Learn the facts and basic statistics about ocular melanoma melanoma with the MRF's Ocular Melanoma Fact Sheet! Print it off and share it at schools, health fairs and fundraisers!
Ocular Melanoma Fact Sheet THERE IS AN URGENT NEED TO INCREASE AWARENESS AND IMPROVE THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF OCULAR MELANOMA.
KNOW THE FACTS
• Ocular melanoma (OM), or melanoma of the eye, is the most common form of eye cancer in adults.
• Symptoms of OM can include bulging eyes, change in color, poor vision, red/painful eyes, but some people have no noticeable symptoms. • Most OMs are diagnosed by an optometrist or ophthalmologist during a dilated eye exam. • Small and medium-sized tumors can be treated with radiation. Removal of the eye (enucleation) is often the best option for a large tumor. • OM metastasizes (spreads) in about half of all cases, most commonly to the liver. • Before the primary tumor is treated, it is possible to have a biopsy to determine your individual risk of developing metastatic disease. • Melanomas that start in the eye are often more resistant to treatment than melanomas that start on the skin once they have spread. • Currently, there is no known cure for metastatic OM, but in 2022, there has been an FDA approved treatment. • Median survival after a metastatic OM diagnosis is 9 months – but treatments are being researched in clinical trials. To find out more, visit the OM ’ s Clinical Trial finder at www.visionregistry.org • T o find support and resources from the MRF’s CURE OM initiative go to www.CureOM.org and please help us to advance ocular research and other patients by joining the Vision Platform at www.visionregistry.org
Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the melanocytes (pigment cells) in the body.
• Approximately 2,000 Americans are diagnosed with OM each year. • Unlike cutaneous (skin) melanoma, ocular melanoma is not thought to be related to UV exposure. • OM makes up about 5% of all melanoma cases and is most commonly diagnosed around 55 years of age. • Melanoma of the eye includes uveal melanoma and conjunctival melanoma
The uvea is made up of three parts:
The choroid is beneath the retina.
o The iris is the front, colored part of the eye.
o The ciliary body is in the back of the eye.
• The conjunctiva is the clear covering of the white part of the eye. • OM does not discriminate based on age, gender, skin color or race. • Risk factors for OM include light skin, light hair and light eyes. There is a slight male prevalence.
Last updated October 2022Page 1
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