Mucosal Melanoma Fact Sheet

Mucosal Melanoma Fact Sheet THERE IS AN URGENT NEED TO INCREASE AWARENESS AND IMPROVE THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF MUCOSAL MELANOMA.

KNOW THE FACTS:

Mucosal melanoma is a rare form of melanoma, making up only about 1% of melanoma cases. Approximately 50% of mucosal melanomas begin in the head and neck region, 25% begin in the ano-rectal region and 20% begin in the female genital tract. The remaining 5% include the esophagus, gallbladder, bowel, conjunctiva and urethra. Mucosal melanoma often goes misdiagnosed, mostly because of the anatomical locations of the disease and the lack of discernible signs and symptoms. Early detection is key for a better prognosis as many cases aren't detected until stage IV. Treatment for mucosal melanoma is not always entirely clear. Treatment will depend on the size, type and location of the tumor. The most common mutation in mucosal melanoma is found in a protein called KIT. Mucosal melanoma symptoms vary greatly. If you notice any of these signs or symptoms, it’s important to let your doctor know right away: A suspicious spot in your mouth or nasal passages Unexplained sores or sores that won’t heal

Unexplained bleeding from the rectum or vagina Hemorrhoids that won’t heal or seem to worsen Pain during a bowel movement

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