Coastal erosion was also seen as a possibility since there is so much less soil redepositing going on now, but the scientific studies on that problem are not yet completed. Much more data is needed over a longer period of time. The possibility of salinization of the soil along the Nile is recognized as a problem. No solution has yet been devised. Of course, one of the most terrible consequences of the dam was the enormous removal of the Nubian people from their traditional homelands. Between 100,000 and 120,000 Nubians were relocated. These people were given already built homes, hospitals, schools and towns to lessen the blow to their lives and cultures. Because Nubians in the south had always lived among Egyptians the dislocations were not fraught with assimilation problems. However, about 50,000 Nubians were relocated into the Sudan where they had never been a significant part of the population. Though villages with all the amenities were also provided for these people, the assimilation problems continue to this day. These folks are some of those living the nightmare of the civil war and genocide in southern Sudan. They certainly would not count the Aswan High Dam as a major success. Another dreadful problem posed by the dam and its reservoir, Lake Nasser, was the complete submersion of so many of the treasured antiquities built along the edges of the Nile where the reservoir would fill. Many temples and monuments were destined to be lost forever.
Some, like Philae Island, were rescued by UNESCO.
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