Ramses II (the Great) ordered the construction of this complex for several reasons, foremost among them to intimidate the Nubians to the south of the site. He also wanted to commemorate his victory in the Battle of Kadesh (whether or not he was actually the winner or just withdrew in a stalemate is a subject for Egyptologists to consider even today), and to insure that the religion of Egypt was known and honored in the south of the country. Ramses temple is the largest and most complex but the second one for his favorite wife, Nefertari, is also monumental land beautiful! Furthermore, most unusually, Ramses ordered that the statues of himself and Nefertari at the front of her temple were made the same size. Ordinarily, statues of Pharaohs were always much larger than those of their consorts. But then, Nefertari was the favorite of his many wives.
Ramses Temple on the Left - Nefertari's on the Right
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