3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)
i. Financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss
Financial assets and financial liabilities are classified as at fair value through profit or loss if they are held for trading or designated as such upon initial recognition. A financial asset or financial liability is classified as held for trading if it has been acquired with the intention of generating profits in the near term, is part of a portfolio of financial instruments that are managed together where there is evidence of a recent pattern of short-term profit taking or is a derivative. A financial asset or financial liability is designated as at fair value through profit or loss if the Corporation manages such instruments and makes decisions based on their fair value in accordance with the Corporation’s documented risk management or investment strategy. Subsequent to initial recognition, financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are measured at fair value with any revaluation gains and losses recognized in net income. ii. Loans and receivables Loans and receivables are financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. These financial assets are accounted for at amortized cost using the effective interest method. iii. Other liabilities Other liabilities are non-derivative financial liabilities that are not designated as at fair value through profit or loss. These financial liabilities are accounted for at amortized cost using the effective interest method. iv. Derivative instruments The Corporation utilizes a variety of derivative instruments to manage its exposure to natural gas price risk. Derivative instruments are classified as at fair value through profit or loss and are recorded at fair value within current assets or current liabilities, as applicable, commencing on the trade date. The change in the fair value is recorded in net income and classified within the revenue or expense category to which it relates. Derivatives may be embedded in other host instruments. Embedded derivatives are treated as separate derivatives when the economic characteristics and risks are not closely related to those of the host instrument, the embedded derivative has the same terms as those of a stand-alone derivative and the combined contract is not measured at fair value through profit or loss. Embedded derivatives are measured at fair value with subsequent changes recognized in net income and classified within the revenue or expense category to which it relates. The Corporation enters into natural gas sales contracts with embedded derivatives for non-regulated contract sales to large end-use customers. Fair value measurements For recurring and non-recurring fair value measurements, the Corporation estimates the price at which an orderly transaction to sell the asset or to transfer the liability would take place between market participants at the reporting date under current market conditions. This requires the Corporation to make certain assumptions, including the principal (or most advantageous) market, the most appropriate valuation technique and the most appropriate valuation premise. The Corporation’s own credit risk and the credit risk of the counterparty have been taken into account in determining the fair value of financial assets and liabilities, including derivative instruments. In measuring fair value, the Corporation classifies items according to the following fair value hierarchy based on the amount of observable inputs:
Level 1 Quoted prices (unadjusted) are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as at the reporting date. Active markets are those in which transactions occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide ongoing pricing information. The Corporation did not classify any of its fair value measurements within Level 1.
2015-16 ANNUAL REPORT SASKENERGY
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