IPA Inter-Regional Encyclopedic Dictionary of Psychoanalysis

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Greatly influenced by theories and ideas on c omplexity , contemporary Latin American theorists enrich and expand the field conceptualizations in many directions. Through the lens of complexity, the field’s emotional flow that manifests and hides together in words, actions and discharges, comes into prominence and reveals transient, unpredictable and constantly transforming configurations. In the context of the field’s complexity, the participant is part of the field, modifies it, and is modified by it. Latin American ideas influenced European and North American psychoanalysis, e.g., Antonino Ferro, Thomas Ogden and intersubjective authors. These same authors, in turn, enriched Latin American contributions. The concepts of field affective holography, and the analytical third, despite dissimilarities, have a common root with the ‘dreams-for- two’ and the unconscious fantasy of the dyad. Similarly, field paralysis, the bastions described by the Barangers come close to the concepts of a ‘subjugated third’, ‘non-dream-for-two’ and chronic enactment. All field concepts, theories and their derivations contribute to the deepening of the study of areas with deficit of symbolization, one of the challenges of contemporary psychoanalysis. In Europe , variously envisioned field configurations highlight the antidogmatic aspect of analytic thought, openness and creative potentiality, applied to the analytic dyad as well as to groups. European analysts emphasize Freud’s work as extensive and open. They also acknowledge that he never hesitated to question concepts based on his clinical discoveries throughout his life. There is always a risk of freezing psychoanalysis in a reductionist theory instead of keeping Freudian open-mindedness. The English Middle Group, French André Green, Jean-Luc Donnet and René Kaës, and Italians Francesco Corrao and Antonino Ferro represent this open current in Europe. In this respect, European field theorists draw on Latin American Willy and Madeleine Barangers and Fabio Herrmann who, in admittedly different ways, have contributed greatly to this contemporary, open and anti-dogmatic psychoanalytical current, while maintaining a Freudian but pluralistic anchor, particularly necessary for non- neurotic psychic structures. In North America , the fundamental interrelatedness, intersubjectivity and interdependency of human development have led many analysts to attend to variously conceptualized jointly created configurations of the "dynamic bi-personal" field and/or meeting of multiple subjectivities, where new elaborations/extensions and not simple repetitions of the individual unconscious and/or preconscious fantasies, attitudes and behaviors for each partner of the dyad can emerge and to which the presence and mind of each significantly contribute. This thinking dovetails with the clinical experiences and conviction by many that there is a lifelong potential for inventive and creative expressions of previously excluded, dissociated or otherwise un-integrated psychic content. The heterogeneous assembly of North American field conceptualizations includes two comprehensive theories: The Bi-Personal Communicative Field Theory of Robert Langs and the Theory of the Interpersonal Field by Donnell Stern. In addition, cross-fertilized field-related conceotualizations spread across Contemporary Freudian thought, Modern Conflict Theory, Intersubjective Ego Psychology, and Post-Kleinian, Post-Bionian, as well as the French


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