Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance - July 2022

District Provisions 2.2 District Provisions




A. Open Space District (OS)

The Open Space District is established to preserve and protect environmentally sensitive lands (e.g. floodways, wetlands) and properties that are already under public ownership and/or otherwise restricted for use for passive or active recreational use. The Rural Holding District is established as a district in which the principal uses of the land are restricted due to lack of available utilities, unsuitable soil types or steep slopes. The General Residential Districts are established to maintain previously developed suburban residential subdivisions for their existing or approved low-to- medium density single-family dwellings and related recreational, religious, and educational facilities. Intended to act as a transitional zoning district between rural development in the county and the urban development of the town, these regulations are further intended to discourage any use which would be detrimental to the predominately residential nature of the areas included within the district. The Neighborhood Business District is established as a district in which the principle use of land is for retail trade and services purposes of a lower intensity than the Highway Business (HB) District. Such districts are generally located near residential areas and cater to the everyday needs of nearby residential neighborhoods, stressing accessibility by automobiles, bicycles, and pedestrians. The Highway Business District is generally located on the major thoroughfares in town and provides opportunities for the provision of offices, services, and retail goods. The regulations for this district are intended to accommodate the predominately auto-oriented pattern of existing development while encouraging the creation of new pedestrian-friendly, mixed-use areas that avoid strip commercial development and establish more resilient land development patterns. This district is intended to allow for the continued and future use, expansion, and new development of academic and religious campuses and of governmental and health facilities, where the campus or facility has a total development size greater than 10 acres. The goal is to promote the many varied uses associated with such institutions while maintaining the overall design integrity of the campus setting and minimizing any adverse impacts on the neighboring residential and historic areas. In the attempt to meet this goal numerous requirements are included, such as but not limited to buffers, landscaping, outdoor lighting, parking, signage, building height, setbacks, and the like. The Light Industrial District is established to accommodate externally benign industrial and office uses that pose little nuisance to adjacent residential or mixed-use areas. The Heavy Industrial District is established to accommodate those industrial, manufacturing, or large-scale utility operations that are known to pose levels of noise, vibration, odor, or truck traffic that are considered nuisances to surrounding development.

B. Rural Holding District (RD) Previous District(s): RD

C. General Residential (GR3, GR5, GR10) Previous District(s): R20, R15, R10, R5, MF, O-I R-20 & R-15 converted to GR3 R-10 converted to GR5 R-5, MF & O-I converted to GR10 where applicable D. Neighborhood Business (NB) Previous District(s): NB, O-I

E. Highway Business (HB) Previous District(s): HB

F. Institutional Campus Development (ICD) Previous District(s): ICD

G. Light Industrial (LI) Previous District(s): I

H. Heavy Industrial (HI)

Town of Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance – July 19, 2022


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