Real Estate Journal — Owners, Developers & Managers — December 24 - January 14, 2016 — 35A


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O wners , D evelopers &M anagers On construction sites What you should know about archaeological finds W hite Plains, NY — The recent discovery of long


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files are not accessible to the public and can only be viewed by qualified individuals—usu- ally a qualified archaeologist or other historic preservation specialist. Most states have a project review process wherein staff at the SHPO reviews the project plans and their files to deter- mine if there are any potential direct or indirect impacts to historic and archaeological resources. If there are, SHPO may request archaeological or other studies be completed continued on page 36A

buried crypts during a rou- tine water main replacement project in New York City’s Washington Square Park should serve as a reminder to developers and their contrac- tors that a review of archaeo- logical records should be an important part of their due diligence prior to beginning construction, according to CBRE Valuation & Advi- sory Services group. Archeological finds during construction are not uncom- mon, especially in urban set- tings where over 500 years of American history and thou- sands of years of Native Amer- ican relics may lie buried a few feet below the surface. In the U.S., builders are obli- gated to report archaeological finds if the project requires a federal, state, or occasionally local permit, license or funding that triggered compliance with historic preservation laws, ac- cording to Cris Kimbrough , PhD, PMP , and archaeolo- gist and managing director at CBRE Telecom Advisory Services. If archaeological resources are identified dur- ing construction/development for a project that has gone through the federal/state/local historic preservation process, all work must stop until fur- ther preservation measures can be determined and com- pleted. There are few rules govern- ing artifacts that are encoun- tered on private land because U.S. law is very much focused on the protection of private property. As a consequence, artifacts located in areas where no historic preservation rules are in place are at risk. This does not apply to human remains, however. Human remains always have to be re- ported to the local authorities and treated appropriately. In the case of the Washing- ton Square project, the crypts were covered up and the water main project will be re-routed around them. The State Historic Preserva- tion Office (SHPO) maintains records on identified archaeo- logical resources in each state. In addition, museums and colleges/universities may also have records, but these are most often registered with the SHPO or held in lieu of SHPO archaeological files. These

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