Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance - July 2022

Lighting 10.3 Design Standards


C. All fixtures shall be fully shielded or be designed or provided with Manufacturer’s Glare Control Package, so as to minimize up-light, spill-light, and glare. D. Fixtures shall be designed and aimed so that their beams fall within the primary playing area and the immediate surroundings, so that off-site direct illumination is significantly restricted. The maximum permitted illumination at the property or right- of-way line shall not exceed 2 foot-candles and all lights, except for any amber color (a temperature rating equal to or less than 2,700 Kelvin) security lights, shall be cut off after use.

10.3.7. Street Lighting

Street lighting shall be placed on all streets to allow for the safe use of streets by both cars and pedestrians. All street lighting shall be placed in accordance with the following minimum design standards: A. Street Light Spacing: Minimum average street light spacing shall be adequate to protect the public safety in the district in which the development is located according to the standards of the Wake forest Public Works Department. B. Roadway Illumination Requirements: The roadway illumination requirements shall be enforced according to the Town Street Classifications in Section 6.7.2 as outlined in the table below adapted from the most recent edition of the Illumination Engineering Society of North America, “Lighting Handbook.”

Commercial Street

Residential Street .3 footcandles




Minimum Average Maintained Illuminance Uniformity Ratio*

.8 footcandl es

.3 footcandl es

.8 footcandles

.6 footcandles

3 to 1 6 to 1 * Uniformity Ratio is the average maintained illuminance (in footcandles) of the roadway design area divided by the lowest value for illuminance (in footcandles) at any point in the area. C. Lighting shall be placed at all 3 to 1 3.5 to 1 6 to 1

street intersections and is preferred at street curves. Pedestrian-scaled street lighting (no taller than 18 feet) shall be required in the NMX, RA-HC, UMX, NB, and ICD districts, using decorative fixtures of a similar character to those existing in these districts (see images at right).


E. Pedestrian-scaled lighting (no taller than 18 feet) shall be prioritized over automobile lighting in all districts. Lighting shall be placed in a manner to limit the casting of shadows on sidewalks. F. All street lights shall utilize a cutoff fixture. Where buildings are close to the street (less than 15 feet from the right-of-way), full cutoff fixtures are required to limit glare and light spillage on upper levels. G. Alleys are excluded from the spacing and lighting requirements of this section. 10.3.8. Additional Lighting Use Regulations For Specific Areas A. Building Façade Lighting

Town of Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance – July 19, 2022


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