Reddy-Care: Relieving Low Back, Hip and Knee Arthritis

N E W S L E T T E R HOW PT HELPS MANAGE KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS

Blog by: Dr. Olu Ambode, DPT

MANAGING AN OSTEOARTHRITIC HIP Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease which is caused as a result of cartilage breakdown around the articulating surfaces of bone. These cause a further breakdown of the joint ultimately leading to bones rubbing on each other and complete destruction of the joint. Osteoarthritismay prevent you fromexercising. A lack of exercise may even contribute to osteoarthritis andmuscle atrophy. Regular physical activity can help strengthen muscles, improve balance, and make your hip joints more stable. A physical therapist always creates a treatment plan that is individualized to specific patient needs to help improve symptoms and Arthritis simply put is an inflammation of one or more of your joints. Common signs and symptoms include morning pain and stiffness which gets better with walking, decreased range of motion and pain while carrying basic activities. Knee arthritis can make it very difficult to carry out the most basic activities and can be managed. According to Orthoinfo, 2019 Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the knee. It is a degenerative, “wear-and-tear” type of arthritis that occurs most often in people 50 years of age and older but may occur in younger people. Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are many treatment options available to helpmanage pain and keep people staying active. There are a lot of management approaches documented for people suffering with osteoarthritis. However, physical therapy has been shown to be highly advantageous in managing its symptoms Specific Physical therapy Approach Physical therapy in the form of specific exercises, modalities and devices tailored to specific patients can help in improving patients pain levels, range of motion and to improve patient’s ability to carry out basic tasks like jogging, walking, running, sports activities, stair negotiation, dancing and skiing. All these and more can be achieved at our outpatient centers (Great Neck and Farmingdale) as well as a home therapy setting to maximize all potential and to improve quality of life and function.

manage pain. Such individualized treatments include but are not limited to the following; Low-impact exercise Some low impact exercises include: Walking This is the best low impact exercise as it is cheap, easily accessible and can be carried out at all times during the day. A physical therapist will, however, give cues to improve the quality of this activity. Stationary bike Using a stationary bike on an easy setting allows you to slowly build your strength. Using the bike in your home allows you to avoid traffic and stop when you feel strained. Aquatic Therapy Carrying out exercises in water has the added benefit of reducing weight-bearing forces at the joints and joint relaxation properties underwater cannot be overemphasized. Anti Gravity Treadmill A great alternative to aquatic therapy is the Anti Gravity Treadmill. Aquatic therapy is a traditional recommendation to reduce body weight during exercise, which in turn reduces stiffness and inflammation after exercise. But aquatic exercise does not ensure a normal gait pattern. The AlterG ® Anti- Gravity Treadmill™ can take PT for OA patients to the next level by: • Allowing walking and running with a normalized gait pattern. The PT can work with the patient on gait kinematics in a safe environment. • Decreasing pain by controlling the load from 20% to 100% of body weight with NASA-patented Differential Air Pressure technology. • Decreasing stiffness and inflammation through motion to assist with joint health and improved range of motion that allows for proper cartilage loading. www.alterg.com/treadmill-training-rehab/athletics/movement-is- medicine-for-patients-suffering-from-osteoarthritis

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