IPA Inter-Regional Encyclopedic Dictionary of Psychoanalysis

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In "To the sources of Interpretation”, Dispaux (2002) developed interpretation on the “analytic site”, with reference to the expression used by Jean-Luc Donnet ( 1995). She envisions analytical work built on a type of interpretation that finds its purpose in linking. She advocates the idea of “co-aesthetic” work in which the psychic work of the analyst is a response to the patient's need for representation. Nicole Carels (2002) leaned on Winnicott's transitional space, to show, especially in child psychoanalysis, the importance of the psychic work of the analyst to build this space. Transformations are considered from the angle of intra-psychic and inter-psychic limits and according to the hypothesis principle of convergence and divergence. Fabio Hermann’s (2003) work is not well known in Europe, but his theory of the Multiple Fields and his criticism of overly dogmatic psychoanalytical currents could be echoed by similar critics in Europe. In France, Hermann's wish to restore the strength of the unconscious and prioritize the analytic method evoked the work of Donnet (2005) on the method. Donnet highlights that it is the gap between the rule and the game that animates the analytical setting and supports the dynamics of the transference that constitute the 'analytical situation'. In the European Federation, different working groups applied ‘ the group as psychic whole’ approach to listen to the psychoanalytic material in the session. The first one was the group of Haydée Faimberg’s “ Listening to listening”. This method (Faimberg 2005) creates the conditions for understanding of the invisible, inaudible theoretical and clinical basic assumptions that make an analyst work as he works. The second one was introduced by B. Salomonsson (2012), using his “Weaving thoughts” i.e., a method for presenting and commenting on psychoanalytic case material in a peer group with a free association method. Finally, the third working group, led by Evelyne Sechaud and Serge Frisch, applied the “Specificity of psychoanalysis today” method. Here, the group of psychoanalysts were listening to a fragment of clinical material and were able to de-condense the many facets and issues of the session thanks to the sharing, by all participants, of the echoes that the presented analysis evoked in them (Lysebeth, Dirkx, Minazio, du Bled, Ducarme, Frisch et al. 2008). These three methods used the strength of the group as a sounding board to listen to the material based on the theories of Bion, Pichon Rivière, the Barangers, Donnet, and Kaës. (See also entries THE UNCONSCIOUS, PROJECTIVE IDENTIFICATION, OBJECT RELATIONS THEORIES and CONTAINMENT) II. E. THE HISTORY AND CONTEMPORARY DEVELOPMENTS OF THE FIELD CONCEPT IN NORTH AMERICA The phenomenological project was brought to New York by Husserl’s student, Aron Gurwitsch, and along with American Pragmatism, contributed to shaping the Interpersonal Psychoanalytic sensibility founded by Sullivan. Significant contributions were made by Erich Fromm, Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Clara Thompson, and Benjamin Wolstein, with a later generation of theorists who more directly elaborated a field sensibility, Edgar Levenson, Philip


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