Global Aviator - December 2021

DECEMBER 2021 -Vol 13/No 12

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The Great Escape

What does the future hold for the electric supersonic jet? DUBAI AIR SHOW 2021 Switzerland The Childrens Flight 2021 FLY • FEED • LOVE • INSPIRE

The Pilatus PC-7MKX! The world’s best smart basic trainer

YAK-152 Primary Trainer Aircraft

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GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 3

INDUSTRY NEWS

CONTENTS GENERAL NEWS 6 From the desk of Rostec 16 Around and about 24 Airline news BOOK OF THE MONTH 80 When giants ruled the skies FEATURES 8  What does the future hold for the electric supersonic jet? 18 Russian training aircraft 20  The world's first EW system to detect and disrupt multiple threats simultaneously 30  Hi Fly lands first ever Airbus A340 in Antarctica

Cover by: Pilatus Aircraft Limited

34  Dubai Air Show 2021 48 The World’s Best Smart Basic trainer is here - The PC-7 MKX! 50 Switzerland 62  When I try and identify what sparked my love of the Arab world – amazingly it was a war 64  The children's flight 2021 62  The underhanded side 64  The Great Escape 70  Dave Daniel is a man who never sits still and the trend continues with this latest venture of an AMO and flying facility in Jamaica

IN CLOSING 82 Put on your mask or get off the aircraft!

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STRONG SUPPORT

ROE.RU/ENG/ more info at

Rosoboronexport is the sole state company in Russia authorized to export the full range of defense and dual-use products, technologies and services. Rosoboronexport accounts for over 85% of Russia's annual arms sales and maintains military-technical cooperation with over 70 countries worldwide.

27 Stromynka str., 107076, Moscow, Russian Federation Phone: +7 (495) 534 61 83 Fax: +7 (495) 534 61 53 www.roe.ru

FROM THE DESK OF ROSTEC

Rostec has started flight tests on the upgraded Ka-32A11M fire-fighting helicopter

The upgraded Ka-32A11M fire- fighting helicopter produced by Russian Helicopters took off for the first time and began flight tests. The rotorcraft fitted with new engines, radio- electronic equipment and fire extinguishing system is to undergo preliminary and certification tests during 2022-2023, after which it will be available for Russian and foreign customers. The first flight of the Ka-32A11M took place in hover mode at the flight-testing complex of the Kumertau Aviation Production Enterprise (KAPE) in Bashkortostan. "Modernisation is significantly expanding the capabilities of one of the world's best fire-fighting

helicopters, Ka-32, and we are planning to complete certification of the Ka- 32A11M in 2023. After that, the rotocraft with the latest electronics and firefighting systemwill be available for Russian and foreign customers," said Andrey Boginsky, Director General of the Russian Helicopters. Ka-32A11Mwas first presented at the MAKS- 2021 Aviation and Space Salon. The modernisation programme of Ka-32 includes equipping it with a "glass cockpit" with an onboard avionics system, more powerful VK-2500PS-02 engines, and a new fire extinguishing system. VK-2500PS-02 engines will significantly improve flight performance of the helicopter in hot and mountainous environments. According to calculations of engineers, helicopter load-carrying

capacity in such conditions can be increased by about 1 600kg. Technical solutions used in the "glass cockpit" of Ka-32A11M have already been tested on the Ansat and Mi-38 civil multipurpose helicopters; they will greatly facilitate the operation of additional navigation, optoelectronic and search equipment, which can be installed on the helicopter. The wearing of night vision goggles will now be possibility. A new SP-32 fire extinguishing system developed by specialists fromNational Helicopter Center Mil&Kamov and KAPE has a number of significant advantages. A new tank holds four tons of water and is divided into four compartments. The patented flap systemwith digital control allows the flaps to be opened in pairs or alternately, as well as the opening angles of the flaps to be adjusted,

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thereby increasing the water discharge time. The fire extinguishing system can automatically draw four tons of water in 60 seconds and add up to 400 liters of foam agent and is adapted for the use of a water cannon. In addition, all SP-32 systems are electrically heated, making it the first SP-32 system in the world that can be used in winter conditions at temperatures of -20˚C. Coaxial design of the Ka-32 helicopter provides stable hover mode and excellent crosswind stability. In addition, the absence of a tail rotor reduces the size of the helicopter, making it more manoeuvrable. These features provide special advantages for operating in mountain and forest areas, as well as in dense urban environments. The Ka-32 is capable not only of extinguishing fires, but also of performing high-precision construction and installation operations, medical, search and rescue missions and transporting of cargo. It is well suited for high-humidity conditions and is particularly The Ka-32 characteristics allow it to fly in high turbulence and stormwinds. Mass production of the Ka-32 helicopters has been launched at KAPE. To date more than 240 helicopters have been built there. They operate in more than 30 countries, including Austria, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Indonesia, Spain, Canada, Kazakhstan, China, Portugal, Russia, Turkey, Switzerland, South Korea and Japan. • resistant to aggressive marine environments.

Russian Helicopters" supplies two Mi-171s with altitude engines to China Ulan-Ude

The Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant of the "Russian Helicopters" Holding Company has delivered the first batch of two Mi-171 helicopters equipped with altitude engines VK-2500-03 to China under the contract with QINGDAO civil airline. "The increase in global use of helicopters is now one of the key trends. In China they are to be used for fire-fighting operations," noted Alexey Kozlov, managing director of the Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant. – The national type certificate for Mi-171 rotorcraft with VK-2500-03 engines, issued in 2019 by the Civil Aviation Administration of the People's Republic of China (PRC), presented an opportunity to supply this type of rotorcraft to this country." The contract with QINGDAO civil airline for delivery of six Mi-171 helicopters powered by VK-2500-03 engines was signed in December 2019.

Under the contract, the Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant has supplied the first batch of two helicopters. According to the document, four more rotorcraft are to be delivered in 2022. In 2019, the Civil Aviation Administration of the PRC issued a national type certificate for Mi-171 rotorcraft equipped with VK-2500-03 engines based on demonstration flight results in Chinese city of Lijiang. The Ministry of Emergency Situations and the Civil Aviation Administration of China highly rated helicopters' transport capabilities for carrying cargo and extinguishing fires in the highlands. The VK-2500-03 provides helicopter with fundamentally new capabilities when operating in high altitude and hot climate areas. Rotorcraft engines VK-2500-03 for Mi-171 ensure more power in emergency flight mode, which, in turn, increases flights safety on a single working engine. •

GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 7

ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT

Polymath billionaire Elon Musk has said that he is "dying' to expand beyond cars and trucks with Tesla and build an electric supersonic jet – however at the moment his workload is to heavy!" Such an aircraft would use vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) technology to rise to a high altitude, before using battery- powered propulsion to reach speeds in excess of 1 236km/h. Until then aviators can look forward to smaller electric aircraft such as the Alice, a nine-passenger, two-crew member aircraft that produces no carbon emissions and is quieter than normal planes. Alice unveiled Eviation has unveiled the production version of its

What does the future hold for the electric supersonic jet? By Charmaine de Villiers

Alice aircraft. The company unveiled its prototype in 2017, attracting a lot of attention and comparison with Tesla as it was the first electric aircraft that was actually viable for commercial use. Initially a range of approximately 965km was predicted but with the production version this has dropped to around 700km. Alice is powered by two Magni650 electric propulsion units fromMagniX, the only flight proven electric propulsion systems at this scale. Honeywell produced the advanced fly-by-wire

system and the single- volume, high-energy density battery system is made from available battery cells and does therefore not rely on future technology. not reliant on future advancements. An inaugural flight is set to take place later this year, but certification is going to take a while, and Alice is not expected to go into service until 2024. A major problem is to get the battery energy density to reach over 400 Wh/kg, and while many prototype battery cells have claimed to reach this, the problem

Eviation’s Alice all-electric prototype aircraft seen at the Paris air show in 2019, Source - Eviation

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An interior view of the Eviation's nine passenger interior.

The cockpit is not loaded with instruments.

still remains of how to bring these cells to volume production. The battery used in the Eviation Alice stores 820 kWh and weights 3 720kg, meaning specific energy of eb = 220 Wh/kg could be possible. That’s for the whole battery pack and system, including temperature management. eFlyer 800 The Bye eFlyer may be the first commercial electric aircraft to go into production. The aircraft will have an estimated 320 knot cruise speed, 350 00 feet ceiling and 500 nm range with 45-minute IFR reserves at normal cruise speed of 280 knots. It has safety features that include two wing-mounted electric motors, each with dual redundant motor windings, quad-redundant battery packs and a full airplane parachute. Features such as emergency auto-landing system, terrain avoidance and routing for emergency auto-land with options like supplemental power solar cells and in-wheel electric taxi possibly available. Up to seven passengers can be

an alternative airfield with 45 minutes margin when flying solely on instruments. Taking into account the 80% state-of-health needed on the batteries, the actual flight time can be rather drastically reduced. With the current batteries available, electric aircraft would need to install more batteries, which will mean more weight yet the aircraft have to remain below a certain weight for their class. Empty weight needs to be reduced as much as possible. Eviation is claiming an empty weight of 1 530kg, by using composites. The only small jet currently flying using composites is the 6-passenger Hondajet aluminium wings, and has an empty weight of 3 379kg. Eviation is aiming for less than half that weight. Is a viable electric aircraft possible? Batteries that are in production at this stage deliver a range that is usable but not quite of the type that will make an electric aircraft which was built with a composite fuselage,

accommodated together with one or two pilots. Bye Aerospace is already in the process of obtaining FAA Part-23 certification for the eFlyer 2 developed to be used as a training aircraft, and eFlyer 4 for air taxi, cargo and advanced training uses. Benefits include five-fold lower operating costs, no CO 2 emissions, and decreased noise. Target date 2024 Eviation’s Alice and Lilium’s Lilium Jet, both targeting commercial operations in 2024, and Heart Aerospace’s ES-19, targeting 2026. These are all start-ups, with completely clean- sheet designs, and all with substantial funding and order books. As promising as the designs may be, the most difficult part is the battery system especially as the range equation for battery electric aircraft plays an immense Eviation estimates a range of 700km but not all of that is available for scheduled flight as most regulators require 30 minutes safety margin and part on the operational capability of the planes

GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 9

ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT

Bye Aerospace has received a number of orders for the sFlyer 800. Production is scheduled for 2024.

viable for the companies. As technology advances better batteries will become available resulting in the range that companies such as Eviation are visualising. There are engineering problems that have to be overcome, including minimising weight and ensuring the reliability of the battery cooling system. Aviation authorities are likely to view electric aircraft with a very careful eye and any battery problems encountered during testing will be scrutinised to ensure that aviation safety standards are adhered to. Rolls-Royce’s first all- electric aircraft completed its maiden flight during October. According to the company the aircraft flew for about 15 minutes and the trip marked “the beginning of an intense flight-testing phase” that would involve

the collection of performance data on its electrical power and propulsion system. Rolls-Royce says the “Spirit of Innovation” as it is known, uses a 400 kilowatt electric power train “with the most power-dense battery pack ever assembled for an aircraft.” The eventually aim is for the aircraft to reach a speed of around 480km/h. Over the past five years a team of NASA engineers have been working to convert an Italian Tecnam P2006T aircraft so that it runs solely on battery power. The X-57 Maxwell recently began high-voltage functional ground testing at the Armstrong Flight Research Centre in Edwards, California, and is scheduled to make its maiden flight in the US spring of 2022. In concept the X-57 looks strange. The high-aspect- ratio wings are far more

slender than typical airplane wings, with 12 electric motors with propellers to help with lift and two larger engines at the end to aid cruising. When not in use, the 12 smaller motors fold in to help reduce drag. NASA expects the X-57 to have a range of roughly 160km and a cruise speed of 277km/h with a maximum flight time of approximately 40 minutes. At present however, the X-57 is still a normal aircraft as no motors have as yet been installed. As with other electric aircraft the battery requirements for the X-57 is a stumbling block. The plane requires about 363kg of battery for its research flights, according to Sean Clark, principal investigator at Armstrong Flight Research Centre. One of the innovations developed by the X-57 teamwas an installation

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has ordered 60 for pilot training. Despite the orders for these electric aircraft, it seems unlikely that they will replace aircraft running on aviation fuel in the foreseeable future. Most of the aircraft are aimed at the more commercial markets with nine or more passengers to make them financially viable. Although the hourly cost of operating an electric plane is estimated to be reasonably low, this is no guarantee, especially when the cost of electricity needed to charge the batteries continues to spiral. Only time will tell what the actual impact on the aviation industry will be once electric planes are produced in significant numbers.

pack that can absorb a failed battery cell after its energy is spent, which helps prevent the failure of an entire battery pack. This experimental installation pack is already being commercialized and used by NASA’s contractors.

helicopters and fuel powered vehicles. eVTOL aircraft are noticeably quieter than helicopters and therefore better suited for flights over populated areas. NASA and Joby have a mutual arrangement whereby the agency receives data from Joby and the aviation company supplies components such as electric motors to NASA for the X-57 project.

Carbon emissions and sound

It’s still early days for electric aircraft, but the companies developing prototypes have already begun conducted their own test flights. NASA recently started test flights of electric vertical take-off and landing aircraft with Joby Aviation. The agency is closely monitoring the aircraft’s sound profile to see how well it compares to

The future for ‘normal aircraft

BlackBird, a US on-demand flight service will purchase 100 four-seat Bye eFlyer4 pure-electric planes and ten eFlyer 2 aircraft, and Norway's OSM Aviation

‘Spirit of Innovation’ stakes claim to be the world’s fastest all-electric vehicle

"We believe our all- electric ‘Spirit of Innovation’ aircraft is the world’s fastest all- electric aircraft, setting three new world records. We have submitted data to the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) – the World Air Sports Federation who control and certify world aeronautical and astronautical records – that at 15:45 (GMT) on 16 November 2021, the aircraft reached a top speed of 555.9 km/h (345.4 mph) over 3 kilometres, smashing the existing record by 213.04 km/h (132mph). In further runs at

the UK Ministry of Defence’s Boscombe Down experimental aircraft testing site, the aircraft achieved 532.1km/h (330 mph) over 15 kilometres – 292.8km/h (182mph) faster than the previous record – and broke the fastest time to climb to 3 000 metres by 60 seconds with a time of 202 seconds, according to our data. We hope that the FAI will certify and officially confirm the achievements of the team in the near future. During its record-breaking runs, the aircraft clocked up a maximum speed of 623 km/h (387.4 mph) which we believe makes the ‘Spirit of Innovation’ the world’s

fastest all-electric vehicle." Warren East, CEO, Rolls- Royce, said: “Staking the claim for the all-electric world- speed record is a fantastic achievement for the ACCEL team and Rolls-Royce. I would like to thank our partners and especially Electroflight for their collaboration in achieving this pioneering breakthrough. The advanced battery and propulsion technology developed for this programme has exciting applications for the Advanced Air Mobility market. Following the world’s focus on the need for action at COP26, this is another milestone that will help make ‘jet zero’ a reality and supports

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INDUSTRY NEWS

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GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 13

ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT

our ambitions to deliver the technology breakthrough society needs to decarbonise transport across air, land and sea.” Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng said: “Rolls-Royce’s revolutionary Spirit of Innovation aircraft is yet more proof of the UK’s enviable credentials when it comes to innovation. This record will show the potential of electric flight and help to unlock the technologies that could make it part of everyday life. The government is proud to back projects like this to leverage the private investment necessary to unlock cleaner, greener aircraft which will allow people to fly as they do now, but in a way that cuts emissions.” The ‘Spirit of Innovation’ is part of the ACCEL or ‘Accelerating the Electrification of Flight’ project. Half of the project’s funding is provided by the Aerospace Technology Institute (ATI), in partnership with the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy and Innovate UK. "The aircraft was propelled on its record breaking runs

by a 400kW (500+hp) electric powertrain and the most power- dense propulsion battery pack ever assembled in aerospace. We worked in partnership with aviation energy storage specialist Electroflight and automotive powertrain supplier YASA. As well as a stunning technical achievement, the project and world record runs provided important data for our future electric power and propulsion systems for all- electric urban air mobility and hybrid-electric commuter aircraft. The characteristics that ‘air-taxis’ require from batteries, for instance, are very similar to what was developed for the ‘Spirit of Innovation". Stjohn Youngman, Managing Director, Electroflight. “We are delighted to have played an integral role in this landmark project. Its success is a fitting tribute to the dedication and innovation of the Electroflight team and our suppliers. Developing the propulsion and battery system, in collaboration with experienced programme partners, has resulted in a world

class engineering capability that will lead the way towards the decarbonisation of air travel. Our next step is to adapt this pioneering technology so it can be applied across the wider aerospace industry to deliver a more sustainable way to fly.” Rolls-Royce has an incredible history of flying speed record attempts and breaking records, dating back to the Schneider Trophies of the early 1930s. The speed achieved by test pilot and Rolls-Royce Director of Flight Operations Phill O’Dell in the ‘Spirit of Innovation’ was more than 213.04 km/h (132 mph) faster than the previous record set by the Siemens eAircraft powered Extra 330 LE Aerobatic aircraft in 2017. Never in the history of the FAI record attempts has there been such a significant increase in speed over such a short time, highlighting the rapid pace at which electrification of aerospace is advancing. Phill O’Dell said: “Flying the ‘Spirit of Innovation’ at these incredible speeds and believing we have broken the world-

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record for all-electric flight is a momentous occasion. This is the highlight of my career and is an incredible achievement for the whole team. The opportunity to be at the forefront of another pioneering chapter of Rolls- Royce’s story as we look to deliver the future of aviation is what dreams are made of.” While all three organisations share a passionate pioneering spirit, Rolls-Royce through the development process has learnt from the motorsport background of both partners and in particular the pace of start-up Electroflight. Meanwhile we have shared expertise and technology with our partners including the rigorous safety and testing methods needed by the civil aviation industry – this combination has helped turn a concept into a world record breaker. Dr TimWoolmer, YASA’s Chief Technology Officer and Founder said, “Electric flight is set to be as transformative for mobility as the jet engine was 70 years ago. It’s thrilling to see our ultra-high performance,

super-low weight electric motors powering the ‘Spirit of Innovation’ to these great speeds, and to know that collaborative projects like ACCEL take us one step closer to emissions- free electric flight becoming a commercial reality for all.” The ACCEL programme has also been supported by two further great British pioneers, Jaguar Land Rover who have loaned all-electric zero emission Jaguar I-PACE cars as towing and support vehicles and Bremont, the luxury watchmaker, who were the official timing partner for the record attempt. The aircraft took off from the MoD’s Boscombe Down site, which is managed by QinetiQ and flew profiles according to the FAI guidelines for record attempts in the Powered Aeroplane C-1C Electric class. Test Pilot, Electroflight Steve Jones flew the ‘Spirit of Innovation’ aircraft for the 15km and the time to climb to 3 000 metres record runs that have been submitted. Gary Elliott, CEO of the Aerospace Technology Institute,

said: “The ACCEL project demonstrates that strategic investment in UK technology and innovation can achieve extraordinary world-beating results, and sets us firmly on the path to decarbonising passenger flight in the future. This achievement of Rolls- Royce, Electroflight and YASA will resonate for many years to come and inspire the next generation of aerospace engineers. They deserve their place in the record books, and the ATI is proud to have played our part in that. Congratulations to the whole team.” Our involvement in the ACCEL project is just one of the ways in which we are looking to make aviation more sustainable. In June, we announced our pathway to net zero carbon emissions – a year on from joining the UN Race to Zero campaign – committing to ensure our new products will be compatible with net zero operation by 2030 and all our products will be compatible with net zero by 2050. •

GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 15

AROUND AND ABOUT

Damen Shipyards Group is opening its latest service hub, in Hamburg, Germany. This takes the total number of hubs to fifteen, spread across Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Middle East, and Australia. The Hamburg hub will serve not only Germany but also Denmark and Poland. The hubs ethos is to provide a local service, worldwide, and the Hamburg hub will act as the one-stop-shop for Damen customers located in the region seeking warranty service, training and service support. However, customers do not necessarily need to own Damen vessels. The group’s resources are available to all seeking advice and support as well as access to facilities and expertise. Like all Damen service hubs, Hamburg is staffed by local

Huntington Ingalls Industries announces new cyber and electronic warfare business group president for its technical solutions division

Grant Hagen

Huntington Ingalls Industries has announced that Grant Hagen has been named president of its Technical Solutions division Cyber and Electronic Warfare business group. He succeeds Terri Walker-Spoonhour, chief operating officer, who was serving as acting president of the business group. “I’m confident in Grant’s vision to successfully lead our Cyber and EW team,” said Andy Green, HII

executive vice president and president Technical Solutions. “With his exceptional expertise in business operations, I’m excited to see what this team can accomplish under his leadership as we continue to integrate our businesses, transform HII and accelerate national security solutions.” Hagen has been an integral member of Technical Solutions’ leadership team the last few years, serving most recently as senior vice president of business operations. He led the strategic integration of several business

acquisitions for the division and has been instrumental in the development and construction of the Unmanned Systems Center of Excellence, Hagen previously served in a number of director-level positions at HII’s Newport News Shipbuilding division and in various leadership positions for Raytheon Integrated Defence Systems, including director of in Hampton, Virginia, which will open soon. programmes and business development. He holds a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from Arkansas State University and an MBA from the College of William and Mary. •

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personnel with experience of ship building and maintenance in their region and able to respond quickly to enquiries. The hub is also expanding its network of local suppliers to ensure that products and services are sourced locally wherever possible. “A key part of our service offering is the provision of integrated maritime solutions,” adds Carsten Wiese, Service Hub Manager, Hamburg. “By being geographically closer to our customers, we are well positioned to engage with owners throughout the lifecycle of their vessels. This enables us to offer targeted and relevant solutions to help minimise long- term operational costs, particularly when vessel connectivity facilitates knowledge-powered operations, and also maintenance support solutions.” While the hub acts as a single point of contact for customers in the Germany, Denmark, Poland region, customers can be assured that the full resources of the Damen group stand behind it, and the hub can also coordinate with the other hubs around the world to ensure continuity of care as a vessel moves across the oceans. •

Damen opens service hub in Hamburg, Germany

On the photo from left to right: Carsten Wiese (Service Hub Manager Hamburg, Damen Services); Joschka Böddeling (Sales Manager, Damen); Roderick Buijs (Account Manager Services North Europe, Damen).

SAMAD Aerospace signs MOU with Aerosud Aviation

a number of industry sectors that need to transit high value cargo. These include oil and gas corporations, gemstone mining companies, medical logistics and emergency response companies. The Starling Cargo aircraft will also be utilised to deliver humanitarian critical cargo of food, medicine and equipment to often remote regions of the world with underdeveloped or damaged local infrastructure. SAMAD Aerospace

design and manufacturing for international Tier 1 suppliers. The Starling Cargo aircraft will be remotely piloted with auto pilot capability. It will have a cruising speed of 83 knots, flight ceiling of 10,000 feet and a range of up to 117 nm. The electric vertical take- off and landing aircraft will enable flexible point to point air cargo of up to 60 kg payload. The SAMAD Aerospace team have seen interest in its Starling Cargo aircraft from

SAMAD Aerospace has announce that it has signed an MOU agreement with Aerosud Aviation for the development and manufacturing of its fully electric VTOL Starling Cargo aircraft. Aerosud Aviation is a South African aerospace engineering company specialising in commercial aerostructure part

is now one of the top ten VTOL companies in the world. It has built and tested multiple prototypes of its eVTOL aircraft. •

GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 17

RUSSIAN TRAINING AIRCRAFT

Primary Trainer Aircraft Yak-152

allowing the aircraft to take- off and land safely on small unprepared airfields. It has a length of 7 m, wing span of 8.82 m and a height of 2.47 m. The maximum take-off weight is 1 320 kg and it can carry a maximum fuel load of 200 kg. It features a monocoque fuselage made up of four longerons. Operated by a single pilot, the cockpit can accommodate two crew members in tandem configuration. The aircraft can be equipped with advanced flight navigation, radio communications, and targeting equipment to provide high-reliability and enhanced training. Development The Yak-152 is being developed and promoted as the next-generation basic trainer and is is the long-anticipated successor to the Yak 52.

The Yak-152 is a new generation primary trainer aircraft developed by IrkutCorporation. The aircraft is intended to provide primary pilot training, professional selection, and occupational guidance. It will be included in the UTK-Yak training complex, which consists computer display classrooms, PC-based procedural simulators, and functional simulators. The Yak-152 aircraft development programme includes production of four prototypes, with two aimed for flight trials, one for static

tests and the final for fatigue testing.. The first prototype achieved its maiden flight in September 2016. The first trainer aircraft was originally intended to go into operation by 2017 but delays meant it only went into production in 2021. The primary / basic trainer aircraft features all- metal airframe, low wing, aerofoil monoplane design. It is easy to maintain and requires low operating costs. The wings are attached with trim rudders and ailerons to provide improved aerodynamic efficiency. The aircraft features a retractable tricycle landing gear consisting of a nose wheel and two main wheels, with low-pressure tyres and shock-absorbing properties,

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The inaugural flight of the Yak-152 took place in September 2016 at the Irkut aircraft building plant, and due to its initial success. The aircraft will be manufactured by the Irkutsk Corporation in Eastern Siberia. The aircraft seating is configured in the ‘tandem

style’ in an unpressurised cockpit. With the primary pilot sitting in the front seat with an instructor in the rear, regardless of seating position the aircraft has dual controls and instrumentation and can be completely controlled from either station. The high visibility bubble canopy affords excellent views making it ideal for training when operating under visual flight rules. The avionics system on the Yak-152 is computerised and displayed in the ‘glass cockpit’ concept. This is beneficial for several reasons including; multi- functionality of displays, increased redundancy protection, and efficient in- flight data recording. The on-board glass cockpit has several useful benefits in the training environment. •

Specifications (Yak-152) Data from Manufacturer and Air Force Technology Crew: Pilot and passenger Length: 7.8 m Wing span: 8.8 m Height: 3.11 m Gross weight: 1 320 kg Max take-off weight: 1 700 kg Powerplant: 1 × RED Aircraft A03

V-12 four-stroke diesel engine, 370 kW (500 hp.

Performance

Max speed: 500 km/h Stall speed: 100 km/h

Range: 1 500 km full fuel

Service ceiling: 4 000 m g limits with 1 pilot: +9 / -7 g limits with 2 pilots: +8 / -6 Rate of climb: 10 m/s

GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 19

INDUSTRY NEWS The world's first EW system to detect and disrupt multiple threats simultaneously

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detection and targeting of threats, which is essential for effective protection in the naval domain. Air: Scorpius SP, a self-protection pod for combat aircraft, and the Scorpius SJ, a standoff jammer that disrupts enemy aerial and ground-based electromagnetic operations across a vast sector. Training: Scorpius-T (training), unveiled last month, provides EW training for pilots. Scorpius-T can emulate a variety of modern air-defence systems, simultaneously, from a single platform. Its advanced emulation capabilities support training for fifth- generation aircraft. Scorpius T made its debut during the international air force exercise Blue Flag 2021. Adi Dulberg, General Manager, Intelligence Division, IAI: “The modern battlefield depends on the electromagnetic domain for sensing, communications, and navigation Protecting the use of the electromagnetic domain for our forces, while denying its use by the enemy, have become mission-critical for success in combat and for ensuring the superiority of our forces in the field. The new technology, developed by IAI’s talented engineers, tips the scale of electronic warfare, providing world-first breakthrough capabilities for electronic defence and disrupting enemy systems". •

Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) is excited to unveil the Scorpius family of Electronic Warfare (EW) systems. Scorpius is the first electronic warfare (EW) system in the world capable of simultaneously targeting multiple threats, across frequencies and in different directions. Scorpius is based on the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) technology, which provides a breakthrough in EW performance – enabling a new generation of electronic warfare capabilities. With AESA's multi- beam capability, Scorpius can simultaneously scan the entire surrounding region for targets, and deploy narrowly focused beams to interfere with multiple threats across the electromagnetic spectrum. The system is able to target a range of threats, including: UAVs, ships, missiles, communication links, low probability of interception (LPOI) radars, and more. Scorpius effectively disrupts the operation of their electromagnetic systems, including radar and electronic sensors, navigation, and data communications.

Scorpius' technological breakthrough is characterized by unprecedented receiver sensitivity and transmission power (ERP), far exceeding those of legacy EW systems. This allows Scorpius to detect multiple threats, of different kinds, simultaneously, from dramatically increased distances, and to address each threat with a customized response. Scorpius is available across multiple domains: Ground: Scorpius-G (ground) is a ground- based EW system designed to detect and disrupt ground- and airborne threats. Scorpius-G is a mobile system, and can be quickly deployed by vehicle. Scorpius G represents a new category of air defence systems: "Soft-kill" air defence, which creates an electronic dome of protection above a wide geographic sector to neutralize a broad range of modern threats. Naval: Scorpius-N (naval) is an EW system dedicated to defending ships against advanced threats in the marine arena, including: Over-the- Horizon Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles, Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV) and airborne imaging radars. Scorpius' extremely high range provides early

GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 21

INDUSTRY NEWS

Brussels Airlines keeps its focus on the African continent and confirms its position in the market with a newbrand identity

the visual token of the airline’s new chapter, stating its readiness for future challenges and reemphasising on the importance of the Belgian brand. A chapter with a strong focus on customer experience, reliability and sustainability while keeping a competitive cost-structure. As a consequence of the COVID-19 crisis in 2020 Brussels Airlines accelerated and intensified its transformation plan Reboot Plus, in order to pave

the way for a future-proof company that is able to face the competition, with a sound and healthy cost structure. After the restructuring, the company started the second phase of its Reboot Plus plan: the build-up and improvement phase. Brussels Airlines now turns its attention to the future with strategic investments in an improved customer experience, new technologies, digitisation, new ways of working,

Brussels Airlines presents a new brand identity, confirming its position in the market as Belgium’s home carrier and the Africa expert of the Lufthansa Group.

Updated colours, a new logo and aircraft livery are

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and the development of its employees. The Belgian company is transforming to become a healthy, profitable airline that offers perspectives to its customers, partners and employees; an airline with a constant focus on the environment and the reduction of its ecological footprint. A New Brussels Airlines. During the coronavirus crisis, the African network important market for the company, with the most stable flight offer. Also in the future, Brussels Airlines will continue to serve as of Brussels Airlines remained the most

the African competence centre for the Lufthansa Group and continue to invest in the continent. The first A330 aircraft - the aircraft type that Brussels Airlines operates to Africa - that will be painted in the new collors is OO-SFH and will be ready in May 2022. The new brand identity includes a new version of the Brussels Airlines signature red and blue colours, now a deeper red and a darker shade of blue. The dotted “b”, which today adorns the tails of its fleet, makes way for 9 dots of different sizes in the form of a square, to

represent the diversity of its customers, its destinations and its employees. No dot is alike. The updated logo also makes use of a new, more modern type font. The two words of the brand name are now stacked, with the word “brussels” gaining more importance with its larger size to emphasize the airline’s Belgian identity. The new aircraft livery, shows a zoom on the dotted logo on the tails, a fresh white body and a continuation of dots in different shades of blue and grey. Next to the new visual identity, the brand identity also translates into a tagline: “You’re in good company”. •

GLOBAL AVIATOR | Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 23

AIRLINE NEWS

at camp and around - 28˚C at the Geographic South Pole.

Antarctica beckons

SAA schedule changes The airline has cancelled daily flight to Maputo as passenger numbers have not been sufficient to justify the route. The service was originally intended to start on 27 September, but when demand looked thin, was postponed to December. But the demand has once again failed to justify implementing the route. Return flights to Accra will not operate on 25 December and 1 January, 2022. Kinshasa flights will not operate on 24 December and 31 December. Flights to Lusaka will increase to five per week instead of the seven initially planned for. More destinations are planned for 2022 including Mauritius with Lagos, Nigeria possibly kicking off as early as 12 December.. SAA interim Chief Executive, Thomas Kgokolo, says that the Lagos route is important as it takes SAA “into one of the biggest travel markets in Africa and we’re delighted that we are again able to resume operations, providing a link between Africa’s two biggest economies”. Pan African airline? Kenya Airways and SAA have signed a strategic partnership framework which marks a milestone in the two companies’ plans to form a Pan African airline by 2023. SAA chairperson John Lamola said the agreement for the envisioned intra-Africa airline will have positive knock-on

Antarctica has long held a mysterious fascination for many and those who have always viewed a trip to the frozen continent now have the opportunity to fulfil their dream. Enthusiasts and bucket-listers are lining up for White Desert’s first full season of exclusive small group tours to Antarctica since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic . Highlights from the new season include top-end, expedition-style experiences, a second luxury overnight camp, Wolf’s Fang, (the first camp is ‘Whichaway’), and the use of an Airbus A340 aircraft to support the brand’s passenger and cargo transfer service. The season started mid-November and will continue until the beginning of February 2022. Wolf’s Fang is named after an iconic mountain peak in the area, rising 1 000m vertically from the icecap amongst pillars of

rock, and visible from 100km away on a cloudless day. The mountain was first seen by a flying expedition funded by the Nazi Government in the late 1930s. Since then the area has largely been closed to tourists with only Norwegian scientists and a handful of elite alpinists braving the summits. Wolf’s Fang camp features six state-of-the-art tents that are individually heated and sleep two pax each. The original camp, Whichaway, has six sleeping pods. All accommodation includes five-star cuisine and boast luxury interiors and “a light environmental touch”. Packages of five and seven nights all meals, drinks, activities and flights to and within Antarctica. For those with a smaller budget there is a one-day trip that allows four to five days on the ice. For those with less time or budget, a one-day, whirlwind tour, “Greatest Day,” allows for three to four hours on the ground in Antarctica - plenty of time for a trek on the ice, and lavish Explorer’s Champagne Brunch/Picnic. Temperatures range from -5˚C

24 Vol.13 / No 12 / December 2021 | GLOBAL AVIATOR

By Hafit Irawan

By Thiago B Trevisan

with Boeing's 787 landing gear exchange programme. “As the fastest growing airline in Africa, much of our success depends on our ability to seek out new ways to drive operational efficiency in our processes,” said Tewolde GebreMariam, Group Chief Executive Officer, Ethiopian Airlines. “As the commercial airline market continues to recover, we believe these services offered by Boeing provide a

Ethiopian Airlines and Boeing agree on landing gear programme Boeing signed a memorandum of understanding with Ethiopian Airlines that will help the airline to bring cost savings to its maintenance operations

effects on other sectors. In a joint statement, the two airlines said the partnership will see them work together to increase passenger traffic, cargo opportunities, and general trade by taking advantage of strengths in South Africa, Kenya, and Africa.

ETF Airways Boeing 737-800 registered 9A-ABC - Pic: AirEdit2021

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AIRLINE NEWS

disrupted by the Austrian lockdown and there is a renewed concern across Europe about a fourth or fifth wave of Covid.” O’Leary reiterated that it was inevitable that air fares will increase next summer as the European low-cost carrier unveiled its schedule for 2022. Ryanair said it would open 24 new routes next summer, taking its total to more than 500, backed by a seat sale to “make up for the lost summers of 2020 and 2021”. “The opening of these 24 new routes reinforces the airline’s commitment to the UK and the rebuilding of the country’s tourism industry, playing a key role in the recovery of local jobs and the economy,” Ryanair said. Rabbit strike proves expensive Croatia’s ETF Airways intends to sue Germany’s Bremen Airport for the damages it incurred after its Boeing 737 aircraft sucked a rabbit into its engine on the runway during landing and then fell out of service for 12 days. The aircraft that struck a rabbit was operating a short flight from Dortmund Airport to Bremen Airport as part of a triangle route Pristina- Dortmund-Bremen-Pristina. The airline’s CEO has photographed the fence holes which he believes will prove their claim. Simple Flying reported on the issue at the time of the incident in August.

reliable way to realise more stability and predictability in managing our overall maintenance operations and costs across our fleet.” With the landing gear exchange programme, Boeing will guarantee availability of 29 landing gear ship-sets wherever and whenever they are needed to support the Ethiopian 787 fleet, enabling more efficient and cost-effective maintenance operations. The Boeing 787 landing gear exchange programme simplifies the contracting, scheduling and management of the landing gear overhaul process. Air carriers will be able to quickly exchange landing gears that need to be repaired or overhauled with a replacement set of certified landing gear from a dedicated resource pool maintained by Boeing. By managing all parts, engineering and technical aspects of the programme, Ethiopian Airlines will have the flexible exchange solution they need to repair and replace landing gear while lowering inventory costs. Boeing will also provide access to loaner Landing Gear ship-sets and parts during unexpected AOG situations.

O’Leary has warned. Austria’s decision to impose a third national lockdown from 29 November which could last until 12 December, to curb a surge in coronavirus cases and fatalities, has stoked fears of a wave of tighter travel restrictions being imposed across Europe. “I think we’re in for a fraught period between now and Christmas where it looks like Europe is going to get very nervous again at the worst time of the year when people are making their Christmas travel plans,” he has said in a statement. “I think it’s inevitable we will undermine confidence between now and Christmas, and that will disrupt Christmas and New Year when they would normally start booking their summer holidays.” There had been a renewed sense of optimism in the aviation industry when the UK government moved to drastically reduce, and then finally scrap, the “red list” of countries, those requiring passengers to quarantine in a hotel for 11 nights, last month. A further boost came with the reopening of transatlantic travel earlier this month, which Luis Gallego, the chief executive of British Airways’ owner IAG described as a “pivotal moment for our industry”. “Up until last weekend, things were going great,” said O’Leary, speaking at an online event. “Volumes were back running at about 100% of our pre-Covid price volumes. It has been

Christmas slump looming?

European airlines face a slump in Christmas and early (European) summer travel as the spectre of another wave of lock downs puts people off booking holidays, Ryanair boss Michael

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