Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance - July 2022

Tree Protection, Buffers & Landscaping 8.6 Street Trees


within an easement under their jurisdiction. Written approval must be submitted to the Town of Wake Forest with a fence permit application. Further, the Town shall not be responsible for damage to, the repair or replacement of fences or walls that must be removed to access such easements if installed on or within an easement.

8.5.5. Berms: Earthen berms may be required in combination with plant material and fencing for the purposes of screening. Berms shall be tapered appropriately to allow for practical maintenance. 1. The slope of all berms shall not exceed a 2:1 ratio (horizontal to vertical), shall have a top width at least one-half the berm height, and a maximum height of 6 feet above the toe of the berm. 2. All berms regardless of size, shall be stabilized. Topsoils brought in for mounds are to be mixed with native soil to avoid interfacing problems. 3. Berms shall be constructed as to provide adequate sight distances at intersections and along all roads. 4. Berms proposed to satisfy the screening requirements of this section shall be vegetated as required by this section. Use of berms as a substitute for existing healthy vegetation is strongly discouraged.

8.5.6. Watercourse (Riparian) Buffer Areas

All protected drainageways and surface waters shall maintain riparian buffers directly adjacent to such surface waters in accordance with the standards outlined in Section 12.7.

8.6. Street Trees It is the intent of this section to ensure that Wake Forest remains a community of tree-lined streets in order to reduce excessive noise, glare, and heat, and to ensure the aesthetic quality of the town.

8.6.1. Street Tree Requirements A.

Location: Street trees should be planted in the location specified for the corresponding street classification in Section 6.7. However, where not practical due to the location of utilities or other site constraints, street trees may be planted on private property upon dedication of a tree easement. Tree easements should be of a sufficient size to allow access by maintenance equipment to the entirety of the expected mature tree canopy. B. Minimum Number of Trees: Street trees shall be installed according to the following minimum standards (linear feet of planting area shall exclude driveways): 1. At least 1 canopy tree for every 50 linear feet of planting area, or fraction thereof equal to or greater than 25 feet; or 2. Only when planting of canopy trees is not practical due to the location of utilities, 1 understory tree for every 35 linear feet of planting area, or fraction thereof equal to or greater than 18 feet; or C. Minimum Spacing : Arrangement of and distance between trees is at the owner’s option, except that the minimum spacing between trees should correspond to the expected mature spread of the adjacent trees and in no instance shall be less than: 1. 30 feet between canopy trees, 2. 20 feet between canopy trees and understory trees, and 3. 15 feet between understory trees.

Town of Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance – July 19, 2022


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