3 c n c
The King’s Business
“Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood.“—Rev. 1:5
The Personality of Daniel and the Fall of Babylon By ANDREW CRAIG ROBINSON, M. A. Right and Left-Hearted Men By JOHN BALCOM SHAW George Whitefield By J. H. HUNTER DailyDevotional Studies in the New Testament for Individual Meditation and Family Worship By R. A. TORREY International Sunday School Lessons By R. A. TORREY and T. C. HORTON
Published once a month by the INSTITUTE OF LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES. CALIFORNIA, U. S. A.
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O NE D O L L A R A Y E A R
MOTTO : I the Lord do keep it, I will water it every moment lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day."—Isa. 27:3. R. A. TORREY, EDITOR J. H. S ammis t . c . H orton j . h . H unter —ASSOCIATE EDITORS— Organ of the Bible Institute of Los Angeles, Inc. Los Angeles, California, U.S.A. Entered as Second-Class Matter November 17, 1910, at the postoffice at Los Angeles, California, under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Lyman Stewart, President. William Thorn, Secretary. T. C, Horton, Superintendent. E. A. K. Haekett.
Rev. A. B. Prichard, Vice-President. J. M. Irvine, Treasurer.
R. A. Torrey, Dean. Giles Kellogg. H. A. Getz.
S. I. Merrill.
DOCTRINAL STATEMENT Wo hold to tho Historic Faith of tho Church as expressed in the Common Creed of Evangelical Christendom and including: The Trinity of the Godhead. The Maintenance of Good Works. The Deity of the Christ. The Seeond Coming of Chrifjt_ The Personality of the Holy Ghost. ™ T , ... . a The Supernatural and Plenary an- Th®Immortallty of the thority of the Holy Scriptures.
The Resurrection of the Body. The Life Everlasting of Believers. The Endless Punishment of the Im penitent. The Reality and Personality of Satan.
The Unity in Diversity of the Church, which is the Body and Bride of Christ. The Substitutionary Atonement. The Necessity of the New Birth.
P u rpo se Ihe Institute trains, free of cost, accredited men and women, in the knowledge and use of the Bible. Departments: (*) The institute Classes held daily except Saturdays and Sundays. (2) Extension work. Classes and con ferences held in neighboring cities and towns. (3) Evangelistic. Meetings conducted by our evangelists. (4) Spanish Mission. Meetings every night. (5) Shop Work. Regular services in shops and factories. (6) Jewish Evangelism. Personal work among the Hebrews.
(7) Bible Women. House-to-house visitation and neighborhood classes. A mission to men on (8) Oil Fields, the oil fields. (9) Books and Tracts. Sale and dis tribution of selected books and tracts. (10) Harbor Work. For seamen in Los Angeles harbor. (11) Yoke Fellows Hall. Thoroughly manned. Our Mission for men with Boot Black and Newsboys Class and Street Meetings. (12) Print Shop. For printing Testa ments, books, tracts, etc. A complete establishment, profits going to free dis tribution of tracts.
Bibles and Testaments can be bought at almost any price and style^but in many cases the lower priced editions are by no means the cheapest. A copy of the Holy Scriptures pro duced in a worthy manner—well, yet attractively bound, clearly printed on fine paper, in good type— is a pleasure to handle, and will last for years. The purchase of such a book is the truest economy. The Book Room of the Bible Institute
is prepared to offer you a better selection of really desirable Bibles and Testaments than ever before. We can supply both the Authorized (King James) and the Revised Versions in any style of type or binding that you may desire.
Orders by mail or in person promptly attended to
ADDRESS ALL ORDERS TO The Biola Book Room BIBLE INSTITUTE OF LOS ANGELES
Los Angeles, Cal.
536-558 South Hope St.
Noted for their especially clear print and good Binding.
Oxford Red-Letter Bibles
The Old Folks’ Easy Reading
Oxford Reference Bibles Printed in large clear pica type on the famous Oxford India linen paper. Bound in best' Persian Levant leather, divinity circuit, leather lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners,"red under gold edges. Will be appreciated as a present by father or mother or pastor. Price $8.00. The Largest Type Reference Bible in the Smallest Compass Ever Published Beautifully printed from clear-faced, long primer type on the famous India linen paper. Bound in the best grade of Le vant leather, divinity circuit, calf lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red un der gold edges. Thumb index. Price $ 8 . 00 . An Easy-to-Read Oxford Teachers’ Bible Printed from beautifully clear, long primer type, is self-pronouncing, and has all the helps of the smaller size Bible. Bound in French morocco, divinity cir cuit, leather lined, round corners, red under gold edges. Size, 8)4x6 inches. Our price, $3.00. Pictorial Palestine Bibles Containing 116 beautiful chromographs and engravings. Black-faced minion type, beautifully clear and easily read. Oxford India paper. Size, 6^x4?4 inches. Bound in French Levant leather, divin ity circuit, leather lined, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. Price $4.50.
With all the words of Christ in the New Testament printed in red and all the ref erences to Him in the Old Testament also in red. We have a special Sunday School Teachers’ Edition of these which con tains splendid new and up-to-date helps arranged under one alphabet. Printed in minion black-faced type. Size 7%x 5 inches. Bound in French morocco leather, divinity circuit, leather lined, round corners, red under gold edges. Price $2.75. Minion Black-Faced Bibles Beautifully printed on Oxford white paper. Size, 7^x5 inches. Bound in French morocco leather, divinity circuit, round corners, red under gold edges. Advertised by the Oxford University Press as the best minion black-faced book made—and it is a marvel of cheapness when compared with what you have been used to paying for a Bible not nearly as good. Our' special price on this Bible is $2.00. Oxford The largest type (brevier) self-pronounc ing Bible in the smallest compass yet made. Printed on Oxford fine white paper. Size, 5)4x8)4 inches. Contains a practical Bible Dictionary, including index, concordance, glossary, weights, measures, coins, botany, etc., all arranged under one alphabet. Practical, scholarly, simple. Bound in French morocco, divinity circuit, leather lined, round corners, red under gold edges. Our price for this Bible is $2.50. Self-Pronouncing Teachers’ Bibles
The Long Primer Self-Pronouncing Oxford Teachers’ Bible, India Paper Edition Is a wonder of printing. Size, 6x8 ¡/2 inches and only 1 % inch thick. Contains all the helps, concordance, Bible diction ary and maps. Bound in morocco leather, divinity circuit, leather lined, round cor ners, red under gold edges. Price $6.00. One of the very best Bibles we have. Special “Christian Workers” Pocket Bibles We sell a great many pocket Bibles and try to always have in stock the very best there is to be had in small size easily read Bibles. The following are some of our best sellers: Oxford One of the smallest Bibles that we would advise for general use. Size, 3^x inches and only % of an inch thick. A wonderfully clear type in a very small Bible. Price $1.35. Oxford No. 01254x Nonpareil Black-faced Type A superbly printed small black-faced type Bible, easily read and very satisfactory to use in personal work. Size, 3jS4x5j4x54 inches. Price $1.65. The NEW Oxford The latest editions of the Oxford Press solve the problem of how to get large black-faced type in a handy-size Bible. No. 01478x, size 4j4x6j4xl. Bound in French morocco, divinity circuit, round corners, red under gold edges. Beauti fully printed on the famous Oxford India paper. Price $3.00. LARGE TYPE SMALL Bible No. 0113x Pearl Black-faced Type
The New Oxford ’ Brevier, No. 033G9x Large Black-faced Type Reference Bible The ideal Bible for the middle aged and those whose eyes do not easily read the ordinary type. Printed on the finest qual ity Oxford India paper. Bound in Alaska seal, divinity circuit, leather .lined to edge. Silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. Size, 4^x7xl. A very handsome present. Price $5.00. Oxford With self-pronouncing dictionary of Scripture proper names, harmony of the Gospels, chronological tables and maps, and yet the lightest, thinnest' and most compact small reference Bible made. The binding is French morocco, divinity circuit, round corners, red under gold edge. Price $1.60. Oxford Nonpareil No. 03237x Reference Bible With Button Clasp One of the most deservedly popular pocket Bibles. Splendidly bound in fine grained French morocco and lined with purple moire; has button clasp to hold in shape. Suitable for either lady or gen tleman. Size, 4^x65^x11-16. Price $3.00. Oxford Ruby No. 03108 Reference Bible
Ruby No. 03173x Concordance Bible
It is rather unusual to find a concordance in a pocket Bible. Size, 4x55f|xl inch. Bound in French morocco, divinity cir cuit, round corners, red under gold edges. Price $2.50.
AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLES Ordinarily called The Revised Version In response to a very general demand for the Revised Version among Christian workers, we have stocked what we consider to be the very best styles put out by Thomas Nelson & Sons. In regard to the use of the Revised Version Bible, Dr. Torrey says: “Every Bible student should always have a copy of the American Standard Version. This is unquestionably the most accurate and satisfactory translation of the original texts of the Old and New Testaments. As we believe in the inerrancy of the Scriptures as originally given, we should desire to have as accurate a translation as possible, and we find it in this edition of the Bible.” Self-Pronouncing Printed from large and clear long primer type. Size, 6^x854 inches.
Reference Bible for $2.50 Printed from minion, black-faced type on fine white Bible paper. Size, 4^x7 inches. Bound in Egyptian seal leather, divinity circuit, leather lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. Same Bible as above But printed on Nelson’s India linen pa- er and only % of an inch thick. Price 3.50. Black-faced Type Teachers’ Bible, $2.00 The Publishers say: “This is the largest type in the smallest compass ever pro duced.”' Minion, black-faced, self-pro nouncing. Size, 454x7 inches. Contains Bible dictionary, concordance, maps and Bible study helps. Bound in Egyptian seal leather, divinity circuit, round cor ners, has head bands, silk book-mark; red under gold edges. Special Sunday School Scholars’ Bible for $1.00 Printed from good readable type, yet the book is small in size, being 3^4x5^ inches. Bound in Egyptian seal leather, divinity circuit, round corners, red under gold edges. The “Easily Read” Reference Bible, $2.00 Contains also the Apocrypha. Printed from clear face bourgeois type. Bound in Egyptian seal leather, limp, round cor ners, red under gold edges. The following Styles are very desirable for presentation purposes:
Nelson’s India Paper Edition. Only 13-16 of an inch thick. The thinnest print ing paper in the world, 273X. Egyptian Seal, divinity circuit, leather lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $6.00. 274X. Persian Levant, divinity circuit, leather lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners red under gold edges. $7.50. 275X. Best Levant, divinity circuit, calf lined to edge, silk sewed, round cor ners, red under gold edges. $10.00. 277X. Sealskin divinity circuit, calf lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $12.00. Special American Revision Pocket Bible The thinnest and most compact Minion Reference Bible made. This new Bible is printed on very thin yet opaque India paper with minion black-face type and is an ideal Bible for carrying in the hand, in the pocket or traveling bag. We have five styles to select from, as follows: 147X Library—Egyptian seal, powder grain, limp, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $2.50. 152X Librate—Egyptian seal, powder grain, divinity circuit, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $2.75. 153X License—Egyptian seal, powder grain, divinity circuit, gros ■ grain leather lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $3.25. 154X Lichen—Genuine morocco, divin ity circuit, smooth Persian leather lined to edge, silk sewed, round cor ners, red under gold edges. $4.50. 157X Lick—Sealskjn, divinity circuit, calf lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $7.50.
Remarkable Values F lex ib le B ind ings tha t open Flat
■ These splendid Bibles are printed from beautifully clear and easily read type on fine quality very thin India paper. Have all the marginal references and full set of good maps. The Concordance is quite comprehensive, and will enable you to find all the principal passages. These Bibles are splendidly bound in French Levant morocco leather and lined with nice smooth, kid with no padding or stiffening, thus making a perfectly flexible cover that is not apt to crack or break. And another feature that these Bagster Bibles possess is that they will open perfectly flat at any point, will lay flat and stay open.
We consider the following Bibles the best value at the price charged of any Bibles we have ever sold:
The Self-Pronouncing Reference Bible With Concordance In every way a similar Bible to the one sold at $5.00, only this is printed from smaller type—clear face minion; and is self-pronouncing. Size, 5}4x7$4 inches, and only seven-eighths of an inch thick. A splendid medium priced Bible, worth much more than $3.75, the price at which we are selling it'.
The Large Type Concordance Bible
Has all the marginal references and full set of maps. Printed from primer type that is very easy to read. Size, 6x8^4 inches, and less than an inch thick. Very thin, light and flexible. A remarkably gobd value at our price of $5.00.
ESPECIALLY GOOD FOR PRESENTATION PURPOSES
1 We always try to carry in stock all the different translations of the Bible and at the present tifne can supply the following:
Grant’s Numerical Bible. 6 vols. Bound in cloth, $15.00. Bound in leather, $ 21 . 00 . Rotherham’s Emphasized Bible 4 volumes at $2.00 each, or one large volumes, $7.50. New Testament bound alone, $2.00. Farrar Fenton’s Modern English Bible Complete in one volume, cloth binding, $3.25. New Testament separate, $1.00. Newberry’s “Englishmen’s” Bible Can be supplied in several sizes and styles of binding.
J. N. Darby’s Translation Complete Old and New Testament in one volume New Testament only Pocket size, cloth, 75c; leather, $1.25. Large type edition, cloth, $1.25. Weymouth’s New Testament In Modern Speech This is at once a translation, an interpre tation and a paraphrase. ,Very reverent in tone. Delightful reading. Every Bible student should have a copy for compari son. Comes in several different bindings, as follows: Pocket size, without notes, 3$4x 5j4x^. Cloth, ordinary paper, 65c. Cloth, India paper, 85c. Leather, $1.25. Regular size, with full notes, 5x7. Cloth, ordinary paper, $1.00. Cloth, India paper, $1.50. Lambskin, ordinary paper, $1.50. Lambskin,. India paper, $2.00. Turkey morocco, divinity circuit, round corners, gold edges, $3.00. Fine French morocco, limp, gold edges, ....$3.50. The 20th Century New Testament Is the New Testament translated into the language of the street. Useful for com parison. Cloth, $1.00.
5x 7yixl Morocco. Price $3.75. 6x 9 xlyi Morocco. Price $6.00. 7xlOyixlyi Morocco. Price $9.00. Young’s “Literal’’ Translation
Very scholarly and much appreciated by many Bible scholars. 6x9x1. Bound in cloth. Price $4.00. The Septuagint In the original Greek with literal English translation in parallel column. 7x8j'£x2j4. Bound in durable cloth. Price $5.00.
New Testaments We carry a very splendid line of Testaments and can supply almost any want in these. Prices vary according to binding and paper and range from 10 cents to $3.75. We submit a short list of a few of our best values: At 7c Each
Handsome Small Testament
We have à Testament that is indeed a marvel of cheapness. Printed in agate type; size 32 mo., 3%x5 inches. Bound in cloth, cut flush, with round corners and red edges. Postage, 3c extra. At 15c Each We offer the well-known and much-used Marked New Testament, bound in cloth, cut flush, red edges. Size, 324x524'inches. God’s Plan of Salvation underlined. Postage 3c. At 25c Each EXTRA SPECIAL An exceedingly good looking pocket Tes tament, printed clear ruby type, on fine white paper. Bound in smooth French morocco leather, limp round corners, red edges. Comes in both black and maroon colors. At 35c Each Illustrated Pocket Testament We have succeeded in getting a splendid low priced, illustrated testament, printed in clear easily-read type. Especially good as a present for either boy or girl. Can be had in either red or black, smooth French morocco, leather binding. We have a splendid cloth-bound edition of The Workers’ Testament, which has all the passages needed in showing the way of salvation printed in black-faced type. Size, 224x434 inches. At 50c Each We offer two very desirable small Testa ments as follows: Handy Vest Pocket Testaments Printed in the finest Oxford India paper, bound in Venetian morocco, limp, round corners. Size, 2J4 x 424 inches and only % inch thick. Just the thing for a boy or young man.
Bound in French morocco leather, divin ity circuit, linen lined, round corners, red under gold edges. Excellent size for a lady to carry in handbag or in jacket pocket. Workers’ Testament With select' passages printed in bold faced type, arranged by Rev. J. Wilbur Chapman and used by him in his evan gelistic tours. Printed on the finest linen paper, bound in French morocco, limp, round corners, red under gold edges. Price $ 1 . 00 . A very desirable Testament to own. The Workers’ Testament As above, except that it is bound in finest velvet calf skin, divinity circuit with art edges. Size, 2%x4j4 inches. Price $1.50. A beautiful Testament and one that ought to last through many years of hard wear The New Black-faced Type Testament Large minion type on India linen paper. Vest pocket size, 224x424 and only l/ 2 inch thick. Bound in finest French morocco, divinity circuit’, round corners, red under gold edges. Price $1.50. A splendid easy- to-read Testament.
The “Very Best” New Testament
Bound in finest Alaska seal leather, divin ity circuit, leather lined, round corners, red under gold edges. Printed from large, black-faced minion type on the celebrated “Oxford” finest grade India linen paper. Price $2.00. This is the very finest Testament issued by the Oxford University Press.
New Testament with Psalms
rocco, limp instead of with the over lapping leather as in the ones designated divinity circuit, has round corners and red under gold edges. Price 75 cents. The “Easy-to-Read” Edition has black faced type, printed on finest white pa per. Bound in Alaska seal leather, divin ity circuit, leather lined, round corners, red under gold edges. Price $2.75. Another style much liked by ministers and Bible class teachers is the brevier 16mo., black-faced type edition. Size, 4j^x6j£ inches. Bound in Alaska seal leather, divinity circuit, leather lined, found corners, red under gold edges. Price $2.25. 334X Longness—Egyptian seal, divinity circuit, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $1.00. 336X....Lpngsome—Egyptian seal, limp, leather lined, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $1.50. 344X Longways—Persian levant, divin ity circuit, leather lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. $2.00. 345X Look—Best levant, divinity cir cuit, calf lined to edge, silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges $2.50. Revised Testament with Psalms Nelson’s India Linen Paper Edition. Size, 3%x4y2 inches; only 7-16 of an inch thick. Bound in Egyptian seal, flexible, limp, round .corners, red under gold edges. Price $1.00. Bound in Real Sealskin, divinity circuit, calf lined to edge, silk sewed, round cor ners, red under gold edges. Price $3.75. The most attractive Testament in our stock. Splendid Large Type Flexible Edition Printed in large clear-face minion type Size of book 3%x4y inches. Thin, flat flexible. Bound in Egyptian seal, limp’ Price 50c. 7 v Egyptian seal, divini.ty circuit. Price 75c. Palestine Levant, divinity circuit, full leather lined. Price $1.00. Same Testament as above, but bound in finest French morocco, and divinity circuit instead of limp. Price $1.00.
For those who like ,this combination we have selected what we think are the Choicest styles from Oxford University Press. VestPocket Edition, printed on finest In dia linen paper, bound in French moroc co, divinity circuit, round corners and red under gold edges. Size, 3 ^ x 5 ^ and only Yz inch thick. Price 95 cents. We have a larger type edition; size inches. Bound in French mo
Revised New Testaments
The “Vest Pocket” New Testament
Printed from clear ruby type on India paper. Self-pronouncing edition with the words of Christ emphasized by being printed in black-faced type. Comes in several styles of binding as follows: 237X Lomat—Extra tan suede, flexible covers, .Roycroft style, round corners, red under gold edges, silk sewed. 50c. 232X Lomer—French morocco, flexible, limp, round corners, red under gold edges, silk sewed. 75c. 234X Lomda—French morocco, divinity circuit, round corners, red under gold edges, silk sewed. $1.00. 244X Lomt’er—Genuine morocco, divin ity circuit, gros-grain, lining to edge, round corners, red under gold edges, silk sewed. $1.50. FOR THE POCKET TESTAMENT LEAGUE The Self-Pronouncing Emphasized New Testament We have a special edition of the Re vised New Testament recommended by the Pocket Testament League. Printed from easy reading nonpar 1 type. Words of Christ are emphasized by being print ed in bold-faced type. Bound in a va riety of ways as follows: 337X Lorigly—Extra tan suede, flexible covers, Roycroft style, with frontis piece, “Christ Knocking at the Door,” silk sewed, round corners, red under gold edges. 75c.
TH E K I NG ' S B U S I N E S S
Table of Contents. Editorial: International Hatred—Doctors of Divinity Enlisted in the Devil’s A rm y ..............___________ .-.L-rv,-.__ ........... 11 Right and Left-Hearted Men. By John Balcom Shaw .............. 13 Revivals and Evangelists, II. George Whiteheld ........................ By John H. Hunter v r ;, ' ................. 16 Personality of Daniel and the Fall of Babylon. By Andrew Craig Robinson ....... ......... ............ ..... ..._. ........ | ........ S 19 International Sunday School Lessons. By R. A. Torrey and T. C. Horton ...:____ ............................................................ 25 Daily Devotional Studies in the New Testament for Individual Meditation and Family Worship. By R. A. Torrey ............ 45 A t Home and Abroad ~_........................ ..if, ............ 62 Hints and Helps __ ___ Iji • ___...................... . 67 Light on Puzzling Passages and Problems .... ............. ;v 71 Bible Institute of Los Angeles ......................... ............ i ................ 74 Book Reviews ..... ....... ... .................. . . . . .................. 82
FIFTY CENTS A YEAR »
Published by the Bible Institute of Los Angeles 536-558 South Hope Street
The Future of The King’s Business W ITH the January number, THE KING’S BUSINESS will be very materially enlarged; and we have good reason for expecting a very great increase in the sub scription list. The following departments of the magazine will be continued: Editorials* - Light on Puzzling Passages and Problems - At Home and Abroad - Hints and Helps - Bible Institute - For the Worker’s Library (or Book Review) In addition to these, we shall publish each month a strong article by some leading thinker in America, or from abroad, in defense or in exposition of “the faith once for all delivered to the saints”; articles on such subjects as Inspiration, the Inerrancy of the Scriptures, Substitutionary Atonement, the Deity of Christ, the Resurrection, the Virgin Birth, the Ascension and Our Lord’s Return. There is also to be each month a suggestive sermon. Some of these sermons will be new, some the great masterpieces of the past. There will also be each month an article on Revivals and Evangelists, and occasionally an article on Prophecy. Much attention will be given to Bible teaching in the Sunday School. The International lessons for the month will be treated at length by Dr. Torrey in the way of exposition and practical application. There will also be a teaching outline of the Sunday School lesson, by Mr. Horton. While there will be no attempt to displace such invaluable periodicals as the Sunday School Times, for example, nevertheless we shall endeavor to make T he K ing ’ s B u siness indispensable to every one who wishes to do thoroughy successful Sunday School work. There will also be a department of daily notes for Bible Study for Individual Meditation or Family Worship. These will begin with Matthew 1 and go through the New Testament.. NOTE—THE PRICE OF THE KING’S BUSINESS WILL BE $1 PER YEAR
m THE KING'S BUS INESS Voi. 6 JANUARY, 1915 No. 1 International Hatred. K |jE THAT hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, ^ and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath (toblinded his eyes.” One of the most awful things about the present I war is the international- hatreds that have been aroused. Many 2 papers are publishing “A Chant of Hate Against England” by Ernest Eissauer, printed in a German paper, “Jugend.” We have not read anything more Satanic in many a long year. We give one stanza of this appalling production:
“French and Russian, they matter not, A blow for a blow and a shot for a shot; We love them not, we hate them not, We hold the Weichsel and Vosges gate, We have but one and only hate, We love as one, we hate as one, We have one foe and one alone. He is known to you all, he is known to you all, He crouches behind the dark gray flood, . Full of envy, of rags, of craft, of gall, Cut off by waves that are thicker than blood. Come, let us stand at the judgment place, An oath to swear to, face to face, An oath of bronze no wind can shake, An oath for our sons and their sons to take. • Come, hear the word, repeat the word, Throughout the Fatherland make it heard,
We will never forego our hate, We have all but a single hate, We love as one, we hate as one, We have one foe and one alone— ENGLAND!”
There are those who are praising the virility and strength of this poem. Strong it is, and the devil is strong, and this poem is devilish. No other word fitly characterizes it. Cain, who hated and slew his brother, was of the wicked one (1 John 3:12), and any one who can write such words of Satanic hatred is of the devil. International hatreds are just as Satanic as individual hatreds. No manifestation of such unadulterated Satanism has, as far as we know, thus far appeared in any English journal, and yet we have seen things that make one shudder. Two whole pages of a London paper, the Daily Mail, were given up to an advertisement by a drug company, the whole thought of which was that it was no longer necessary to buy drugs of the hated Germans,—substitutes
12 THE KING’S BUSINESS had been found which were “made in England.” In a religious journal—one of the best of English religious journals—in the notice of a Bible conference emphasis was laid upon the fact that no theology was brought forward that was “made in Germany.’3 One trembles to think what the harvest will be of such a showing of Satanic bitterness and hatred. Doctors of Divinity Enlisted in the Devil’s Army. IfliTw! ^¡1 N THE recent “Wet and Dry” campaign in California, perhaps «vi/j.1/ /A the mightiest weapons used by the saloon keepers and brewers of | “¿ J ) California to destroy the efforts of the better classes of people to Put the body-and-soul-destroying alcohol under the ban, were the utterances of Rev. Charles H. Parkhurst, D.D., of New York City, and Rev. Washington Gladden, D.D., of Columbus, Ohio. The following amazing telegram from Dr. Parkhurst was published far and wide by the forces of disorder: New York, October 20. C. A. Sharboro: I am amazed at the possible prohibitory action of California touching the matter of the manufacture, sale and transportation of wine. Such action would be a short-sighted con tribution to the cause of sound and wholesome temperance. People are going to drink and they are going to drink something that has a measure of stimulus in it, and to let them drink light wines is one of the surest means of preventing their drinking heavy whiskey. I know that, from having lived in wine-producing countries where wine is freely used by old and young and intoxication exceedingly rare. Tying a man up too strongly in sumptuary matters means that in course of time he will break his bonds and the last estate of that man will be wotse than the first. It is unAmerican and immoral to dictate to a man what his conduct shall be in matters that'are not intrinsically evil. C. H. P arkhurst . Dr. Parkhurst is a Presbyterian minister who has long been held in honor. It did not seem possible to the Presbyterian ministers of San Francisco that Dr. Parkhurst could have sent such a telegram as this to help the liquor forces in their battle against a sober state. Consequently they sent to him the follow ing telegram: San Francisco, Cal., October 26, 1914. The liquor interests are widely circulating a telegram purporting to have come from you denouncing prohibition for California. The Presbyterian Ministers’ Association of San Francisco cannot believe this true. We ask that you send denial by wire for publication. Committee. To their amazement and dismay Dr. Parkhurst replied as follows: New York, October 27, 1914. Telegram authentic. The wine habit antagonistic to the whiskey habit. ' C. H . P arkhurst . Staggered, hardly able to believe their own eyes, and yet forced to believe, the Presbyterian Ministers’ Association of the San Francisco Bay" cities put forth the following utterance, which was certainly justified by the circum stances : . J osiah S ibley , L . A. M c A fee , J. H. L aughlin ,
v > W V W W W W W W S ^ / W W W i
"A wise man’s heart is on his right hand; but a fool’s heart is at his left.”—Eccles. 10:2 HAVE always supposed that a man’s heart was on his left side, but here the Preacher declares that, if a man be wise, his heart is that is the side of honor. From time immemorial it has been the custom to place one we would compliment at our right. To carry the heart-life there, therefore, is to elevate and exalt it. The right hand is also the hand of power and command. With people physically normal the left hand is al ways weaker than the right. The ex hortation is that we put our spiritual life where it can exercise its sway over us.
on his right side. Does this mean that religion makes a man abnormal, re versing the natural order of things? Or is this a physiological mistake of the ancient author, one of the “Bible Blunders” that some people are fond of talking about? Neither. Does it not go without saying that reference is made here not to one’s physical, but to one’s spiritual heart? And what is that? A kingdom which comprises several constituent provinces. The Bible sometimes calls the mind the heart. “As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he.” It speaks of the will also as if it were the heart. “Keep thine heart with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life.” It refers to the con science as being the heart. “Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God.” And the seat of the affections is likewise spoken of as being the heart. “Did not our heart burn within us while He ■ talked with us by the way?” All four of these departments of our being en ter into what the Preacher calls the heart. “Unite my heart to fear Thy name,” the Psalmist prays, and when it is thus united it is what we com monly speak of as the soul, or a man’s spiritual natui-e. It is this that a wise man wears at his right side. But why the right side? Because 1 Preached a t Immanuel P resbyterian Church, Los Angeles, December 6, 1914.
The right hand, again, is the hand of dexterity and achievement, which we wield the more readily and effect ively. By putting our heart, then, at our right hand, we shall have it where we can easily get at it and make use of it. The purport of this characteristic of a wise man thus becomes very clear. The man who carries his heart on his right hand, in a word, is one who keeps it in evidence, in use and in com mand. How many are thus wise? Eet us take a census. 1. The number of left-handed busi ness men, I fear, is out of all propor tion. I meet but few who are doing what a man told me some time ago was his life work. It was not cant, but the honest humble reply of one who was unmistakably a man of God. “What is your business?” I inquired of him; arid he immediately replied: “My business is serving the Lord, and I practice law incidentally for a live lihood.” If every Christian business man could say that, what a complete change the commercial world would undergo. How differently our clerks
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comfort and ease must be studied and whose temper is so sensitive that it must always be coaxed and coddled, or he is irritable and hard to get on with; who demands that the other members of the household should be thoughtful toward him, but who never himself is thoughtful of them. “Mary,” said the sister of a recent convert, “I believe you have truly got religion, for you are so much easier to get on with.” Some people do not get that kind of religion. They have never heeded the scriptural injunction to “put on kindness.” They are quick at fault-finding,' but slow of praise. And not until loved ones pass away do they realize how ungrateful and unthought- ful toward them they have been. When not a whisper can be heard? Why do we w ait till hands a re laid Close-folded, pulseless, ere we place W ithin them roses sweet and rare, O r lilies in their spotless grace ?” III. We would not expect to find many left-hearted people in the field of charity, would we ? But how great is our disappointment! Indeed, I my self have come to feel that there are proportionately more men arid women who carry their hearts at the left in doing such work than in any other act ivity. This is the peculiar temptation of the official almoner. He starts out in the work with his heart in the right place, but soon begins to meet all sorts of disenchantments or set-backs. The people he helps are almost universally ungrateful. - Many wholly deceive him. He meets constantly with im postors. Soon his faith in humanity is shaken. He grows cold at first and after that severe. His heart gradually moves over to his left side, and no one is more exacting or uncharitable toward the poor than he. Another group of people belong in “Why do we w ait till ears are deaf Before we-speak the kindly word, And only u tte r loving praise
would be treated, and how differently our clerks would treat their employ ers. How confidence would at once replace the present suspicion and an tagonism existing between capital and labor. How certain of our corporations now criticized, and justly, as heartless/ would take on a vital and active con science. Some one has said that what the world needs is not more men, but more man. Certainly its foremost need is more Christian manhood. When d’Aguesseau, prime minister of Louis XIV, was summoned to Ver sailles under order to sign a state pa per to which he felt it wrong to attach his signature, his wife bade him good bye, saying: “Forget your home, vour wife, your children, and even your country, but remember your con science and your God.” Were our Christian men to go to business with their consciences in control, there would not be so many crooked dealings in real estate or bond disposal, as this country is now alas! so often charged with. A business man who carries his heart on his right side will be per pendicularly honest, uniformly patient, high-principled, both kind and kindly, as straight as a string, as morally steadfast as granite. . Many of our Christian men are all that, thank God! But they are now too lonely down in business. God mul tiply the number of men who wear their hearts on the'right side. II. What of right-hearted men at home? Are they the rule or the ex ception? The number of those de scribed by the old-time adage as “saint abroad and devil at home” are doubt less comparatively few; but quite the opposite is true when we search there for the delicately thoughtful and pro verbially unselfish. The man who car ries his worries home with him has his heart on the wrong side. So with the man who wants his own way ;• whose
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what Carlyle so aptly called “alge braic piety,” the symbol, not the sub stance. Browning styled it “dramatic Christianity,” acting religion, not liv ing it. And what of the practicalist? That ig the name I give the alert, busy hust ling Church worker whose religion consists of nothing but activity. There is too much dependence in the Church of today upon human energy. “How do you organize your after meeting, or some other work of your parish,” they write me from all over the coun try, and my answer invariably is : “I don’t organize it, I leave that for God to do.” Oh! the mistake of installing so much machinery in the Church of God! It is an offense to the Holy Spirit, and often a stumbling block to men. It is possible to be perfectly de voted to the work of one’s church and have one’s heart all wrong. Well! I have lost count; haven’t you? The left-hearted people are far more in number than we supposed, and our census, perhaps, has made us wonder whether we should not put ourselves into the count. Suppose my heart and yours are in the wrong place. What are we to do ? We can not ourselves dislodge it and put it over on the right side. We are in need of an operation. But who will perform it ? Doctors generally are most chary about operations upon the heart. They can and will do almost anything else. They easily slip an eye out and set it back in place. They think nothing of taking the stomach out, sewing it up, and returning it to its position. They cut off a kidney and throw it away. But the heart is too much for them. They can stimu late it, but they do not dare to cut into it. There is no hope for us, then, in that direction. Nor is there in any other this side of the heavens. Cult ure, education and social schooling (Concluded on page 81)
the same classification. They do their charity at long range. They do not give to the poor, but for the poor. The reward of offering a cup of cold wa ter in His name will never be theirs. They hand over this privilege to oth ers. Charity with them is an absent treatment. Oh! the peril involved in making a subscription or giving a con tribution. It shifts one’s opportunity, but by no means does it shift one’s re sponsibility. And what should be said of the so cial climbers who give themselves to charity work. It is a question with me, not as to whether their heart is on the right side or not, but whether they have not actually thrown their heart away. All this social activity for the Belgians, it is hoped, may result in benefit to that distressed people, but how will it end with some of the peo ple who are responsible for it, is the question. Beware, women of the Church, lest your social ambitions rob you of your sincerity, and some selfish, ulterior motive, though it may result in others’ good, may work your eternal harm! ‘‘Make channels for the stream s of love W here these m ay safely run, F or love has overwhelm ing tides To fill them every one. B ut if a t any tim e we fail Such channels to provide, F or us the very founts of love Will soon be. parched and dried. F o r we m ust share if we would keep This blessing from above. Ceasing to give, we cease to live. Such is the law of love.” IV. Surely, everybody in the relig ious world has his heart on his right side. They have. Since when ? What of the rationalist? His mind is where his heart ought to be, and his religion as a result is as cold as ice. What of the formalist? Creeds, forms, outward requirements, count most with him. If he is only ortho dox. all else matters but little. He has
Great Rev i va l s and Ev an g e l i s t s ¡ii. George Wh i t e f i e l d 1 By J ohn H. H unter
at some loss; but in regard to the first, Mr. Whitefield exceeded so far every other man of my time, that I should be at none. He was the original of popular preaching, and all our popu lar ministers are only his copies.” Says Bishop John Charles Ryle, of Liverpool, in The Christian Leaders of England in the Eighteenth Century”: “The first and foremost whom I will name is the well-known George Whitefield. I place him first in the order of merit without any hesitation. Of all the spiritual heroes of this dark period none saw so soon as Whitefield what the times demanded, and none were so forward in the great work of spiritual aggression. I should think I committed an act of injustice if I placed any name before his.” The man who could elicit such high and hearty commendations from such representative men is surely worth knowing. George Whitefield was born in the city of Gloucester, England, on De cember 16th, old style, (corresponding to our December 27th), 1714, just two hundred . years ago. His father, Thomas Whitefield, was a wine mer chant and kept the Bell Inn at Gloucester. He died when George was two years old, leaving his widow with six sons and one daughter, George being the youngest child. When George was ten his mother married again, but this second mar riage, like the business of the Inn, was' not prosperous. When he was fifteen the state of home finances, compelled him to leave the school that he was attending and where he was making
INCE Paul closed his won(^er^u^ evangelistic ca- reer by laying down his ^or the Saviour whom
KVav. cc. served so loyally and so efficiently, God has raised up many mighty preachers of the Gospel. One of the mightiest of them all, and cer tainly the mightiest of his own gen eration, was George Whitefield. Listen to what John Wesley, his friend and fellow-laborer, thought of him: “What an honor hath it pleased God to put upon His faithful servant! Have we read or heard of any person since the Apostles, who testified the gospel of the grace of God through so widely extended a space, through so large a part of the habitable world? Have we read or heard of any person Who called so many thousands, so many myriads of sinners to repent ance? Above all, have we read or heard of any who has been a blessed instrument in His hand of bringing so many sinners from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God?” “I bless God that I have lived in his time,” says John Newton, of Olney; “many were the winter morn ings I have got up at four to attend his Tabernacle discourses at five; and I have seen Moorfields as full of lan terns at these times, as I suppose the Haymarket is full of flambeaux on an opera night. As a preacher, if any man were to ask me who was the second I ever had heard, I should be •Copyright, 1914, by John H. Hunter.
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encouraging progress in his classical studies—St. Mary’s de Crypt. He helped his mother for about a year. Then business grew so bad that it was turned over to the eldest son. After the change George found it so hard to get along with his sister-in-law that soon he seized the opportunity to visit another brother living in Bristol. This was the end of his career in the inn. He describes this part of his life as follows: “At length I put on my blue apron, washed cups, cleaned rooms, and, in one word, became a professed common drawer for nigh a year and a half.” This occupation and environment told on the boy’s moral and spiritual life. He says he was “addicted to lying, filthy talking and foolish jesting,” and that he was a “Sabbath breaker, a theater-goer, a card-player, and a romance-reader.” His visit to Bristol is memorable for this, that to a sermon which he heard in St. John’s church Mr. Whitefield afterwards attributed his first serious religious impressions. Perhaps there was not very much depth to them, but at any rate when he returned to his mother’s house he no longer wasted time in writing plays, but began to compose sermons. When' seventeen years of age he received, for the first time, the sacrament of the Lord’s Sup per. He now spent much time in fasting and prayer, and in reading books of devotion. His old way of living became distasteful to him and he longed to become a clergyman. A college education was necessary, if his longing were to be fulfilled, and that was not so easily obtained in England by a poor boy, as it is now in our own favored land. But , God was working for the boy whom He had chosen to be a polished shaft in His quiver. A schoolmate of Whitefield’s had obtained an appointment as a “servitor” at one of the Oxford col leges, and on hearing of it Mrs
Whitefield made up her mind that she would try to get a similar appointment for George. To fit himself for college he resumed his studies at St. Mary’s de Crypt. In connection with the Gloucester grammar school there were two exhibitions at Pembroke College, and with the help of his friends and of the head master of the grammar school, Whitefield obtained the coveted appointment. His mother borrowed the funds necessary to get him started, about fifty dollars. He was then eighteen years old. A servitor at Oxford was an under graduate who received a grant of funds from the college and earned the remainder of his expenses by waiting on the table of fellows and gentleman commoners. It was not an enviable position, and it is said that the Master of Pembroke was harsh to Whitefield and that some of the students showed their contempt for him by throwing dirt at him while walking on the streets. There were several men at Oxford during Whitefield’s residence who were, like himself, destined to make their mark in the world. Dr. Samuel Johnson was in Pembroke, and after wards claimed to have known White- field “before Whitefield began to be better than other people.” Sir Will iam Blackstone, the great jurist, was also a contemporary. Shenstone and Graves, the poets, were then under graduates. Graves and Whitefield received together their degrees of B. A. in 1736. But it was in other colleges rather than in his own, that Whitefield was to find the kind 01 friends for whom he longed. John Wesley was a junior fellow in Lin coln; Charles Wesley and Mr. Mor gan were in Christ Church, Mr, Kirkman was in Merton, and these four, in the year 1729, formed a sen ciety to meet once a week to study the Greek New Testament, and to
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servitor. His time was coming and God would open the way. This was how He did it. Let Whitefield tell it in his own words. “I .sent a poor aged apple woman of our college to inform him (Charles Wesley) that a poor woman had at tempted suicide, with a request that he would visit her, but not to discover who I was; she went, but contrary to my orders, told my name. He, having heard of my coming to the Castle, and to the parish church sac rament, and having met me frequent ly walking by myself, followed the woman when she was gone away, and sent an invitation to me by her to come to breakfast with him the next morning. My soul was at that time athirst for some spiritual friends. He soon discovered it and put into my hands Professor Franke’s ‘Treatise Against the Fear of Man’ and ‘The Country Parson’s Advice to His Par ishioners.’ In a short time he let me have' another, ‘The Life of God in the Soul of Man.’ I never knew what true religion was till God sent me that excellent treatise. God soon showed me that true religion was union of the soul with God, and Christ formed within us. Not till then did I know that I must be a new creature. Like the woman of Sam aria, I .wrote letters to my relatives, telling them there was such a thing as a new birth; they thought I was going beside myself.” To be continued.
engage in prayer. Later they were joined by James Hervey, of Lincoln, and, after he had been at Oxford for twelve months, by George White- field. Whitefield’s first year at college seems to have passed very quietly. He was kept busy with his studies, but found time to do some outside reading. Law’s “Serious Call to the Unconverted” was bought and read at this time with great profit by the spiritually hungry youth. Of course, he knew something of the little group of men who were meet ing in Mr. Wesley’s rooms, for were not “The Holy Club,” or “The Godly Club,” or “The Bible Moths,” or “The Bible Bigots,” or “The Sacramenta- rians,” or “The Methodists,” names constantly used in derision by the undergrads, to designate the band of men who were earnestly seeking to know God and to do His will? As the name given to the disciples first at Antioch, in derision, is now the name we delight in—“Christians,” so the name given at Oxford, in deris ion, is now the name of that honored branch of the church for which we all thank God—“Methodists.” This name was given them “simply because they professed to live by rule; took the sacrament every month, and visit ed the sick poor, and the prisoners confined in the Castle jail.” But Whitefield did not know any of them, personally, and hardly dared to aspire to their fellowship—he was only a
3 j|jJljFrrforr ty? aattlf, miff« If? asmthrii on Ijiglf, Ijr Irh rapttoity rap- -Wttítn?, anh gaor gifts unto amt. Anil ip?gaur sump in hr apostles; anil suma, prophets; unit sum?, rnangrltsts; unit some, pastors anil trarhrrs.—Ephesians 4 : 8 , 11 .
The Pe r sona l i t y of D a n i e l 1 and t h e F a l l o f Baby l on 1 By A ndrew C raig R obinson , M.A.
"Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, they should deliver but their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord God .”—Ezekiel 14:14. "Behold thou are wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee ."— Ezekiel 28:3. I. The Personality of Daniel.
1st Maccabees clearly shows, that whilst the age was indeed an age with out a prophet it was nevertheless an age which was longing for a prophet to appear. So also we see that in the time of our Lord—when the same le galism was perhaps even still more rampant—the people were perfectly ready to receive a prophet.— They “all” held “John” the Baptist “as a prophet” (Matt. 21:26) Matthew tells us that Herod would have put John to death but that he feared “the multitude, because they counted him as a prophet” (14 :5 ); and Luke re ports the Pharisees as deliberating among themselves as to how they should answer an embarrassing ques tion of our Lord, “But and if we say, of men;.all the people will stone us, for they be persuaded that John was a prophet” (Luke 20:6). There was no reason in the world why, if there were a prophet in the days of the Mac cabees—as the Critics allege there was —“the brilliant visionary” (as Dr. Charles calls him) should not come forward openly and speak living words to encourage the people;—the voice of a real living prophet would do more to put courage into the hearts of the peo ple than twenty Daniels in masquerade. The assumed writer of the Book of Daniel is supposed to have written his work in 167-165 B.C., whilst the revolt against Antiochus Epiphanes was go-
HE theory of Modern Criticism in regard to the authorship of the book of Daniel is that it is the
lQ^= = g ^lil work of a writer who lived in the days of the Maccabees— 167-165 B. C. and wrote under the pseudonym “Daniel.” It is needless to remark that of any such brilliant genius living in the dull age of the Maccabees as the writer of the sublime Book of Daniel would have been—there is not a vestige of record or tradition. The supposed writer is a mere creature of the Critics’ imagination—of his personality there is not in Jewish literature a single trace. It may well be asked—Why should such a prophet if he existed write un der a pseudonym ? The reason as given by a recent commentator on Daniel—Dr. Charles, Fellow of Mer ton,f—is, that in the days of the Mac cabees the tyranny of legalism was so great that there was no room for a prophet—a prophet would not be list ened to ( Daniel, p. xii). But this is really an utter misrepresentation of the state of feeling in the Maccabaean Age. On the contrary the Book of 1. L ecture delivered before th e University of Dublin in th e Chapel of T rin ity Col lege, by Rev. Andrew C raig Robinson, M. A., D onnellan L ec tu re r (fu rn ish ed by th e lec tu re r). +Now Canon of W estm inster.Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 60 Page 61 Page 62 Page 63 Page 64 Page 65 Page 66 Page 67 Page 68 Page 69 Page 70 Page 71 Page 72 Page 73 Page 74 Page 75 Page 76 Page 77 Page 78 Page 79 Page 80 Page 81 Page 82 Page 83 Page 84 Page 85 Page 86 Page 87 Page 88 Page 89 Page 90 Page 91 Page 92 Page 93 Page 94 Page 95 Page 96 Page 97 Page 98 Page 99 Page 100 Page 101 Page 102 Page 103 Page 104
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