Foreign Languages Chair: David Dickson, Ph.D.

SPANISH Students desiring to enroll in Spanish are strongly advised to do so during their freshman and sophomore years. Upon completion of the 18 upper division units for a Spanish concentration of the human­ ities major (310, 311 and four 400 level courses: usually 401, 402, 403 and 404), it is intended that the student demonstrate proficiency in Spanish by fluency in speaking, reading and writing the language; have an understanding of the major historical events and cultural epochs; and have an acquaintance with major personali­ ties and their contributions to civilization. Students with high school Spanish should consult with the department for placement. Student whose native language is Spanish may not take lower-division cours­ es for credit but must take a placement test to continue Spanish. Note: Advancement from one course in the lower division sequence to the next will re­ quire demonstration ofproficiency. 101, 102 Elementary Spanish (4, 4) The fundamentals of pronunciation, grammar, conversation and reading. Taught with emphasis on communication, comprehension, reading and writing. Five hours each week. Either semester. 201 Intermediate Spanish (4) Advanced grammar, composition, in­ creased facility in reading and conversation. Five hours each week. Either semester. 310,311 Advanced Spanish (3, 3) Advanced work in reading, writing and conversation. Prerequisite: 201 or equivalent. 401, 402 Survey of Spanish American Literature (3,3) A survey of literature of Hispanic America to modern times; reading and discussion of outstanding literary works and movements. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: 310, 311 or equivalent and consent of instructor. Alternate years. 403, 404 Survey ofSpanish literature (3,3) Asurvey of the literature of Spain from ear­ liest times to present; reading and discussion of the outstanding literary works and move­ ments. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: 310, 311 or equivalent. Alternate years. 480 Directed Research (1-3) Individual research and writing for ad­ vanced students by special arrangement. Prerequisites: senior standing and consent (student must have taken 401, 402, 403, and 404 or equivalents). May be repeated with different content.

201 Intermediate French (4) Intermediate grammar and conversation, with emphasis on reading for meaning and speed. Class conducted in French. Five hours each week. 202 Conversational French (3) Prerequisite: French 201: Typical as­ pects of French daily life with special em­ phasis on idioms, useful phrases and con­ versational patterns. Topics deal with true to life situations and practical aspects of the language. Three hours each week. GERMAN Students desiring to enroll in German should do so during their freshman and sophomore years. Elementary German 101 will be offered during the interterm in phase with Biola Abroad program. Please see Biola Abroad for further details. Students with high school German should consult with de­ partment for placement. 101, 102 Elementary German (4,4) An intensive course developing the skills necessary for hearing and reading compre­ hension and simple written German. Five hours each week. 105, 106 Conversational German (2,2) No prerequisite. Acourse sequence de­ signed for students needing to satisfy four hours units language or desiring to learn German for European travel. Two hours a week plus one lab session. 201 Intermediate German (4) Agrammar review with readings in German literature. Collateral readings in the field of each student's special interest. Five hours each week. Both standard and specialized offerings; one or more sections offered each year in areas such as: Conversation, Survey of Literature, Folklore. May be repeated with different content (section title). 330 German Civilimtion and Culture (3) Typical aspects of German civilization and the significant historical events and major con­ tributions of the German people. Readings in records of historical, literature and cultural im­ portance. Conducted in English. 320 Studies in La,nguage and Literature (3)

FACULTY Professor: R. Buss Associate Professors: Dickson, Dunbar, Porter Assistant Professor: D. Wilkins OBJECTIVES The department's program has two levels of objectives: academic and practical. At a practi­ cal level, the objective of the department is that each student will acquire a degree of proficien­ cy in a foreign language. For all languages this entails an ability to read and write the language and a knowledge of the culture and literary tra­ ditions that accompany it For the modem lan­ guages this also includes an ability to speak and understand the spoken language. At an aca­ demic level, as a part of the liberal arts portion of the general education etrrriculum, it also is intended that the student acquire: an apprecia­ tion for the role of language as an expression of culture, skills for using a foreign language as a research tool, and a set of attitudes and learning skills for continued language learning after completion of the program. Note: To fulfill the foreign language re­ quirement for the Bachelor ofArts degree, it is necessary to complete three semesters ofa modern language or four semesters ofclassi­ cal language, for a total of12 units. See Biblical Studies section for other languages. Competency Requirement In following the sequence of courses in foreign languages the student must have a minimum grade of "C" (not "C-") to enroll is subsequent courses. Students desiring to enroll in French should do so during their freshman and sophomore years. It is impossible to com­ plete requirement for general education (BA degree) if student starts in his senior year. Students with high school French should consult with department for placement. 101, 102 Elementary French (4,4) Basic principles of pronunciation and grammar, vocabulary drill, graded reading. From the beginning, classroom conversa­ tions in French. Five hours each week. COURSES FRENCH

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