skin and underlying tissues. Frostbite is most common in the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks, and chin. In ad- dition to temperature, it can also result from direct contact with frozen metal, ice, and very cold liquids. Even protect- ed skin can succumb to frostbite.

Signs of Hypothermia

• Shivering • Drowsiness • Exhaustion or feeling very tired • Confusion • Lack of coordination • Slurred speech • Memory loss How to Treat • Call 911 and check breathing and responsiveness • Begin CPR if unresponsive and not breathing normally • Gently move the victim into a warm place • Remove wet or damp clothing • Slowly warm the person with warm blankets • Place the victim near a heat source (ONLY if far from medical help) • Do not rub the person’s skin • If they can easily swallow, give warm (not hot) drinks. • Never give the victim alcohol or caffeine.

There are three degrees of frostbite:

• Frostnip A milder first-degree in- jury that doesn’t cause permanent damage to the skin. • SuperficialFrostbite More serious, this second-degree injury occurs

Check out our Cold Weather Gear guide on page 20 for high-tech solutions to keep you warm on the job site.

16 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024


Visit us in Booth 923 indoors and Booth 3 outdoors to learn more about Teupen products and other Altec offerings.





ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 17

Superficial Frostbite • Only the outer surface of the skin is aff ected • The skin is numb and appears white, grayish-yellow, or waxy Deep Frosite • More serious • Affects all layers of the skin • Outer layer is completely numb • Blisters may form • Skin appears black as the tissue dies How to Treat Signs of Frostbite

• Seek medical help immediately • Move the victim to a warm place • Remove wet or damp clothing

• Protect toes and fingers with dry gauze • If there’s no danger of refreezing, warm the frostbitten skin in lukewarm water (99 to 104 F) • Do not place chemical warmers directly on frostbitten skin.

Frostbite is most common in the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks, and chin.

While eliminating tree workers’ ex- posure to cold-weather work may not always be possible, providing a warm place for them to rest and change out of wet clothes will go a long way in preventing hypothermia and frostbite. While OSHA does not have cold-weath- er standards for businesses, employers do have a “duty” to protect employees against hazards that can include cold stress and freezing temperatures. To ensure injured tree workers can be stabilized while awaiting emergency care, all arborists should be trained in

first-aid practices. In addition, chemical heat packs and medical thermometers should be standard in all first-aid kits. Closely monitoring fellow workers through a buddy system could help prevent cold-related incidents and pro- vide a fail-safe to quickly seek medical help if warranted. Cold weather awaits, but with awareness of the dangers and some necessary protocols, workers can safely navigate their workday without succumbing to these winter risks.

WORKPLACE SAFETY In-the-field medical treatment for hy- pothermia and frostbite are similar. First, seek medical help immediately. Then, gently move the victim into a warm place. Remove wet or damp clothing. Slowly warm the person with warm blankets, protecting toes or fingers with dry gauze if frostbite is suspected. Do not rub the damaged skin. If the victim can easily swallow, give them warm (not hot) liquids. If medical help is far off, place the per- son near a heat source. Never give alcohol or caffeine to someone with hypothermia.

Severe cold stress can quickly turn into a case of lasting damage to muscle tissue if not properly treated.

18 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024

Shears For Trimming



Grapple Saw For Felling

The SENNEBOGEN 718 Tree Care Handler brings a new TUBOEBSEPGTBGFUZBOEFGôDJFODZUPVSCBOGPSFTUSZ  BSCPSJDVMUVSF TUPSNDMFBOVQ BOEXPPEMPUNBJOUFOBODF The high-reach boom and simple, intuitive controls extend the arborist’s reach to perform a full range of tasks while working from the safety and comfort of the enclosed cab. The elevating Maxcab operator station allows a clear view of the worksite and directly into the cutting zone for precise pruning, felling, trimming, and stacking; all from the enclosed cab with no additional ground crew.

Mower for Embankments

For total versatility, the quick-change adapter allows the grapple saw to be swapped for optional attachments, such as mowers and mulchers for embankment and overpass maintenance.

Log Grapple for Clearing & Sorting

+1-704-347-4910 • (&55)&%&5"*-40/5)&)*()&''*$*&/$: 40-65*0/'0353&&-"/%4$"1&$"3&

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 19

Whether you're a groundworker or climber, you need to be prepared to work when the thermometer drops.

20 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024

Cold-weather gear is critical when working outdoors in winter. Technology is coming to the aid of tree crews exposed to the elements.

Cold-Weather Protection Tech-inspired clothing and gear to keep you warm on the job site Sure, everyone has their favorite beanie and base layer, but sometimes you need — more. We carefully curated unique solutions with a touch of innovation to give you an edge over extreme weather conditions.

By Mara Watts

It’s hard to get out of bed for work in the morning when a cold day awaits you outside. Short winter days can bring long hours and uncomfortably cold conditions for tree care profession- als. Getting motivated to work — and getting your fingers to work — can be a challenge. Most people already have their favor- ite beanie, fleece, gloves, and socks. So, we’ve carefully curated an assort- ment of cold-weather solutions that use technology to give you an edge over ex- treme conditions. Whether it’s a gi for yourself or a tree care friend, these products are designed to give you comfort on a blustery day.


LED Beanie Hokolite

Insulated Beanie OROS

The insulated LED Beanie sheds light on dark days with 1,200 lumens spread across a 230°-wide beam. With six modes and up to 15 hours of con- tinuous light, the slim, rechargeable battery pack is tucked neatly inside a small pocket.

The Explorer Beanie is made from the same kind of material NASA uses to insulate spacecra at -450° F. Woven with flexible foam, the Explorer Beanie is described as the “most scientifically innovative insulation in the galaxy.”

All you need is a thermos of hot cocoa.

Short winter days can bring long hours and uncomfortably cold conditions for tree care professionals.

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 21

Heated Socks Snow Deer

Heated Hand Muff

Savior Heat

Heated Scarf Ororo

The perfect base layer begins with re- chargeable heated Snow Deer socks to stimulate blood circulation. A one-touch controller adjusts the temperature and is stowed discreetly in a side-zippered pouch.

When you can’t (or don’t like to) wear gloves, this heated muff can provide tem- porary relief from the cold. Worn around the waist, the rechargeable device pro- vides up to 14 hours of adjustable heat.

Available in two lengths, Ororo’s heated scarf is filled with responsi- bly procured down that’s water- and wind-resistant. Keeps the neck insu- lated and warm for up to 14 hours.



Shoe and Boot Dryer PEET Shoe Dryer

Rechargeable Heated Insoles ActionHeat

Heated Glove Liners GOBI Heat

The Original PEET Dryer uses convec- tion technology to quietly dry footwear or gear without the use of fans. For best results, leave shoes on the dryer overnight.

These heated insoles come in two sizes to fit into any shoe. Use the pocket remote to adjust the temperature to three settings. USB port ensures a full charge that lasts up to eight hours.

A touch of a button adjusts the tempera- ture of these Stealth heated glove liners to three different settings and keeps fingertips warm for up to six hours. Made with steel-fiber technology, these machine-washable liners are light- weight and can fit under most gloves.

22 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024


Heated Vest Action Heat

Bum Protection Ass Gasket

Heated Thermal Underwear Action Heat

Built-in panels in this heated vest help keep the core nice and toasty, thanks to infrared heating. Weather resistant and rugged, a slim battery pack pro- vides hours of warmth and can be used to charge other devices.

Originally intended for snowboarders sitting in wet snow, the Ass Gasket is a 100% waterproof barrier that insu- lates and protects the tush, an oen overlooked part of the body. A flexible design and adjustable straps keep it snugly in place.

Infrared heating and heat-reflective technology allow these garments to stay warm up to 4.5 hours. Ma- chine-washable separates are designed for both men and women.

Learn more! Call 800.698.4641 or visit for information and videos Our advanced technology for tree treatment allows you to INCREASE THE NUMBER OF TREES YOU TREAT IN A DAY!


◆ .OWAITINGFORUPTAKE ◆ Treats most trees in five minutes or less! ◆ Successful and most profitable add-on service 726

Multiple injection tips designed for all types of trees, conifers and palms )NSECTICIDESs&UNGICIDESs0'2Ss!NTIBIOTICSs-ICRO.UTRIENTS

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 23


Coat Heater Anseris

Insulated Phone Case PHOOZY

Portable Fireplace Solo Stove

The Torch 2.0 Coat Heater is a por- table, inner layer featuring three heat pads that can transform any outwear into a heated jacket. Peel- and-stick Velcro keeps the pads in place for four hours of warmth.

This thermal capsule protects phones from extreme hot or cold tempera- tures. Made with materials used in spacesuits, PHOOZY helps your phone maintain a proper temperature and prevents freezing. Plus, it can float and is drop-proof.

From tiny tabletop fire bowls to larg- er fire pits on the ground, Solo Stoves are lightweight, portable, and virtually smokeless. With proper supervision, these stoves kick out a lot of heat and can be easily transported.

Promoting sustainable arboriculture, plant, and soil health since 1940.



24 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024

(800) 448-1862 |


360 ° Manual Swivel Discharge Chute

Reverse-Style Pivot Assembly

Side-Load Anvil

Reduces dead space between the feedwheel and the drum giving the machine a mechanical advantage for increased down pressure, providing optimal results when working with challenging materials.

Four-sided anvil, slides in and out for easy maintenance.

Multiple locking positions for greater operater control over chip discharge.


ZeroClutch ®

Morbark’s patented ZeroClutch removes the anxiety of engaging the chipper drum, damaged drive belts, and burned clutch discs and elevates the customer’s operating experience. Simply start the brush chipper, throttle the machine to full RPMs, and engage the feed control bar.

3-Position Electronic Control Bar with Dual Safety Pull Cables Electronic Control Bar positions include Forward-Neutral-Reverse designed to keep safety a top priority while working on a jobsite.

Infeed-Mounted Control Panel

Placing the control panel directly outside the infeed provides a more convenient location for operators.

Morbark’s BVR line of brush chippers - BVR10, BVR13, BVR16, and BVR19 - builds upon the legacy of Morbark’s innovation in the tree care industry through an updated modular design. With chipping capacities from 12- to 20-inches, the new BVR modular configuration streamlines the equipment’s overall upkeep and maintenance routine, and new features like the ZeroClutch, 3-position Electronic Control Bar, and Side-Load Anvil reduce downtime and increase overall productivity. To request a demonstration or quote, simply contact your local, authorized Morbark dealer. Not sure who the dealer is in your neck of the woods? Go to . THE FUTURE OF CHIPPING BEGINS WITH BVR

Scan the QRCode to learn more about Morbark’s new BVR Brush Chipper Line.


Product Spotlight

SUB-COMPACT ARTICULATING TELESCOPING BOOM LOADER Richway Industries is excited to intro- duce its rear steer SCL-210T. Designed for a multitude of industries and appli- cations, the SCL-210T was created to be rugged, versatile, and turf friend- ly. The small footprint provides easy access to confined areas. Equipped with a 24.8 horsepower Kubota diesel engine, manual locking “mini-skid” universal quick-tach, traction control, 2" receiver hitch, heavy duty all steel body, deluxe suspension seat, grease- less bushings, pilot control joystick, 12 GPM/2500 psi auxiliary valve; and an innovative hydraulic oil reservoir requiring only two gallons of fluid.


Boasting fast spool-up times and class-leading productivity, the new Drum Mulcher DC Pro from Diamond Mowers delivers a new level of mulch- ing performance for loaders up to 75hp. Designed for a wide range of consum- ers, it is differentiated by its lighter weight of just 1,350 pounds and its 63 CC, two-speed, bent-axis piston motor to power through more and larger material. Ideal for tackling a variety of common land maintenance tasks from managing overgrowth and maintaining fence lines to creating defensible space, the DC Pro is engineered with a 50" cutting width to slice through trees and brush and mulch material up to 8" in diameter.

STABLE BRAID SD RIGGING LINE Samson, the leading developer of high-performance synthetic rope solutions worldwide, is pleased to an- nounce an addition to the Samson- Dry™ Technology portfolio: Stable Braid SD. While a standard rigging line can absorb up to 45% of its weight in water, the SamsonDry coating reduces that figure to less than 5%, adhering to UIAA standards. This provides a light- er, safer, and easier-to-handle rope that won’t freeze when le out overnight in sub-zero temperatures. Stable Braid SD is spliceable, works well with hardware for rigging projects, and has an elastic elongation of only 1.1% at 10% of its breaking strength load.

Have a product or service you’d like us to feature? Please send press releases and high-resolution images to

26 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024

TRACKED LIFTS LEARNING CENTER Tracked Lis is thrilled to announce the launch of its Learning Center. Its commitment to providing the tree care industry with the best resources and learning materials has led them to make significant improvements that they are eager to share. Key high- lights include improved navigation and a wealth of new content. In the spirit of ongoing improvement, they plan to be continuously adding a wide array of new content. Tracked Lis is committed to expanding their library of resources to cover a wider range of topics and cater to your evolving needs. You can look forward to fresh content, insightful articles, and engaging learn- ing materials regularly.


DICA recently introduced SlatTrax, an engineered temporary roadway solution that provides vehicle access to worksites while protecting the ground. Made of recycled high-den- sity polyethylene (HDPE), the plastic temporary roadway can effectively support most residential construction, landscaping, and tree care equipment. SlatTrax hydraulically powered sys- tems are loaded with 100 . of Trax and can be reloaded with additional DIY or Rolled Trax sections to extend service roadways. The single or dual spool hydraulically powered systems mount easily on skid steers and other loaders to roll out 100 . of roadway in 2 minutes. The Hydraulically Powered temporary roadway system eliminates manual labor, requiring fewer crew members needed to prepare a site.


Engineered for power, efficiency, and unparalleled safety, the Diamant takes tree care operations to new heights. Its unique combination of speed, flexibili- ty, and environmentally friendly oper- ation set it apart from the competition. With a top speed of 43 mph (70 km/h), the ALBACH reduces transit times and boosts productivity, while its all-wheel steering and drive ensure excellent maneuverability. The innovative pow- ertrain combines performance with fuel efficiency, reducing operational costs and lowering your environmental footprint. The ALBACH’s cutting-edge chipper technology enables high throughput while maintaining excel- lent chip quality, supporting a wide range of applications from bioenergy to landscape mulch.

ArborTIMES does not endorse or sponsor any product, service, or activity. Reference to commercial products, services, or brand names does not constitute an endorsement by ArborTIMES . ArborTIMES shall not be held liable for any claims or damages arising from the purchase of these products.

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 27

Pruning is a delicate balance meant to promote proper growth, maintain the tree’s health, and ensure it meets its objective.

Pruning Cuts to Avoid Here are the most common mistakes and what to do instead Hasty decisions and a lack of knowledge can have drastic long-term consequences on the health of a tree. Before you resort to topping or lion's tailing, chances are there’s a better solution.

By Veronica Sparks

allow additional light to filter through the canopy.

A fundamental aspect of tree care, pruning is both an art and a science. When done correctly, pruning has the power to enhance a tree’s struc- tural integrity, appearance, and overall vitality. But even seasoned arborists can make mistakes that can harm the trees they intend to nurture. Ready to explore the top pruning mistakes in the tree care industry? Here’s why it’s critical to make cuts wisely, the consequences of a bad cut, and correct techniques to ensure healthy, thriving trees. WHY THE RIGHT CUT MATTERS Pruning is a delicate balance meant to promote proper growth, maintain the tree’s health, and ensure it meets its objective. This means cuts should be made with both intention and caution. There are four methods of pruning, according to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A300 document: Cleaning Dead, diseased, or hazardous branch- es are pruned to improve the health of a tree and to reduce the risk of accidents. Thinning Balancing the tree’s branches to prevent future leaning or tree instability and to

Raising Pruning for clearance by removing overhanging branches that obstruct roads, walk- ways, and sightlines, or pose safety hazards. Reduction Pruning to reduce the tree’s height or spread. No matter what the reason is for pruning a particular tree, the right cut is the key to a safe and healthy tree that meets its objective. FOLLOWING NATURE Pruning should address any present issues while keeping the tree’s structure as close as possible to its natural state, according to Dane Buell, past chairman of the ANSI A300 committee. Understanding how trees grow in nature, pre- serving leader branches, and anticipating how a tree’s growth will respond to pruning is essen- tial for making the right cuts. “You’re going to mirror how that tree would grow in the forest and improve its structure and sus- tainability,” Buell says. “Trees that grow in urban landscapes are not the same as trees that grow in the forest, so you’re mirroring what would hap- pen in nature to give that tree a better structure.”

28 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 29 A fundamental aspect of tree care, pruning is both an art and a science.

CARDINAL SINS OF PRUNING Standards for tree pruning are laid out in ANSI standards, but unfortunately, these aren’t always followed by tree care professionals. This oen means cuts are made that can negatively im- pact the health of the tree or fail to align with the tree’s objective. Here are the top pruning mistakes to avoid: TOPPING This is a pruning practice that aims to decrease the height of a tree. Topping involves cutting off the upper portion of a tree’s main branches or central lead- er. This practice is detrimental because it removes the tree’s natural crown, disrupts its structure, and encourages weak and rapid regrowth. Topping is usually done because people are worried that a tree is too tall. This is oen the result of picking the wrong tree for a space. It can also be required in situations where, perhaps, a tree is encroaching on power lines or other structures.

Chainsaws, hand saws, loppers, pruning shears, and pole saws are common tools used when pruning.

grow into a low limb that eventually gets in the way.” Making cuts that promote the health of the tree and keep its objective in mind takes time and skill. While it’s not always possible to start early with pruning, prop- er cuts lead to better results and a tree that can thrive for many years.

When issues arise, such as the pres- ence of large, low branches limiting ac- cessibility to walkways or roads, prop- er pruning practices will maintain the tree’s natural structure, reduce future hazards, and limit the amount of stress to the tree. STAY GOAL-ORIENTED When making cuts, arborists first as- sess how the tree might continue to grow in the future. One of the reasons urban trees grow differently than trees in a forest is due to the excess light around the radius of the tree. This oen leads to two or more dominant stems within a tree, as well as large, low branches. Young, urban trees should be pruned long before they get to the point where drastic cuts are needed, says Edward Gilman, PhD, author of “ An Illustrated Guide to Pruning ,” widely regarded as the tree care industry’s most compre- hensive pruning guide. “If you prune low branches and co-dom- inant stems earlier,” Gilman says, “it pushes more growth up into the per- manent canopy instead of letting it

Topping is the practice of reducing the size of a tree by removing its canopy, which can have negative impacts on the tree's food production, risk of decay, and limb failure.

30 | ArborTIMES Winter 2024




92’ Vertical Reach

52’6” Side Reach

40% Gradeability

ArborTIMES Winter 2024 | 31

pruning mistakes that leave the tree susceptible to disease and decay while preventing it from proper healing. Stub cuts occur when the pruning cut is made too far outside of the branch collar. In other words, too much of a stub is remaining aer the cut. This prevents a tree from developing the callus tissue and wound wood needed to seal the surface of the cut. Because compartmentalization is de- layed, a tree is open to decay for longer periods of time, according to Gilman. Exposure to oxygen can stimulate the growth of bacteria and fungi. “It gives the fungi and bacteria more time to work on the tree’s natural bar- riers,” says Gilman, “compared to mak- ing a cut at the right spot, which en- courages closure of the wound sooner and therefore cutting off the oxygen.” Conversely, flush cuts occur when the pruning cut is made too close to the primary branch and the second- ary branch collar is removed. This can damage the tree’s natural de- fense mechanisms and permanently removes the natural barrier of the branch protection zone. “There are four different ways trees compartmentalize decay that can come in from a pruning cut,” says Dr. Gilman. “The only thing le when you make a flush cut is the weakest barrier and that’s plugging, which is the weakest process or defense the tree has. So, a flush cut removes that capacity that the tree normally would have if you made the cut at the right spot.” PRUNING LARGE BRANCHES Arborists should only cut large branches on trees as a last resort when no other pruning methods can help resolve the issue with the tree or help it to meet its objective. “You’re making this huge wound, and the tree has very weak defenses against that type of wound,” Gilman says. “That’s got implications, and

Lion's tailing involves the excessive removal of inner branches, which leaves tufts of foliage at the end of large branches.

In general, however, topping a tree un- necessarily exposes it to disease, pests, decay, and other structural risks, which can create larger problems than simply having a tall tree. “Trees do grow tall, and they could be at a low risk relative to their size,” Buell says. “But once you’ve cut that tree in half, now you’ve predisposed it to branch attachments that are very poor as well as decay.” Topping can also disrupt the natural growth and development of a tree, leading to the need for far more restor- ative work down the road, according to Buell. That’s because topping activates the tree to respond by rapidly growing weak, thin branches that will require intensive pruning and management. “In order to restore trees from top- ping cuts, you need to come back over time and really make some strategic cuts that will regain the tree’s natural form," he says. LION'S TAILING Lion’s tailing involves the excessive removal of inner branches, leaving tus of foliage only at the ends of large branches. If pruning isn’t prioritized on a tree while it’s young, this can lead to

the growth of large, low branches.

Eventually, these branches could be- come hazardous or create clearance is- sues on paths and streets below them. That’s why arborists sometimes resort to lion’s tailing and simply remove all of those low branches. However, this practice is actually count- er-productive to creating a safe environ- ment around the tree, says Gilman. “It forces the tree to grow even taller and puts a lot of stress on the mechanics of the tree’s connections,” he says. “It ul- timately makes the tree somewhat un- stable, and that gets worse over time.” Buell adds that the practice of lion’s tailing is also detrimental to a tree’s health and growth, since it reduces the tree’s ability to photosynthesize effectively. “Lion’s tailing is a horrible prac- tice, and it’s a very inappropriate approach to pruning,” he says. STUB CUTS AND FLUSH CUTS How well a cut is made can significant- ly impact how well a tree heals from the wound. Unfortunately, poor cuts — like stub and flush cuts — are common

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