There are 22 baboon statues in the frieze with their arms raised to the sun in worship. The whole temple is dedicated to the gods Ptah, Ra-Horakhty, and Amun. Ptah is a creator god who was supposed to have created mankind and the world through thought combined with spoken names. Ra-Horakhty is a combination of the god Ra (another creator god) and Horus (the Falcon-headed god) to become the “Solar Force.” Amun is the “hidden god” above all the others. The interior of Ramses' temple is in triangular shape with the rooms decreased in size until the sanctuary is reached. This is the usual formation of Egyptian temples. What is unusual about this one is the many side chambers off the main corridor. The main hall is 59 ft. long and 54 ft. wide and it is supported by eight huge pillars formed in the shape of Osiris, god of the underworld. The walls are caved with scenes of Ramses' great battles, his divine birth, the religious rites he practiced, his devotion to the gods, his treatment of his enemies. The most famous depicts Ramses in his chariot riding into battle with his bow drawn and his pet lioness racing alongside the chariot. It is a brilliant carving and retains some of the original colors with which the carvings were often painted.
Made with FlippingBook flipbook maker