C+S February 2022 Vol. 8 Issue 2 (web)

The American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) was passed on March 11, 2021 and allocates $673 Billion to support state and local governments through the COVID-19 pandemic, with over $375 Billion of these funds assigned to infrastructure-related spending. Here, Citylitics ex- plores insights relating to the allocation of ARPA funding across local authorities in the U.S. When and Where will Funds be Allocated? Sec. 9901 of ARPA allocates an estimated $335.5 Billion towards wa- ter, sewer, and broadband infrastructure. In addition, sections 3401, 7101, and 7102 provide $40+ Billion for transportation, including operating expenses, new roads, rail, public transit, and airports. Municipal and local government documents collected by Citylitics indicate that funds are already being awarded, with some having been committed as early as April 2021. Of the $375 Billion in total funding for infrastructure, $225.5 Billion are assigned to the State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds, both of which are to be expended before the end of 2024. Transportation funds will be distributed on an even shorter timeline, with the majority of funds awarded by January 2022. What Does The American Rescue Plan Act Mean for Upcoming Opportunities in Infrastructure? We explore local government trends and the allocation of funding from The American Rescue Plan Act

funds. In addition, an analysis of public documents collected by Citylit- ics indicates that some local governments have begun to form commit - tees to discuss ARPA and define their priorities for local infrastructure development. Many of these are already seeking professional guidance to define their infrastructure needs and explore funding options. The State of Wisconsin has been one of the most effective in coordinat - ing the distribution of ARPA funds. Citylitics’ data warehouse, which contains over 1.6 billion documents drawn from 30,000+ cities and utilities, indicates that Vermont, Pennsylvania, and California are all additional states where ARPA is being discussed in relation to upcom- ing infrastructure priorities and opportunities.* What Types of Projects are Being Discussed and Where? While some municipalities have already received confirmation of in- coming ARPA funding, including Contra Costa County, CA ($300 Mil- lion) and Paducah, KY ($6.5 Million), others are still in the early stages of discussion. Since ARPA allocates a majority of its infrastructure spending to “water, sewer, and broadband”, these have been the most prevalent topics of discussion among local and state governments, with water initiatives (29.22 percent) being discussed most frequently. ARPA’s emphasis on broadband has also led many local authorities to

HowWill State and Local Governments Allocate ARPA Funds? In most cases, the specific allocation of ARPA funds is being coor- dinated by state and regional authorities & planning bodies who are developing programs for the equitable and efficient allocation of these



February 2022

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