Forest Management (CONT’D FROM PAGE 38)
Board Converting NEWS INTERNET DIRECTORY
other paper materials collected from residential and busi- ness recycling programs – along with some new fibres from sustainably managed forests, is an important compo- nent to paper packaging’s circular economy. First, by law, every hectare of commercial forest that is harvested in Canada must be successfully regenerated, so any trees that are harvested are replanted. And second, through the important act of recycling, paper packaging is continually collected from Canadian residents and businesses, so it can be remade into new paper-based packaging products again and again. And while stats show that paper can be recycled up to seven times, and corrugated box fibres up to ten times, a recent study from Graz University of Technology in Austria found that fibre-based packaging material can be recycled at least 25 times without losing mechanical or structural integrity. While this new research suggests that paper and board fibres are more durable than previously thought, we know that over time fibres weaken, which means a small amount of new virgin fibre needs to be introduced now and again, which leads to a second common misconception regard- ing deforestation. The Causes Of Deforestation According to Natural Resources Canada’s State of Canada’s Forests 2020 Annual Report, Canada’s 347 mil- lion hectares of forest area is stable, with less than half of onepercent deforested since 1990. But there is often con- fusion about deforestation, which is when forest land is permanently cleared and converted to make way for new, non-forest land use. Canada’s annual deforestation rate has been declining since 1990, when it was 64,000 hectares, down to about 34,300 hectares in 2018. During that time, less than half of one per cent of Canada’s total forest area was converted to other land uses. The major causes of deforestation are due to agricul- ture, mining, oil and gas projects, new homes, and the development of ski hills and golf courses, which together represent over 90 percent of deforestation in Canada. The forestry sector’s (which includes pulp and paper manufacturing and the wood product manufacturing sub- sectors) share of deforestation represents 1,494 hectares, or approximately 0.0004 percent of total deforestation in Canada. And given that the Canadian paper packaging industry doesn’t use much in the way of freshly cut trees, the little that is harvested (0.2 percent in 2018) must be successful- ly regenerated (427 million seedlings were planted across Canada in 2018), making packaging’s share of deforesta- tion zero. The Role of Forests In Mitigating Climate Change Sustainably managed forests have an important role to play in helping to mitigate climate change, as trees cap-
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Manufacturer of Marotape®, Marotape®Plus, Marotape® FPT and MaroString™; hot melt coated tapes and strings used for reinforcement and easy-open features for packaging. Ma- rotech also manufactures dispensing and tape placement equipments to optimize the productivity of applying hot melt coated tapes.
CONTINUED ON PAGE 42
March 28, 2022
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