1922

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1922

1922

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IDo tl1r · Alumni \~r ho have carried into their ·work the fullness of ",-. isdom and the richness of serVice inspire'el l . by Alma :Mater, this fiftieth anniversary. vs+.. ume of The Elms is affectionately dedicatee}' by

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MRS. WALTER PLATT COOKE (May Louise Perry '89) President of the Alumni Association

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31Hftirtq l\ttttiurrnury 3Juttr 24-27 OFFICERS OF ALUMNI ASSOCIATION Mrs. "Valter P. Cooke President Vice-President

i\ 'agraut of tl1r Normal ~rl1ool by 'josephine Wilhelm Wickser

Mrs. Stephen M. Clement Miss Ernina S. Smith Mrs. Anna M. Gemmill

Secretary Tnasurer

PRELUDE Grey mists and black shadows of Doubt cover the earth with their veils through them advances shining Faith and calls forth a radiant gift the rainbow of Promise. . EPISODE I "Jesse Ketchum's Gift to Buffalo June 23, 1866. The annual "Festival of the Teachers" is held on Jesse Ketchum's "hay field ," Mr. and Mrs. Ketchum receive the guests and Mr. Ketchum points out the piece of land to them and offers it to the city as a site for a Normal School. A speech is made by Mr. O. G. Steele, and a petition presented by Judge Clinton, to be signed by the citizens and sent to the :N1ayor and Common Council asking for aid to secure an appro– priation for a school building on this site. J esse Ketchum, called "the friend of the children" offered to the city five and a half acres of land as a school site. This "hay field" was at the extreme city line, the land above North Street being in Black Rock. i\.h. Ketchum lived on North Street and gave not only this land for a school but also the land on which \Vestminster church was built. EPISODE II • The Laying of the Corner Stone April 15 1869. An evergreen arch is erected and decorated with white roses and yellow daffodils and bearing the 1lasonic emblem of crossed compasses and the letter "G" . A procession of citizens, headed by the ' Mayor (Colonel Rogers) and a cortlet hand an-ives and a ceremony is held. Speeches are made, a poem "The Temple-Fortress" written by Mary A. Ripley is read and as the stone is laid under the arch, children sent up colored toy balloons. An appropriation of seventy thousand dollars was. made for the building which was finished after t he death of Mr. Ketchum. Mr. Ketchum left a fund of thirty thousand dollars, the interest of which was to be used in furthering education by giving gold and silver medals to honor pupils in the schools. One man's unflinching faith in the buhvarks of education tnade 110t only the Normal School possible but it is still carrying on today. INTERLUDE Faith kindles the flame of Education on the Altar of Time-from this fire are lighted the many torches of Inspiration and Ambition which circle the world and illume it. EPISODE III The Growth of the School The first graduating dass (1872-1873) consisting of ;'twellty-t"'i\'O young ladies and aile young gentleman" enter and place upon the Altar of Time the Jesse Ketchum medal. The class then takes its place at the right of the Altar. From the opposite side of the Pageant green comes a modern group in cap and gown, representing the power which made possible the present new school build ing. This grOllp places upon the Altar asmall model of the "Old building, then takes its. place a t the left of the Altar. The present school building was erected through the efforts of the Board of Trustees and its president, "Yfr. E . H. nutler, the corner stOlle being laid in 1913. The Normal School has had four principals, Mr. H. B. Buckham. Dr. James M. Cassidy, Dr. Daniel Upton and Dr. Harry Rockwell. FINALE From the right and left of t~e Pageant grcen come thc grey mists and black shadows, drivel1 by the torches of Inspiration and Ambition. From the center advances Faith lead– ing the rainbow of Promise, these characters forming a semi-circle in front of the Altar of Time. To the sounds of a stirring march comes the student body linked by garlands of laurel, signifying victory. Forming a wide aisle through \vhlch passes the class of 1922,·' headed by the faculty. The studcnt body widens its aisle to join the semi-circle, makng a complete ring around the Altar of Time, thus joining t he Past and Future, and the entire Pageant sings the school song. 5

DIRECTORS Mrs. Viktor B. Dold Mr. 'William A. Fuhrmann Miss Margaret O'Malley Mr. John VI/. Greenwood Miss Margaret O'Malley Miss Gertrude Bacon Miss Louise Cassety } ...fr. Frank B. Steele Mrs. Cursons Kiepe :Mr. George K. Staples j\.·1rs. Charles J. North

:Miss Harriet L. Butler J'.. Iiss Ida L. Kempke

Mrs. H . S. Champlin Mrs. Frank .Farrar

FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY COMMITTEE

Mrs. Lucius E. Bartlett Mrs. Allen 1. Holloway Mr. Hubert K. Perry Miss Charlotte Darmstadter Miss Dorothy Vincent Mr, Charles N. Armstrong ]. ..f iss Ella Smith M iss Lillian Walker Miss Lorena Chamberlin Mr. H. Edson Webster

Mrs. ,;Valter P. Cooke :Mrs. Stephen M. Clement Miss Ernina S. Smith 1{rs. Anna M. Gemmill Mrs. H . S. Champlin Mrs. Frank Farrar Mrs. Viktor B. Dold Mr. W illiam Fuhrmann Miss Harriet L. Butler 1·1iss Ida L. Kempke

Mrs. Ernest Montgomery Mrs. Edward J. Barcalo RECEPTION COMMITTEE

Mr. George K. Staples Miss Dorotfiy Vincent

Miss 1-iargaret O'Malley Mrs. Hervey S. Champlin

:NIrs. Charles J. North, Chainnan Miss Emina Smith

PROGAM COMMITTEE Miss Gertrude M. Bacon M iss Louise Cassety PUBLICITY COMMITTEE

Mr. Hubert K. Perry Mr. John W. Greenwood

Mr. Frank Steele, Chairman Mrs. Lucius E. Bartlett

Mrs. Edward J. Barcalo Mrs. Ernest Montgomery

Mrs. Cursons Kiepe, Chairman Miss Harriet L. Butler

FINANCE COMMITTEE

Mr, H. Edson\;Vebster

Mr. Charles N . Armstrong, Chainnan

MUSIC COMMITTEE

).Ifr. \Villiam Fuhrmann

Miss Lillian \-Valker, Cha·irman

Miss Ruth Speir COMMITTEE OF NOMINATION

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Miss Ella Smith, Chairman

Miss Theresa Roehsler COMMITTEE OF USHERS

Miss Helen Olmstead

Miss Elizabeth L. Bishop, Chairman

Miss Sophie Blakeslee

COMMITTEE ON DECORATIONS Miss Marian Jackson, Chair11tat~ Assisted by twenty-one members of the Alumni Association living in Lancaster. COMMITTEE ON POSTERS Nfr. Hubert K. Perry, Chai-rman Mrs. E. Merton Husted Mrs. Mrs. Harvey L. Brown Harrison Chase

BULLETIN COMMITTEE Miss Alice Brigham, Chairma·H POSTAL ,CARD COMMITTEE

Miss Ma ry Fowler, Chairman

Miss Georgina Chamot

)'1iss Lydia Chamat

ALUMNI ASSOCIATION GIFT COMMITTEE

*Dr. Ida C. Bender :Y[rs. Charles J. North :Miss Emina S. Smith }"1iss Gertrude M. Bacon *1'[iss Martha Murray * Deceased

1{rs. Harvev L. Brown Mrs. Allen -1. Holloway Mrs. Cursons Kiepe Mr. 1'1. ]. Kinsella 1..,,[rs. George \V. Chase Mrs. Henry E. 1-fontgomery 4

Mrs. \-Valter P. Cooke, Chairmau *Mrs. Carl K . Friedman ." ;.J Mr. George K. Staples £"I[rs. Frederick W . Kendall ]\,fr. Frank B. Steele ::NIrs, Charles A. Spaulding

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lJ.r.n.n.r il(.rtr~um The history of The Buffalo Normal School hal; its beginnings in the zeal and devotion of Jesse Ketchum to the cause of Public School education. He was born in Spencertown, N. Y., on March 31. 1782. Like most great men Jesse Ketchum was fortunate in his mOlher, a woman remarkable for strength of character and rare intellectual q ualities. His carly years were spent ana farm where he had vcry few adva,ntages. When he was eighteen years old he found his way to Toronto where be went into business with his brother. At the outbreak of the war of 1812 an American who O\vned valuable lands in the hea rt of th e city disposed of his property at a 10'\" fig ure to Jesse Ketch um. A large tannery in a prosperous condition occupied one of these sites. The new owner carried on the business and soon acquired great wealth. At this time Buffalo was growing rapidly and attracted the keen mind of Jesse Ketchum. He established a branch tannery on :"1ain st reet between AJlen and High. In 1845 he became a resident of Buffalo and bought several large tracts of land in that part of the city which was then a part of Black Rock. On one of tbese now stands the Westminster Presbyterian Cburch, and on another, covering :five acres. stands the attractive and beautiful building of the Normal School. It was the life long ambition of J esse Ketchum to provide ample faci lities for the education of children. Soon after the Civil "Var when the New York State Legislature was debating the question of estab lishing four new Normal Schools in various parts of the state. he offered the block bounded by Jersey, FOurlL.:enth, York and Thirteenth (Karma! Avenue) as a site for a normal school. The intl-icacies of legislative methods occasioned considerahle delay a nd J esse Ketchum died, September 7, 1867, before his dream was realized. Negotiations were finally completed between the county and city on the one hand to erect and equip the building, and the State on the other hand to appropriate $12,000 annually to the support of the school. Tn 1914 the Legislature passed a bill appropriat ing $5,000 for a bronze statue of Jesse Ketchum to be erected on the school grounds. A commission 'was appointed to carry out this provision . It consisted of the following: Edward H. Butler, A. Conger Goodyear, :r1avid E. Peugeot, E. H. Gallagher, and Dr. Daniel Upton. It was the consensus of opinion of this commission that a more appropriate memorial would be a pipe organ in the auditorium for the use of the students and a bronze tablet commemorating the work of tbis public-spirited man. The organ and the tablet were dedicated January 11, 1917. 3Jnt.rr.r.nttng iR.rmtnt.ar.rnr.r.n My first remembrance of seeing "Father Ketchum," as he was generally knQ\.vn. is that of the time he visited Public School 32, whieh I then attended_ He was a short man, stout, and vcry bald. I 'well r emember the white fringe which framed his face. He wore a bea\'y overcoat, and what would now be called a long shawl. The carpet-bag, which he always carried about with him, was of a bright green, covered with enormous roses. This was usually half full of little books. During his visit to the schools the best pupil was called forward and presented with one of these books. I shall never forget t he pride of the moment I received the one which I cherish to this day. In fact. I have two which are among my treasures. I was labout eleven years old when I receind the first. "Father Ketchum's" home stood on the site now occupied by the Jones house on North street. It was a square gray brick house with no verandas. The entrance was on the side. This was very unusual, at that time and I thought it very strangc. One Sunday afternoon, in the spring of sixty-eight, when I was fourteen years old, my father and I walked up through the Circle to look at the plot of land where the State Normal School was to be built. At that time the Poor-house stood Oil the present site of Holy Angel's School. The Potter's Field was the block on which Rice's Drug-store now stands. On that day there were three boys playing in the field. Some removals had been macle and the boys wcrc kicking two skulls about as foot-balls. l-t made an indelible im– pression upon my mind. We crossed the str eet and stood looking at the fenced-ill mea– dow v,,'hicn was destined to be the site of one of Buffalo's most beautiful buildings. As we stood looking over the fence my father remarked t hat if the State didn't do something within a year the estate would fa ll to the heirs. But the property was too valuable to he lost by sl1ch an error.

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.Anntu.rr.nury ~nng

(Alumni Song for Fiftieth Anniversary) Tune: "Austria" by Hayden

Fair the trees beside thce show ing Lofty arches 'gainst the sky, Through the years ill beauty growing Rooted deep, asp iring high! D ear their welcoming shade a round thee, Symbol of thy sheltering care For the children who have found thee Through the years more dear. more fai r ! II Elder children, home returning On thy day of jubliee, Eager youth. but lately learning All that hearts can hold for thee. We who throug h the years have known thee Join our !rr ateful song to raise, Alma Mater proudly own thee, Greet thee now with loving praise! III Greeting, praise, and love we sing thee, Gathered 'neath thy elms today 'Vorthicr tribute we would bring thee, Lasting homage we would pay. ?·:Iay our lives, thy faith declaring, Through the years its worth proclaim Till the world, thy blessing sharing, Through the ages lauds thy name !

GRACE VIELE,

MRS, CHARLES J. NORTH, (Dora Br;ggs, '76)

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The laying of the corner stone was performed 011 T hursday afternoon, April 15, 1869. It was a civic occassioll and was. participated in by all the citizens interested in education. The Mayor, the Common Council, and the other officials headed the procession, said to have been over a quarter of a mile in length, which.formed at old St. James Hall. vVhcn the grounds were reached shortly after three o'clock, it is said that nearly three thousand people had assembled to witness the ceremony. A local paper of that year repor ts that the Masons, who had charge of the important ceremony of laying the cornerstone, "entered the grounds by passing through an arch composed of evergreens, profusely adorned with beautiful flo·wers and bearing at its apex the symbolic square, compass and the letter 'G', the whole the work of Mr. "\tV. J. Palmer, gardner and horticulturist." It was all" ideal spring day with a flood of sunshine and light breezcs playing among the budding elms. The Mayor, the Honorable Mr. Rogers, was chairman of the occasion and announced the fo1low ing program: Prayer, by the Rev. D r. Lord. Scripture Reading, Proverbs IX, Rev. Erskine N. White. Oration, Oliver G. Steele, Superintendent of City Schools. Poem, The Temple Fortress, Written by :vIary A. Ripley, read by the Rev. Dr. A. T. Chcster, Brief address by Rev. Dr. Heacock. The laying of the cornerstone was then performed according to Masonic rites as follows: 1. Opening Proclamation, R. W. Christopher G. Fox. 2. Hymn, America. 3. Prayer by the R. W. Grand Chaplain, Rev. D, H . ~ful1er, 4. Depositing the Box Containing Records and Statis.tics. 5. P lan ting the Corner-stone. 6. Testin'g the Corner-stone with :Masonic Implements. 7. Consecration of the Corner-stone. 8. • Invocation.

9. Return of Implements to Architect. 10. Address, R. \V. Christopher G. Fox. 11. Benediction hy the Grand Chaplain, R ev. J. F. Ernst.

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The Old School When First Built,

w~r Nurmal ~c~uul frum 1871-1886

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Henry B. Bllckham, a graduate of the University of Vermont. was appointed prin– cipal of the Normal School by the Board of Managers January 21, 187!. The school opened on '¥ednesday, September 13, w ith fifty-seven students in the Normal department. The formal opening took place October 25.

The Faculty was as follows: Henry B. Buckham, A. M. English Language, Philosophy and Didactics

William B. Wl'ight, A.,M.

George Hadley, M. D.

Ancient and Modern Language!>, Chemistry, Mineralogy and Geology.

Calvin Paterson

David S. Kellicott. B. S.

P ure and Applied Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Physiology, Etc.

Mary J. J-T armon

Laura G. Lovell

E locution, Rhetoric, and Composition, English and Mathematics

Sarah Bostwick

Susan Hoxie

Geog raph y and Elementary Methods, Second General Assistant

Charles W. Sykes

Mark M. Maycock

Vocal_Music, Penmanship and Drawing

FACULTY OF SCHOOL OF PRACTICE

Flora E Crandall, First Grade· Ada M, Kenyon, Second and Third Grades Nellie E. Williams, Third and Fourth Grades

Susan Hoxie, Fifth and Sixth Grades Isabelle Gibson, Seventh and Eighth Grades Mary M. Williams, N inth and Tenth Grades.

(From the Prospectus) "The school will be organized in three departments: Normal, Collegiate and Scientific. In addition to these, a class of each grade of pupils in the Public Schools of Buffalo will be instructed in the building, as a School of Practice for the Normal School." I. The Normal Department. There will be three courses of study, as follows: 1. Elementary. Students whose education in the cOlllmon branches is deficient will have the opportunity of making up that deficiency. The authorities of the school will insist that all who need it shall pursue th is course. The subjects of study are Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography. History, Reading, Spelling, Penmansh ip , Dra'\.ying, Etc. 2. Advanced English. All who pass a satisfactory examina tion in the studies of the elementary course will take this course, embracing Algebra, Geometry, Physical, Etc. The course extends over two years beyond J{he elementar y, and is designed to prepare students to teach in Grammar Schools, and to be assistants in High Schools and Aca~ demies. 3. Classical. This course, in the main, runs parallel with the preceding, but another year is added so as to g ive time fa]' the study of Latin and Greek or German and French. [t iH designed to prepare the student fqr the Collegiate Department, or to teach classes of beginners in Latin and Greek. All the students in the Normal Department will g ive one fu ll year's time to professioll~ al studies.". One term, or half year, will be given to practice in the c1as5es mentioned above. Normal pupils will be assigned by the Principal as temporary teachers in these classes. and will have opportunity .... of teaching in al1 grades of schools represented in this building. The permanent teachers of these classes, with others charged with this duty, will be "critics of teaching" . , .. Model lessons will be given by the instructor in methods of teac hing, and similar lessons will be req uired of the pupil~teacher before his * At that time, the highest grade was known as the First. 11

HENRY B. BUCKHAM, A. M.

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ALUMNI ASSOCIATION (From a circular sent to graduates by Mr. Buekham, May 1876.) . . . . (3) Do you approve of form ing an association of the Graduates of the school, now nearly a hundrcd in number ? (b) \¥ill you authorize me to vote in your name for tb e Constilution sent herewith, and upon any amendments or additions wh ich may be proposed to the same a t the first meeting? Cons.titution Art. 1. The name of this organization shall be "The Association of Gradl.!-ates of the Buffalo Normal School." MR. BUCKHAM'S RESIGNATION Mr. Buckham resigned the principal ship in June 1886 and went to the Normal School at Monmouth, O regon. He held this positio n un til the school was closed, ,...·hen he went witb his fam ily to Californ ia. H e passed a\Yay during the early a utumn of 1913. To give some of'the impressions of a graduate of the fIrs t epoch of the Normal School, is better than to set down in these few sentences a mere statement of facts of who ",,'as who .and wha t was what in the period tha t embraced the principalship of the Reverend Henry B. Buckham. T he writer in this case will merely try to tell in a perfectly fran k ma nner, how his school clavs affected him as a boy, and wha t after yea rs of reflection a nd thought his ideas are -now of those who tried with more or less difficulty to in:-.till a little learning into his unresponsive cranium. The fi rst impression of the School of Practice was a most unpleasant one. H a ving been dragged rat her unwillingly by a fond but severe grandpa rent to the school, he was left to tbe tender mercies of Principal Buckham, ,vho, for reasons best known to himself, placed him in what ..vas then known as the 10th grade, the lowest in the school. As the boy had been 'going to school fo r four years anJ felt himself well on the way towards a complete education within a few years, this was a terr~bte blow to his pride . and h e I straightway refused to go back the next day. However tillS matter was soon straightened out, and h<: began his course in the School of Practice which keP.t him as .a stude!1t for nine years. His first impression of good Nfl'. nuck~am never qmte left 111m. ~nd It w<3;s not un til years afterwards that he began to appreciate the really line qualitles of th IS remarkab le and cultivated man. Mr. Buckham was a n educator of the old type, severe, rather a ustere, orthodox, both in his religion and in his teach ing, he adhered to the straight line and there "vas not much deviation in his dozen or more yea rs as the executive of the school. In the early part of his administration, tbe terrible tragedy that came to him in the loss of his only SOil an~ the injury to his wife aggravated his natural ten.dency to severeness and resel'v:. Sometimes we young boys feared his rather unresponSive face, and w ~l en we heard !llS uneven .step coming into the 1'00111 or down the .ha11 "'ie were v.ery attentive to ou: studies.. Sometimes it comes to us now though that thiS good man nllght have been sto1(:ally facmg the great burden he was trying to carry. Probably the one feature that impressed us in this period was the Chapel exercises. Much as we vounger pupils scorned these exercises I think now, tha t we rather liked the d iversion and as one looks back on this simple s ervice there is no Joubt that they were conduc ted in a fi ne spirit of reverence and worship. A reading of-the ~criptures, a psalm, a short but fervent prayer with one or two hymns, made up the service which was con– d ucted by i\.fr. Buckham with dignity and reverence. When Mr. Buckham was a bsent for any reason, the service was generally conducted by Mr. David Kellicott. This interesting man had a way of picking out the most f~arful and awe-inspiring passages of the Bible that told us all that would happen to us If we were not good boys and girts. :f{is prayers were a l~Jl1g similar lines and .th e result was that we 'were pretty fair pupils for ten or fifteen mll1utes after ~h e exerC Ises w.erc ove,r. This same feeling about Mr. Ketl icott who, as you know. was the Instructor of SCience. did not leave us until after we had passed into the Normal proper and entered into his classes. He was a mos t lovable, ki ndly man when you knew him. He was a typical 13 ~nmr 3Jmprrnntnun

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classmates. In addit,iol1 to this, th e schools of the city will be open at proper times and under propc:;r reg ulatIo ns as "Schools of Observation" and as· such will be visited by the Normal pupils. The obj~ctive method of tC

FRO}! THE F IRST ANNUAL REPORT Summary of Attendance

Whole number registered, 86 Gentlemen, 11 Ladies, 75 Average age of gentlemen. 17.27 years. Average age of ladies, 17.77 years.

FROM THE FOURTH ANNUAL REPOWI; Fourth Annual Report

A limited number of students who Jo not wish to make a nv pledge to teach ,,,ill be receivcJ on payme nt of tuition at the rate of fi fteen do i1ars a quirter of ten weeks. They must pass the same entrance examinatiol1s and comply with all the regu lations of the schooL

>I< The plans for t his department werc never carried out. 12

science t eacher of the kind oue reads about. His thoughts were on his work and he seldom came down to the mundane things of this life. We could always play· one of those reprehensible tricks that students the world over indulge in, the simple asking of a ques– tion about a subject he was interested in, would start him off on a long talk and this was especially desirable if we had a rather badly prepared lesson. Sometimes, though, he became aware of what we were trying to do and things were lively for a time. Mr. Kelli– cott was a scientist of national reputation in his particular specialty and among those of the older students he was held in the greatest respect. The original faculty changed very Quickly and then callle those who for years stood as the representatives of the best intellect and culture in the teaching circles of Buffalo. The names that stand in this category of educational ability were David Kellicott, Marcus A. G. Meads, Joseph Mischka, Mary Wright, Mary J. Harmon, Mary Hunt, I sabelle Gibson, and Ada Kenyon. Then came Frank W. Forbes, Mary Hall, Clara Young, Dr. Ida Bender, Helen Dunston, Albert Shaw, Anna K. Eggleston. Of these, several ex– tended their sphere of influence and became educators in a broader sense. Miss Kenyon went into Old Central High School and was loved and respected there as much as in our school. Dr. Ida Bender became a physician of note and in her work . as assistant to Superintendent Emerson of the Buffalo public schools did remarkable work in the develop– ment of the new methods that were at that time being put forward in this country. Miss Eggleston joined the forces of the State department in New York and like Miss Bender became an educator not only of state wide reputation but was knowll also wher– ever better education wag, advocated. In our School of Practice during that period we had many fine teachers. With Ada Kenyon at the head, for many years, and Clara Field a teacher of the highest type; Adella Fay, Louise Gates, .and Mary Daniels. Later, came Winnie Thompson, Ellen Brown, Franc Oliver, Emma K ingston, Ida Bender all grade teachers of conspicuous ability. It is difficult to leave this brief and unsatisfactory mention of the Faculty of the Normal school without a special word about one or two of those that stood out in our memories. Joseph Mischka, ...vho taught music to both the No rmal students and the School of Practice pupils, with his kindly nature, his enthusiasm and his ability as a teach– er was loved and respected by all. I th ink many of us received our only musical training throug h his instruction. Mr. Meads was a master of his work and besides, his genial nature and kindly methods were appreciated by everyone. None of those who had Miss Gibson for a teacher, will forget the remarkable clearness of her explanation of difficult problems. She was a strict disciplinarian, but when we began to know her we all loved her and held her in .the highest respect. It is difficult to tell of the many men and women who went out from this school not only in the educational but also in the business and professional world. The impression these people have made on the world of education can never be told. They have gone to every par t of the world and carried the high ideals of the school to students and chil– dren in all parts of this country and in many others. When we stop to thi nk of the influence on education in this country, we can be proud of the record of our Buffalo State Normal School graduates. As one looks back now upon this period, old fashioned as it was compared to modern methods, just a thought occurs. With such conspicuous men and women who were its products, perhaps, the old methods of discipline and teaching v,,-ere not so crude as it may seem to the more modern educator. Perhaps in the making of men and womell for ser– vice in the world, a tittte seriOllsness and discipline are necessary if administered by high minded, cultivated teachers like those of the early period of our beloved school. FRANK B. STEELE.

Mrs. Anna Eggleston Friedman

Mary]. Harmon

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M' Ut~er l~Mft-:-MLr. MChaycock, ~r. Meads, ¥"iss G.ihsOIl, Mr. Richardson, Mr. Greenwood ISS ase, ISS.. arnot, Mls~ Nye, MISS Wright, Miss Carroll. ' Lower left-MISS Dunston, MISS G. Chamot, Dr. Cassety, Miss Bacon, Mr. Bishop.

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ijJqt Normal ~tqool from HHUi-lgng

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On the resignation of Mr. Buckham during the summer of 1886, Dr. James M. Cassety. a graduate of Harvard, was appointed as his successor, and in September of that year entered upon his duties as Principal and uTeachcr of Didactics." Among the events of Dr. Cassety's administration were the following: 1886~81-The fitting up of two additional rooms (making seven in all) for the School of Practice, and the division of three of those rooms by sliding glass doors, so that a larger number of practice teachers could be accommodated. Changes in the course of study "to conform to those in the other ·Normal schools of the state, instead of being one year longer than theirs and quite different in arrangement of studies." The "fitting up of the large west room on the upper floor for drawing classes. (It is a noble room, beautiful in itself, and as it commands a view of Lake Erie, the Niagara river, the city of Buffalo, and the shores of Canada, it is well fitted to inspire artistic, t,hought and feeling.") The draining and grading of the lot, and the building of plank walks from the street to the school building. . The beginning of the new building for "gymnasium, Natural Science department, and chemical experimentation." 1887-88-The completion of the Science building. The erection of the iron fence, and the setting out of fifty elm trees around the block. The installation of sliding glass doors in the four grade-rooms as yet unprovided with them. 1892-94-The completion and occupation of the Principal's residence. The alteration for the use of the School of Practice of the rooms in the school build– ing formerly occupied by the Principal's family. The organization of the School of Practice into the regular nine grades (the HNinth" being the highest) of the city schools, each with forty pupils, and each with a separate room and a separate critic teacher. The establishment of a Kindergarten in connection with the Normal school, with a tuition fee of $40 for pupils, and of $75 for teachers in training ("except Normal graduates, who are trained free.") 1895---The appropriation by the Legislature of $1500 for fire-escapes. 1895-95-The establishment of the kindergarten training school as a regular .part of the Normal and training school, with tuition to tcachers free. The adoption of the three-year " Primary and Kindergarten course." 1896-97-The laying of stone side-walks to replace the plank ones. 1897-98-The fitting up of the Natural Scicnce laboratory. 1906-07-The introduction of "Manual training" work for normal students. In 1909, at the close of the school year, Dr. Cassety resigned, his resignation taking effect on August 31.

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DR. JAMES M. CASSETY

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The history of the Kindergarten Department is rather unique in its growth and de– velopme,nt. Not like the regu lar Normal department it began as a semiRprivatc institu– tion, the State furnishing the room a nd e

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wl]e Normal g,rl]ool from 1909-HIlS

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Dr. Daniel Upton, a graduate of Cornell Unive rsity, was appointed by the Boa rd of Trustees July ,10, 1909 and undertook his dut ies as Principal of the Normal School in the following September. 'With the growing demands of public school education the Slate Department at Albany had already adopted the policy that the Buffalo Normal School should undertake the work of prepari ng tcachers who should be equipped for the demands of manua l training and technical work in the public schools. To this service D r. Upton consecrated his life. Wi thi n two years of his appointment two new depar tments had been c1&eated, the Homemaking Vocational and the Industrial Vocational. "Vilh the addition of these departments the old building was found to be wholl y inadequate. The next im– portant work, perhaps the crowning effort of Dr. Upton's achievements, was the planning and building of the prescnt structure of the Nor mal School. Among the important events of th is period arc the following; March 14, 1910. The Assembly passed Senator Hill's bill au thorizing the building of a new Normal School in Buffalo to cost $400,000. The bill had already passed the Senate. June 20, 1910. At the commencement exer– cises Dr. Thomas E. Finegan anno unced in his address tha t Govcrnor Hughes had ap– proved a nd signed the bill for the new building. September 1910. T he establishment of the Household Arts Department under the directorship of Miss Elizabcth Lange. May 1911. .First :May Day celebration on Campus. September 1911. Vocational D epartment started in charge of Harrison C. Givens. Mr. Joseph Misc hka died August 28, 1911. Miss Isabel!e Gibson died September 27, 1911. March 6, 191 2. Governor Dix signed bill apP1'Opria.ting $100.000 for new Normal School building. "The greatest enthusiasm prevailed at the Normal School this morning when t he news of the signing of the b ill fo r a new school by the Governor reac hed the ch ildren there. They massed in the chapel and cheered eachmem!.>er of the Faculty, whom they forced to make one-minute speeches. and prolonged cheering. led by Arthur MacDonald and Henrietta Str aub, punctuated the addresses. "Principa l Upton was presented with a bunch of carnation s tied with red ribbon, the color of Cornell, of whic h university he is a graduate. The presentation was made by Samuel King, president of the senior class, in honor of the event. The announcement of the signing of ·the biH was made by Principal Upton." April 1912. First concert of Normal School chorus. September 26, 1912. Opening of night sch.ool classes for skill ed mechanics to prepare for teac hi ng in the schools. Facu ity Student Council organi zed 1912. Miss Helen Dunston died December 13, 1912. Mr. Irving Bishop died April 12, 1913. ........- M.,ay 1913. First publication of Record. /' ,..in magazine form. Until September 1920 this publication was May 29 1913. First · Butler oratorical contest. prize $50. H Miss Mary Chabot winner of first AprilS, 1913. Governor Sulzer signed last appropriation bill of $300,000 to complete the building of the new Normal School. ~October 9,1913. Laying the cornerstone of the new building, 12.30 P. M. ~ .f~~n "A more delightful day for t he ceremony could not have been chosen. An hour be– fore the time for the exercises the lawns and adjacent yards were the sccne of a shifting enthusiastic throng. The students of the Normal department, llumbering app roximately 500, were grouped in seats on the grounds. The 350 boys and girls in the School of Practice thronged on the fire-escapes a nd at the windows in the old building. Even the 30 little tots in the K indergarten classes were not to be depri ved of participation in the event, for they were scattered through the assembly in charge of older students. "Seated in benches in the court which leads to the entra.nce to the new building the assembly, with the speakers and other guests seated on a platform at the right of the cornerstone, with the sun glinting through the trees a nd touching with glowing beaut y the brick and white stone of the new Normal-the scene was beautiful .against its back– ground of happy students and teachers and merry-faced children filling the school win– dows and fire escapes." 21

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DR. DANIEL UPTON

..

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"Letters of regret were read from Justice Charles E. Hughes and D r. James M. Cassety, former Principal of t he Normal School. Dr. Cassety expressed the hope that 'your new building w ill prove all that you expect of it, you certainly need it for your great school.' " March 9, 1914. Suddcn death of Hall. Edward H. Butler, P resident of Local Board of Managers of Normal School. April 1914. Robert L. Fryer chosen President of Board of Managers. June 14, 1914. Banquet and last reunion of classes ill the halls and rooms of the old building. Septemher 1914. Sessions of Normal School begun in new building with a record ~breakillg reg istration. October 15, 1915. Saturday extension classes organized for rural and city t eachers. October 20. 1915. Death of Robert L. Fryer. P res ident of Board of Managers. ,oi'lovember 1915. Edward H. Butler Jr., appointed ,P resident of Local Board. December 21,1915. Life-sized oil portrait of the late Edward H. Butler unvcillcd. September 1916. Public School 38 take1l'over for additional facilitics for practice teaching. Jan uary 11 , 1917. Dedication of J esse Ketchum memorials, consisting of a pipe organ and a bronze tablet. February 15. 1917. Bronze tablet, in memory of Robert Livingston Fryer, late Presi· dent of Boa rd of Managers, was dedicated. T he clock in the school tower- was also t he gift of Mrs. Fryer. July 2, 191 7. Summcr scssion of Normal School begun. )ul \' 27. 1918. in the midst of a successful summer session Dr. Upton suddenly passed away. r The fun er.al services wcre held on Tuesday afternoon J ul y 30th. - .Alma flatrr &o«g Tunc-An nie Lisle

ORDER OF EXERCISES

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Invocation

\Villiam Burt, D. D., L. L. D. Bishop of Methodisl Ep iscopal Church

Song-"Alma Mater" Congratulatory Addresses

The Sc lwol

By N iagara's rippl ing waters Stands our city's pride, Dearer to her sons and daughters Than all else hcside

HOIl. Louis P. Fuhrman, J11a'yor Fo r the City of Buffalo Dr. H enry P. Emerson, Supt . of Education For the Schools of Buffalo Regent Adelbert Moot For the University of the S tate of New York H on. Henry "V. Hill, Fonner Sta.te Senat(IT HOIl. John F. Malone, State Sena tor Hon. Edward D. Jackson, Assembl:,v'IIIalf.

Chorus

H ail to thee 0 Alma 'Mater! We s hall honor thee. All our love and deep de votion T hine shaH ever bee. Far and near ber glory J Draws us to her side. Ne'e r to anyone declining Helping hand to guide. shining

Song-"BuiTalo Nannal" Add ress

Til e School

Dr. Thomas E. Finegan A.\'sistcmt Cmwnissioner t01- 'E lementary Education New Y Ol'k State Depm't1ll,cnt of Education

Chorus

Glory, then, to Alma Mater. Through the yea rs shall riug, And all those who foll ow after Like ourselves shall sing

Laying the Cornerstone and Address

Hon. Edward H. Butler Pnsident Local Bom-d of M an.agers

Chorus

Song-"America" Benediction

The Assembly

..

During the spring of 1912 t he ent ire student body engaged in an interesting song contest in which this song was written by Ruth M. Rounds of \rVayland, N. Y. It a t once became a favorite with the stude nts a nd was choscn for the Alma Mater song.

,

Rev. J. H avens Richards, S. J. n(,01~ of COll isius College

22

23

ID4r i10mr .tIakiug irpartmrut

The Household Arts Department of the Buffalo State Normal School was established in September, 1910. The aim of the new work was to train teachers for bousehold arts work in the grades of the public schools. The curriculum was intended to cover two years after high school graduation. It was necessary in order to avoid too large an in– crease in the expenses of the school to utilize as many of the regular school staff as pos– sible. Miss Georgi na Chamat assumed the clothing work, Mr. Bishop and Miss Bishop the related science, Miss Sprague the related art, -and other members of the staff smaller courses, Elizabeth C. Lange, the first head of the department and tcacher of cookery, was the only newly appointed faculty member. ~ The department was housed in the Physics Laborato ry of the old science building, low partitions being putlllllUP to provide for a foods laboratory, dining room, pantry, bed– room, laundry. office and dressing room. The clothing work was put into one of the rooms on the third floor of the main building. T hese, then, we re the humble beginnings of a department which has grown to one of the large departments of the school and which has become an accredited four year college course granting a Bachelor of Science degree in Home Econol'nics equivalent to that degree given in any college of liberal arts and sciences in New York State. The establishment of the department was so well advertised and the training so llew in th is state that the fi rst entering class. was overwhe lmingly large. Seventy-five girls entered in the fall of 1910 and the accommodations of the department, limited as they were in space and equipment, were overtaxed. Of the seventy-five who entered only fifty-two completed the course~ The experience of the first year with its large classes and ,a desire to make additions to t he curriculum, caused the requirements of the ncw department to be raised. The course was lengthened to three years and several high school sciences required for entrance. This reduced the size of the second entering class to twenty of whom only th irteen completed the course. The work continued to grow and develop slowly and quietly, new faculty members and equipment being added from time to time until the fall of 1914. Then, with the com– pletion of t.he new building, the Household Arts Department found itself expanding in its new quarters. The third floor of the west wing of the nc.w building was assigned to it and its origi nal facilities \Vere abou t dou bled. In addition to thb, the School Cafeteria was opened under the management of a fonner graduate. This new d ivision offered a splendid field of practice in foods for the household arts students. Another period of quiet growth and development followed, \¥hen the Unitcd States went into the Great "Var, thc entire department was organized under Faculty direction as a canteen unit of the Red Cross. . The whole department was in constant readiness for a call at any hou r of the day or night to feed troops passing through the city. At school the students made garments for the Red Cross, macJe dressings and bandages. took the vol unteer courses organized by the Food admin istration, gave lectures a nd demonstra– tions on savi ng food and cloth ing as well as using substitutes for foods needed for the troops. The staff published leaflets and pamphlets on sa\·ing materials for general dis– tr ibution. So the department contributed in its own way through the war. In 1917, Miss Lange, who ha'd served so fai thfully in organizing the work and estab– lishing it in its ne"w quarters, resigned and H elen Coombs who had served as an instructor in the department was appointed head of the department. In February 1919, Myrtle V. Caudell became head of the department. In September 1919, the next period in the history of the depar tment began. Through the Smith-Hughes la",,·, fede ral money was made available to the states to promote voca– tional training of various kinds and for the training of teachers for this work. Albany State College for Teachers, Cornell University and the State Normal School at Buffalo were designated as the teacher-training centers in N ew York State to receive federal funds. In order that the state might have a uniform plan in its three centers, the course at Buffalo was again reorgan ized and lengthened to four years. The aim of the departmen t was changed from a tramlng center for household arts teachers in tbe grades to a training school for homemaking teachers in the high schools of the state. The most important changes in the curriculum were based on an increased requirement in such general subjects as English, History, Economics and Sociology. Students already in the department were given all opportunity to stay an extra year and rec'eive their degrees. 25

- The fou r year course brought incrca!)ed demands in a number of lines. A COUl– mercial fiel d in clothing was needed to offer girls majoring in clothing, work equivalent to that given food majors in the cafeteria. Accordingly, in January 1920, the Garment Shoppe was opened under an experienced dressmaker to give larger opportunity for ex– perience and training in costume design and clothing construction. Another feature inaugurated in 1919-20 was the requirement of a portion of two summers spent in fields outside of school. Six weeks at the end of the Freshma n year is spent in managing a home and six weeks at the end of the Junior year is spent in a hos– pital, club, restaurant, tea room, millinery establishment or clothing shop where the students have experiences of all kinds. Through these projects untold gains accrue as has long been the experience in engineering and agriculture. June 1920 marked the close oC ten years in the department's history but the tenth birtbday was celebrated ill October 1920. It was a red~ l ettel' occasion. A number of former instructors returned, the alumni came 'from great distances and guests from several educational institu tions came to bring their greetings. The students planned an assembly in the morning, after vrhich the department had open house for friends and parents. 111 the afternoon, a formal meeting was held at which the State Director of Vocational Education was the speaker and which was followed by a tea for the guests of the day. The alumni and student body gathered for supper and an evening's pleasure to pay tr ibute to the department in which they had spent happy. profitable years. In 1920 ..21, the·department undertook a new venture. A house at 108 Normal Ave1lue, was rent ed and similly furnished .in connection with a home furnishing course. In Janu ~ ary, the house was ready for occupancy. The Seniors lived in it in groups of four for six to eight weeks with a resident Faculty member. Here they had a laboratory course in home administration and management. In November 1921, the idea was enlarged and a baby added to the fami ly group. This afforded opportunity for practice in child care which is difficult to obtain and the results are believed by the Faculty to he invaluable. At· the regular commencement exercises of June 1921 , the first degrees were granted on graduates of the Homemaking Department. There were only twel ve in the group to receive degrees, but the occasion was none the less bright because it marked the rcaliza~ tio n of early dreams. I The Summer of 1921 is worthy of mention. The Homemaking Department at Buffalo was designated as the training center for Teachers in service and for the first time a large summer · session was planned with well-known iustructors from a1\ parts of the country and many special lecturers. There were about one hundred in attendance which promised well for the future. Various facilities for practice teaching have been provided in the history of the de– partment. In the early years of the department. practice teaching was limited to fow· or fIve classes meeting once a week from the School of Practice and iot:al settlement classes. In 1917-18. classes from public school 38 were added. \¥ith -the chan ge to a high school training center. high school classes were needed so the classes from School 38 were given up and a limited number of classes at Masten Park High School obtained. In 1921 -22. a homemaking" department was established in connection with the Kenmore H igh School, Kenmore, N. Y. to provide more opportunity for- swdcnt teaching. Small nig·ht school classes in short uuits were organized in the Normal School in 1921 ~22 to furnish practice teach ing in adult classes. The students in the department in 1921-22 numher one hundred fifteen and there are cleven members of the faculty. There are one hundred se~enty~seven graduates of whom seventy~seve n arc teaching and seventy are married. Eighteen graduates have taken degrees from this or other institutions '-\lhile many 9thers have taken summer· and extension courses toward degrees. T"vo of the graduates o( the department wcnt overseas during the Greal \Val" and many did service at home in army campS and hospitals, in food con– servation, in the Red Cross and many other fie lds. Graduates arc fou nd in other phases of Home Economics work besides teaching; Food and industrial chemists; clinical analysis for physicians; m il k a nd food inspection; settlement wo rk; hospital dietit ians; ca[eteria and lunchroom managers in school and industry; county and ci ty -home burea u work ; domestic educators for charitable organi zations ; child welfare work; demonstration of lahor saving equipment and many oth~r activities. This is the history oC the first tw-elvc years of th e Homemaking Department of the Buffalo State Normal School. \¥hen the next history is written may it show even greater gains than have marked the years of its establishment.

HOUSEHOLD CHEMISTRY LABORATORY

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HOUSEHOLD ARTS

27

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