Specialist Nutrition Brochure 2020 animal feed & nutrition

Leaders in Animal Feed Solutions and Expert Nutrition Advice

Unlock your farm potential

Trusted partner to farmers since 1859



Leaders in Animal Feed Solutions and Expert Nutrition Advice

Specialist Nutrition is an experienced animal feeds company, supplying a comprehensive range of high-quality feeds and supplements to progressive dairy and beef farmers.

Specialist Nutrition has worked with farmers to support animal health and farm profitability since 1998. As leaders in Animal Feed Solutions, our moist and liquid animal feeds are the most efficient and sustainable feed available and provide the best value protein and source of energy for animals. We partner with farmers who value how our Animal Feed Solutions can fit into their farm system and have a very experienced team who provide Expert Nutritional Advice. Along with a range of minerals and high-quality performance products formulated using the latest research, we work with all available on-farm forage to produce real results and help build a profitable future for farmers. Specialist Nutrition is an Arvum Group company which was founded in 1859 as William Power & Co.. Since then, we have been developing new agricultural technologies by being focused on innovation and building trusted partnerships.

If you would like to know more about how we can help you, and support your farm system, please call me on 051 833 071.

Jim Buckley Managing Director

Meet the team Managing Director Commercial Director

Jim Buckley

Mia O’Loughlin Ruminant Nutritionists & Forage Systems’ Specialists Midlands and East Michael Cleary

086 804 8219 087 093 8170 087 242 1276 086 851 2301 086 048 0641

South East

Nigel Condell

East Munster West Munster All other regions

Rachel McCarthy

Pat Coakley

Susanna Montag

Office Sales

Valerie Corcoran, Sales Specialist

051 833071 051 833071 051 833071

Logistics Team

Pamela Butler / Helen Leyland / Lilian Walsh


Sharon Purcell / Denise Stuart



Managing Herd Health & Production Lifecyle Management


Dairy Minerals Beef Minerals Dry Cow Management and Precalver Minerals Calf Milk Replacer Rumen Buffers and Enhancers Yeasts & Gut Health Rumen Bypass Protected Fats Mycotoxin Management

08 12 14 18 20 24 26 29 35 36 44 47 48 50 52

Animal Feed Solutions Moist Feed Solutions Liquid Feed Solutions Grass Seed Silage Additives Forage Crops Handling and Storage Guide for Moist and Liquid Feeds

Disclaimer: Errors and Omissions Excepted. All sales are subject to terms and conditions – copy available on request. Please consult a qualified agricultural advisor. Suggested feeding rates are produced as a guide only and many other factors may have an overriding effect on animal response; no performance guarantee can be given. Rations should be carefully balanced for energy and protein, contain sufficient forage to maintain rumen function and be fortified with an appropriate vitamin and mineral supplement. Animals must have constant access to clean water. In all activities Specialist Nutrition adheres to the highest standard of health and safety procedures and environmental compliance. We strongly recommend to all customers that they review their farm health and safety practices and work environment to ensure they operate in a safe and compliant manner.


Challenges Technical & Nutritional Services Solutions Up to 48h after calving

Managing Production Lifecycle & Herd Health

Milk fever / Displaced abomasum / Uterus infection / Retained cleanings • Dietary recommendations

• Diet management • Add Choline to the diet to reduce loss of BCS and support peak milk for up to 21 days after calving • Reviva energy boost helps restore nutrient balance after calving, stimulates DM intakes and milk production

Early Lactation

Challenges Technical & Nutritional Services Solutions

Cycling of BCS / Butterfat depression / Ketosis / Acidosis / Fertility / Lameness • Dietary recommendations


• Add Choline to the diet to reduce loss of BCS and support peak milk for up to 21 days after calving • Protect rumen function with yeasts and rumen buffer • Add biotin to improve hoof health and for milk production • Ensure high DMI with access to palatable feed all day • High energy concentration feed, high fibre content and small amounts of concentrates (increasing over the time) are important for the early lactation diet • Supplementation of protected fats can be helpful in early lactation (up to day 120) to minimise negative energy balance, improve fertility and butterfat content

Fresh Cows Period (21 Days)

Close up 21D Pre Calving

Peak Lactation & Mid Lactation

Challenges Technical & Nutritional Services Solutions

Fertility / Acidosis challenge / Protect butterfats / Lameness • Dietary recommendations • Pre-cut silage analysis • Protect rumen function with yeasts and rumen buffer • Add protected fats to diet for butterfats • Add biotin to improve hoof health and for milk production

Far off 60-80D Pre Calving

Start Breeding (Day 60-120) Aim: high submission rate

Late Lactation

Dry off 305 days

Challenges Technical & Nutritional Services

Regulate BCS / Regulate milk production / Control somatic cell count / Hoof health • Dietary recommendations • Late lactation is one of the most important areas of the production cycle and often neglected • It is important to regulate both milk production and body condition • A lack of body condition will put the cow under stress during the dry period • Watch out for high somatic cell count and treat accordingly • Look out for lameness and mobility issues • Address any health concerns quickly to maintain BCS and animal health • Biotin is very effective for hoof health and milk production • Maintain the right energy and protein balance in the diet to ensure they are not getting too fat or too thin

+D 100


Solutions Hitting late lactation goals will ensure that the dry period is as stress-free as possible

+D 200

Dry Cow Period

The dry period is the most important period to prepare the cow for her next lactation


• Control BCS to avoid ketosis and cycling BCS in early lactation • Boost immunity system • Replenish and balance mineral levels in preparation for close up and calving • Manage somatic cells and drying off • Analyse your silage for mineral content and balance your diet accordingly to prevent metabolic diseases.

Technical & Nutritional Services

• Add a good dry cow mineral formulated for your dry cow diet • Ensure BCS at start of dry cow period between 3.0 and 3.5


• Balancing energy & protein requirements for calcium mobilisation and preventing milk fever • Add Choline to the diet for last 21 days to reduce metabolic disorders and support peak milk

6 | Animal Feed Solutions



Dairy Minerals Our range of dairy minerals is formulated with high-quality ingredients essential to maintaining your herd health and performance

Our mineral range includes all the essential ingredients in just the right formulation to ensure that you have the optimum balance for all stages of the animal lifecycle.

Hoofcare Package including Biotin: Feed supplement formulated to improve hoof

strength and reduce the incidence of lameness and hoof disorders in cows and cattle

• AB Vistacell Yeast & Rumen Buffer Farm Pack • Vistacell yeast • Ruminase (inactivated yeast & B Vitamins) • Rumen Mg E with inactivated yeast

OptiMin Dairy and OptiMin Dairy P-Extra

SN Dairy Cow Special SN Dairy Cow Special is a mineral formulated with an enhanced mineral-vitamin integration to meet the needs of high-performance dairy animals. With proven performance on the farm in Ireland, SN Dairy Cow Special contains vegetable extracts, enhancers and ruminal fermentation optimisers for energy metabolism, essential vitamins for growth and stimulating action on rumen microbial protein synthesis. The highly appetising power of plant extracts stimulates the appetite of animals and increases feed intake. •

SN Dairy Elite with live yeast SN Dairy Elite is an excellent dairy mineral which helps the health and fertility of the animal and supports milk production. The combination of IntelliBond® protected trace minerals with high levels of essential vitamins, VistaCell live yeast, and Acid Buf™, a long-lasting premium rumen buffer provides a high potency combination mineral, high in bioavailability, all contributing to optimise animal health and productivity. •

SN High-Performance Dairy Our SN High-Performance Dairy mineral is suitable for farmers looking to manage overall herd health and performance. Contains a high concentration of all the essential vitamins and protected minerals for high yielding herds, which are vital to maintaining health and improving performance, as they are easily absorbed and readily metabolised. •

OptiMin Dairy is an excellent all-rounder dairy mineral, formulated for cows on grass silage- based diets or cows at pasture. To balance low phosphorus in maize, whole crop, beet, and other root diets use OptiMin Dairy P-Extra. • Includes all the essential vitamins and trace minerals • High Vitamin D3 inclusion • Higher Phosphorus level available (P-Extra) Feed Rate: 100-150g/head/day

Trace minerals optimise performance, fertility and immunity due to higher bioavailability High levels of vitamins, including vitamin E High content of protected copper and selenium to meet the demands of a high yielding dairy herd

High levels of essential vitamins with IntelliBond® protected trace minerals Contains Vistacell™ yeast for rumen protection & better rumen function Acid Buf™ for long-lasting rumen protection, stabilising rumen pH, increasing fibre digestion and productivity per kg dry matter intake High vitamins and protected trace minerals with selenium yeast to meet all the demands of a high yielding herd

• •

All-in-one product with high vitamins especially B Vitamins and trace minerals Contains Biotin and Choline for better hoof health, milk production, immunity system and ketosis problems Live yeast to improve rumen digestion, stabilising rumen pH and overall performance

Feed Rate: 100-150g/head/day

Feed Rate: 150-200g/head/day

Feed Rate: 80 – 120g/head/day

8 | Animal Feed Solutions



The role of biotin to support metabolic functions Biotin

Scientific studies show that biotin delivers better-producing dairy cows, and the return on investment is considerable, even in well- managed herds Biotin for hoof health Improving hoof strength reduces the likelihood of problems associated with lameness. Cows with sound hooves eat more, produce more, and are more willing to breed. Biotin is also essential for dry and transition cows to help minimise the disruption of horn growth that occurs around calving. Biotin for milk production Biotin increases the production of glucose by the cow and is essential for milk production. More glucose means higher milk yields. Many leading dairy nutritionists, advisors and vets are now recommending biotin supplementation. Feed Rate: 15-20g/head/day Lameness is ranked second to mastitis as the most costly health problem on farms

Biotin Biotin is a B-group vitamin and an essential nutrient for the animal production cycle. Though it is synthesized in the rumen of all ruminants, its bioavailability depends upon the ration formulated. Biotin is especially required for the production of keratin and the epidermal tissues of hoof-horn and has other metabolic effects that influence milk production. Studies have shown a deficiency of biotin could be a limiting nutrient for high producing cows.

Key biotin metabolism functions • Fat metabolism • Energy metabolism • Protein metabolism

Lower BCS can lead to a fatty liver causing ketosis, which results in a lower dry matter intake, higher risk for metabolic diseases after calving and lower milk yields.

During transition, cows mobilise body fat to meet the energy demand at lactation which, if not actively managed, can lead to a decrease in Body Condition Score (BCS) at a time when the cow needs to be at peak milk.

Glucose synthesis Liver fat metabolsim

Milk production Milk, protein & fat


Fat metabolism Energy metabolism Protein metabolism







Horn production & integrity

10 | Animal Feed Solutions


Beef Minerals Mineral supplementation is the key to optimising beef cattle performance and live weight gain

Special Formulations

We have formulated our beef minerals range using the latest research and with on-farm evidence for the best growth, health and performance of the animals.

• Hoofcare package with added Biotin: Feed supplement formulated to improve hoof strength and reduce the incidence of lameness and hoof disorders in cows and cattle • Vistacell yeast • AB Vistacell Yeast & Buffer Farm Pack • Phosphor 6% • Ruminase (inactivated yeast & B Vitamins) • Essential Zym (inactivated yeast and essential oils) • Limestone

Beef Minerals

As the leader in beef nutrition in Ireland, we have a range of exceptionally high- quality minerals with vitamins, trace elements, amino acids and rumen microflora combined with protected urea yeast to achieve the very best results on-farm.

SN Special Booster Beef SN Special Booster Beef mineral is the very best mineral for fattening cattle. This high finisher product will achieve the highest growth rates while ensuring a healthy rumen and optimising fibre digestibility. • Highest level of vitamins and minerals including B-vitamins •

SN Beef Elite (with yeast) SN Beef Elite (with yeast) is our superior complete formulation for intensively fed cattle with high levels of performance. It provides the best results in finishing beef cattle with a unique combination of yeasts and rumen buffers supporting the rumen function, improving their immunity system and rumen health. •

OptiMin Beef OptiMin Beef is an all-rounder for indoor or outside cattle. This mineral will meet your demands while feeding grass silage or outdoor on grass with lower concentrate feeding. It has a good range of all essential vitamins and minerals to achieve great results. • Good vitamin, minerals and trace element content to complement your grass-based diet • Helps to safeguard health and productivity of cattle • A molasses mineral with a high palatability • Contains Trouwferm a digestion enhancer which increases cellulolytic bacteria in the rumen for improved fibre digestion, higher dry matter intake all giving good effects on performance.

SN Intensive Beef SN Intensive Beef is our high-performance mineral for fattening beef cattle. It contains high levels of all essential vitamins, macro and micro minerals and is an ideal mineral for all beef cattle. •

Contains Vitamin B1 to ensure the rumen function and compliment high levels of cereals and low levels of forage High levels of Vitamin A & D3 and E to account for the reduced level of forages Supplemented with high trace minerals for performance

High levels of live yeast to ensure the best microbiome in the rumen for digestibility and rumen protection

Contains Vistacell™ to ensure the highest digestibility of intensively fed beef cattle Combines two rumen buffers (Acid Buf™ & Trouwferm™) in one product to achieve the optimum rumen pH Niacin allows beef cattle to thrive

• Very palatable and fragrant for increasing intakes Feed Rate: 80 – 120g/head/day

Feed Rate: 120-150g/head/day

Feed Rate: 150g/head/day

Feed Rate: 120-150g/head/day

12 | Animal Feed Solutions


Dry Cow Management And Precalver Minerals


The importance of precalver minerals in this transition

Hoofcare Package with added Biotin: Feed supplement formulated to improve hoof strength and reduce the incidence of lameness and hoof disorders in cows and cattle

period is to support the immunity system and

The pre-calving period is a crucial time to set the herd up for healthy calving, early lactation and lead to better performance at breeding

Biotin plus (Hoofcare and energy for milk production)

provide minerals in an easily absorbable form with the right requirements for both dry cow and the unborn calf.

Choline plus

SN Dry Cow Supreme SN Dry Cow Supreme is designed to meet the highest demands of the high yielding cow during the dry cow period. Nutritional requirements increase significantly and play a pivotal role in the cow’s energy status and health both at the time of birth and the early weeks of lactation when milk production is reaching its peak. Dietary Cation-Anion-Difference (DCAD) becomes more important for dry cow diets to prevent milk fever and give cow and calf the best start in life and next lactation. By focusing on the DCAD in dry cow diets, producers can maintain healthy cows with minimal metabolic problems. SN Dry Cow Supreme is especially suitable for problems related to placental retention (Vit E 12500 mg / kg), sub-clinical ketosis and hepatic steatosis (choline chloride 10000mg / kg and vitamin PP 25000 mg / kg). • Highest vitamin content especially vitamin E to support the immunity system • Uses DCAD to positively alter the metabolic status of both dry and lactating cows • Very palatable promoting good intakes • Maintains rumen function and liver support with choline Feed Rate: 100-200g/head/day

SN Dry Cow Special SN Dry Cow Special is the very best precalver on the market with an exceptional formulation. Combining the best formulation of vitamins with protected trace elements, Dry Cow Special supports the high yielding dairy cow in the dry period. It provides the best preparation for the start of a new lactation. Dry Cow Special is especially suitable for producers who use potassium-rich fodder (DCAD -640 meq / 1000 gr DM), to prevent hypocalcaemia. • High vitamin (A, D3, E & B) and mineral

Helping your transition cows Our precalver minerals are formulated to support challenges during transition: hormonal, metabolic, mineral, immunity and inflammation and to increase resilience to metabolic diseases during transition. Precalver minerals are designed to reduce metabolic diseases, improve gut integrity and increase longevity from improved survival rate to next lactation. OptiMin Precalver

SN Protected Precalver Our SN Protected Precalver is specially formulated to help meet all the needs around calving and early lactation. The supplementation of high-value vitamins, in particular Vitamin D3 and E, together with an ideal combination of protected and unprotected trace minerals, will significantly improve immunity status, fertility and calf growth. •

OptiMin Precalver ensures an adequate supplementation of essential minerals and vitamins during the dry cow period. • Includes all essential vitamins and trace minerals • Vitamin D3 and Magnesium will help to prevent milk fever • Vitamin E will improve immunity and help the cow manage the metabolic challenges during transition Feed Rate: 125-150 g/head/day

content with protected minerals to increase milk yield and fertility Contains inactivated yeast combined with B Vitamins to support liver function, rumen protection and gut health Limits milk fever response and metabolic diseases

High levels of Magnesium and Vitamin D3 to help calcium mobilisation at calving and to help prevent milk fever High levels of Vitamin E (8000IU/kg) is supported with the inclusion of AO Mix: a blend of natural polyphenols, with proven antioxidant activity Contains protected Selenium, which, along with high Vitamin E, boosts cow and calf immunity and helps reduce the incidences of retained cleanings

Feed Rate: 100-200g/head/day

Feed Rate: 125-150 g/head/day

14 | Animal Feed Solutions


Recommended additional feeds for the last three weeks in the dry cow period and the beginning of lactation

Keeping dairy animals healthy during the critical transition period will save money on treatment costs, replacement animals and lost milk.

DCAD – keep your focus on the balance The dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) is the balance of electrolytes in your diet. There are two periods to use DCAD in the dairy cow diet: close up – dry cow diet and lactating cow diet. Calculating DCAD should be done in both periods. During the Close up period, the focus is on proving a negative DCAD to encourage the calcium re-absorption from the bones, prevent milk fever and other metabolic diseases; and during the lactating cow diet with a focus on a positive DCAD, to increase buffer capacity in the rumen and blood.

• Ruminase as an additional feed for Rumen Performance

We have had excellent results, health improvements and reduction in milk fever incidence by combining Protected Precalver with Ruminase for the last three weeks of the dry cow period. The addition of Ruminase yeast with high-value B Vitamins prepares the rumen for lactation and will ensure a good microbiome of minerals. See page 25 Feed Rate: 50g/head/day for an adult animal

• Reashure™ Precision Protected Choline as an additional feed to help reduce ketosis

During transition, cows mobilise body fat to meet the energy demand at lactation which if not actively managed, can lead to a decrease in Body Condition Score (BCS) at a time when the cow needs to be at peak milk. See page 22 Feed Rate: Dairy Cows 60g/head/day

To know your DCAD, it is essential to test your silage for minerals

The DCAD is shown in the analysis so you can design the right diet for the correct lactation period. The levels of potassium and calcium in grass or grass silage will have a huge impact on your calving season.

• Rumen Mg +E as an additional feed to prevent metabolic diseases around dry period

Rumen Mg + E is specially formulated with high levels of Magnesium, Calcium and Vitamin E along with yeast for an extra boost to prevent milk fever and other metabolic diseases. See page 22 Feed Rate: 50g/head/day

Do you know the quality of your Silage? Get it tested!

16 | Animal Feed Solutions


Milkivit Calf Milk Replacer contains • Yeasts & Acid Buf ensure rumen protection and intestinal health • B-Vitamins, Butyrate, Acidifier to preserve feed and increase digestion by promoting the beneficial bacterial growth while inhibiting the growth of pathogenic microbe • Fibosel (cell wall extract) stimulates the immunity system by decreasing mycotoxin absorption • Butyrate, Lactose and flavours for GI tract development and higher intakes caused by mother smell • Can be mixed with cold water

Milkivit Calf Milk Replacer

Achieve better performance, improve health and a reduced need for antibiotics with Milkivit.

Bag Size

Milkivit Range Energizer Energizer + Pulmo Professional Professional + Pulmo Premium Premium + Pulmo Supreme Heifer Supreme Heifer + Pulmo Active



50% Skimmed Milk Powder 35% Skimmed Milk Powder










Whey based product




Milkivit Calf Milk Replacer Milkivit Calf Milk Replacer contains highly digestible oils & proteins, vitamins and minerals to promote higher intakes, better rumen development and increased resistance against diseases and stress. Achieve better performance, improved health and a reduced need for antibiotics with Milkivit. The latest dairy farming science shows that the first eight weeks of a calf’s life provides a huge opportunity to boost the lifetime performance of the cow. The selection of the right milk replacer and proper calf management are essential factors for having a smooth and successful calf rearing with healthy and efficient animals. Natural and sustainable, Milkivit contains specially selected dairy products and highly digestible oils & proteins to satisfy the needs of fast-growing calves, plus vitamins and minerals to promote health and a reduced need for antibiotics.




Milkivit Energizer – Based on skimmed milk powder (50%) • Milkivit Energizer is our top-end product designed for higher growth rates. • Contains 50% skimmed milk to ensure the best development while supporting overall calf health • With a high level of oil for energy and an optimal balanced vitamin and mineral content, Energiser Calf Milk achieves higher planes of nutrition and growth rates. It is more comparable to whole milk than other milk replacers • Milkivit Energizer is easy to mix and designed for higher feeding rates and ad libitum feeding (mixed in a solution 135g/litre) Milkivit Professional - Based on skimmed milk powder (35%) • Milkivit Professional is based on skimmed milk powder, designed to offer an outstanding package for dairy heifer replacement. It will provide good fat cover and a shiny gloss on the calves back while supplementing highest levels of Amino Acids for optimum growth and development • Milkivit Professional calf milk replacer is easy to mix in a solution of 125-150g/litre Milkivit Premium - Whey based • Milkivit Premium is a high-quality calf milk replacer and part of the LifeStart programme • Suitable for every farm situation, it is very palatable and will achieve excellent growth and health results • Milkivit Premium is easy to mix in a solution of 125-150g/litre

PULMO+ Immunity Boost and Better Respiratory Health for Calves Pulmo+ can be added to your milk replacer to support a healthy respiratory and intestinal tract. Its unique combination of essential oils provide an extra boost in immunity

18 | Animal Feed Solutions


Rumen Buffers & Enhancers The rumen plays an essential role in a cow’s digestive process

Maintaining butterfat levels at turnout can be challenging due to the reduced fibre content of the lush grass. The inclusion of Acid Buf optimises rumen function for over 8 hours, by stabilising the rumen pH and increasing the performance of the beneficial rumen microbes.

Why is the health of the Rumen important? The rumen plays an essential role in a cow’s digestive process. Two things are vital to good rumen function; a healthy microbial population and a suitable pH (ideally above pH 6.5). Without these, the rumen becomes less and less efficient at the digestion of feed. This leaves cows susceptible to health complications such as acidosis and laminitis.

Rumen buffers

Benefits of Acid Buf •

Acid Buf Acid Buf is a highly efficient rumen buffer made from calcareous marine algae. Acid Buf has a unique marine mineral matrix that consumes excess acid in the rumen and regulates long term optimum pH in the rumen. Its natural honeycomb structure breaks down slowly in the rumen providing twice the buffering capacity of sodium bicarbonate, even when fed at much lower concentrations. Acid Buf is a slow-release rumen conditioner that reduces the time below pH 5.5 to less than 1 hour and maintains a higher daily (24hour) mean pH. Acid Buf is the leading rumen buffer and a 100% natural animal feed ingredient. Acid Buf’s long-lasting buffering ensures a stabilised rumen pH for optimal fibre digestion Feed Rate: 80-100g/head/day

Increases fibre digestion, which raises milk solids production Increases butterfat and milk protein Long-term pH optimisation in the rumen by maximising the time the rumen spent between pH 5.8 - 6.2 Optimises healthy rumen functioning, reducing subclinical rumen acidosis (SARA) and acute acidosis Increasing productivity per kg/dry matter intake Highly bioavailable source of calcium and magnesium Cost-effective and supported by independent peer-reviewed research

• •

Why use Rumen enhancers? Rumen enhancers increase the rumen’s efficiency by creating an environment that allows for the complete digestion of ration feedstuffs, resulting in an increase in the absorption of nutrients. Buffers help to reduce the rumen acidity that commonly results from feeding diets designed for high milk production. They can increase dry matter intake, rumen microbial, protein production, and fibre digestion, resulting in an increase in milk production and milkfat production. The risk of acidosis is not only a problem for high yielding cows which are fed high in starch, sugar and concentrates. It’s a common risk for all ruminant animals. Pasture-fed dairy cows are at the same risk of acidosis from high concentrations of rapidly fermentable carbohydrate.

Take care to watch for rumen problems, especially at the start of the grazing season when there is highly fermentable grass with less effective fibre in the diet. Common signs of rumen function problems • Reduced milk composition • Butterfat depression • Reduced fibre digestion • Inflammation • Reduced milk yield • Diarrhoea • Less dry matter intake

The result of these impacts are: Lower milk yield and milk solids

20 | Animal Feed Solutions


Performance Products For High Yielding Herds Rumen Performance Improvers to increase milk yield, fat & protein

Keeping dairy animals healthy during the critical transition period will save money on treatments costs, replacement animals and lost milk. A smoother start will have a lasting economic impact on the entire lactation.

These products are available as straights or can be formulations as part of your mineral mixture

AminoShure-XM® rumen-protected methionine AminoShure®-M Precision Release Methionine is the next generation in rumen-protected methionine, with gradual release encapsulation technology. Methionine must be consumed in the diet. If not enough is consumed, your cow is unable to build proteins required for tissue and organ maintenance, growth, reproduction, fetal growth or milk protein production. dairy cows in lactation and dry period so you can be confident your cows are getting the methionine required for maximum milk protein production. AminoShure®-M Precision Release Methionine is the milk protein builder. Consistently provides 10% extra protein in milk Feed Rate: 20g/ head/day to meet the cows’ MP methionine requirement for maximum milk protein production. It provides exceptional bioavailability, for high yielding Fed at 20g per head per day and delivered in 20kg bags, one bag will do 1000 cows a day.

Rumen Mg + E with inactivated yeast

ReaShure™ Precision Protected Choline for rumen protection ReaShure™ Precision Release Choline is proven to help dairy animals’ transition more smoothly, reducing the risk of metabolic disorders, supporting higher milk production, reproductive efficiency and overall animal health. •

Nitroshure™ Encapsulated Urea Nitroshure Urea is an encapsulated urea supplement for lactating dairy cows designed to create a slow-release protein source for the rumen. •

Rumen Mg + E is specially formulated with high levels of Magnesium and Vitamin E along with yeast as a high-performance farm pack. • Prevents Milk Fever •

Improving protein quality by replacing low-quality protein sources in the diet and increasing microbial protein synthesis Creates more space in the rumen for other ingredients such as forage and energy- dense ingredients while reducing feed costs Achieved a more balanced rumen while improving fibre and carbohydrate digestion

Magnesium and calcium for the lactating cow and an extra boost in the last ten days for the dry cow (closed group) Contains high levels of Vitamin E and Selenium Inactivated yeast to support rumen function

Used in the transition period to boost milk production (up to 5%) supporting milk fat synthesis

• • • • •

Reduces metabolic disorders Supports fat metabolism

Reduces ketosis by increasing fat utilisation from the liver Increases butterfat and milk protein Fed at 60 grams per day for 21 days pre to 21 days post-calving

Feed Rate: 100-200g/head/day

Feed Rate: Replace 100g of Soya with 20g of NitroShure up to a maximum of 150g Replace 10 g of Rapemeal with 15g of NitroShure up to a max of 150g

Feed Rate: Dairy Cows

60g/head/day 7 g/head/day


22 | Animal Feed Solutions


Multiple benefits of Vistacell & Acid Buf Farm Pack

Yeasts & Gut Health Improve Overall Rumen Efficiency and Gut Health with Vistacell™ Yeast


Acid Buf™

Improves fibre digestion – increasing acetate and milk fat production Competes against lactic-acid producing bacteria – stabilising rumen pH Removes oxygen from the rumen and optimises conditions for fibre digestion Improves feed conversion efficiency (FCE) – more production from the ration

Buffers the rumen for a minimum of 8 hours – minimising the time spent below pH 5.8 Improves feed conversion efficiency (FCE) giving more production from the ration Contains a source of highly bioavailable magnesium (98.7% soluble) and calcium (100% soluble) – helping restore cow magnesium levels, reduce the incidence of grass tetany (staggers) and improve butterfat levels

Also available as Vistacell AB, providing the benefits of Vistacell and Acid Buf in one combination farm pack product

Vistacell™ Farm Pack Vistacell™ 4% live yeast Vistacell™ 8% live yeast

AB Vista Farm Pack

Vistacell™ AB 4% live yeast with Acid Buf Vistacell™ AB 8% live yeast with Acid Buf

Vistacell™ YEAST Vistacell acts as a probiotic to improve rumen and gut health by boosting the growth of beneficial rumen bacteria and improving rumen fermentation. By removing oxygen and competing for sugars in the rumen, Vistacell yeast improves the environment for fibre digesting and lactate utilising microbes, allowing them to thrive and grow. The result is an increase in microbial protein production, and optimised rumen pH and improved fibre digestion. These are all factors which are essential in maximising the efficiency of high performing dairy cows.

Ruminase inactivated yeast and high B Vitamins

Essential Zym inactivated yeast and B Vitamins with amino acids Essential Zym is a combination of pure yeast and essential oils derived from plant extracts which maximise flora and gut health while also promoting feed intakes. Essential Zym is a cutting-edge product designed for maximising performance in cattle from predominantly home-produced forages and grains. • Further utilising feed degradation • Improving fat and protein content in milk • Creates a greater carcass gain and body condition score

Ruminase is an inactivated yeast with very high purity levels and little or no fermentation residues. It is a fantastic source of amino acids, B vitamins, nucleotides with superb palatability. Combined with a good base mineral, Ruminase contributes to the maintenance of optimal conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, in the case of possible dietary errors, and during treatments with antibiotics and sulfonamides. • Increased intakes •

Vistacell™ ensures the delivery of the highest dose rate of live yeast for ruminants on the market (60 billion CFU/head/day) compared with other live yeasts. The higher the live yeast dose rate, the greater the response

Benefits of Vistacell™ yeast

Increase milk yield by up to 2 litres/ cow/day Increase LWG for beef herds Improve feed efficiency and increased dry matter intake

Increases the digestion of fibre and allows the utilisation of more available energy from the diet Reduces the production of lactic acid and provides a greater synthesis of propionic and acetic acid All this increases the energy level of the entire food ration, improving the rate of fat and protein in milk or the production of beef

• • • • • • •

Feed Rate: Beef /Dairy/Calves 20-60g/head/day

Reduce the risk of acidosis

Improve rumination and cud-chewing

Improve dung consistency

Less diarrhoea

Cows/cattle look more content

Feed Rate: Beef /Dairy/Calves 20-50g/head/day

24 | Animal Feed Solutions


Rumen Bypass Protected Fats

It is worth considering adding protected fats such as GoldenFlake to your buffer diet to drive milk yield, support butterfat levels, improve body condition, which in turn, can boost herd fertility

Protected fats are added to the diet of ruminants for their high energy content

Butterfat Extra Butterfat Extra is a rumen protected fat extremely high in energy and C16 fatty acids, to boost milk production and milk fat content. C16 fatty acids can be directly used for butterfat production when there is less energy (glucose) needed for milk fat production. For high performing dairy cows or cattle Butterfat Extra allows the energy density to be increased without impairing the rumen and give a risk for acidosis. Butterfat Extra has a positive effect on the overall energy balance of the cow where the additional energy can be portioned for milk production and fertility.

Goldenflake GoldenFlake is an energy-dense feed which is used to drive milk yield, support butterfat levels, and improve body condition, which in turn, can boost herd fertility. Fats comprise of approximately 2.25 times more energy compared to carbohydrates or protein. Maintaining butterfat levels is one of the main challenges facing milk producers during the grazing season. It is a particular issue for spring calving herds, where cows are also hitting peak yield and need to retain sufficient condition for good fertility. Protected fats are essential for beef cattle as they help body condition scores and lower the risk for acidosis while increasing the energy density of the diet.

Benefits Provides the building blocks for milk fat synthesis, increasing value per litre. Allows the energy density of the diet to be increased for high-performing stock without impairing rumen function. Additional energy can be portioned for milk production and improved fertility.

Feature A source of C16 fatty acids

Need Increase milk fat %

Extremely high content of rumen-protected, highly digestible energy

Increase milk yield

Benefits Allows the energy density of the diet to be increased for high-performing stock without impairing rumen function. Additional energy can be portioned for milk production and improved fertility. Provides the building blocks for milk fat synthesis, increasing value per litre. Simplifies feeding

Feature Extremely high content of rumen-protected, highly digestible energy

Need Increase milk yield Increase energy intakes Improve body condition Increase milk fat %

Easily incorporated into the diet.

Dry, free flowing, mini prills or flakes

Ready to feed, easy storage

A source of C16 fatty acids

The predicted responses (benefits) assume that the specifies nutrient, physical or structural dietary components are limiting livestock performance in the current ration.

Availability, handling and storage

Ready to feed

Dry, free-flowing, flaked product

• Available all year around in 25 kg bags, 600kg bags or pallet multiples of 1.2 tonnes • Store in dry, well ventilated builings and out of direct sunlight (max. temperature 35⁰C) • Pallets should not be stacked more than two high and have a gap between to allow air circulation

The predicted responses (benefits) assume that the specified nutrient, physical or structural dietary components are limiting livestock performance in the current ration.

26 | Animal Feed Solutions


Mycotoxin Management

Energy Boosters

Farm-O-San Reviva Restore nutrient balance after calving The high energy content and excellent palatability of Reviva, make it a particularly useful ingredient for animals that are limited in their energy intake, such as high productive dairy cows. Farm-O-San Reviva is a highly palatable energy drink that offers that vital supplementation to freshly-calved cows. Farm-O-San Reviva contains all the electrolytes, calcium and energy a cow needs to quickly restore its nutrient balance after calving, and to increase its blood calcium levels. Farm-O-San Reviva also stimulates dry matter intake after calving, which helps in maintaining good milk production and body condition. Post-calving dehydration has a big impact on the next lactation

Mycotoxin Management An indicator of a Mycotoxin issue on a farm can be reduced herd health and performance with animals presenting as generally unwell. There may be specific health problems, feed intakes can be reduced, and silage heating may be occurring. To protect animal health and performance, the mycotoxins that are contaminating the farm feed need to be deactivated. Your Specialist Nutrition advisor can help identify the right toxin binder based on an understanding of your operation, the contamination of your feed, the status of your animals and your farm operation.

Glucosure Energy Boost Glucosure is a functional carbohydrate and a valuable source of energy for dairy cows. Used mainly in robotic milking systems it gives an energy boost at milking time plus it helps bring the cow to the robot. Glucosure has three unique properties: • Slow-release sugars • Prolonged blood glucose and insulin release • Sweet and palatable The unique composition of Glucosure offers exceptional palatability and a slow-release high energy ingredient that can stimulate animals to increase their feed intake and enhance appetite. Glucosure is particularly suitable for high- performance dairy herds and where there is poor utilisation of energy sources and limited feed intake. Feed Rate: 500g/head/day for high yielding dairy cows. Glucosure is suitable for dairy cows and calves.

Ultrasorb R Farm Pack (Mycotoxin binder with Vistacell live yeast)

Biomin Mycofix® Plus

Mazzoleni Toxibull

Vistacell AU (Probiotic Health Pack with Mycotoxin binder, Vistacell live yeast and Acid Buf)


Farm-O-San Reviva should be given immediately after calving to increase blood calcium levels and dry matter intake. Mix 1 kg of Farm-O-San Reviva with 20 litres of lukewarm water and administer it once, immediately after calving and before free access to drinking water is given.

28 | Animal Feed Solutions


The addition of Acid Buf and Vistacell, along with extra digestible fibre, can substantially improve butterfat percentage, and subsequent herd performance.

Ration tips to boost acetate production and butterfats

Butterfats Maximise butterfats to boost milk value and income

1. Balanced concentrate feeding with good levels of dietary fibre from sources such as soya hulls, sugar beet pulp or high-fibre moist feeds. 2. Feed a concentrate that compliments the energy coming from lush grass combined with feeding a long fibre (hay or straw) to stimulate cudding and help release acid-neutralising saliva. 3. Add Acid Buf™ slow-release rumen conditioner and Vistacell™ live yeast to stabilise rumen pH, minimising the time spent in acidic conditions (below pH 5.8) when fibre digestion is compromised.

Maintaining butterfat levels during the grazing season is one of the main challenges facing milk producers. It is a particular issue for spring calving herds, where cows are also hitting peak yield and need to retain sufficient condition for good fertility.

The positive impact of stabilising rumen pH Good rumen function is also critical, with fibre digestion in the rumen impaired whenever rumen pH drops below 5.8. This not only further cuts acetate and butterfat production, but can reduce feed intakes, overall nutrient supply and milk yield, as well as increasing the incidence of health problems such as laminitis. The high levels of rapidly fermentable carbohydrates and sugars in spring grass, combined with low levels of structural fibre, can result in extended periods of low rumen pH. If the rumen drops below pH 5.8 – the threshold for sub-acute ruminal acidosis or SARA – the impact is even greater. Low butterfats are an indicator for SARA at any time of the year, but in the spring, when butterfats are already depressed, it can be harder to spot. Farmers should aim to keep rumen pH as stable as possible and to minimise the time spent below pH 5.8 when fibre digestion is compromised. This can be done by ensuring an adequate forage- to-concentrate ratio in the overall diet, and make sure any buffer feed contains sufficient long fibre to stimulate cudding – to release acid neutralising saliva – and good rumen function.

The result was due to a substantial reduction in the time the rumen spent at low pH, which improved fibre fermentation and produced a significant rise in the acetate concentration in the rumen (63.1% vs. 61.9%). These results show how important it is to properly support rumen fermentation if butterfat production is to be maintained when grazing. Whether used individually or together, the addition of Acid Buf and Vistacell, along with extra digestible fibre, can substantially improve butterfat percentage, and subsequent herd performance. Would you like to chat? If you would like a chat about how our production improvers can help you increase your butterfat levels while managing costs and herd health,

Hay or big bale silage is ideal, with chopped straw a good alternative if these are not available. One of the best ways to reduce the rate and extent of any rumen pH drop is to add Acid Buf™ slow- release rumen conditioner and Vistacell™ live yeast to the diet or the buffer feed offered at grass. If only feeding compound in the parlour, switch to a concentrate based on digestible fibre rather than starch, and feed ‘little and often’ to avoid overloading the rumen. Always make sure concentrates are high quality with good palatability to encourage full intake alongside grazed grass. The benefits, in terms of improved rumen conditions, as well as milk fat production and milk yields, have been proven in numerous peer- reviewed research and commercial trials over the years. Increasing butterfats with live yeast and conditioners In a recent trial, the addition of a slow-release conditioner and an active live yeast to cows receiving a 65:35 forage-to-concentrate ratio diet increased both milk fat production (1649 g/cow/ day vs 1462 g/cow/day) and fat-corrected milk yield (38.9kg/cow/day vs 37.1kg/cow/day).

The main component in milk fat production is the volatile fatty acid acetate, which is produced when dietary fibre is fermented in the rumen. The problem is that although young spring grass provides a great source of both energy – in the form of rapidly fermentable carbohydrates or sugars – and protein, it’s structurally immature. As a result, fibre levels are extremely low compared with older, more mature grass. This limits the amount of acetate produced in the rumen, which in turn reduces butterfat levels. Balancing energy supply Supplying the right amount and type of energy to the cow, irrespective of breed or type is therefore critical if butterfat production is to be supported without adversely affecting milk yields, body condition or fertility. While grazed grass can be low in fibre with high sugar and oil contents, for modern ryegrass swards this can persist right through until late summer, not just during spring when most expect it. Unless properly balanced in the rumen, the rapidly fermentable carbohydrates, together with the higher oil content, can have a negative impact on rumen function and fibre digestion, resulting in depressed butterfat production.

Contact Specialist Nutrition on 051 833071

30 | Animal Feed Solutions


Expert on-farm animal nutrition advice and feed analysis

We use the most advanced technology for measuring the quality of feed inputs to help make better decisions and balance the diet to enhance animal wellness, productivity and maximise profitability for dairy and beef farmers

Specialist Nutrition work with farmers to support cow health and profitability with our animal feeds and through our ruminant nutritionist advisors using feed analysis technologies. Feed is the most important and expensive input in any dairy and beef operation. Specialist Nutrition uses real-time NIR measurement of feed samples while formulating the diet to help improve feed management and minimise variability, to increase production and animal health. Our NIR analyser for forages and grains measures the percentage of moisture (dry matter), crude protein, starch, ADF, NDF and ash. This reduces the risk of an improperly balanced diet which can affect cow health and decrease milk production and kill-out weights. Regular dry matter (DM) testing of feeds and rebalancing the diet to compensate for DM changes ensures that producers are feeding the ration formulated by our nutritionist.

From rumen health to fertility, our nutritional advisors help producers overcome challenges to support cow health and profitability across the following areas: • Effective minerals, amino acids, and enzymes for animal nutrition • Herd health for pre-calving, fertility, and boost immunity • Gut health management with high-quality rumen buffers, enhancers, and production improvers • Use of yeasts and fats to optimise production for your farm system • Mycotoxin management

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Animal Feed Solutions Moist Feeds are a nutritious and highly palatable animal feed

All our moist feeds are produced in Ireland, are fully traceable and sustainable

Moist Feeds are a nutritious and highly palatable animal feed. Rich in protein, they offer an excellent source of energy, fibre and minerals for dairy and beef farms. Manage costs, animal nutrition and herd performance while adding moisture to your feeds with Moist Animal Feeds from Specialist Nutrition.

Key benefits •

Contains good quality protein and energy

• Ideal as an inclusion for high yielding dairy feeds • Ideally suited for milk production helping maintain rumen function • Excellent supplement to cereals for beef cattle (finisher) • Enhances dry matter intakes • Reduced cost per head per day • Highly palatable and reduces sorting • Easily stored and incorporated into TMR feeding systems • Quality assured product • Produced in Ireland and delivered fresh daily for maximum nutritional value


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