IPA Inter-Regional Encyclopedic Dictionary of Psychoanalysis

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orbital introjections and projections, in conjunction with Jacobson’s self and object representations, and introjective and internalizing processes, Grinberg and collaborators proposed their own ‘attempt of systematization’ (ibid, p. 239): Ego is the psychic structure described by Freud, which includes the unconscious fantasy of the Self into the Ego. It corresponds to the nucleus of Wisdom's model and contains the self- representation of Jacobson. Non-Ego is within the Self and it includes the orbital of Wisdom (internal objects, the Superego, and the object representations of Jacobson). Self includes the Ego and the Non-Ego. It is the totality of the person himself. It also includes the body with all its parts, the psychic structure with all its parts, the link with external and internal objects and the subject as opposed to the world of objects. In the concluding remarks on the semantic aspect of the subject, Grinberg et al. review the multitude of terms for Self in Spanish psychoanalytic literature, especially as it regards translations: Self is called “Yo”, “personalidad”, “persona”, “sí mismo”, “uno mismo”, “ser” (“I”, “personality”, “person”, “him/herself”, “being”). The consequence is that originally clear concepts become confusing and ambiguous. Therefore, Grinberg recommends the definitive incorporation into Spanish of the word “Self”, in the same way that it has been done with other psychoanalytic terms such as “insight”, “acting out”, etc. Additionally, the Grinberg recommends proper usage of “Yo” (Ego), when referring to the psychoanalytic structure classically described by Freud; and "Self", when referring to the total person. (Grinberg et al, 1966, pp. 242-243). In the subsequent publication “Idendidad y Cambio” (Identity and Change), (Grinberg L. and Grinberg R. 1971), drawing on Hartmann, Wisdom and Erikson, the Grinbergs propose the concept of ‘feeling of identity’ as the result of interrelation of three types of ‘integration links’: ‘Spatial’ (integration of different parts of the self), ‘temporal’ (continuity between different representations of the self in time), and ‘social’ (relation of different aspects of the self with objects). Emotional experience of identity is here defined as the subject’s ability to feel him/herself despite the succession of internal and external changes. Salomón Resnik In his “El yo, el self y la relación de objeto narcisista” (The Ego, the Self and the narcissistic object relationship) Resnik (1971-1972) reviews the different meanings of the notion of self, as it translates the German Selbst, including its theoretical uses, in English, in other disciplines, as exemplified by William James’ use of the term Self in his “Principles of Psychology” (1890). Resnik reviews Freud’s description of the Ego as a structure with functions (thinking, coordination, synthetic and integrative functioning, defense mechanisms), but “the Selbst remained as an ambiguous idea, to which Anglo-Saxon psychoanalysts have given specific meaning in clinical experience” (Resnik, 1971-1972, p 267). Considering the cultural burden the notion of self carries, Resnik highlights the importance of discussing the

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