~TATt UN I VE~st'J'Y COLLEGE AT BUF='F"A 1--0 19 APRIL • 3 fl,IIAY 1972 VOLUl'-tE ONE NlJ fl/'IBER TWE LV E


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Editor-In-Chief ANDREW i:;1--STON Business ,Manager HEDDA c;oRD0N Advertising JVJanager r:HARLES KAPLAN News Editor BEVERLEY c:ONRAD Arts Editor CAROL EDt.,10NDS0N Graphics Editor NANCY DICK Contributing Editor LARRY FRITZ


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STAFF: Barry Cohen , Eric Chaffee, Linda De Tine, George Howell, Michael 4! ecki, Steve Mackey, Dick Manning, lrcia Rybcznski, Jo .Ann Pizzo, Heather gram, Mike Kaiser, Dave Schwab, Mary Sullivan, Bill Mallowitz, Jan Nuzzo , Peggy Burke, Pat Bumstead Jackie Michelin, Pauline Landau, Eric' Daughtry, Helene Heit. S1'RAl1' magazine is publish ed fortnightly by the st11dent, of the New Yori< Slate University College at Buffalo. 1300 Elmwood A venue, Buffalo, New York 14222. Offices are in the Student Union. room 421 ; telephone (716) 862-5326 & 5327. · Publi1hing and operatinl! fund, allocated through the United Students ' Gouernment under the auspices of Publications Board and through thP advertisinl! income. STRAIT is represented for national advertising income by National Educational Advertising Services, 360 Lexinfton Avenue. New Yorlr , N . \'". STRA11' is di.,tributed free to all member, of the Buffalo State Community and to other student• on campuses of the Niagara Frontier. Price for all others : 25 cents per copy; $4.50 per year (14 i,.ues). Un•olicited manuscripts will be considered for publication but STRAIT will not be reaponsible for their return ; perso11s not associated with SUCB will not be discriminated against in the term• of manuscript publication. Editorial policy i& determined by the editorial board. STRAIT •u b&cribes lo College Pr~B" Service (CPS) Denver, Colorado; and Dispatch New• Service International (DNSI) . Copyright 1972; all ri1thlB reserved: no portion of thi• ma11azine, its pictorial or verbal content may be reprinted in anv manner without the express consent of the E J•'or-ln-Chief. Printed in tlae United Statea of A 1, "!ric.·a by RecordPress.

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In This Issue


Well, after looking over our contents and findinq in it a lecturer on insanity or lack of same (Thomas Szasz), the S.D.S. Convention, another article nn the coming elections by Mike Kaiser and a photo essay on little girls, there's not much we can say about being together. _..;...___________ Our advice miqht be to get outside for awhile and take us along and by GRAPHICS: ry Cohen - 7, 15, 20; Nancv Dick - 11, , 25, 26; Bev Lay • 21 . all means read us. Take heart in the semi-victory of the Harrisbura Seven and keep watchinq for news of the Buffalo 5, who came up for trial at the beginninq of this week. We want you to not only think but to take action, any kind of action inyour livesand maybe we can all qet out of the despair washinq over the nation. There seems only two alternatives to keepina one's sanity. . . Act or Leave. COVER BY WENDY HUGHES

STRAIT 19 ~PRIL 197~


MR. PRESIDENT, WE' RE SICK OF IT. ThP fru-:tration, the anxidy, the intense helplessness and hopelessness felt by us in the wake of the renewd bombing of North Vietnam cannot be put into words. At least not into words which have not alreadv been spoken bv the best people in our nation. We have said it again and ae-ain. as politely and as violentlv as we know how: End the killing in Southeast Asia. We have tried everything available: peaceful demonstrations, not-so-peaceful demonstrations, letter-writing campaigns, teach-ins, draft card burnings, induction refusals, political campaigns for peace candidates, etc. At times like these we all want to push upon others our remedies: some of us wou),l havP us all in ~he streets of \v- ashington with torches and rocks, others would have us in yet more massive letter- writing campaigns, still others would have us all pray to whatever po¼ ers there be to help us end the war. We cannot tell vou what form vour action against this escalation should be. But ~e implore you to do whatever you can as an individual, or in groups, to stop the war. We must not allow our frustralion to overcome us. Please, don't let some- one else speak for vou. Do what you must but please do something.

If your particular form of protest goes along the lines of demonstrations, we have a few to inform you of. The first is a local den:ionstration: Tuesday. April 25 at 4:00pm at Niagara Square. It is sponsored by the People's

Co-alitinn for Peace and .Justice. The second is a n;itional demonstration· sponsored by the Students for a Democratic Society in Wash in gt on., April 29; further information by calling 882-7181.




Dear Friend, Would you be kind enough to read my letter regarding the brutal conditions that exist in the prisons of Pennsylvania, as well as in many other states. These conditions are not only unlawful but their mere existence is an outrageous mockery of everything that our country stands for. We of the IMPRISONED CITIZENS UNION do not advo- cate pampering prisoners but we do feel that no person should be subjected to conditions that are not only revolting to ones sense of decency but actually criminal in themselves--<:ondi- tions that are created by the very same people who have been entrusted by the Citizenry to uphold the law but who have instead caused such tragedies as Attica and the CRIME FACTORIES that they call Correctional Facilities. Some of these conditions are as follows : 1) Prisoners being beaten and even killed by sadistic prison guards. 2) Unjustified Macing and gassing of defenseless prisoners. 3) Lack of proper food , clothing, medical treatment and reli- gious rights . 4) Forcing prisoners to pay for their eyeglasses, denture and other necessities out of their slave wages of 20 cents per day. 5) Depraved abuse of the mentally ill and Youthful Offender. 6) Racial and religious discrimination. 4 Driving cer tain hard prisoners to the depths of insanity d suicide. ) Operating such torture devices as : the sweat box, wall chains, wrist clamps and filthy underground dungeons where prisoners are forced to sleep on the cold concrete floor ; where their screams cannot be heard as they are being beaten by a "Goon squad" and where they are held incommunicado from everyone including their family, friends , attorneys and reli- gious Ministers . As shocking as these charges may seem, I assure you, Sir, that every single word is true and will be proven in court shortly.

Several months ago , a large number of us prisoners, out of sheer necessity formed a bi-racial and non profit organization to correct these revolting conditions through LEGAL means. We entitled our group the Imprisoned Citizens Union, with prisoner, Richard J . Mayberry as our director and legal advisor. The Imprisoned Citizens Union has filed a Civil Rights Class Petition in the U.S. District Court at Philadelphia, Pa. in an effort to overhaul the entire prison system (NO. 70-3054). We are now in the initial stages of locating witnesies, collecting evidence and preparing for a mass hearing in the Federal Court shortly. However, unforseen to us, we have taken on an enormous task because many of the charges date back over several years, plus there are so many witnesses to locate, so many charges to prove in addition to the fees that must be paid to lawyers, researchers, etc. What makes our task even more difficult is the fact that we are paupers, we have no credit , we have no vote nor do we have any influence. Right now all we do have is a social stigma that has prejudiced many people against us. On the other hand, our opponents in this Civil Rights Action possess much wealth, enormous influence and that "HOLIER THAN THOU" image, and needless to say they are using all ·or these assets to defeat our efforts to establish a " practical " rehabilitation program and prison conditions that are at least tolerable . Even though we have broken the law in the past, we are still human beings. We share the same emotions as those in the free world---love and concern for our families, pain, sorrow, fear, worry, along with a sincere desire to salvage something from our lives so that we can return to the free world better men and not bitter men. We appeal to you , as a humane and progressive person, to help us with our task. If you are willing to help us, will you then kindly fill out the coupon below. Thank You. Respectfully and Sincerely Yours, Dominick Codispoti Prisoner, C-8204

~II 1'""'1"'Jllr I I Jllr I III I IIII'IIl.l.llll.1.1.II.I I I.I.I.I.I.I.II .I.I.I I I.I.I.I.I.I~ IMPRISONED CITIZENS UNION I P.O. BOX 4731 PHILADELPHIA, PENNA. 19134 I I ff i~~li, ~i i i(; ~- :Mi~i;~ :i~~~:6iE~ ii ~i: ;;;T~ iio~ ~i;~: bi ~~:cici ::::::::: I () I WISH TO SUPPORT YOUR CRUSADE WITH A CONTRIBUTION OF$ ......... . .. . . . ..... . 1 ( ) I WISH TO ASSIST THE I.C. U. AS A VOLUNTEER HELPER ( ) ENCLOSED FIND THE SUM OF $3.50 FOR A 1 YEAR SUBSCRIPTION OF THE "PRISONER'S FREE PRESS"---THE MONTHLY PUBLICATION OF THE I.C.U. THAT PULLS NO PUNCHES~ AND TELLS THE FACTS JUST LIKE IT IS!!! * All members receive the J.C. U. Publications and other literature. . I ..,,.,,,,.,,,,.,,,,.,,,,.J/IIT.1""'1"'Jllrlllll.l.l.l.llllll.ll.l.ll.l.lll.l.l.l.ll.l.l.ll.l.l.l.l.l.l.ll.ll




On the contrary, it would seem possible to say that this was not the case. It seems more likely that the notion of murder became ingrained through practice (habit) rather than pre-rneditated brutality . Man rnay have incalculable Power, but his mar- gin of error is immense . He often falls into things rather than critically analyzing them and seriously projecting their consequences. As opposed to the previous discussion of physi- cal enactment of passionate needs, there remains the task of analyzing the theory invalved in passionate desires. On one level, basic needs are closely tied with human desires. For example , the satisfaction of physical needs is desired as well as so-called, sophis- ticated desires. In some cases it has even become a passion to control one 's passions and this relates to man's theorizing--his reflection as to the workings of himself as a total organism. Freud's "human bundle of desires " concept of man leads us to ask --- why do we make the at- tempt to control our passions? Since we don't really have complete control over nature (and even if we did on earth, we don't in the cosmic sense), we desire control over something in order to establish . an identity. This something is ourselves. If we cane . control other people, nature, prestigious jobs, etc., we can at least control ourselves. Apparently, in or- der to prove that we are masters of ourselves we control desires we have, often arbitrarily. Another result might be that we can convey the idea that we do in fact have intense power within us (which could be demonstrated in passionate behavior), but we don't use it. The discussion of passion as necessity and as pleasure comes down to physical demonstration and theorization. When we move away from the physical perception of this situation, we must be aware of the different aspects of theorizing. I would suggest that often the theory which we set up as the ideal is seldom, if ever, to be realized because we do not wish to realize it. If we were to attain the pragmatic acting out of workable theories, we would destroy our metaphysical refer- ence to and reverence of perfection. Further, it may be asked---does theorization show the direction in which man and his society travels? Perhaps instead it only indicates trends of the few who do not need or are not aware of any need to have an absolute and perfect goal. From this, it seems, that passion is a behavior which does not discriminate against the total man- 1t shows that man cannot divide himself into rational and non-rational, but instead, must treat his being as a totality .



INTEGRATION OF PASSION In the tradition of Romanticism, man's passionate response to his surroundings shows his vital relation to an intense way of life. In different eras of time, man's passion has different meanings in regard to both his reactions and interactions with his environment and with others. Basically, passion concerns itself with man's need for certain things and also his desires for certain things. Through his- tory, it seems, these two things, necessity and wants are directly related to man's view of his own passions as well as the other facets which complete the human organism. Historically speaking, one aspect of man 's inner drive is related to the position in which he found himself in what we describe, however inaccurately, as pre-civilization. In the view of many, most notably Hobbes, this was a time that was largely characterized by strin- gent competition and widespread brutality. The case has been made that this was an epoch in which man concerned himself with crude passion satisfaction to provide for his basic--often termed--animal needs and desires. Those who deny that man is inherently evil may notice that this is far from the only objec- tion to the treatment of this problem. On another count, it may be proposed that the problem is not that man's nature compels him to be highly compe- titive and brutal, but that man is merely too amean- able to his situation. For example, one theory is that man's switch from gathering to hunting in- spired a destructive behavior which carried through in later generations in the form of murder. The im- plication is that man yielded to a brutal passion and expanded upon it as time went on.



Thomas S. Szasz

You are in effect incarcerated , and if they don 't want you to leave, you do not leave, whether you have voluntarily gone for treatmen t or have been committed. In his book Th e Manufacture of Mad- ness, Szasz compares the authority of the Inquisition in the Sixteenth through Eighteenth Centuries to the authority of the psychaitric profession today. The Inquisition had God behind it and could burn "heretics ;" psychiatry has medical terminology behind it and can commit the "mentally ill." Herein lies the prob- lem. Medical terminology describes organic diseases, but psychiatrists transfer the organic to what they call the "func - tional. " The objective is subjectified, and this is the metaphor. Szasz offered a pe r fect example Thursday night . An organic disease such as cancer exists within the organism even after death. Emperical evidence of cancer is present in both the living organism and in the cadaver. It is objective observation . But, he asks, where does one find evidence of compulsive neurosis in a cadaver? Psychiatrists make moral and political de - cisions (subjective and functional) within a medical (objective and organic) context. The game played between "therapist " and " patient" is clear and very , very cruel. "Persons said to be men tally ill often impersonate the sick role , and psychiatrists in turn impersonate the role of the physician . Both deceive themselves and as many others as can ·be taken in . . ., Psychiatric diagnoses are stig- matiz i ng labels phrased to resemble medical diagnoses and applied to up- setting, annoying or offending behavior." We find ourselves in the position of realizing the role of words in the deter- mination of our understanding or as Dr. Szasz said, "The American public has taken this in just as the German public accepted the Jews as vermin .. . there is a logic to language, it cannot be used freely without consequences. .. " If we offer credence to Szasz, we come to the con- clusion that we have been had, with astounding consequences. An evaluation of the concept of the expert becomes necessary , along with an evaluation of our necessity to tolerate. We would at least be honest if we placed a relative in Pilgrim State Hospital for " senile psychosis " if we admitted that we don 't want to tolerate him, that he would interfere with our lives, rather than hav- ing a shrink diagnose his as mentally ill on the basis of a lot of subjective medical jaroon. Because the prnblem is as within the bounds of morality as it is not within the bounds of medicine .

the problem is within the bounds of morality

more frightening , that if I don 't , then the expert does. If we leave it to the expert , in this case the psychaitrist, we have com- pletely abdicated our responsibilityfor tolerance , and thus have wiped our con- science clean except fo r the occassional scream at three o 'clock in the morning. Dr . Szasz then comes around and doubly shakes us up by first claiming that there is no such creature as "mental ill- ness " or "insanity," thereby removing from us the neat little categories in which we could place "someone who does some- thing that we don't like " and at the same time making us realize that we have a re - sponsibility to tolerate . To tolerate some- one who talks to himself all day long or who masturbates while waiting for a bus? one might ask. You 've got it friend . It 's the easiest thing in the world to get him put away , out of our sight for the rest of his life. Because if he 's honest , then the guy will probably maintain the whole time he 's in there that there is absolutely nothing wrong with him. And Dr. Szasz maintains that that is the quickest and easiest way to make sure that you stay there , by refusing to recognize a cure . Consider your civil liberties as a men - tal patient in an asylum.. . . ,.I hope you haven't spent any more time than this considering, because the fact is that you have · no civil liberties. Constant tran- quiliza tion , shock treatment , strait jackets and intimidation all see to that. 7

Last Thursday night Convocation s Board presented Dr. Thomas S. Szasz, world-famous and controversial psychai- trist. Szasz is the author of several books on modern society and "mental illness," including The Myth of Mental Illness ; Law, Liberty and Psychaitry and The Manufacture of Madness. • TOM PECHAR A good in troductio'n to the controversial ideas of Dr. Thomas S. Szasz is to consider the Buffalo State Mental Hospital just a few steps away from us. For most of us , it is a giant; forbidden , unknown, mysterious and replete with towering steeples, barred windows and echoing wails in the night. And these are only the visible barriers. The invisible ones are much more sinister. 'The word "insane" is one which we have learned to mystify behind psychi1- A tric jargon like "psychotic," "compul- • 1ive" and "neurotic" just as the word "tolerance" is one which we have learned to disregard with the often sincere yet completely ignorant belief that I know what is good for the world, and even



(The following is a guerrilla theatre play which is adapted from /,ewis Carroll s "The Walrus and the Carpenter" and intended for two narrators and four players. It was adapted and first performed by the Beast, a revolutionary theatre group out of Berkeley . It was performed at the SDS National Convention at Harvard early this month , with an unspoken preface that there should be "less talk and more action " THE WALRUS AND THE CARPENTER J1 un N lS hining on th1;; w~ r Lying with all his might He did his very best to make The war look smooth and bright And this was odd because it was full of pain and blight The Vietnamese fought valiantly Because they knew Nixsun Had got no business to be there After the French had run "We're sorry to be rude", they said "But we'll have to spoil your fun" The sea was full of Seventh Fleet The jungle was burned dry You could not see a cloud For all the bombers in the sky No birds were flying overhead They were afraid to fly The walrus and the

In a massive effort to "smash racism" a group of an estimated 1100 people gathered at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusettes during the weekend of 30 March to 2 April, 1972 . The Convention actually began when a chartered plane of about 150 SDSers from the West Coast and Hawaii marched through Logan Airport in Boston chanting, "Smash Racism - Come to the SDS Convention. " During the days that followed students, faculty members, work- ers, welfare mothers and caseworkers from all over the U.S. and Canada registered for the convention . By Sunday, 2 April, the last day of the convention members of SDS and several of the other minority groups that were present felt that they had formulated a new stratagy for fighting racism. New officers of SDS were elected - about half of them minority students . Originally the Harvard- Radcliff SDS was refused their request for rooms in which to hold the convention. Because of th.e widespread reputation that SDS had received as perpetrators of destruction and violence , or as Marty Reife , National Secretary of SDS stated : " knife-yeilding bomb- throwers" the administrators shied away from opening their heart. and doors to the conventioneers . But SDS won out. • Thursday evening marked the opening session of the convention . The opening plenary session was held in Ames Court room at the Harvard Law School, with two additional rooms being used to hold the overflow crowd. Speakers from several of the minor political and minority groups addressed the group. It took the conventioneers over an hour to adopt a modified method of parliamentary procedure to be used during the convention workshops and meetings. At one point members debated whether or not the straight, or "over-ground" press should be allowed to attend the convention. It was decided that they could attend the opening plenary session, but after that it would be up to the individual workshops and sessions whether or not they should be allowed into the rooms to report . On Friday morning the SDS convention workshops began. The topics covered were of a broad scope - moving from political trials to the war in Southeast, to minority group struggles to the subject of racism on the campuses. Students from Harvard University offered their dorm rooms as meeting places for several of the workshops. In the workshops pro- posals and the final drafts of resolutions were formulated . One resolution about U.S. Imperialism in Africa was originally drawn up by Kansas City-SDS, Philadelphia-SOS, and the Ethiopian Student Union. An estimated sixty people helped with the final draft. Among other things this particular re solution called for :1) Demonstrations against racist texts and racist professors [ie . Halstead from the State University at Buffalo who claims that Africans rebel through a lack of intelligence] who try to justify, colonialism. "The carpenter is sleeping the butter's on his face The vinegar and pepper are all about the place Let oysters rock your cradle and lull you into rest And if that will not do it we'll sit upon your chest We'll sit upon your chest! We'll sit upon your chest! The simplest way to do it is to sit upon your chest!" (now jump to bottom page 9) 8





The walrus and the carpenter Marched on ten miles or so And then they rested on a stage Ready to start the show And all the little oysters Stood and waited in a row "The time has come" the walru. "To talk of many things "Of shoes and ships and sealing wax Of cabbages and kings Of why the :ea is boiling hot And whether pigs have wings" "But wait a bit" the oysters cried "Before we have our chat For some of us are out of breath WE don't know where we're at" "No hurry" said the carpenter They thanked him much for that "A loaf of bread to feed the war Is what we chiefly need Frozen wages besides Are very good indeed Now if you 're ready oysters dear We can begin to feed" "But not on us!" the oysters cried Turning a little blue After such kindness that would be A di mal thing to do !" "The Park is fine "the walrus said "Do you admire the view?" "It was so kind of you to come And you are very nice" The carpenter said nothing but "Cut us another slice! I wish you were not quite so deaf, I've had to ask you twice!" "It seems a shame" the walrus said "To play them such a trick After we've brought them out so far And made them trot so quick'' The carpenter said nothing but "The butter's spread too thick!" "I weep for you" the walrus said "I deeply sympathize" With sobs and tears he sorted out Those of the largest size Holding a pocket handkerchief Before his streaming eyes. "O oysters" Said the carpenter "We've had a pleasant run Shall we be trotting home again?" But answer came there none And this was scarcely odd Because they'd eaten every one The carpenter he ceased to sob The walrus ceased to weep They'd finished all the oysters And they laid them down to sleep.


CONRAD 2) Demonstrations against private and public concerns involved in the exploitation of African people . 3) Actions against racist media presentations of Africa like Tarzan , The Untamed World, etc . The problems that certain chapters and/or individuals had en- countered in the struggle against racism were also discussed in the workshops. For instance , it was found that only a small number of persons attending the workshops were aware of the U.S . imperialistic actions in Africa. Members of that workshop then discussed the formation of a Widespread campaign to enlighten SDSers and other peoole on that problem. On Saturday over thirty resolutions were presented, debated , discussed, and eventually voted either for or against . One of the major resolutions that was presented and debated was : "The U.S. Government Pushes Racism." The questions debated were : Is the U.S. government responsible for the great oppression that Black and Latin people are facing in this country and others today? Is the government consciously pushing the racist theories and idelogies that lie about the reasons why Black and Latin people are oppressed? What are Banfield's, Shockley's, Jensen 's, Hernstein 's, et. al. connections with the government? How can students expose the government and their allies of pushing racism, etc.? On voting : Should SDS build a boycott of the elections this year? Should SDS back a candidate? Should SDS and other groups call massive demonstrations in San Diego and/or Miami at the Republican and Democratic conventions? Resolutions on a large number of other topics were also pre- sented at the convention . Case-workers and students from Chicago presented one on the oppression of women and welfare. The War and prisoner support was also discussed. On Saturday evening a Canadian theater group present a play by Brecht - The Exception and the Rule. Afterwards a party was given for the conventioneers. Overall, the tone of the convention was serious. The SDSei-s seemed to mean business in their formation of a massive attack against racism in the U.S. Memhers of SDS expressed a wish to hear from campus, and other groups. They feel that in a way they might be able to serve people by acting as the aids in helping oppressed groups. They also hope to form a sort of Student-worker alliance wherein SDS will help workers attain better working conditions, more pay, and a possible fewer hours. A recent slogan of SDS is " Forty Hours Pay for Thirty Hours Work. " Members of SDS ,feel that if a situation such as this were to go into effect, the result would be one that l} would create more job situations, and 2) act as a p0$itie end to the period of inflation that the U.S. is now experiencing. What remains now, however, is for all the proposals and reso- lutions to be put into practice. "O woeful weeping walrus your tears are all a sham! You 're greedier for oysters than children are for jam You like to have an oyster to give the meal a zest Excuse me wicked walrus for stamping on your chest! For stamping on your chest! For stamping yn your chest! Excuse me wicked walrus for stamping on your chest!

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Three-Year Degree 9 Although m;my gifted and hardworking students have long been able to graduate from their undergraduate college careers in less than four years . efforts are now being made nationwide to shorter the average time a student spends in college. Several hundred schools already offer students ways to finish in less than four years, usually by taking summer courses and by "testing out" of courses for credit . During the past year several dozen schools have begun experi- menting with a more radical alternative: redesigning the basic curriculum so that it lasts three years instead of four . College administrators generally cite two major reasons for going to three-year programs . Students coming from high school are better pre- pared for college than in the past, and by eliminating a year, both the college and the student saves money. The largest of the three -Year programs begun last fall is at the State University of New York at Genesco, N .Y. There more than 100 of the 800 incoming freshmen opted for the program on one week's notice. Ripon College , in Wisconsin, will institute a three-year program next fall requiring students to maintain significantly higher grades than in four - year programs . Other schools considering the three-year approach are Princeton, Iowa, and Utah. SUNY Tuition


Illegal War A federal judge, noting the "loss in human resources " and ,economic hardship; caused by the war in Southeast Asia, last week ordered a three-judqe· panel con- vened to determine whetherthe conflict is legal. U.S. District Judge Joseph S. Lord III said the claim by seven peace ,activists that the war is unconstitutional "is not so insubstantial as to warrant dismissal ," as the government thought The surprise move came in a suit filed by the group headed by Rev. David M. Gracie , an Episcopal minister from Philadelphia . The suit asks a permanent injunction against the use of government funds to contimue the war. Judge Lord wrote : "The citizen's interest in having his nation free of war was the very one being considered when .. .the power to authorize was (was vested with the Congress rather than the President." The peace group argued that the war was illegal since it had not been declared by Congress. ' ' Conservation groups," Lord said, "have been granted standing to challenge agency action which would affect natural resources such as our rivers and forests. There are few citizens who could be so callous as to be unmoved by the almost daily reports in the media of the death and destruction being caused by this war." Bare Facts In Seattle, Washington, five strippers from the New Paris Theatre picketed City Hall to demand the right to take more off. Their most imaginative signs read •·Free the Flesh ", "Ban the G-String ", and "Supress Crime, Not Entertainment."

Student leaders from the State University and the City University of New York , in an unprecedented alliance, have launched a lobbying drive to repeal the scheduled rise in tuition at the branches of the State University system this summer, as well as preserve the free tuition policy at the City University. A three-day meeting resulted in the adoption of a platform by the Student Association of the State University and the City University Student Senate. The group plans to mobilize support among the 500,000 students who attend the two universities to support legislators who

back their plans and oppose those who do not. Proposals made by the gro·up include: keeping tuition at the two universities at the current level, and adding another $50 million to Governor Rockefeller's budget for the two; 2.) repealing the $30 million Bundy program which aids private colleges, and establish cost-sharing pro- grams between private public schools; 3.) open admission to the State University in fall 1973 to all high school graduates, and end all undergraduate tuition; 4.) replace the current $70 million scholarship pro- gram with an insured loan program

Lady and the Jocks Karen Wise is fighting for her right to play on the Windham College, in Putney, Vt ., basketball tearn . After playing in two games Wise received a letter from the Eastern Collegiate Athletic Conference (ECAC) stating that she did not qualify for Conference-sponsored events. ECAC rules for player eligibility include a "male only" clause. Wise plans to challenge the rule with the help of the American Civil Liberities Union . In order to get on the Windham team, Wise had to confront the opposition of the school coach. Even now she has to sit out the game if another team objects to playing Windham because she is on the team.



Clinical Education Antioch College, in Ohio, has agreed A, join the Urban Law Institute in a Washington establishment of a new kind of law school . a "clinical legal education" with a learn-while-you-defend orientation. This venture will be Antioch's first attempt at professional education. The goal, depending on funding, will admit its first class in the fall of 1972. The plan, an offspring of an academic eontroversy, was started earlier with the universities National Law Center. The Center, which is funded by the Office of Economic Opportunity, is staffed by about twenty lawyers who, along with reforming curriculum and teaching law at the university, offer legal services to the urban poor. Kramer said, "We never contemplated that the university would operate a large law firm and engage directly in the prac• tice of law." The institute was "not willing . . . to take the responsibility for a public interest law firm." The Urban Law Institute, founded by Jean Camper Cahn, a young black lawyerr who is also a member of the Center, saw this as an academic insti• tution's reluctance to enter activist, (ie. controversial) ventures. Among the pporters of drastice changes in legal uca tion is Ralph Nader, who de- ounce d the "concept of legal educational academitin-.tlich he charged is in part responsible for "a pretentious legal system which puts the premium of access and success on wealth and power . .. " Antioch College, with a tradition in progressive education and community involvement, is to be the proving ground of the "clinical legal education" type law school. The Urban Law Institute and its supporters concluded that traditional law schools might be more readily persuaded to consider new approaches if the plan could be implemented in a school like Antioch. The clinical law school experiment plans to stress, in addition to traditional academic instruction, the following priorities: • Curriculum development drawing on field work research. -Lawyer training, with greater stress on the acquisition of basic skills through effective legal representation. -Client services, by providing lawyers as counsel to community groups, locally and nationally, as an aid to the poor, a laboratory in which to develop tech- iqueand curriculum materials. The Institute has already completed five textbooks to be published in the 1971-72 academic year. I

Lennon and Ono face deportation U.S . Immigration and Naturalization Service deportation pro- ceedings against John Lennon and Yoko Ono were adjourned for one month in New York City after the agency issued the couple a show cause order last month notifying them that they are liable to depor- tation . When Lennon and Ono arrived in the U.S. last August they were issued visas allowing them to remain through 29 February. They have both submitted petitions to become immigrants, or permanent residents. But, according to New York's District Director of Immigration Saul Marks, "there seems to be a bar in that because he [Lennon] was convicted of narcotics conviction abraod - marijuana, I think." "I was framed on that charge," Lennon responded. "I didn't have a thing in my house and the police came in and found a big bag of marijuana. They were out to get me - the same cop who busted Mick Jagger and Eric Clapton got me. Then they told me if I pleaded guilty I would be let off. So I did and now I'm being made to pay for it. We 're going to try to have the conviction removed from the books."

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enough to make you go 0 u t of the (jury room's) ninth-story window- '' , At one point the jury asked: "Do we find_some of the defendents guilty if we ev1de! c that they have conspired to corn A ,B,C, (the vandalizing of dr~ft boar~ and F (the Kissinger kidnapping) and if we cannot find enough evidence that any- one conspired to commit D and E (the bombing of heating tunnels)? The judge replied affirmatively to the query but th,e defense charged back tnat Her'!lan s answer "amounts to a directed verdict of guilty against at least some of the defen· dents. Another sore point for tbe jurors Jay with the chief witnesses called up by the prosecuters. Boyd Douglas, an _ex-convict who was imprisoned along WI th Father Berrigan in the Lewisburg Penitentiary agreed to smuggle letters in and out of the prison for him. Since he was released to attend classes at nearby sucknell Uni- versity, he would copy the letters in his notebook and passed them on- Eventually Douglas become concerned about the goals of Berrigan and his friends and de- cided to duplicate the letters for the FBI. Eventually he received funds for aiding in the arrest of those involved in a draft board and also for aiding in the capture of Daniel Berrigan. In October of 1970, he wrote a letter to the bureau requesting payment for his services. The note whic- was later brought into court by the dilllll' fense read, in part, as follows: "Thank the bureau for the reward and thank you. This will be used for a new car soon. Con- sidering what I will go through before and after the trial or trials, I request a mini- mum reward of $50,000, tax free. Five thousand to be paid the first week in December 1970, and the rest at the start of the trial or when things are blown wide open." Douglas bought a $4000 Javelin in December. Douglas' record, which in- cludes conviction on charges ranging from assaulting an FBI agent to passing $19,215, worth of bad checks, also worked to negate his testimony. Another important move made by the attorneys for the Harrisburg Seven in- volved not presenting a case for defense . The defendents agre~d that since they had neither proven a case against them not given them a legitimate trial, they felt no reason to bring forth evidence to prove their innocence. Chief prosecutor William Lynch appeared quite shocked at the decision and accused the defense of "some sort of trickery." The govenrment can still re-try the case but this possibility is very unlikely. One Justice department official com- mented that "look at the results we got& and where they got tried, and you have to.,;/ come to the conclusion that there's no thing more to be gained."


•MARCIA RYBCZNSKI The trial of the Harrisburg Seven has ended and, according to one of the defendents, it was "something of a victory. " Two of the defen- dents, Father Phillip Berrigan and Sister Elizabeth McAlister, were each convicted on 3 counts of letter smuggling in and out of Lewisburg penitentiary. They currently face prison sentences of up to 40 and 30 years, respectively, but even this conviction may not hold up after defense appeals.

up in court, they substituted the first in- dictment with a second one, which also charged the defendents with conspiring to raid draft boards and federal offices in nine states. Two years later, the trial actually got started. By this time, there was one Jess defendent. John Theodore Glick was given a separate trial ,after he decided to represent himself in court . Another defendent, Anthony Scoblick, questioned the ability of the government to try Glick under such a situation saying "How can you cortspire with yourself?" Glick's question appeared to be a pre- monition of the confusion the jury felt over the government's definition of con- spiracy. · "Conspiracy" said Assistant Defense Attorney Leonard Boudin, "is when a group of people get together and make a commitment - a firm CO!Jlmitment - to action. Chief Prosecuter William Lynch countered by saying "Words are the trig- ger of action." The jurors who were origi- nally split on the case didn't seem to know who to believe. The trial was further complicated by the fact that judge Herman was unclear to the jurors about whether the defendents could be found guilty of fewer than six violations in the conspiracy count. One juror, a clerical worker, said after the trial, "To read the indictment ... was

What is more important, however, is that the main charge of conspiracy, drummed up by the government two years ago, fell flat on its face . Sixty-four witnesses and ten weeks of evidence and testimony failed to convince 10 of 12 jurors that the defendents were guilty of conspiring against the government . On 5 April, Federal Judge R. Dixon Herman was forced to declare the case a mistrial. After the decision, Sister Elizabeth stated that the Seven had "the feeling of celebrating a victory of what we were up against." She also noted that the jury "tended to deny the government 's para- noia as far as conspiracy is concerned." Within two days, most of the defen- dents were back out in the streets, "cele- brating'' their freedom with an anti-war protest at a defense plant in York, Penn- sylvania. * * * The case began in November, 1970 with Hoover's announcement that the FBI had discovered an "incipient plot on the part of an anarchist group". Eight po- litical activists • seven of whom were members of the Catholic Left, were accused of participating in an intricate conspiracy whit.h involved blowing up heating tunnels in Washington and kid- napping presidential aide Henry A. Kissinger. When the government became afraid that these charges might not hold



after an on the scene inspection of the selection process. Allen was called to Alaska by Alaska's young Democrats to observe a Juneau precinct caucus meeting in case of credential challenges. When party regulars discovered they were outnumbered by youth two to one at an earlier caucus, they closed the meeting and asked police to clear the floor . "Many felt it was Chicago again," said one of the youth leaders. Party regulars recruited an extra 100 people for the rescheduled m~ting, only to find that the youth had also doubled their numbers. Other states are feeling the youth's power in their delegate selection as well . One-third of Arizona's delegation to the Democratic convention in Miami is under 30, the youngest 17, according to Bob Allen. There were no people under 30 in this delegation in the last conven- tion. Although many feel that participation by youth will create confusion at July's convention and weaken the Democratic party, they say the result will be a stronger and better party to meet the '76 elections. The trial of the Buffalo Five got underway Monday of this week, 16 April at the U.S. District Court in Buffalo . The trial is being presided over by Judge Curtin. According to officials in Curtin's chambers, the five, who are: Jerimiah Horrigan, Charles Darst, Ann Masters, Maureen Considine, and Jim Martin, will be allowed to present individual state- men ts before the entire chamber ' of prospective jurors, before the jury is selected. It was also stated that the five will present their own defense with the help of one attorney. The five have }ieaded guilty to the charges of attempting to remove federal files from the Selective Service Office in the Federal Post Office last August, but the crux of their defense strategy will rest upon their belief that war is immoral and that they ·cannot be judged by people considered to be aiding the "war criminals" in this country. According to officials in Judge Curtin 's chambers, the trial will be open to the public, and all steps will be taken to insure that the people who wish to attend the trial as spectators will be allowed to do so for the entire trial. Buffalo Five

Constitution and an exponent of its prin- ciples, the teacher has a unique oppor- tnity to exemplify the spirit and practice of fair play and procedures. Such exem- plification is ill served by the sweeping dispensation of summary justice by force which deprives students of liberty with· out due process of law and undermines respect for the democratic process ... "The goal of education in a demo- cracy is inextricably linked to enhance- ment of the dignity of man. It is, there - fore , startling to confront the fact that schools are the one remaining institution this country where corporal punish- ment may be legally inflicted ... "As the situation now stands, corporal punishment may be visited upon school children for the 'crime ' of talking without permission or not dressing for gym, but not upon felons convicted of such major crimes as rape, armed robbery or murder and who have, in fact , received the bene- fit of due process in the courts." The report reviews recent and current lawsuits challenging corporal punishment and says " the decisions so fa r have not been encouraging." Youth now control the Demo- cratic machinery of at least two of Alaska's four districts, according to Senator Mike Gravel 's (D-Alaska) office, and may control the entire state delegation by the time they get to Miami . The spokesman said: "The youth caught everybody with their mouth's hanging open." All over the country young people are becoming convention delegates in unpre- cedented numbers. They are not hand- picked by regular party officials, but peo- ple " elected by the grass roots process, the likes of which we've never seen in this country , '' said the director of the McGovern Commission on Party Struc- ture and Delegate Selection , Bob Nelson. Set up in 1968, the Commission is the key to youth 's new access to the party 's nominating machinery. It calls for pro- portiona I re presentation of persons' under thirty , officially termed "youth", in each state's delegation to the national convention. The results have been no more drama- tic than in Alaska. "In ten days in March the entire struc- ture · of the Democratic Party was changed," 'said Bob Allen, President of the Younq Democratic Clubs of America Youthful delegates

tt:orporal punishment

A comprehensive study of cor- poral punishment •· from legal, ed- ucational, social and psychological points of view •· was released earlier this month by the Ameri- can Civil Liberties Union as one step in the organization's campaign to outlaw physical force by school authorities in controlling student behavior. The report is being distributed to edu- cation organizations and groups in the fields of psychology, health and welfare, law, government, civil rights and reli- gion, along with an appeal to join the ACLU in its litigative and legislative ef- forts . The ACLU expects to form a legis- lative coalition at a National Conference on Corporal Punishment, to be held in New York 5 May to 7 May. The 42-page report, entitled "Corporal • nishment in the Public Schools, " con- ~ds that from a constitutional view- point corporal punishment infringes the right to due process of Jaw and that it constitutes cruel and unusual punish- ment. "The public school is an instrumen- tality of the state. Punishment meted out by the public schools acquires the status of a government act and is, therefore; subject to the restraints of the Constitu- "tion. "The Fifth and ' Fourteenth Amend- ments provide that no one shall be de- prived of 'life, liberty, or property' with- out due process of law. Implicit in these provisions is the right to bodily integrity, the violation of which must be inter- preted as a deprivation of liberty. The preservation of physical integrity against illegal intrusion has well established legal precedents. It is the motivating concept behind our criminal law statutes dealing with assault, battery and murder. These statutes provide that only in accordance with due process of Jaw. By extension it would seem that the right of the state or its agents to administer bodily punish- ment without due process of law is open to serious constitutional challenge .. . "Children have their first close con- . uing contact with formal authority in .ne schools; here they acquire attitudes towards liberty and authority that are of lasting influence. As an advocate of the

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individual - a disillusioned outlook on the American way of life due to the Vietnam war, racism, poverty, pollution, etc ., as well as claiming that they have tried to change the system from withf' the system - but failed. This is an extremely high percentage, even for a small poll. We must remember that these people are usually from middle and upper income brackets with the extra time to read and study about the Utopian society that exists in the philosophy books, but not in the history books . Therefore , the only alternative is to totally cop-out or split. On the other side of the fence we have the working class type, usually of a lower middle or middle income with little education past high school. According to a study conducted by the American Jewish Committee in a January 1972 issue of "The Group Life Report", 70 percent of the young people between the ages of 18 and 24 are not students These young people take a more conservative view towards America. For example, 50 percent of all women work in low skilled jobs. Nearly 12 million women have children under 18 with a median full time income of only $4,977. In addition, 60 percent of all women oppose women's lib. The main reason for this is probably because these people have been living with the Protestant Work Ethic that has been transposed on them from previous generations. This has naturally been an integral part of our nation's development . Now that we see both sides of the spectrum with both pulling in their own respective directions, we must now see which side will eventually triumph if that is the case . It seems to me that if the alien- ated, despite their lack of numbers, will eventually triumph. This is not to infer that the entire main- stream of American youth will be dropping acid and living in communes in Australia . Rather, the things they are alienated about may begin to change with the 70-percenters being dragged along. We remember that dissent, alienation, and the refusal to accept the status quo is without a doubt the main theme of American history. In other words, it is the dissenters who are the real Americans and are doing more to enrich America's tradition than are the hangers-on. The majority will eventually come around to an acceptance of the change that is being fought for by the minority. They always do . This is not to say that those alienated are not without fault . As was previously stated when I mentioned that their Utopias were confined to books, they often lose track of real concerns, , thereby becoming just as bigoted as their counterparts. However, their stub~ borness compounded with the changing of the tim~' and the need for progress will overcome the Silent Majority . •

Election 1972

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If one were to attempt to arrive at some type of conclusion concerning the attitude of our nation's youth, he would surprisingly end up in a state of near psychosis and hysteria. On one hand we are confronted with a large influential segment, usually of a college backround, that is literally fed up with America and everything associated with it. On the other hand, however, we have a large majority comprised mostly ·of a working class backround, that, if anything, is more '.'American" than our founding forefathers. In an article appearing in the 11 April, 1972 issue of he New York Times, 30 percent of all college students interviewed in a poll taken by Daniel Yankelovich, Inc . a foundation started by John D. Rockefeller Ill, claimed that they would prefer to live in a country other than the U.S. This poll, incidentally, consisted of 1,244 students on fifty campuses. Most of these students took the seemingly standard point of view for this type of



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