311 Neurobiology (4) Analyzes synoptic transmission at the neuro-muscular junction and between neu­ trons of the CNS. Emphasis on understand­ ing cellular organization and neurophysiolo­ gy of major subsystems of the vertebrate nervous system, with particular attention to the brain, visual system, spinal cord, and au­ tonomic nervous system. Laboratory (4 hours) study of sheep and human brain anatomy, with directed experimentation in electrophysiology and pharmacology of the peripheral nervous system. Alternate years. Prerequisite: 100 or 111. Lab fee: $30. 312 Cell and Molecular Biology (3) Discusses the molecular organization and function of cells and their organelles, with emphasis on chromosome structure, gene expression, membrane structure and func­ tion, energy conversion, and experimental methods used to study subcellular compo­ nents. Prerequisites: 111 and Chemistry 301. 322 Laboratory in Cell and Molecular Biology (2) Practical application of traditional and current laboratory techniques used in re­ search, including microscopy, histology, chromosomal analysis, isolation and purifi­ cation of DNA, RNA, and enzymes, analyti­ cal biochemistry, and cell culturing. Six hours of laboratory, one hour discussion/ quiz. Prerequisites: 111 and Chemistry 301. Must be taken concurrently with or subsequent to Biology 312. Lab fee: $45. 333 Natural History ofBaja California (3) Systematics, distribution, behavior and ecology of the common plants and animals of Baja. Emphasis on desert ecology, and bird and whale migrations. The course is a three week field trip to Baja California, Mexico. Offered during interterm only. Prerequisites: One course in College Biology. Trip fee: $300. 342 Genetics (3) Integrates principles of Mendelian and molecular genetics toward understanding structure and function of the gene. Emphasizes quantitative analysis of genetic data and explores current issues of genetic engineering from technical and ethical viewpoints. Prerequisites: 312.

281 Physiology (4) A study of the basic concepts of physio­ logical regulation from the level of the cell to the integrated intact organism including neural, muscular, and neuro-endocrine reg­ ulatory systems. Laboratory including human systems analysis and electrophysiol­ ogy. Three hours lecture, one hour pre-lab, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101 or 105. Lab fee: $30. 282 Microbiology (4) A study of microbial organisms with em­ phasis on bacteria and viruses, including their morphology, physiology, metabolism and genetics; host parasite interactions; hu­ moral and cell-mediated immunity. Laboratory practice in handling microor­ ganisms, including identification and cul­ ture techniques. Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101 or 105. Lab fee: $35.

NUTRITION A detailed study of the basic nutritional needs of humans: water, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Also includ­ ed is limited coverage of certain nutritional is­ sues such as health foods, megavitamins, obe­ sity, and food additives, as well as a computer­ aided personal diet-analysis assignment PIANT I ANIMAL STUDIES An investigative and/or identification ap­ proach to studying selected plant and / or animal groups. Transportation fee: $300. (If field taught). 130 Seminar in Biology Science (1-2) Directed research (literature or laborato­ ry) in selected areas of biology with written and/or oral presentations by students; in­ tended to stimulate inquiry and creative thought. Not open to biology majors. 211 Invertebrate Biology (4) Taxonomy and morphology of inverte­ brate phyla; laboratory dissection of inver­ tebrates. Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory. Prerequisite: 100 and 110, or 111. Lab fee: $25. 222 Botany (4) The study of the organs, tissues, func­ tions and responses to environment of typi­ cal flowering plants and the morphology and life history of the major lower plant groups. Some classification of local forms is included, and limited use of the Scanning Electron Microscope is available. Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory. Prerequisite: 100 or 111. Lab fee $25. 252 Human Anatomy (3) An introduction to the basic structure and function of the human body. Laboratory emphasis varies from section to section to meet the needs of the different majors. Cadavers are used. Two hours lec­ tures, one hour pre-lab, three hours labora­ tory. Lab fee: $20.

290 Natural History ofMarine Mammals (1)

Biology and natural history of marine mammals with special emphasis on the California gray whale. Teaching techniques for marine mammal conservation and biology. 300 Health Science (3) Fulfills the teacher certification require­ ment in health education. Proper nutrition and obesity; mental health and stress man­ agement; substance abuse (drugs, tobacco and alcohol); human sexuality; physical fit­ ness and disease; first aid. Three hours lec­ ture. The course is designed for majors in physical education and/or teaching creden­ tial candidates. Not for general education requirement in the sciences. 301 Vertebrate Biology (4) The biology of vertebrates, stressing structure and function. Laboratory dissec­ tion of representative vertebrates (sharks, mud puppy, cat) emphasizes comparative anatomy. Prerequisites: 111 and 211. Alternate years. Lab fee: $25. 310 Prosection (1) An introduction to the human body through dissection and demonstration of a selected portion of a human cadaver. Thirty hours of laboratory. Prerequisite: consent. Dissection fee $20. (May be re­ peated for a maximum of two units credit).

262 Natural History of Southern California (3)

A field-oriented course to study and iden­ tify the common plants and animals found within the major plant and animal communi­ ties of Southern California. Two hours lec­ ture, four hours laboratory/field, including

one or two extended field trips. Prerequisites: 100, 110 or 111. Transportation fee: $65.

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