Karnak This is the largest temple complex in the world, even accounted as larger than the Angkor Wat temples in Cambodia. It is connected with the Luxor Temple by a mile long causeway lined on both sides by Ram-headed Sphinx figures.
Karnak sits on 247 acres and consists of 4 main areas (called “precincts”) only one of which is open to the public - the Precinct of Amun-Re. Construction of the temple complex probably started in Early Dynastic times with small temples but it reached its height of building in the New Kingdom. Thebes (modern day Luxor) was now the center of the spiritual life of Egypt as well as its government. Since the temples were believed to be the residences of the gods, the correlative belief was that if building every stopped at Karnak, the temple would “die.” Therefore, some 30 Pharaohs contributed to the construction. Sandstone and granite are the major building materials in this enormous complex.
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