Egyption History & Travel - 2010

C ONTENTS Introduction..................................................................................................................................5 Current Millennium .....................................................................................................................5

Addendum to Current Events .................................................................................................6

Historical Timeline .....................................................................................................................15 Religions of Egypt.......................................................................................................................17 Judaism....................................................................................................................................17 Christianity..............................................................................................................................19 Islam ........................................................................................................................................22 The Ancient Egyptian Religion...............................................................................................26 A Necessary Comparison ......................................................................................................28 Topography and Weather .........................................................................................................29 Cities............................................................................................................................................30 Empires of Influence in North Africa........................................................................................34 Alexander the Great (336-323 BC) ........................................................................................34 The Early Dynastic Period (3100-2686 BC)...........................................................................35 The Old Kingdom (2686-2181 BC) ........................................................................................38 Djoser Step Pyramid ..........................................................................................................39 The Bent Pyramid ...............................................................................................................40 The Red Pyramid ................................................................................................................41 The Great Pyramid .............................................................................................................41 The Chephren Pyramid......................................................................................................43 The Great Sphinx ................................................................................................................44 The Menkaure Pyramid .....................................................................................................44 First Intermediate Period (2181-1787 BC) ...........................................................................46 The Middle Kingdom (1787-1705 BC) ..................................................................................46 The Second Intermediate Period (1704-1540 BC) ...............................................................47 The New Kingdom (1540-1069 BC) .......................................................................................47 The Nubian Museum..........................................................................................................48 Karnak..................................................................................................................................51 The Triad of Thebes............................................................................................................53 Hypostyle Hall .....................................................................................................................53 Luxor Temple ......................................................................................................................54

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